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Date / Time Question/Topic Answer/Pointer
1/1/2001  Abandoned Property - Florida  Call 1-888-258-2253 or www.dbf.state. Fl .us. For information about abandoned property in Florida. Great Florida Treasure Hunt Office of the Comptroller, The Capitol Tallahassee, FL 32399 
1/1/2001  accidents - statistics  Accident statistics from: National Safety Council 444 N. Michigan Ave. Chicago, IL (312) 5274800 
1/1/2001  Accidents - statistics - Florida  Dept. of Highway Safety & Motor Vehicles (850) 488-4300; (850) 488-3666 Accident statistics - Florida 
1/1/2001  Accreditation of colleges and universities  Information from: Dr. John Kalb, Higher Education Director (3-86) 644-4203 6 regional accreditation agencies: New England Assn. of Schools and Colleges Middle States Assn. Of Colleges and Schools North Central Assn. Of Colleges and Schools North West Assn. Of Schools and Colleges Southern Assn. Of Colleges and Schools Western Assn. Of Schools and Colleges 
1/1/2001  Acres  "Facts and figures for farmers," by Doane. Includes all sorts of agricultural information. 630.202 Doa 43,560 sq. ft. in an acre. 
1/1/2001  Irish blessing  Irish Blessing: May the road rise to meet you, May the wind be always at your back, May the sun shine warm upon your face The rains fall soft upon your fields And until we meet again May God hold you in the palm of his hand. Deep peace of the running wave to you Deep peace fo the flowing air to you Deep peace of the quiet earth to you Deep peace of the shining stars to you Deep peace of the Son of peace to you On our heads and on our house the blessing of God In our coming and going the peace of God. In our life and believing the love of God. At our end and new beginning the arms of God to welcomd us and bring us home. From Home Columns Poetry Quotes Links Children Also in: "A third treasury of the familiar" by Ralph L. Woods. 808.8 Woo For Irish songs traditional for St. Patricks Day, see expanding file. 
1/1/2001  Adopt a road  Contact: Leon County Roadside Beautification Program 850-487-3070 See brochure in Program Box under A for Adopt a Road Program 
1/1/2001  Adirondack chairs  How to make - see Expanding File A for making Adirondack chairs 
1/1/2001  Adoption  Adoption Crossroads (Finding natural parents) 212-988-0110 
1/1/2001  Alday murders, Albany, GA  May 14, 1973, Donaldsonville, GA - Alday murders Six murdered by: Wayne Carl Coleman, Carl J. Isaacs, George Elder Dungee. References: Dead man coming, by Charles Postell 364.1 Pos Brothers in blood, by Clark Howard 364.1523 How 
1/1/2001  Advent wreath  See Problem Box unde A for Advent wreath information 
1/1/2001  A-Frame Houses  A-frame house, cabins and cottages - Time-Life Books, 1978 690.8 Cab 
1/1/2001  Black Pledge  also called African-American Pledge and Black Family Pledge. Pledge: We pledge allegiance to the red, black, and green, our flag, the symbol of our eternal struggle, and to the land we must obtain; one struggle for black love, black freedom, and black self-determination. See Problem Box under Black Pledge for further history and background of the pledge, symbolism of colors, etc. 
1/1/2001  Agent Orange  Veterans can get an exam for Agent Orange exposure at the nearest VA Hospital. For Tallahassee veterans that would be Lake City. For an appointment, call (352) 752-1400 weekdays 8:00 - 4:00. The latest government report on Agent Orange is available for free by writing: Report FPCD-23, General Accounting Office, Distribution Center, Room 1518, Washington DC 20548 
1/1/2001  Ain't I a Woman? By Sojourner Truth - poem  That man over there say a woman needs to be helped into carriages and lifted over ditches and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helped me into carriages or over mud puddles or gives me a best place... And ain't I a woman? Look at me Look at my arm! I have plowed and planted and gathered into barns and no man could head me... And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man-- when I could get to it-- and bear the lash as well and ain't I a woman? I have born 13 children and seen most all sold into slavery and when I cried out a mother's grief none but Jesus heard me... and ain't I a woman? that little man in black there say a woman can't have as much rights as a man cause Christ wasn't a woman. Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman! Man had nothing to do with him! If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down, all alone together women ought to be able to turn it rightside up again. From: Black Sister: Poetry by Black American Women, 1746-1980. Indiana Univ. Press, c1981 
1/1/2001  Air Force Base Worldwide Locator  (512) 652-5744 (U.S. Air Force Recruiting Office) Air Force Base Worldwide location 
1/1/2001  Alaska - Homesteading  State Library of Florida, Documents Section, has a federal document on Alaska homesteading 
1/1/2001  Alaska Pipeline  Trans-Alaska Pipeline. See Problem Box. The pipeline was built by the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company, a consortium of eight oil corporations, and was completed in 1977 at a cost of almost $8 billion. Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. PO Box 300, Valdez, AK 99686 (907) 835-2261 
1/1/2001  Alcohol - Homemade  "Mother's alcohol" not for drinking. See Expanding File under A. Also Mother Earth News, May-June, 1979. 
1/1/2001  Alcohol - History of Liquor Referenda for Leon Co. - Prohibition  Leon County liquor referenda in the 20th century: August 30, 1904: dry 494, wet 372 July 10, 1912: dry 458, wet 347 Oct. 10, 1933: Leon Co. approved repeal of national prohibition. March 5, 1935: dry 883, wet 594 Aug. 11, 1937: dry 1,094, wet 924 / Dec. 15, 1951: dry 3,974, wet 3,566. June 12, 1960: legal liquor sales at package stores - dry 6,119, wet 8,210; liquor by the drink - dry 6,619, wet 5,942. May 8, 1967: liquor by the drink - dry 6,277, wet 12,187. (Tallahassee Dermocrat, Sun. Aug. 12, 1990, p. 7G.) See also VF, LC/T History/City. 
1/1/2001  Alcoholics Anonymous  Twelve steps, twelve traditions. See Problem box under Alcoholics Anonymous. 
1/1/2001  Aladdin's Lamp  For picture, see Problem Box under A for Aladdin's lamp 
1/1/2001  Allegory of the Cave  Allegory of the Cave is from Plato's Dialogues, Book VII 
1/1/2001  Alligator Cookery  see Cross Creek Cookery, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings 641.5 Raw. Also: Seasonal Florida, by Jo Manning, p. 94, 206. 641.59759 Man Alligator Cookery 
1/1/2001  Alligators  Alligators swim at 16 mph (Guide to Florida Alligator and Crocodile, by Robert Anderson, J 598.14 And.) They run on dry land at 2-10 mph (Crocodiles and alligators, pub. By Facts on File, 1989, 597.98 Cro) Alligators do have tonsils. From "Elements of chordate anatomy" (no longer in collection) 
1/1/2001  Alphabet - International Radio Alphabet Morse Code  A - Alpha . _ 1 . _ _ _ _ B - Bravo _ . . . 2 . ._ _ _ C - Charlie _ . _ . 3 . . . _ _ D - Delta _ . . 4 . . . . _ E - Echo . 5 . . . . . F - Foxtrot . . _ . 6 _ . . . . G - Golf _ _ . 7 _ _ . . . H - Hotel . . . . 8 _ _ _ . . I - India . . 9 _ _ _ _ . J - Juliet . _ _ _ 10 _ _ _ _ _ K - Kilo _ . _ period . _ . _ . _ L - Lima (pron. Leema) . _ . . comma _ _ . . _ _ M - Mike _ _ question mark . . _ _ . . N - November _ . semicolon _ . _ . _ . O - Oscar _ _ _ colon _ _ _ . . . P - Papa . _ _ . hyphen _ . . . . _ Q - Quebec (kaybec) _ _ . _ apostrophe . _ _ _ _ . R - Romeo . _ . S - Sierra . . . T - Tango _ U - Uniform . . _ For sign language alphabet V - Victor . . . _ see books on signing (419) W - Whiskey . _ _ X - X-Ray _ . . _ Y - Yankee _ . _ _ Z - Zulu _ _. . 
1/1/2001  Alphabet patterns  See Expanding File A for alphabet patterns 
1/1/2001  Alphabets - early history  See: Sign, Symbol and Script, by Hans Jensen R 411.09 Jen The 26 letters, by Oscar Ogg 411 Ogg Voices in stone: ancient scripts and writings, by Ernst Doblhofer 411 Dob Orion book of the written word, by Etiomble 411 Eti Alphabets - early history 
1/1/2001  Alphabet  Recurrent letters of the alphabet: The normal frequencies withg which letters of the alphabet occr from most to least frequent: E, T, A, O, I, N, S, H, R, D, L, U, C, M, P, F, Y, W, G, B. V, K. J, X, Z, Q. Source: New York Times Desk Reference. 
1/1/2001  Ambrona Valley  Ambrona Valley (Archaeological site in Soria, Spain) see Larousse Encyclopedia of Archaeology, p. 146. R 913.031 Cha 
1/1/2001  American's Creed  The American's Creed "I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people by the people, for the people, whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a Republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my Country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies." See card in Problem Box for further information and background. See: So proudly we hail, by William R. Furlong (1981) R 929.92 Fur Also World Book Encyclopedia, Vol. A. 
1/1/2001  Amish in Florida  Community called Pinecraft (near Sarasota). Phone: (941) 955-7131. Information From: Mennonite Central Committee, Akron, PA 17501 (717) 859-1151. Amish in Florida 
1/1/2001  Amphiboly  Amphiboly: (Ambiguity or looseness of a term) Examples: "I stood by my friend crying." (Who cried?). Man-eating shark or man eating shark. 
1/1/2001  Amps to Watts Conversion  Voltage x # of Amps = Watts (110 or 220). To convert Watts to Kilowatts: Divide # of Watts by 1,000. 
1/1/2001  Andersonville, GA  Andersonville, GA: site of Civil War Prison, north of Americus, GA. For information on ceremonies at this site, call Chamber of Commerce of Americus. 
1/1/2001  Animal Tracks  SEE: Field Guide to animal tracks, by Olous Murie 591.5 M977 Illustrated library of nature, Vol. 2, p. 240 574 Ill. 
1/1/2001  Ann Landers - Office  Ann Landers - Office -(312) 222-8682 
1/1/2001  Ant Farm  Ant Farm, in: Exploring nature with your child, by Dorothy Shuttlesworth. pp. 256-257. 574 S562 
1/1/2001  Antidisestablishmentariamism  Longest word in the English language. See Random House Dictionary of the English Language, 2d ed. Antidisestablishmentarianism 
1/1/2001  Anybody Nobody Somebody Everybody  Everybody, Somebody, Anybody and Nobody. This is a little story about four people named Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. There was an important job to be done and Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. Somebody got angry about that because it was Everybody's job. Everybody thought that Anybody could do it, but Nobody realized that Everybody wouldn't do it. It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody when Nobody did what Anybody could have done. Source: Internet - Lycos. 
1/1/2001  Apache Indians in North Florida  Apache Indians in North Florida SEE: Apalachee (magazine), Vol. 9 - 1980-83, p. 41. Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol, 30, No. 3, p. 294. 
1/1/2001  -apolis  Minneapolis (Minn.) Annapolis (Md.) Kannapolis (NC) Orealpolis (Neb.) Indianapolis (Ind.) 
1/1/2001  Apostles; Apostles Creed  See World Book Encyclopedia, A Vol. for list of Apostles and their variants, and the text of the Creed. 
1/1/2001  April Fool's Day  Known by the British as "All Fool's Day," there are many stories concerning its origin (what better way to celebrate April Fool's than by making up stories about how it came to exist?). One account, of course, takes us into the realm of Roman mythology. Apparently, Proserpina (the daughter of Ceres, the goddess of agriculture) was playing in the Elysian fields when she was kidnapped by Pluto, King of Hades, to be his queen. Her mother heard her screams and went looking for her, but to no avail. Thus, it is said that this began the custom of sending gullible people on fools errands. (To be honest, this story seems like a stretch to me). Another account, probably much more accurate, takes us to the Middle Ages when the Julian calendar was replaced by the Gregorian calendar. Until that time, Christians celebrated the new year with a festival beginning March 25 and ending April 1. The last day of the festivities was devoted to giving gifts to one's friends and neighbors. When the Gregorian calendar was adopted by England in 1752, New Year's Day was moved back to January 1, but practical jokers continued to give mock gifts on April 1, thus April Fool's Day was born. The Scots refer to a victim of a practical joke as one who is "hunting the gowk" (gowk is the extinct cuckoo bird). In France, he is called "poisson d'Avril" or "fish of April." The April fish is newly hatched and thus easy to trap. Source: 
1/1/2001  Animals - Baby Names  Young of Animals Have Special Names. The young of many mammals, birds, and fish have come to be called by special names. A baby eel, for example is an elver. Many young animals, of course, are often referred to simply as infants, babies, younglets, or younglings. Bunny: rabbit filly: horse (female) nestling: birds generally calf: cattle, elephant, antelope fingerling: fish generally owlet: owl rhino, hippo, whale, others flapper: wild fowl parr, smolt, grilse: salmon cheeper: grouse, partridge, quail fledgling: birds generally piglet, shoat, farrow, suckling: pig chick, chicken: fowl foal: horse, zebra, others polliwog, tadpole: frog cockerel: rooster fry: fish generally poult: turkey codling, sprag: codfish gosling: goose pullet: hen cub: lion, bear, shark, fox, others joey: kangaroo, others pup: dog, seal, sea lion, fox cygne: swan kid: goat puss, pussy: cat duckling: duck kit: fox, beaver, rabbit, cat spike, blinker, tinker: mackerel eaglet: eagle kitten, kitty, catling: cats, other squab: pigeon elver: eel small mammals squeaker: pigeon, others eyas: hawk, others lamb, lambkin, cosset, hog: sheep whelp: dog, tiger, beasts of prey fawn: deer leveret: hare yearling: cattle, sheep, horse, others Source: World Almanac Also, see: All about baby animals, by Michael Chinery. J 591.39 Chi 
1/1/2001  Aquaculture  Aquaculture: Getting food from water, by Gene Logdson 630.9169 Log Farming the waters, by Peter R. Limburg 639 Lim Other homes and garbage 620.8 Oth 
1/1/2001  Aquarium construction  Exotic aquarium fishes, by William T. Innes 590.14 Inn (p. 523) 
1/1/2001  Arbor Day  Feb. 10. (Call Arbor Green Assn. In Club file) Arbor Day in Florida - Third Friday in January - Florida Statutes 683.04 In 1988 The House of Representatives resolved that April be Arbor Month. Florida Handbook, 1993-94, p. 298. 
1/1/2001  Armaments - Nuclear Weapons  Nuclear weapons or armaments 1. Nations having: United States of America Russian Federation (former USSR) Great Britain France China India Pakistan (see Time Almanac, 2001) 2. Suspected of having: Israel, Iran, Libya, North Korea 3. Wanting/Wishing for: Iraq, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Sweden Source: High-Energy Ref. Archives, Wash. DC 6/96 
1/1/2001  Armed Forces - Songs  Armed Forces - Songs See Expanding File - A Army - "The caissons go rolling along" Navy - "Anchors aweigh" Marines - "The Marine Hymn" 
1/1/2001  Armor - Medieval knights  Armor - Medieval Knights See Expanding File - A 
1/1/2001  Arm wrestling - Rules and regulations  Arm wrestling - rules and regulations See Expanding File - A 
1/1/2001  Arrowheads  Arrowheads: Sun circles and human hands, by Emma Lila Fundaburk 975 F981s North American Indian arts, by Andrew Whiteford 745.509 Whi Southeastern Indians, by Charles R. Hudson R 975.004 Hud (pp.39-46) Arrowheads and stone artifacts, by C. G. Yeager 930.1 Yea 
1/1/2001  English language words  English language - how many words: "English has a larger vocabulary than any other language. There are more than 600,000 words in the largest dictionaries of the English language." Source: World Book Encyclopedia under English language. 
1/1/2001  Arts and Crafts Shows - Big Bend area  Arts and crafts shows - Big Bend area: Society of Arts and Crafts, Tallahassee Mall, 681-1986 twice a year Tallahassee Museum of History and Natural Science, (formerly Junior Museum), Market Days, First weekend in December, 575-8684, 576-1636 North Florida Fair, 877-3628 (November) Mule Days, Calvary, GA 912-377-6853 First Saturday in November Swine Time, Climax, GA 912-246-5388 
1/1/2001  Astronauts  Astronaut killed near Tallahassee: C.C. Williams, Oct. 5, 1967. In: A man on the moon, by Andrew Chaikin 629.454 Cha pp. 246-248. First female black astronaut: Mae Jemison. Born: Decatur, AL; Hometown: Chicago; M.D.: Cornell Univ., 1981; NASA Astronaut Program, June 1987. Letters to astronauts, Send to: NASA, Johnson Space Center, Attn: CB, Astronaut Office, Houston, TX 77058 
1/1/2001  Seven deadly sins  Seven deadly sins: Lust, Sloth, Anger, Envy, Gluttony, Avarice (extreme greed), and Pride. Source: Encyclopedia Americana 
1/1/2001  Seven dwarfs  Seven dwarfs: Bashful, Doc, Dopey, Grumpy, Happy, Sleepy, and Sneezy See Problem Box for additional information under Seven 
1/1/2001  Seven gifts  Seven gifts: Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety, Fear of the Lord All are said to be infused into the soul upon baptism. Source: New York Public Library Desk Reference, p. 211. 
1/1/2001  Seven hills of Rome  Seven Hills of Rome: for map of Rome's hills, see Horizon Book of Ancient Rome, R 937 H811, p. 40. 
1/1/2001  Seven hills of Tallahassee  Seven Hills of Tallahassee: 1. Capital. 2. FSU. 3. FAMU. 4. Capital Country Club. 5. Hospital (TMH) 6. San Luis Ridge (West). 7. Magnolia Hts. (E. Park Ave.). Source: Florida Collection, State Library of Florida. Alternatives: The Grove (LeRoy Collins House); Goodwood Plantation; Meridian Hts. (out Meridian Rd.) see also Problem Box and Expanding File - S. 
1/1/2001  Seven Pleiades or Sisters  Seven Pleiades or Seven Sisters: A galactic star cluster about 415 light years away in the constellation Taurus. The cluster is named after the seven nymphs of Greek mythology: Alcyone (the brightest), Celaeno,Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope, Taygete. Source: Grolier's Encyclopedia of Knowledge. A discussion of how these stars figure into many legends around the world can be found in the Old Farmer's Almanac, 1993 ed., p. 84. 
1/1/2001  Seven sacraments  Seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Penance, Holy Orders, Matrimony, Anointing the sick. These are the seven rites that confer grace in the Roman Catholic Church. Source: New York Public Library Desk Reference, p. 211. 
1/1/2001  Seven seas  Seven seas: Arctic, Antarctic, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, Indian, North Pacific, South Pacific 
1/1/2001  Seven Sisters (Oil Companies)  Seven sisters: Refers to the oil companies of: Exxon, Gulf, Texaco, Mobil, Socal, British Petroleum, and Shell. See: The prize: the epic quest for oil, money and power, by Daniel Yergin 338.2728 Yer 
1/1/2001  Seven last words made by Christ from the Cross  Seven last words made by Christ from the cross: "Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing" "Indeed, I promise you today you will be with me in paradise" "Woman, this is your son" "This is your mother" "My God, my God, why have you deserted me?" "I am thirsty" "It is accomplished" Source: New York Public Library Desk Reference, p. 211. 
1/1/2001  Seven Wonders of the World  Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: For additional references, see Problem Box 1. The pyramids of Egypt 2. The hanging gardens of Semiramis and the Walls of Babylon 3. The statue of the Olympian Zeus, by Phidias, at Olympia 4. The Colossus of Rhodes 5. The temple of Artemis at Ephesus 6. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus 7. The lighthouse at Alexandria Only the pyramids have survived. Source: Encyclopedia Americana. Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages: 1. Colosseum of Rome 2. Catacombs of Alexandria, Egypt 3. Great Wall of China 4. Stonehenge - Salisbury Plain, England 5. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy 6. Porcelain Tower of Nanking, China 7. Mosque of St. Sophie at Constantinople (Hagia Sophia) Source: Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia Seven Natural Wonders of the World: 1. Mount Everest, Asia 2. Victoria Falls, Africa 3. Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA 4. Great Barrier Reef, Australia 5. Northern Lights 6. Paricutin, one of the world's youngest volcanoes, west of Mexico City 7. Harbor at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Source: Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia Seven Wonders of the Modern World: 1. Suez Canal 2. Eiffel Towe, Paris 3. Alaska Highway 4. Golden Gate Bridge, California 5. Empire State Building, New York City 6. Dneproges Dam, Ukraine 7. Panama Canal Source: Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia 
1/1/2001  Atocha (Ship) - Key West Treasure  The Atocha was sunk in 1622. Discovered 7/20/85 by Mel Fisher. See: Treasure of the Atocha, by R. Duncan Mathewson. 975.9 Mat Search for the Atocha treasure, by Fran O'Byrne. J 909 Oby also periodical indexes under Atocha 
1/1/2001  Angelou, Maya  For texts of Inaugural poem and "Still I rise" see Problem Box under Angelou Also in Complete collected poems of Maya Angelou R 811.54 Ang Also contains "Phenomenal Woman" (see Problem Box under Phenomenal for photocopy of poem) 
1/1/2001  Animals  Animals - Farm variety: Back at the farm, by Barbara Deming 636 Dem Five acres and independence: a handbook for small farm management, by Maurice Kains 630.202 Kai Raising animals for fun and profit 636 Rai Year book of agriculture, 1978 R + Circ 630.58 U58 Animals - Care of wild animals: My orphans of the wild: rescue and home care of native wildlife, by Rosemary Collett 639.9 Col Animals forecasting winter. See Foxfire # 1 and #2 Ref + Circ 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Animals - Collective nouns  "25 wonderful collective nouns for animals" from Book of Lists. Although not frequently heard in conversation, these terms are fully correct and appropriate ways of describing the animals listed. 1. A murder of crows 14. A drift of hogs 2. A clowder of cats 15. A charm of finches 3. A leap of leopards 16. A trip of goats 4. A sloth of bears 17. A knot of toads 5. A rafter of turkeys 18. A shrewdness of apes 6. A smack of jellyfish 19. A parliament of owls 7. A skulk of foxes 20. A troop of kangaroos 8. A labor of moles 21. A gaggle of geese 9. A peep of chickens 22. A pride of lions 10. A crash of rhinoceroses 23. A watch of nightingales 11. A paddling of ducks 24. A muster of peacocks 12. A siege of herons 25. An exaltation of larks 13. A rag of colts See also Bernstein's Reverse Dictionary, by Theodore M. Bernstein, 2nd ed. 1988, p. 55 R423.1 Ber "Creature terms" See also Problem Box for printout of Animals Group Names from 
1/1/2001  Butchering - Meat cutting - Fish - Curing - Poultry - Game  See: Butchering, processing and preservation of meat, by Frank G. Ashbrook R 641.49 Ash Foxfire (#1) Ref + Circ 917.58 Fox, p. 189+ for hog slaughtering etc. 
1/1/2001  Animals - Monogamous / Promiscuous  Ten animals that are monogamous: 1. Ducks 6. Lynx 2. Eagles 7. Marmosets 3. Foxes 8. Mountain lions 4. Geese 9. Swans 5. Gibbons 10. Wolves Ten animals that are promiscuous: 1. Bears 6. Gazelles 2. Birds of paradise 7. Grouse 3. Bustards 8. Sandpipers 4. Chimpanzees 9. Waterbucks 5. Fruit-eating bats 10. Wildebeests Source: People's Almanac #3 
1/1/2001  Animals housing construction  Animal Housing Construction: See: Sunset woodworking projects 684.08 Sun Build it better yourself R 681.763 Bui Five acres and independence, by Maurice Kains 630.202 Kai 
1/1/2001  Animals tracks  See: Field guide to animals tracks, by Olaus Murie 591.5 Mur Illustrated library of nature, vol. 2, p. 240 574 Ill 
1/1/2001  Atomic bomb  Atomic bomb: First - on Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945. Bomb was called "The little boy" dropped from a B-29 named The Enola Gay. The pilot was Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr. 4.7 square miles, destroyed, 92,000 dead. Second - on Nagasaki, Japan, August 9, 1945. Bomb was called "The fat boy" dropped from a B-29 named Bock's Car. The pilot was Maj. Charles Sweeney. 1.8 square miles destroyed, 40,000 dead. See World Book Encyclopedia under Nuclear weapons 
1/1/2001  Atomic power plants - Nuclear power  See Problem Box for list (1979) of U.S. atomic power plants. See also Vertical File (General) under Nuclear facilities See also Nuclear power plants in Florida: Crystal River, Citrus County Ft. Pierce, St. Lucie County Turkey Point, Florida City, Miami-Dade County Source: Florida Almanac 
1/1/2001  Attitude, by Charles Swindoll  "The longer I live, the more I realize the impact of attitude on life. Attitude, to me, is more importnt than facts. It is more important than the past, than education, than money, than circumstances, than failure, than successes, than what other people think or say or do. It is more important than appearance, giftedness, or skill. It will make or break a company, a church, a home. The remarkable thing is we have a choice every day regarding the attitude we will embrace for that day. We cannot change our past, we cannot change the fact that people will act in a certain way. We cannot change the inevitable. The only thing we can do is play on the one thing we have, and that is our attitude. I am convinced that life is 10% what happens to me and 90% how I react to it. And so it is with you. We are in charge of our Attitudes." --Charles Swindoll 
1/1/2001  Auld Lang Syne  Auld Lang Syne: See: Holiday Song Book R 784.6 Hol also Problem Box for attached information 
1/1/2001  Aunt Jemima  Real person: Nancy Green of Chicago (1893?) Aunt Jemima as a product name was invented by Chris L. Rutt in 1899. 
1/1/2001  Authors - Tallahassee  Authors - Tallahassee: Byars, Patti Wilson Date, Shirish V. Daugherty, Janice Fowler, Connie Mae Green, Ben Herring, Jeff Ryals, Mary Jane Shacochis, Bob White, Bailey (Thomasville, GA) See Problem Box for addresses and phone numbers 
1/1/2001  Automobile Clubs Vintage Cars Automobiles  See Expanding File under A for list of automobile clubs and vintage car clubs 
1/1/2001  Automobiles - Cost of operating  In addition to the purchase price, the owner of a new car or automobile has considerable operating costs. The cost of driving a mid-sized car in 1996 rose to 51.43 cents a mile, an increase of 10 cents per mile since 1990. Exzpenses such as fuel, tires, and routing maintenance were up from 1990, and fixed-cost expenses were up more than $3.00, at an average of $13.69 a day. See table in Information Plus "Transportation" booklet. 
1/1/2001  Automobiles - Average Age  "The average car on the road today is 8 years old." See Problem Box under automobiles for photocopy of clipping from Wall Street Journal, June 27, 1995. 
1/1/2001  Automobiles Automobile Vehicle Donation Program  Automobile vehicle donation program For Information contact: American Lung Assn. Of Florida/Big Bend Region 539 Scottys Lane, Suite A, Tallahassee, FL 32303 (850) 386-2065 or 1-800-LUNG-USA See also Problem Box A 
1/1/2001  Avocado tree  Avocado tree: See Good Housekeeping Illustrated Encyclopedia of Gardening, Vol. 4 "Children's Projects R 635 Goo 
1/1/2001  Baby Boomers - Generation Gaps in Values  GENERATION GAPS IN VALUES World War II Baby-Boom Twentysomething Generation Generation Generation (1925-1945) (1946-1964) (1965-1975) Personal Allegiance Self-discovery Self-oriented Political Conservative Liberal Pseudo-conservative Social Law and order Altruistic, humanistic Competitive Ethical Fundamental Moralistic Situational Financial Save and pay cash Buy now, pay later Almost hopeless Buying Based on necessity Have it now Whoever has the most wins Products Home appliances, Clothes, entertainment, High-tech gadgets for work and fun tools, homes, cars travel Reward "I earned it" "You owe me" "I want it, but may not be able to get it" Source: Futurist Magazine, May/June 1992 
1/1/2001  Ballad of Davy Crockett  The original two stanzas of the blockbuster song "The Ballad of Davy Crockett" went as follows: Born on a mountain top in Tennessee, Greenest state in the Land of the Free. Raised in the woods so's he knew ev'ry tree Kilt him a b'ar when he was only three. Davy, Davy Crockett, King of the wild frontier. In eighteen thirteen the Creeks uprose, addin' redskin arrows to the country's woes. Now Injun fightin' is somethin' he knows so he shoulders his rifle an' off he goes. Dvy, Davy Crockett King of the wild frontier. "Crockettmania" swept the country by storm, launching an astonishing marketing phenomenon that Disney used to full advantage. Everywhere you went, there were coonskin hats (a presidential candidate, Sen. Estes Kefauver from Tennessee, even used it as his campaign symbol), jeans, lunch buckets, and hundreds of Davy Crockett-imprinted items. Time Magazine estimated that, within months, more than $100 million in Davy Crockett merchandise had been sold. "The Ballad of Davy Crocket" spent more than six months on the Hit Parade, was recorded on more than 200 record labels around the world, and sold more than ten million records. 
1/1/2001  Balloon sculpture  Balloon sculpture: See Expanding file under B 
1/1/2001  Banjo making  Banjo making: See Foxfire 3 - R + Circ 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Bar Codes Uniform Code Council  See Encyclopedia of Associations under Uniform Code Council also Problem Box under Bar codes 
1/1/2001  Barber, Red  Red Barber: died Thurs, Oct. 22, 1992 in Tallahassee 
1/1/2001  Barns - how to build  Barns - How to build: See Build it better yourself R 681.76 Bui Florida Plan Service, by Florida Coopertive Extensiion Service R 728 Flo (blue looseleaf) Country architecture, by Lawremce Grow 728.9 Gro 
1/1/2001  Barometer - How to make  Barometer - how to make: See Expanding File under B 
1/1/2001  Bartending School BarTending  International Bartending Institute, 6012 San Jose Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 32217 (904) 730-9436 Bar tending - school 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee Mayors Intendants  INTENDANTS AND MAYORS OF TALLAHASSEE 1826 Dr. Charles Haire 1867-1868 D. P. Hogue COMMISSION-MANAGER 1952 B. A. Ragsdale 1827 David Ochiltree 1869-1870 T. P. Tatum GOVERNMENT 1953 William T. Mayo 1828-1829 John Y. Gary 1871 C. E. Dyke MAYOR-COMMISSIONERS 1954 H. G. Esterwood 1830 Leslie A. Thompson 1872-1874 C. H. Edwards 1920-1921 Guyte P. McCord H. C. Summitt 1831 Charles Austin 1875 Davis S. Walker, Jr. 1922-1923 A. P. McCaskill 1955 H. C. Summitt 1832 Leslie A. Thompson 1876 Samuel Walker 1924-1925 B. A. Meginniss J. T. Williams 1833 Leslie A. Thompson 1877 Jesse Bernard 1926 W. Theo Proctor 1956 Fred S. Winterle 1834 Robert J. Hackley 1878-1879 David S. Walker, Jr. 1927 B.A. Meginniss . John Y. Humphress 1835 William Wilson 1880 Henry Bernreuter 1928-1929 W. Theo Proctor 1957 J. W. Cordell Dr. Charles Haire 1881 Edward Lewis 1930 G. E. Lewis 1958 Davis H. Atkinson William Hilliard 1882 John W. Nash 1931 Frank D. Moor 1959 Hugh E. Williams, Jr. 1836 John Rea 1883 Edward Lewis 1932-1933 W. L. Marshall 1960 George S. Taft 1837 William P. Gorman 1884-1885 Charles C. Pearce 1934 J. L. Fain 1961 J. W. Cordell 1838 William Hilliard 1886 George W. Walker 1935 Leonard A. Wesson 1962 Davis H. Atkinson 1839 R. F. Ker 1887 A. J. Fish 1936 H. J. Yaeger 1963 S. E. Teague, Jr. 1840 Leslie A. Thompson 1888-1889 R. B. Forman 1937 L. A. Wesson 1964 Hugh E. Williams, Jr. 1841-1844 Francis Epps 1890-1894 R. B. Carpenter 1938 J. R. Jinks 1965 George S. Taft 1845 James A. Berthelot 1895-1896 Jesse T, Bernard 1939 S. A. Wahnish 1966 W. H. Cates 1846 Simon Towle 1897 R. A. Shine 1940 F. C. Moor 1967 John A. Rudd, Sr. 1847 James Kirksey 1898-1902 R. B. Gorman 1941 Charles S. Ausley 1968 Gene Berkowitz 1848 F. H. Flagg 1903-1904 William L. Moor 1942 Jacl W. Simmons 1969 Spurgeon Camp 1849 Thomas J. Perkins 1905 John W. Henderson 1943 A. R. Richardson 1970 Lee A. Everhart 1850-1851 D. P. Hogue 1906 F. C. Gilmore 1944 Charles S. Ausley 1971 Gene Berkowitz 1852 Davis S. Walker 1907 W. M. McIntosh, Jr. 1945 Ralph E. Proctor 1972 James R. Ford 1853 Richard Hayward 1908 F. C. Gilmore 1946 Fred S. Winterle 1973 Joan R. Heggen 1854-1855 Thomas Hayward 1909 Francis B. Winthrop 1947 George I. Martin 1856-1857 Francis Epps 1910-1917 D. M. Lowry 1948 Fred N. Lowry 1858-1860 D. P. Hogue 1918 J. R. McDaniel 1949-1950 Robert C. Parker 1861-65 P. T. Pearce 1919 Guyte P. McCord 1951 W. H. Cates 1866 Francis Epps 
1/1/2001  Mayors Tallahassee continued 1974-  1974 Russell Bevis Earl Yancy 1975 Johnny Jones 1976 James R. Ford 1977 Ben W. Thompson 1978 Neal D. Sapp 1979 Sheldon E. Hilaman 1980 Richard P. Wilson 1981 Hurley W. Rudd 1982 James R. Ford 1983 Carol Bellamy 1984 Kent Spriggs 1985 Hurley W. Rudd 1986 Jack L. McLean, Jr. 1987 Betty Harley 1988 Frank Visconti 1989 Dorothy Inman 1990 Steve Meisburg 1991 Debbie Lightsey 1992 Bob Hightower 1993 Dorothy Inman-Crews 1994 Penny Herman 1995 Scott Maddox 1996 Ron Weaver Elected Mayor, 4-yr. term 1997 Scott Maddox 2003 John Marks  
1/1/2001  Eugenia Price author novelist  Eugenia Price, novelist, died 5/28/96 of heart failure, Brunswick, GA Her novels and their time-spans: St. Simons Trilogy 1787-1898 Lighthouse [1787-1820] New Moon Rising [1830-1865] The Beloved Invader [1879-1898] Georgia Trilogy 1803-1864 Bright Captivity [1803-1817] Where Shadows Go [1825-1839] Beauty from Ashes [1845-1864] Florida Trilogy 1763-1878 Maria [1763-1792] Don Juan McQueen [1792-1807] Margaret's Story [1832-1878] Savannah Quartet 1812-1864 Savannah [1812-1825] To See Your Face Again [1838-1839] Before the Darkness Falls [1842-1849] Stranger in Savannah [1854-1865] 
1/1/2001  Baby crib and cradle Cribs  Baby crib and cradle How to build - See: Backyard Building Book II, by James Churchill. 690.8 Chu (p. 114) Mechanix Illustrated How to do it encyclopedia R 643.7 Mec v.8, p. 78 
1/1/2001  Babysitting Safety Classes  Babysitting safety classes: Offered by Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, The Women's Pavilion Call 431-2250 Extension 2 baby sitting 
1/1/2001  Bagpipes  Bagpipes: See Club File under Tallahassee Pipe Band Contact: John Love, 893-3352 
1/1/2001  Basket making and weaving  Basket making and weaving: See: Foxfire (#1) Ref + Circ 917.58 Fox Yankee Magazine Book of Forgotten Arts, by Richard M. Bacon R 630 Bac (p.207) 
1/1/2001  Bat Houses  Bat Houses at University of Florida - see Problem Box for attached article How to build: Mother Earth News #68, March/April 1981, p. 24 
1/1/2001  Battle Hymn of the Republic  Battle Hymn of the Republic: Found in The Family Book of Favorite Hymns, by Arthur Austin 783.9 A935 Also see attached copy in Problem Box 
1/1/2001  Beauty Contests Miss America, Florida, USA, etc.  See: Expanding File under B (Beauty Contests) How to be a beauty pageant winner, by Marie Griffing R 646.72 Gri Miss America Contest - Every September - 1325 Boardwalk, Atlantic City, NJ 08401 (609) 344-5278 - ticket office First black contestant: Cheryl Browne, Iowa, 1970 (Famous First Facts) See Florida Almanac for Florida contestants Miss Black America - Saundra Williams, 1968 (first winner) See How to be a beauty pageant winner, listed above. Miss Florida - See Florida Almanac R 317.59 Flo, also list attached (to 1994) in Problem Box under Miss Florida Miss Tallahassee Scholarship Pageant. Contact Martha Dewitt, 386-7845 (w), 668-8886 (h) (1993 info) Miss Universe - Every July - 6420 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 1500, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (213 )653-1600 Miss U.S.A. - Every May - 6420 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1500, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (213) 653-1600 
1/1/2001  Battle of Natural Bridge Civil War  Battle of Natural Bridge, Civil War, reenacted first weekend in March annually. Call Florida Division of Recreation and Parks, 488-6131 See: Apalachee (Tallahassee Historical Society) v. 4, pp. 76-86 R 975.988 T147a v. 4 (shelved in rear hallway) Vertical File, LC/T under "Natural Bridge, Battle of" 
1/1/2001  Beds  Beds: How to build: Popular Mechanics do it yourself encyclopedia, v. 2 643.7 P831 Building better beds, by Percy W. Blandford. 684.15 Bla, p. 89 see also Expanding File for plans 
1/1/2001  Behind every great man...Quotation  Ann Rabjohns, Detroit (Michigan) Public Library, has identified two quotations that share the assumption that "Behind every great man there is a woman." (RQ 18, no. 2, Winter 1978). In his short biography of James Oliver (Complete works, v. 17, p. 243), Elbert Hubbard wrote "The man who succeeds is the one who is helped by a good woman." 
1/1/2001  Behold Statue  Behold statue: See Expanding File - B Sculptor - Patrick Morelli, NY Located in Atlanta GA across from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s tomb on Auburn Ave. 
1/1/2001  Better Business Bureau Consumer Complaints  For National Directory, see "Consumer's Resource Handbook" - uncat document. Also, list in World Chamber of Commerce Directory There is no Better Business Bureau for Tallahassee. Refer complaints to: Division of Consumer Services, Fla. Dept. of Agriculture & Consumer Services 488-2221, or, 1-800-435-7352, 8:00 to 5:00 M-F 
1/1/2001  Bible  Within the Bible, where to find: Ten Commandments: Exodus 20 Shortest chapter: Psalms 117 Longest chapter: Psalms 119 Longest verse: Esther 8:9 Shortet verse: John 11:35 Beatitudes: Matthew 5 Lord's Prayer: Matthew 6 Ten Virgins: Matthew 25 Great Commission: Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15 Two Great Commandments: Mark 12:29-31 Golden Rule: Luke 6:31 Prodigal Son: Luke 15 Rich man and Lazarus: Luke 16 Publican and sinner: Luke 18:13 Paul's conversion: Acts 9 Consecration verse: Romans 12:1 Resurrection Chapter: I Corinthians 15 Biblical genealogy - See Expanding File under Genealogy 
1/1/2001  Big Apple - New York City  They call New York City "The Big Apple." The name was originally used in the 1920s and '30s by people in the sports and entertainment world, particularly jazz musicians, as a way of saying, "I'm playing New York City; I've made it to the big time - the big Apple." A variation on the same theme goes: "there are many apples on the tree,but when you pick New York City, you pick the Big Apple." That's the explanation offered by Charles Gillett, president of the New York Convention and Visitors Bureau. Source: Fodor's New York City [1985] see also: New Dictionary of American Slang, by Robert Chapman R 427 Cha (p.24) Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins, by William Morris R 422.03 Mor (p.58) 
1/1/2001  Big Ten Conference - Football  Big Ten Conference, Football: Formed 1896. Charter members: Chicago, Illinois, Michigan, Minesota, Northwestern, Purdue, Wisconsin Michigan Ohio State Minnesota Michigan State Wisconsin Purdue Illinois Iowa Northwestern Indiana See also: The Book of Answers: New York Public Library, by Barbara Berliner R 025.5 Ber (pp. 225-6) College Football Records, by Robert Baldwin R 796.332 Bal (p. 31) 
1/1/2001  Bingo in Tallahassee  Bingo in Tallahassee Elk's Club - 276 N. Magnolia Dr., 877-1652 - Every Wednesday night Moose Lodge - 1478 NW Capital Circle, 575-4226 - Fridays 5:30, 7:15; Sundays 2:00; 6:15 Senior Citizen's Center - 1400 N. Monroe St., 891-4000 - Friday mornings 10:30 (updated 7/00) 
1/1/2001  Biome - Ecology  There are seven World Biomes: Tundra, Coniferous Forests, Deciduous Forests, Grasslands, Desert, Tropical Rain Forests, Marine habitat See articles in World Book Encyclopedia and Encyclopedia Americana 
1/1/2001  Big Bend - Florida  Big Bend. Coined by Malcolm Johnson for the area from Wacissa River to Apalachicola River. Includes counties: Jefferson, Gadsden, Leon, Liberty, Wakulla, Franklin From: Florida Handbook (1989-90) and (1981-82) 
1/1/2001  Birds - Flight  Birds - Flight Is it true that geese flying in formation fly 70% more efficiently than one flying alone? Answer: Yes. 
1/1/2001  Birdsong  Birdsong Nature Center Meridian Rd.. Cairo, GA (912) 377 4408 four miles north of Georgia border on Meridian Rd., on the right going north 
1/1/2001  Birth, Death, Marriage, Divorce, Vital Records  Birth, death, marriage, divorce See: International Vital Records Handbook, by Thomas Jay Kemp 3rd ed. R 924.4 Kem 
1/1/2001  Birth / Anniversary Greetings from the White House  Write: Greetings Correspondence, White House, Washington DC 20500 Call: (202) 456-1111 To request a card, write at least one month in advance of the birthday or anniversary date. The only criteria is that the individual be at least 80 years old, wedding anniversaries 50 and over. 
1/1/2001  First Black  First Black Astronaut in space: Guion Stewart Bluford, 8/3/83 First Black Astronaut killed in space: Ronald E. McNair, killed in Challenger Accident, Jan. 1986 First Black Catholic Archbishop in US: Eugene Antonio Marino, March 1988, Atlanta, GA First Black Chairman, Joint Chief of Staff: Gen.Colin L. Powell, appointed by Pres. George Bush, 8/89 First Black Coach in the National Football League: Art Shell First Black Congressman of Reconstruction era: Josiah Walls. Elected 3 times to the US House of Representatives (representing Fla.), he introduced 51 bills on such matters as free public schools and amnesty for former Confederates. He died in 1905, is reportedly buried in Tallahassee, but exact location is unknown> (Tall Demo 2/12/89) First Black cowboy author: Nat Love ("Deadwood Dick") His authobiography "The life and adventures of Nat Love, better known in the cattle country as Deadwood Dick, a true history of slavery days, life on the plains of the 'wild and woolly' west, based on facts and personal experiences of the author" (Tall Demo, 2/12/89) First Black Congresswoman: Shirley Chisholm, from New York. US House of Representatives, 1969-83. First Black doctor to perform open heart surgery: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, who operated without wonder drugs, blood transfusions, or X-Ray machines, in 1893. (Parade Magazine, 2/4/90, pp. 6-7) First Black to fight in World War II: Dorie Miller, aboard the USS West Virginia at Pearl Harbor. (Parade Magazine, 2/4/90, pp 6-7) First Black football quarterback: Doug Williams. First Black to play quarterback in Superbowl 1988 for Washington Redskins First Black Four Star General: Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. First Black Governor: L. Douglas Wilder, of Virginia, 11-89 First Black Heisman Trophy Winner: Ernie Davis, 1961 First Black Justice on US Supreme Court: Thurgood Marshall, appointed by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967 First Black Chief Justice on Florida Supreme Court: Leander Shaw was promoted to Chief Justice, 3/13/90 becoming the first Black to hold that role in the state and the first to head any of its three branches of government. (Tall Demo, 3/14/90) First Black Mayor of a major American City: Carl Stokes, of Cleveland, Ohio, elected Nov. 1967. (African-American Firsts R 973.0496 Pot) First Black Mayor of Chicago: Harold Washington, 1983. First Black Mayor of Los Angeles: Thomas Bradley, 1973. First Black Mayor of New York City: David Dinkins, 1989 First Black Nobel Prize winner: Ralph Bunche, for Peace, 1950. First Black National Football League referee: Johnny Grier First Black Republic in US House of Representatives, since 1935: Gary Franks, former Waterbury, CT Alderman First Black Rhodes Scholar: Alain Locke, regarded as the intellectual spokesman of the Harlem Renaissance. (Parade Magazine 2/4/90, pp.6-7) (continued on another screen) 
1/1/2001  First Black... Continued  First Black woman ambassador: Patricia Roberts Harris, appointed by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson to Lyxembourg in 1965. First Black woman astronaut: Mae Jemison. MD Degree 1981, Cornell Univ. Accepted June 1987 to NASA Astronaut Program. Born Decatur, Alabama; considers Chicago as hometown. First Black woman director of major US company: Patricia Roberts Harris, of IBM in 1971 First Black woman millionaire: Madame C.J. Walker (Sarah Breedlove) in 1905 invented and patented a straightening comb that when heated and used with a special hair pomade would smooth out curl of black hair. By 1919 her company, Walker's Manufacturing Co., employed 3,000. At her death in 1919 her worth was $1,000,000. (Tall Demo, 2/12/89) First Black woman on the President's cabinet: Patricia Roberts Harris. Carter Administration: Housing and Urban Development, 1977-79; Health, Education and Welfare, 1979-81. First Black woman bank president: Maggie Lena Walker First Black woman to obtain a pilot's license: Bessie Coleman 
1/1/2001  Black out of New York City  New York City power blackout: Nov. 19, 1965 See: Time & Newsweek 11/22/65 
1/1/2001  Black National Anthem; Negro National Anthem  Black National Anthem, Negro National Anthem "Lift every voice and sing" written by noted black poet and civil rights leader James Weldon Johnson. The anthem was originally intended for use in a program given by a group of Jacksonville, FL school children to celebrate Lincoln's Birthday. See Negro Almanac, 5th ed. 1989, p. 183. First verse: Lift every voice and sing Till earth and heaven ring Ring with the harmonies of Liberty; Let our rejoicing rise High as the listening skies Let it resound loud as the rolling sea. Sing a song full of the faith that the dark past has taught us, Sing a song full of the hope that the present has brought us, Facing the rising sun of our new day begun Let us march on till victory is won. 
1/1/2001  Tora tora tora  Tora Tora Tora - movie about Pearl Harbor title means "Tiger, tiger, tiger" the Japanese code for attack launched. (Time Magazine, Oct. 5, 1970, p. 65) 
1/1/2001  Mule Days  Mule Days, Calvary, Georgia. First Saturday in November. 20miles northwest of Tallahassee on Georgia State Road 111. (912) 277-MULE (912) 377-6853 See chapter in "Ghost dancing on the cracker circuit," by Rodger Lyle Brown, p. 145 394.36975 Bro 
1/1/2001  Rattlesnake Roundup  Rattlesnake Roundup, Whigham, Georgia. Forty miles north of Tallahassee on US Hwy 84 (912) 762-4215. Usually 4th or last Saturday in January. See chapter in "Ghost dancing on the cracker circuit," by Rodger Lyle Brown, 394.26975 Bro, pp. 3-28 
1/1/2001  Swine Time Festival  Swine Time Festival, Climax, Georgia. Held on the Saturday after Thanksgiving in November by the Climax Community Club. (912) 246-0910. See chapter in "Ghost dancing on the cracker circuit," by Rodger Lyle Brown 394.26975 Bro, p. 44 
1/1/2001  Frank Lloyd Wright house in Tallahassee  Frank Lloyd Wright house in Tallahassee: 3117 Okeeheepke Rd, home of the Lewis family (George and Clifton) See article in Tall Demo 11/10/98, or in VF LC/T - Historic Houses For house in Tallahassee designed by Walter Gropius, see under Gropius 
1/1/2001  Blacksmithing  See: The art of Blacksmithing, by Alex Bealer. 682 Bea Foxfire 5 R + Circ 917.58 Fox also: Mother Earth News Homesteading books under 630.202 and 636.084 
1/1/2001  Blood Donor Reqirements  Blood Donor Requirements 1. Age: Donor must be 17 years of age. 2. Weight: at least 110 lbs. 3. Donations: must be 8 weeks apart. 4. Surgery: major 2-6 month wait; minor 1-6 month wait. 5. Blood transfusions: 12 month wait. 6. Hepatitis: (yellow jaundice) cannot donate. 7. Heart damage: from disease or heart attack - cannot donate. 8. Epilepsy: (or recurring seizures) cannot donate. 9. Diabetes: insulin controlled cannot donate. 10. Cancer: at least 5 year wait after treatment. Basal or squamous cell cancer - no wait. 11. Malaria: 3 year wait. Antimalarial medication - 1 year wait. 12. A. Tattoos or hepatitus contact: 12 month wait. B. Ears pierced, acupuncture, electrolysis: check with Blood Center. 13. Shots: flu, allergy, tetanus shots - 24 hour wait. Measles-Mumps-Rubella shot - 4 week wait. 14. Infections: flu, colds, sores, fever - 24 hours sympton free. 15. Medications: time limit varies, but generally: A. No wait: aspirin, ibuprofen, muscle relaxers, antihistamines, birth control, thyroid, hormones, cholesterol, most BP, or gout medications. B. One week wait: after last dose of antibiotics, except when taken for acne. C. Cannot donate: when taking anti-coagulants, anti-convulsives, heart medication, antibiotics for infection of Human Pituitary Growth Hormone. 16. Exposure to communicable disease: (mumps, measles, chicken pox, mono: 3 week wait. 17. Pregnancy, abortion, miscarriage, C-section: 6 weeks wait. 18: Eating: have something to eat 1 - 3 hours before donating, and have plenty of fluids before and after donation. 19. Dangerous or strenuous activity: refrain from any aerobic exercise, heavy lifting, or hazardous occupation for 24 hours. 20. HIV - AIDS Virus: Do not donate if there is any chance you have been exposed to this virus, even if you have no symptoms. Donating blood takes about 45 minutes. If you have any questions about donating blood, please call 877-7181. 
1/1/2001  Blood Types - Parents to Child  PARENTS CHILDREN POSSIBLE CHILDREN NOT POSSIBLE A (AA or OO) A (AA or AO) A or O AB or B A (AA or AO) B (BB or BO) A, B, AB, or O A (AA or AO) AB (AB) A, B, or AB O A (AA or AO) O (OO) A or O AB or B B (BB or BO) B (BB or BO) B or O A or AB B (BB or BO) AB (AB) A, B, or AB O B (BB or BO) O (OO) B or O A or AB AB (AB) AB (AB) A, B, or AB O AB (AB) AB (AB) A or B O or AB O (OO) O (OO) O A, B, or AB Source: Language of Life, by George and Muriel Beadle 575.1 B365 p. 111 Blood types, parents to child 
1/1/2001  Blue Moon  Term for the second full moon in a month. This occurs rarely. It is not really blue. It is a grayish color, caused from dust and pollution in the atmosphere. Songs: "Blue Moon" by Rodgers & Hart (1934) "Blue moon over Kentucky" by Bill Monroe, bluegrass pioneer "Blue moon" : Elvis Presley Source: USA Today 7/30/85 See also: Morris. Dictionary of word & phrase origins R 422.03 Mor p. 417 
1/1/2001  Blue Sink murders - Tallahasssee  Blue sink murders, Tallahassee: October 16, 1967 - unsolved See VF LC/T - Crime & Criminals, pre-1970 
1/1/2001  Blind men and the elephant  See Problem Box under Elephant for copy of poem. By John Godfrey Saxe (1816-1887) Summary: Six blind men of Indostan, each touching a different part of an elephant, said: 1st: elephant's side - "It is very like a wall" 2nd: Tusk - "It is very like a spear" 3rd: Trunk - "It is very like a snake" 4th: Knee - "It is very like a tree" 5th: Ear - "It is very like a fan" 6th: Tail - "It is very like a rope" Also see: Best loved poems of the American people R 808.81 Bes [kept at Ref desk]. p. 521 Home Book of Verse, by Burton E. Stevenson R 821.08 Ste v.1, p. 1877 (source of printout) 
1/1/2001  Board members - How to develop  See The board members book, by Brian O'Connell 361.7068 Oco also see 367's on clubs and organizations 
1/1/2001  Bond Community, Tallahassee - Who named for?  Bond Community: Probably named for Henry Bond, an Irish immigrant and dry goods merchant. Henry Bond had a dry goods store on lot occupied by Guard's Armory. He had two sons, Walter and Henry, doing business at Lloyd's (store?). Source: Some early history (for the Tallahassean) by O.A. Myers. (1903) In State Library of Florida's Florida Collection Edit: According to "Landmarks & Legacies: a Guide to Tallahassee's African American Heritage 1865-1970", p. 19, the community is named after Dr. Benjamin Bond a local white physician who owned much of the area. In the 1920's Dr. Bond began dividing it into parcels and selling them to African Americans who worked for him. (BC 06/29/2006) 
1/1/2001  Hurricane Andrew - August 24-26, 1992  Andrew, costlisest hurricane in U.S. history, cuts a destructive swath. The grim aftermath: Maximum speed: 164 m.p.h., Fatalities: 33, Homes destroyed: 63,000 (Florida only), Homeless: 300,000, Cost $30 billion. Totals are for the week ending August 29, 1992. Source: Time Magazine, Sept. 7, 1992. See also Hurricane Andrew as a subject in online catalog. 
1/1/2001  Muscles to smile  How many muscles does it take to smile? To frown? One is easier on the face than the other: It takes 17 muscles to smile and 43 to frown. Source: The Book of Answers: New York Public Library 
1/1/2001  Face - Philtrum - Nose lips mouth  The groove or dimple in the upper lip between the lips and the nose is called the philtrum. Source: What's what: a visual glossary of the physical world, by Reginald Bragonier, Jr. and David Fisher R 031.02 Wha, p. 28 
1/1/2001  Bone Valley Fossil Museum  Bone Valley Fossil Museum - Only open during winter months. (813) 428-1183 Directions: From Bartow, FL, go west on highway 60 (toward Tampa) top Mulberry (about 15 miles). At the only stop light in center of town, turn left (south), and signs will direct you. (1986) 
1/1/2001  Booker T, and W.E.B. - poem by Randall Dudley  Booker T. and W.E.B. [Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois] "It seems to me," said Booker T. "It seems to me," said Booker T. "It shows a mighty lot of cheek "That all you folks have missed the boat To study chemistry and Greek Who shout about the right to vote, When Mister Charlie needs a hand And spend vain days and sleeless nights To hot the cotton on his land, In uproar over civil rights. And when Miss Ann looks for a cook, Just keep your moths shut, do not grouse, Why stick your nose inside a book?" But work, and save, and buy a house." "I don't agree," said W.E.B. "I don't agree," said W.E.B., "If I should have the drive to seek "For what can property avail Knowledge of chemistry or Greek, If dignity and justice fail? I'll do it. Charlie and Miss can look Unless you help to make the laws, Another place for hand or cook. They'll steal your house with trumped-up clause. Some men rejoice in skill of hand, A rope's as tight, a fire as hot, And some in cultivating land, No matter how much cash you've got. But there are others who maintain Speak soft, and try your little plan, The right to cultivate the brain." But as for me, I'll be a man." "It seems to me," said Booker T.--- "I don't agree," said W.E.B. Source: The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, 2nd ed. 1988, p. 887. 
1/1/2001  The Book of Counted Sorrows  "The Book of Counted Sorrows" is a fictitious book, mentioned in Dean Koontz's novels. Dean Koontz writes his own verses and attributes them to something called The Book of Counted Sorrows. Source: The Dean Koontz Companion, ed. by Martin H. Greenberg, Berkley Books, 1994. 
1/1/2001  Books - Repair, cleaning, binding  Books - Repair, cleaning, binding: For list of local book preservationists, contact Florida State Archives, 487-2073 Also: Baldwin's Book Conservation Service, 2305 Cypress Cove Drive, Tallahassee FL 32310, 575-0596 See: Care and Repair of Books, by Harry Lydenberg 025.7 L983c Modern Book Collecting, by Robert A. Wilson 020,5 Wil How to clean everything, by Alma Moore R + Circ 648 Moo Cleaning and repairing books, by R.L.Shep 025. Hor See also Expanding File Bindery Leon County Public Library uses [8/00]: Southeast Library Bindery, 7609 Business Park Drive, Greensboro, NC 27409 1-800-444-7534 
1/1/2001  Book Clubs -Tallahassee  Book Clubs - Tallahassee: Great Books Discussion Group. Meets at LCPL everyother Friday in Henderson Conference Room at 1:30 pm. Contact: Claude Neyman, 656-9377 Baker's Dozen. Contact: Tina Campbell 386-4335. Meets 2nd Tues. of each month in members' homes. My Favorite Books (Bookstore) 1415 Timberlane Rd. (Market Square) 688-7498 Contact: Tom Barnhart Reading groups: Fiction and literature meets 2nd Tues. of each month, 7:30 pm Mystery group mets 3rd Wed. of each month at 7:30 pm Tallahassee Bibliophiles Book collectors - not book discussion group - meets every other month, various locations. Contact: Ron Kanen, 877-2526 Tallahassee Writer's Association, PO Box 6996, Tallahassee, FL 32314 Meetings 4th Mondays monthly at 6:30 pm at LCPL Dues: $30 per year Purpose: To provide fellowship among area writers and to help develop members' craft toward the goal of publishing their work. 
1/1/2001  Books - First Edition Number Code  Books First Edition Number Codes, by Glenn Larsen Many modern publishers use a number or letter system to designate first editions. Publishers using this system have numbers or letters similar to 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 or A B C D E where the 1 or the A indicates a first edition. If the 1 is missing as in 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 then that book is probably a second printing as designated by the remaining 2. Sometimes you'll find that numbers appear differently or in reverse as in 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1. Regardless of the way the numbers look, you want to spot the 1 or the A. There are exceptions, so check the list of publishers. For example, Random House will use the words First Edition in place of the number 1. Thus a Random House book stating "First Edition" starting at the number 2 is first edition, first state book. (wysiwyg://115/ 
1/1/2001  ISBN Number ISSN  ISBN - International Standard Book Number How to obtain: See Bowker Annual 2000, p. 594-597 R 020.58 Bow For application and form: United States ISBN Agency, R. R. Bowker Company, 121 Chanlon Rd., New Providence, NJ 07974 (904) 665-6770 What it means: First digit refers to language of publication. 0=English, 3=German, etc. Second group of numbers refers to the publisher. Third group is number assigned by publishers within that publisher's inventory. Last number (or X) is a control number. 
1/1/2001  Gropius, Walter - architect - house in Tallahassee  Walter Gropius, architect, designed house in Tallahassee is at 1901 S. Magnolia. 
1/1/2001  Book Reports and Reviewing  Book Reports and Reviewing: See: How to write book reports, by Harry Teitelbaum 808.066028 Tei The informed writer, by Charles Bazerman 808.042 Baz Webster's New World Student Writing Handbook, by Sharon Sorenson R 808.042 Sor (at Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Boston Marathon Qualifying Times  Boston Marathon Qualifying Times. From Runners' World, April 1996 issue, p. 46. Men: 3 hours, 10 minutes ) up to age 35 Women: 3 hours, 40 minutes ) After age 35, both men and women have graduated times depending on age after 35. Qualifying times increase by five minutes in five year increments: Age 36-40 men 3:15; women 3:45 Age 41-45 men 3:20; women 3:50, etc. 
1/1/2001  Bowden Bobby  Bobby Bowden's birthday: Nov. 8, 1929 He has endorsed Rode Header Boys Ranch, Palatka, FL 1-800-741-2001 They take old cars, and repair and sell them 
1/1/2001  Plant Life - Botany - Natural Wonders+  Plant Life - Botany - Natural Wonders: 1. Pinus arista - bristlecone. Methuselah Grove, CA 2. Sequoia gigantoa - "General Sherman" Sequoia National Park, CA 3. Redwood - "Howard Libbey" or Tall Tree" - Redwood National Park, CA 4. Montezuma Cypress "Santa Maria del Tule" Oaxaca State, Mexico 5. Southern red oak - Como, Mississippi - plant with largest topspread 6. Wildbox huckleberry (Gaylussacia brachyera), Eastern Pennsylvania - largest spreading plant 7. Rose tree "Lady Banksia" - Tombstone, AZ - largest rose tree 8. Chinese wisteria - Sierra Madre, CA - largest flowering plant 9. Saguaro Cacti - Saguaro National Monument Source: People's Almanac R 031.02 Peo p. 689-90. 
1/1/2001  Bread and Bread making  Bread and Bread making: See Expanding File and Problem Box for recipes, etc. 
1/1/2001  Brain  Left brain - analytical, decision-making Right brain - intuitive, creative, and spontaneous 
1/1/2001  Brand names' origins  Brand Name Origins: Baby Ruth - Ruth Cleveland, daughter of the president of the candy company Burma Shave - its essential oils came brom Burma Camel - use of Turkish tobacco Coca Cola - Ingredients of coca and kola Esso - Abbreviation of Standard Oil (rather than S.O.) Kotex - blend of words cotton and texture Lucky Strike - California gold strike event Mazola - blend of maize and oil Nike shoe - Greek goddess of victory Sanka - contraction of French for "without caffeine" Source: Tallahassee Democrat, 4/20/87 
1/1/2001  Bread and salt ritual (to bless a home)  Saint George - To bless a new home Saint George was reputedly born in Cappadocia and was a soldier in the Roman army. Legend tell that he killed a dragon in order to save a beautiful virgin. He was martyred at Lydda during the persecutions of Diocletian, and is to day the patron saint of England. The Ritual: In order to bless a new home, the petitioner must enter every room, before any furniture has been moved into it, carrying a loaf of bread under one arm, a piece of coal, a pinch of sea salt and a fresh spring of parsley in one hand, and the image of Saint George in the other. The following prayer will elicit the blessing of the saint: "In the name of the Lord and Jesus, with the strength of the Holy Ghost and of Saint George, whom I promise to worship eternally, I ask for the blessing of this home. Keep away bad spirits, and make sure that in every corner of this house we will find hope for eternal glory. Please let us not be without bread to nourish us, coal to keep us warm, salt to purify us, and the magic of herbs to help us. In the name of Saint George who fought the dragon, let the evil forces be conauered and the good spirits win." The Offering: Once the prayer has been said all the ingredients mentioned above must be put into a bag, adding rice, sugar, coffee, a laurel leaf, three copper coins, and an ear of wheat. The bag must be kept in the pantry or in the kitchen cupboard where food is stored. Source: Saints, the chosen few, by Manuela Dunn-Mascetti. 235.2092 Dun 
1/1/2001  Bricks - Home production  Bricks - Home production: See: Yankee Magazine book of forgotten arts, by Richard M. Bacon. R 630 Bac also: Mother Earth News (several references in cumulative indexes) 
1/1/2001  Brideship, or Bride ship  Brideship or Bride ship Voyage of 90 maidens to Virginia in 1619. See The Virginia Colony, by Elswyth Thane. 975.501 Tha, p. 50. Also books on Virginia history (975.5) or Colonia history (973.2) 
1/1/2001  Covered Bridges  For list of covered bridges in the US by region, see Problem Box. (1997) also: National Society for Preservation of Covered Bridges Box 910, Westminster, VT 05158 
1/1/2001  Bridges - small  See: Fences, gates and bridges, by George Martin. 631.27 Mar Build it better yourself. R 681.763 Bui. P/. 554 (small foot bridge) 
1/1/2001  Broom construction  Broom construction: In: Foxfire #3 Ref + circ 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Computer programmer  First woman programmer: Ada Agusta, Countess of Lovelace (Lord Byron's daughter) See problem box for photocopy of page from Computer perspective 004.0904 Com (NEB only--10/00) 
1/1/2001  Bubble blowing recipe  Bubble blowing recipe: In tall jar or glass: 1 egg white and 1 tablespoon water, or 1 teaspoon liquid soap and three tablespoons of water Source: Gobs of goo, by Vicki Cobb. J 547 Cob 
1/1/2001  Computer or Internet Fraud  In Florida: Florida Dept. of Law Enforcement's Computer Crime Center (850-410-7000). The Center was recently created to help solve state and national crimes that include Internet fraud. (Tall Demo, 8/19/00, p. 3E) If you paid by postal money order, wire fraud might be a potential charge. Contact the U.S. Postal Service at 1-800-275-8777 to inquire about filing a complaint, or go to your local post office. If you paid by credit card, dispute the charge immediately and request an investigation of the merchant or seller. (same Tall Demo article listed above) 
1/1/2001  Buddhist Temple - Vietnam  Buddhist Temple, Vietnam: See National Geographic, October 1961, pp. 464-467 
1/1/2001  U. S. Budget  U.S. Budget: See February issue of Congressional Quarterly 
1/1/2001  Budget and financial Counseling  Budget and Financial Counseling: * Leon County Extension Home Economics Office, 615 Paul Russell Rd., 487-3006 * Consumer Credit Counseling Service of Tallahassee, 1648 Metropolitan Circle, Tallahassee, FL 32308, 523-0162 * Consumer Credit Counseling Service, 1639 Atlantic Blvd, Jacksonville, FL 32207, (904) 396-4846 * Consumer Credit CounselingService of West Florida, Inc., 14 S. Palafox Place, Pensacola, FL 32501 (850) 434-0268 * National Foundation for Credit Counseling, 8611 2nd Ave. Suite. 100, Silver Springs, MD 20916, (301) 589-5600 * Local banks, S&L's, and credit unions (updated 8/00) 
1/1/2001  Bull Pen - Baseball Bull Pen - Baseball  Bull pen, baseball: This term originated in the 1880's when signs advertising Bull Durham tobacco were plastered over outfield walls deep center field, where relief pitchers warmed up. The term was coined in Austin, Texas. Source. Tall Demo 1/13/80 
1/1/2001  Bundy, Ted  Ted Bundy was executed 1/24/89 See online catalog under Bundy, Ted for existing or available books 
1/1/2001  Bunk Beds  Bunk Beds: 101 do-it-yourself projects (Reader's Digest) 684 One p. 354 Building better beds, by Percy Blandford 684.15 Bla p. 190 Family handyman home improvement book R 643.7 Fam p. 50 Furniture projects you can build (Better Homes & Gardens) 684.104 Fur p. 48, 56 Contemporary furniture making for everybody, by John Shea 684.1 She p. 118 
1/1/2001  Burial - Funeral - Customs & Superstitions  Burial & funeral customs and superstitions: Funeral customs the world over, by Robert Habenstein R 393 Hab Foxfire #2 (Ref + circ) 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Burma Shave  See: The verse by the side of the road: the story of the Burma Shave signs and jingles, by Frank Rowsome 659.196681 Row 
1/1/2001  Bunny Foo Foo  Song "Little Bunny Foo Foo" - for words and music see Expanding file B 
1/1/2001  Buckingham Palace  For article from Atlanta Journal 8/8/93 about Buckingham Palace floor plan and tours, see Expanding File under B 
1/1/2001  Bus Boycott - Tallahassee - Civil Rights  Bus boycott, Tallahassee. Civil Rights: May 27, 1956. See: The Pain and the Promise: the struggle for civil rights in Tallahassee, Florida, by Glenda Alice Rabby 975.9 Rab The Civil rights movement in Florida and the United States (R+Circ) 323.1 Civ Expanding File - Civil rights Editorial in Tallahassee Democrat, 12/24/94, p.10A, "For Tallahassee, a time of courage and change." 
1/1/2001  Business Plans - Mission statements  Business Plans Handbook, ed. By Kristin Kahrs. Gale Research, 1995. R 658.4012 Bus (Shelved in career section) How to set up your own small business, by Max Fallek. American Institute of Small Business, 1999. Vol. 2, section 18-1 (Shelved in career section) How to write a successful business plan, by Julie Brooks 658.4 Bro The perfect business plan made simple, by William Lasher R 658.4012 Las (includes a good section on mission statements, p. 41 ff. 
1/1/2001  Business License also Occupational and Peddler's  Leon County, call 488-4381 for Business, Peddler's, and Occupational Licenses City of Tallahassee - call 891-8194 
1/1/2001  Business - Environment - Social Responsibility  Business - Environment - Social Responsibility See: Green at work, by Susan Cohn (1992) (R+Circ) 650.14 Coh Investing for good, by Peter D. Kinder (1993) 332.6 Kin See also Program Box for attached article from Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine, Jan. 1993 
1/1/2001  Butter - How to make  Making cheese and butter, by Phyllis Hobson 637.3 Hob Foxfire #1 (Ref + Circ) 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Butter Churns - How to make  Butter Churns: Foxfire #3 (Ref + Circ) 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Butterfly Butterflies  Annual migration of butterflies to St. Marks: Contact St. Marks Wildlife Refuge, 925-6121 Florida State Butterfly - 1996 state legislature designated as the Official State Butterfly the Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charitonius). (Senate Bill sb1002 - 1996) see Problem Box for article and picture from Tampa Tribune 4/27/96 
1/1/2001  Buttons  "We often wonder why women's clothes button from right to left and men's from left to right. One theory is that, in the days when men carried swords, having buttons on the right made it easier for a man to unbutton his coat with hs left hand. This freed his right hand for drawing his sword." from: Top hats to baseball (J 391.009 Per - not in collection 8/00) 
1/1/2001  Concentration camps  See Problem Box for comprehensive list of concentration camps, country by country. See also: Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, ed. By Israel Gutman. 4 vols. 1990 R 940.53 Enc Historical atlas of the Holocaust, pub. Bythe United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1996. R 940.53180223 His Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, by Louis L. Snyder, 1989. R 943.086 Sny Buchenwald and Belsen both liberated April 13, 1945. Source: The taste of courage: the war, 1939-1945, by Desmond Flower 940.53 F644t 
1/1/2001  Byte - Computer term - Definition and measurement  Byte. A unit of information consisting of a group of eight consecutive binary digits, used especially as a measure of the size of the memory unit in a digital computer. Source: Third Barnhart Dictionary of New English, 1990 R 423 Thi, p. 73. 
1/1/2001  Cabins  How to guild your cabin or modern vacation home, by Harry Walton. 728.7 W239 
1/1/2001  Cajunland  Cajunland: See National Geographic, March 1966, p. 353. 
1/1/2001  Calorie charts  Calorie charts: See Nutrition almanac, by Gayla Kirschmann. R 641.1 Kir, p. 236 Foods and nutrition encyclopedia, R 641.03 Foo, Vol 1., pp. 305 ff. Jane Brody's Nutrition Book. R+Circ 641.1 Bro Margo Feiden's The calorie factor: the dieter's companion. R+Circ 641.1042 Fei See also Problem box for "Count your calories" pamphlet. 
1/1/2001  Camp Gordon Johnston  US Army base during World War II at Alligator Point/ St. Teresa area of Franklin County. See Vertical File - Florida - Camp Gordon Johnston also references in Tallahassee: Favored Land. R+Circ Oversize 975.988 Ell, pp. 150, 151, 157 (either ed.) See major article in Florida Historical Quarterly, July 1994, pp. 1-22: "Hell-by-the-sea": Florida's Camp Gordon Johnston in World War II, by David J. Coles 
1/1/2001  Campaign fund raising  See Problem Box for photocopy from US Statutes at Large of Pendleton Act of 1882. Possible relation to Clinton's illegal use of White House as it related to campaign fund raising and Pendleton Act. 
1/1/2001  Candle making  Candle making: See: Henley's Formulas for Home and Workshop. R 640.2 Hen also: Expanding File under C 
1/1/2001  Candlewicking  Candlewicking: See Newnes Complete Needlecraft 746.4 New p. 98 under "Tufting" for a short description and illustration. 
1/1/2001  Canon of Proportions - Leonardo da Vinci  Canon of proportions - Famous drawing of Leonardo da Vinci showing human figure in a circle with arms and legs outstretched. See "Leonardo da Vinci" Oversize R 759.04 Leo, p. 446. 
1/1/2001  Canopy roads - Tallahasssee  Five designated canopy roads in Tallahassee: 1. St. Augustine Rd. 2. Centerville Rd. 3. Meridian Rd. 4. Old Bainbridge Rd. 5. Miccosukee Rd. Source: Ron Hartung and Historic Tallahassee Preservation Board. 
1/1/2001  Florida Capitol  Most editions of the Florida Handbook (R+Circ 917.59 Flo) have an informative article on Florida's Capitol. From the 1987-1988 Florida Handbook, p. 225 ff: "Construction of Florida's fourth, and present, Capitol was commenced Nov. 8, 1973, and declared completed on Aug. 19, 1977. The building was opened officially on March 31, 1978 [by] Governor Reubin O'D Askew... The building cost $43,070,741. An additional $1,957,338 was committed to landscaping and to the plaza, fountains, and steps on the west front, an area known formally as Waller Park, for Curtis L. Waller of Tallahassee, Judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. While the Capitol generally is spoken of as having 22 stories, there are an additional three floors below the street level. Some statistics: 3,700 tons of structural steel. 2,800 tons of reinforcing steel. 25,000 cubic yards of concrete (the equivalent of 16 football fields, each one foot thick), 12,000 sq. ft. of walnut paneling. 12,000 gallons of paint. 62,000 sq. ft. of marble. 60,000 sq. ft. of carpet. 92,000 sq. ft. of terrazzo. 30 miles of telephone cable. 250 miles of electrical wire. 2,000 doors. 66 public and 11 private restrooms. 40 sets of stairs. 14 elevators. 360 parking spaces. Some 3,000 persons work in the Capitol during normal days. When the legislature is in session, an estimated 4,500 persons occupy the building." Additional facts: 307 feet tall from main entrance level. 718,000 sq. ft. of floor space. 
1/1/2001  Cats - Age comparable to humans  Source: Caring for your older cat, by Chris C. Pinney. Barron's, 1996. 636.8 Pin p. 2 Cat Human 3 months 5 years 6 months 9 years 1 year 15 years 2 years 24 years 3 years 28 years 4 years 32 years 5 years 36 years 6 years 40 years 7 years 44 yers 8 years 48 years 9 years 52 years 10 years 56 years 11 years 60 years 12 years 64 years 13 years 68 years 14 years 72 years 15 years 76 years 
1/1/2001  Caribbean trivia - St.Martin  The smallest territory in the world shared by two sovereign states: St. Martin / Sint Maarten. Half-French, half-Dutch, it is just nine miles from the Dutch capital of Philipsburg to the French capital of Marigot. Source: Fodor's Caribbean, 1986, p. 406. 
1/1/2001  Cartoonists and Cartoons  Contact: Cartoonists & Writers Syndicate 67 Riverside Dr., Suite 1D New York, NY 10024 (212) 362-9256 Tallahassee Democrat also listing of syndicates and cartoonists 
1/1/2001  Cascade Park, Tallahassee  Cascade Park, Tallahassee: See Problem Box for Fact Sheet (3/99) giving background and proposal, and published by US Environmental Protection Agency & City of Tallahassee. 
1/1/2001  Casey at the bat - poem  Casey at the bat - Poem - See The best loved poems of the American people R 808.81 Bes p. 282 Copy kept at Ready Ref. Circ copies available. 
1/1/2001  Coral Castle  Coral Castle, Tourist attraction, south of Miami. 2 miles north of Homestead on US1 28655 So. Federal Hwy, Homestead, FL 33033 (305) 248 6344 Built by Edward Leedskalnin in the 1920's. See also Expanding File 
1/1/2001  Castles, Forts  Life in the castle in medieval England, by John Burke 942 Bur Make your own model forts and castles, by Richard Cummings 623.1 Cum Castle, by David Macaulay Oversize (+J) 623.19 Mac 
1/1/2001  Cats - polydactyl (with extra toe)  See Encyclopedia of the cat, by Bruce Fogle R 636.8 Fog, p. 75 (Hemingway was reputed to have had many cats with this genetic variation) Cats - polydactyl - extra toe 
1/1/2001  Cats - Purring  See Expanding File under C for copy of article from Cats Magazine Feb. 1993 explaining purring 
1/1/2001  Cataloging in Publication  Cataloging in Publication: See Expanding File under C for explanation and forms for applying for Preassigned Card Number (PCN) and Cataloging in Publication (CIP) 
1/1/2001  Caves  See: Cave Passages, by Michael Ray Taylor 796.525 Tay. Chapter 8 covers caving in North Florida 
1/1/2001  CD rates - Certificate of Deposit  CD rates - Certificate of Deposit: 
1/1/2001  Celebrate Florida  "Celebrate Florida" see Florida Events File in gray plastic box 
1/1/2001  Census Genealogy Soundex Code  Census Genealogy Soundex Code The Soundex system is the means established by the National Archives to index the U.S. censuses (beginning with 1880). It codes together surnames of the same and similar sounds but of variant spellings. Soundexes are arranged by state, Soundex code of the surname, and given name See Problem Box for sample pages and forms. Http:// 
1/1/2001  Centennial, bicentennial, sesquicentennial  annually - yearly; occuring once every 12 months biannually - occurring twice a year (at unequally spaced intervals) bicentennial - relating to a period of 200 years biennial - relating to a period of 2 years biweekly - occuring once every 2 weeks centennial - relating to a period of 100 years (1 century) daily - occuring once every 24 hours decennial - relating to a period of 10 years (1 decade) diurnal - daily; of a day duodecennial - relating to a period of 12 years fortnightly - occuring once every 2 weeks millennial - relating to a period of 1,000 years (1 millenium) monthly - occuring once every 30 days (approximately) novennial - relating to a period of 9 years octennial - relalating to a period of 8 years perennial - occuring year after year quadrennial - relating to a period of 4 years (1 olympiad) quadricentennial - relating to a period of 400 years quincentennial - relating to a period of 500 years semiannually - occuring once every 6 months (at equally spaced intervals) semicentennial - relating to a period of 50 years semidiurnal - occuring twice a day semimonthly - occuring twice a month semiweekly - occuring twice a week sesquicentennial - relating to a period of 150 years sexennial - relating to a period of 6 years thrice weekly - occurring three times a week triennial - relating to a period of 3 years trimonthly - occuring once every 3 monthly triweekly - occuring once every 3 weeks undecennial - relating to a period of 11 years vicennial - relating to a period of 20 years weekly - occuring once every 7 days Source: New York Public Library Desk Reference R 031 New, p. 9 
1/1/2001  Lunar New Year - Chinese - Zodiac  Lunar New Year See Problem Box under Lunar for article from Pensacola News-Journal 2/10/96 giving Chinese Zodiac, Year of the . . ., etc. See also Problem Box under Chinese for Chinese New Year and Chinese Zodiac designations and qualities 
1/1/2001  Chain Saw Art - John Birch - Wood sculpture Chain Saw Art  John Birch, a local artist, has created many of his chain-saw wood sculptures in public places for all to see. The following list, compiled by Julie Bowland of the Cultural Resources Commission, is provided so you can take yourself on a "drive-by tour" of Birch's work. 1. Myers Park, at Lafayette Street and Myers Park Drive: "Captive bird" 2. Old St. Augusting Road, about a quarter mile east of Blair Stone Road: "The chase" (dolphins) 3. Capital City Country Club, 1601 Golf Terrace Drive: "Park Bench" (golf ball and sunburst) 4. McCord Park (Armistead and Thomasville Rd.: "Squirrel" 5. 2608 Cline (two blocks off Thoimasville and Armistead): "The Rescue" 6. North Thomasville Road (across from Albertson's): "North Wind" 7. Tallahassee Museum of History and Natural Science: "Changing Face" 8. Tallahassee Parks and Recreation, 912 Myers Park Drive: "TPR Sign" 9. Tallahassee Antique Car Museum, 3600 Myers Park Drive: "1957 Thunderbird" Source: Tall Demo, April 27, 1997 Chainsaw art 
1/1/2001  Chair - Adirondack  See Expanding File for plans 
1/1/2001  Chair caning  Chair caning: Repair and reupholstery of old furniture, by Vernon Albers 684.1044 Alb The furniture doctor, by George Grotz 749.G881 p. 269. New ideas for old furniture, by Leslie Linsley 684.1044 Lin 
1/1/2001  Challenger disaster  Challenger Disaster January 28, 1986 See Space Almanac, by Anthony R. Curtis R 629.4 Cur, p. 22 
1/1/2001  Challenger Expedition of 1872-1876  Challenger Expedition of 1872-1876, See: Wide ocean, by Gardner Soule 551.46 Sou Into the deep, by Robert Marx 627.7 Mar Exploring the deep frontier, by Sylvia A. Earle 910.09162 Ear See also: Encyclopedia Americana McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology R 503 Mac Ocean world of Jacques Cousteau 57.92 Cou, v. 15 The Sea R 551.4 Sea v.3, pp. 374-377 
1/1/2001  Challenger Learning Center  Challenger Learning Center College of Engineering Florida A&M University - Florida State University 2525 Pottsdamer Street Tallahassee, FL 32310 (850) 410-6425 Scheduled to open January 2001 
1/1/2001  Chandeliers  Q. How low to the table should a chandelier hang? A. People often hang chandeliers too low--a definite conversation blocker. When they're placed too high, on the other hand, lighting fixtures appear awkwardly unrelated to the furniture groupings below them. As a general rule for an 8-foot ceiling, allow 25 to 30 inches between the table surface and the bottom of the light fixture. For each additonal foot of ceiling height, raise your fixture 3 inches. [Better Homes and Gardens, 1995?} 
1/1/2001  Charades - rules  Charades: New rules for classic games, by R. Wayne Schmittberger 793.Sch 
1/1/2001  Charities - Evaluations  National Charities Information Bureau, 19 Union Square W., 6th Floor, New York, NY 10003 (212) 929-6300 Philanthropic Advisory Service (Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.) 4200 Wilson Blvd., Arlington VA 22203 (703) 276-0100 see also state regulatory agencies such as Secretary of State or Attorney General in each state. see also The Giver's Guide: making your charity dollars count, by Philip English Mackey R 361.76 Mac (Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Charter By-laws Club  Charter, by-laws, clubs Lieber's guide: How to organize and run a club, by Arthur Lieber 367 Lie 
1/1/2001  Charter - Leon County  Leon County is NOT a chartered county, according to the County Attorney's Office 11/4/98 
1/1/2001  Chemicals - Incompatible  See Chemist's Ready Reference Handbook by Gerson J. Shugar and John A. Dean R 543 Shu Table 28.4 "Reactive chemicals which must be segregated" and Table 28.5 "Examples of incompatible chemicals" 
1/1/2001  Cheese making  Foxfire #4 (R + circ) 917.59 Fox Homesteader's handbook of raising small livestock, by Jerome D. Belanger 636.08 Bel Cheese making at home, by Don Radke 641.6 Rad Country women: a handbook for the new farmer, by Sherry Thomas 630.2 Tho, p. 288 Cloudburst: a handbook of rural skills and technology, by Vic Marks 631 Mar, p. 108 
1/1/2001  Chemical castration  Chemical castration: see Health Reference CD ROM (InfoTrac) under Depo-Provera 
1/1/2001  Chicago Seven  Rennie Davis Tom Hayden Abbie Hoffman Jerry Rubin Lee Weiner John Froines David Dellinger (Chicago Seven) 
1/1/2001  Chickee - How to make  Chickee: See Expanding File under C See also: Native American architecture by Peter Nabokov 722.91 Nab 
1/1/2001  It takes a village to raise a child  Quotation: "It takes an entire village to raise a child" -- an African proverb Source: 
1/1/2001  Child car seats  Child car seats: Call Leon County Health Dept. 487-3186 
1/1/2001  Child Care - Tallahassee  Child care - Tallahassee: see issues of "Tallahassee's Family Forum" magazine in periodicals section 
1/1/2001  Child - cost of rearing  Child - cost of rearing see Problem Box for recent clippings and charts, etc. 
1/1/2001  Children learn what they live  "Children learn what they live" If a child lives with criticism, he learns to condemn. If a child lives with hostility, he learns to fight. If a child lives with ridicule, he learns to be shy. If a child lives with shame, he learns to feel guilty. If a child lives with tolerance, he learns to be patient. If a child lives with encouragement, he learns confidence. If a child lives with praise, he learns to appreciate. If a child lives with fairness, he learns justice. If a child lives with security, he learns to have faith. If a child lives with approval, he learns to like himself. If a child lives with acceptance and friendship, he learns to find love in the world. Dorothy Law Nolte 
1/1/2001  Children's Declaration of rights  See Expanding File under Children for Children's Declaration of Rights 
1/1/2001  Lawton & Rhea Chiles  The text from the Irish Carmelite Order that Rhea Chiles included in her letters of appreciation after Lawton's death: "Death is nothing at all--I have only slipped into the next room. Whatever we were to each other, that we are still. Call me by my old familiar name, speak to me in the easy way which you always used. Laugh as we always laughed together. Play, smile, think of me; pray for me. Let my name be the household world it always was. Let it be spoken without effort. Life means all that it ever meant. It is the same as it ever was; there is absolutely unbroken continuity. Why should I be out of your mind because I am out of your sight? I am but waiting for you, for an interval, somewhere very near just around the corner. All is well. Nothing is past; nothing is lost. One brief moment and all will be as it was before--only infinitely happier and forever" 
1/1/2001  Chimney construction  Chimney construction: Foxfire Book [#1] R+Circ 917.58 Fox, p. 108 See also reference in Mother Earth News 
1/1/2001  Chinese checkers games Halma  See Problem Box for photocopied rules for Chinese checkers and Halma 
1/1/2001  Mules - Harness  Mules - Harness See: "Mules in the Delta" by Betty W. Carter in American Heritage, Dec. 1976, pp. 54-63. 
1/1/2001  Chrismon symbols  The word "Chrismon" is a combination of parts of two words: CHRISt and MONogram. See Problem Box for brochure from First Baptist Church, Tallahassee, and article from Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 21, 1996, p. 1C 
1/1/2001  Christmas foods  "Where Christmas foods really came from," by Burt Wolf. You know them as the foods your mother and grandmother put on the holiday table, and you continue that tradition today. But the Christmas delicacies you enjoy every year have a link with the more distant past. Gingerbread Cookies: The practice of baking cookies in creative shapes dates back to the pagan celebration of Julfest (a precursor of Christmas), during which the Germanic tribes sacrificed animals to their gods. The poor offered animal-shaped cookies. Instead. Candy Canes: These appeared in the 1670's, when a German choirmaster distributed them to quiet the children during the Christmas service. The candy's curved end symbolizes a shepherd's crook. Yule Log: Parisian pastry cooks began preparing this log-shaped cake around 1870, inspired by the logs burned in the fireplace on Christmas. Eggnog: This holiday elixir originated in Great Britain and was originally used for medicinal purposes, mainly because of its alcohol content. Source: McCall's, December 1992 
1/1/2001  A Christmas Carol (Dickens) - dramatization  Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol - dramatization, See Plays [magazine] Dec. 1978, p. 61 copy in Vertical File under Christmas, pre-1980. 
1/1/2001  Christmas carols  see VF and Expanding File 
1/1/2001  The Legend of the Christmas Rose  "The Legend of the Christmas Rose" 'Twas Christmas Eve and eager feet A breathless hush, a whir of wings Moved merrily down the village street A calm strong voice with comfort rings, Soft glow of candles lit their way "Dear child, you chose the better part As neighbors called in greeting gay The greatest gift is a loving heart. While happy children carols sang, "See where each tear has fallen, lo, The bells in exaltation rang; A lovely rose begins to grow; Cathedral doors stood open wide Let these blossoms be your offering, As long processions file inside. And Gloria in Excelsis sing." Each pilgrim brought an offering, She picked Christmas roses bright, A present for the infant King; Then tripped toward home on footsteps light. They placed their gifts on altar fair The brightest stars the blue could boast Then reverently knelt in prayer. Were candles held by angel host. No member of that festive train by Edith E. Emerson Had seen the child, eyes filled with pain, Source: Ideals, Vol. 25, No. 6, Nov. 1968 Who crouched within a doorway dark Where passersby could not remark. She watched them enter, then the light was gone! The heavy doors closed tight. Her heart was cold within her breast, Her feet were cold yet would not rest. She turned away in bleak despair, Her grief seemed more than she could bear. She had no gift for the Holy Child, No offering for the mother mild. She left the town and climbed the hill, On through the forest damp and chill, Till with her sorrow all unbound She cried aloud upon the ground. 
1/1/2001  Quote: Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus - Christmas  "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" - quote Editorial in the New York Sun, Sept. 21, 1897, by Francis P. Church See Great American Christmas Almanac, by Irena Chalmers. 394.268 Cha, p. 138-139 
1/1/2001  Merry Christmas in 33 languages  "Merry Christmas" in 33 languages See Problem Box under both Christmas and Merry 
1/1/2001  Christmas and greeting cards - recycling  St. Jude's Ranch will accept used Christmas and other greeting cards. St. Jude's Ranch, Inc. 100 Sint Judes St. Boulder City, NV 89005 1-800-492-3562 
1/1/2001  Christmas tree preservation  Christmas tree preservation Solution #1: 1/2 gallon warm water 1/2 cup sugar syrup (bring to boil 1 cup water and 1/2 cup sugar) 2 teaspoons liquid laundry bleach 2 tablespoons of commercial "Keep Fresh" product (available from florist) Solution #2: 1 tablespoon baking soda to 1 quart water. Keep tree watered regularly; no additional solution needed. 
1/1/2001  Night before Christmas  A visit from St. Nicholas, by Clement Clarke Moore "Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house As I drew in my head and was turning around, Not a creature was stirring, nor even a mouse. Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound: The stockings were hung by the chimney with care, He was dressed all in fur from his head to his foot, In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there. And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and soot: The children were nestled all snug in their beds, A bundle of toys he had flung on his back, While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads; And he looked like a peddler just opening his pack. And mamma in her kerchief, and I in my cap, His eyes, how they twinkled! His dimples, how merry! Had just settled our brains for a long winter's nap-- His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry; When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow, I sprang from my bed to see what was the matter. And the beard on his chin was as white as the snow. Away to the window I flew like a flash, The stump of a pipe he held tight in his teeth, Tore open the shutter, and threw up the sash. And the smoke, it encircled his head like a wreath. The moon on the breast of the new-fallen snow He had a broad face and a little round belly Gave a lustre of midday to objects below; That shook, when he laughed, like a bowl full of jelly, When what to my wondering eye should appear He was chubby and plump--a right jolly old elf: But a miniature sleigh and eight tiny reindeer, And I laughted when I saw him, in spite of myself. With a little old driver, so lively and quick, A wink of his eye, and a twist of his head, I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick! Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread. More rapid than eagles his coursers they came, He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work, And he whistled and shouted and called them by name. And filled all the stockings: then turned with a jerk, "Now, Dasher! Now, Dancer! Now, Prancer and Vixen! And laying a finger aside of his nose, On, Comet! On, Cupid! On Donder and Blitzen!-- And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose. To the top of the porch, to the top of the wall, He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle, Now, dash away, dash away, dash away all!" And away they all flew like the down of a thistle. As dry leaves that before the wild hurricane fly, But I heard him exclaim, ere they drove out of sight, When they meet with an obstacle mount to the sky, "Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night!" So, up to the housetop the courses they flew, With a sleight full of toys--and St. Nicholas, too. And then, in a twinkling, I heard on the roof The prancing and pawing of each little hoof. 
1/1/2001  Chufa - "Earth almond"  Chufa, earth almond See Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening R 631.58 Enc, p. 206 for description. 
1/1/2001  Church Libraries  Church libraries: See Expanding file for informtion on setting one up. 
1/1/2001  Churches - Leon County - Tallahassee  Churches: Protestant - 295 Jewish - 3 Catholic 7 other 33 Source: The Complete guide to life in Florida, by Barbara Brumm LaFreniere (R+Circ) 306 LaF, 1995-96 ed. See also National Directory of Churches, Synagogues, and other Houses of Worship R 200.2573 Nat, Southern States volume. 
1/1/2001  Cities - common names  Cities - common names: Midview, Fairview, and Oak Grove are the three most popular names for places where people live in the United States. A total of 549 communities bear one of them. The U.S. Geological Surveyu and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names have compiled a computerized listing of all 154,243 cities, towns, villages and subdivivision in the nation. The listing, on CD-ROM, also includes the official names of nearly 2 million other places, including streams, lakes, mountains, and swamps. The program lists 207 communities named Midway, the most popular place name in the country. Fairview is second, coming up 192 times, and 150 communities are dubbed Oak Grove. Other poular names and the number of times they appear: Five Points (145), Pleasant Hill (113), Centerville (109), Mount Pleasant (108), Riverside (106), Bethel (105), and New Hope (98). Lincoln is the most popular place named after a famous person. It's 58th most popular overall, appearing in the database 45 times. Washington appears 36 times. Source: The Associated Press, article in Tallahassee Democrat 7/13/94. 
1/1/2001  Honorary Citizenship of the U.S.  Honorary citizenship of the U.S. Winston Churchill - 1963 Raoul Wallenberg - 1981 Source: Congressional Quarterly 10/24/81 
1/1/2001  Citrus - Florida  Citrus - Florida See Problem Box for article from Florida Magazine 1/18/98 for definition of such terms as Temple Orange, Tangelo, etc. 
1/1/2001  City Attorneys - Listing  City Attorneys - Listing: International Municipal Lawyers Association 1110 Vermont Ave., NW, Suite 200 Washington, DC 20005 (202) 466-5424 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee City Commission  First woman member of the Tallahassee City Commission: Joan Heggen, Feb. 1972 
1/1/2001  City managers - Tallahassee  City Managers - Tallahassee: Pierce Ford, 1934-1939 Malcolm Yancey, 1939-1952 Arvah Hopkins, 1952-1974 Dan Kleman, 1974-1994 Steve Burkett, 1994-1997 Anita Favors, 1997- 
1/1/2001  Civil War Flags  Civil War Flags: See Expanding File 
1/1/2001  Civil War - Leon County -Tallahassee  See: Tallahassee, Favored Land (R+Circ) 975.988 Ell, Chapter 3, p. 55 (both eds.) Tallahassee Historical Society, v. 4, pp. 20-47 (R+Circ) 975.988 T147 See also Battle of Natural Bridge, Civil War, this database 
1/1/2001  Classic cars  See Problem Box for list of Classic Cars, 1925-1948, designated by the Classic Car Club of America 
1/1/2001  Car Talk - Click and Clack  "Car Talk" with Click and Clack, the Tappet brothers, aka Tom and Ray Migliozzi can be heard on NPR, locally WFSU-FM, 88.9, Saturdays at 10 a.m., and Mondays at 1 p.m. 
1/1/2001  President Bill Clinton visited Tallahassee  President Bill Clinton visited Tallahassee March 29-30, 1995 Local itinerary, see Problem Box or Tallahassee Democrat, 3/27/95 
1/1/2001  Inaugural poems, President Bill Clinton  Inaugural Poems, President Bill Clinton: 1993 - Maya Angelou, "On the pulse of morning" see Complete collected poems of Maya Angelou R 811.54 Ang 1997 - Miller Williams, "Of hope and history" See Problem box under Inaugural for text of poem, photocopied from Tallahassee Democrat 1/21/97 
1/1/2001  Cloture vs. closure  Cloture - "A method of closing a debate and causing an immediate vote to be taken on the question." Closure - "The act or state of closing; the state of being closed. A bringing to an end; conclusion." Source: Random House Dictionary of the English Language 
1/1/2001  Coast Guard and Florida Marine Patrol offices  Alligator Point - Coast Guard Aux. - 850-349-2833 Carrabelle - Florida Marine Patrol - 850-697-3741 Destin - Coast Guard - 850-244-7147 Panama City - Coast Guard - 850-234-4228 Florida Marine Patrol - 1-800-DIAL-FMP Pensacola - Coast Guard - 850-453-8282 Florida Marine Patrol - 850-585-8978 St. Marks - Coast Guard Aux. - 850-893-1662 Shell Point - Coast Guard Aux. - 850-926-5654 Source: Tall Demo 7/5/98 p. 8A Note: Coast guard Auxiliary offices are open weekends only from April to October. 
1/1/2001  Clock Tower House, Tallahassee  See Problem Box for photocopy of description and picture of Clock Tower House, 815 S. Macomb St., taken from Tallahassee in View, ed. by Karl O. Kuersteiner Fla 975.9881 Kue (shelved in Reference hallway) (not inDRA) Vertical File - LC/T - Historic Buildings - Clock Tower 
1/1/2001  Moon - monthly nicknames  January - Old moon, Moon after Yule February - Snow moon, Hunger moon, Wolf moon March - Sap moon, Crow moon, Lenten moon April - Grass moon, egg moon May - Planting moon, Milk moon June - Rose moon, Flower moon, Strawberry moon, Honey moon July - Thuder moon, Hay moon August - Green Corn moon, Grain moon September - Harvest moon (closest to the equinox) October - Hunter's moon November - Frosty moon, Beaver moon December - Moon before Yule, Long night moon These and other names originated with different cultures based upon the predominant activity that month in most cases Source: Tom Hocking, Morehead Planetarium, Univ. of North Carolina 
1/1/2001  Coastlines - U.S. - Florida - Great Britain  U.S. Coastline by States (Source: NOAA, U.S. Dept. of Commerce) Given in statute miles. State Coastline Shoreline Atlantic Coast 2,069 28,673 Connecticut 0 618 Delaware 28 381 Florida 580 3,331 Total Florida Coastline (Atlantic + Gulf) - 1,350 miles (World Book Encyclopedia) Georgia 100 2,344 Maine 228 3,478 Maryland 31 3,190 Massachusetts 192 1,519 New Hampshire 13 131 New Jersey 130 1,792 New York 127 1,850 North Carolina 301 3,375 Pennsylvania 0 89 Rhode Island 40 384 South Carolina 187 2,876 Virginia 112 3,315 Gulf Coast 1 ,631 17,141 Alabama 53 607 Florida 770 5,095 Louisiana 397 7,721 Mississippi 44 359 Texas 367 3,359 Pacific Coast 7,623 40,298 Coastline - Great Britain - 2,521 (4,057 kilometers) (Whitaker's Almanac) Alaska 5,580 31,383 California 840 3,427 Hawaii 750 1,052 Oregon 296 1,410 Washington 157 3,026 Arctic Coast, Alaska 1,060 2,521 United States 12,383 88,663 
1/1/2001  Coca Cola  The real Coke, the real story, by Thomas Oliver 338.7 Oli Recipe: See Problem Box for clipping of article from Tallahasseel Democrat 4/25/93, giving purported recipe. John Pemberton developed Coca Cola. See Oliver book cited above. 
1/1/2001  Coins - U.S.  Who appears on U.S. coins: Nickel - Thomas Jefferson Dime - Franklin Delano Roosevelt Quarter - George Washington 
1/1/2001  Collage - Assemblage  Collage in three dimensions is called "Assemblage." 
1/1/2001  Collecting - Terms  Collecting - terms: Coins - Numismatist; numismatics Stamps - Philatelist; philately Post cards - Deltiologist; deltiology 
1/1/2001  Colleges Universities Nicknames Colors Mascots  See: What's in a nickname: exploring the jungle of college athletic mascots, by Ray Franks R 796 Fra Also: Expanding File under C for Colleges' colors & nicknames, NCAA list of teams in Divisions I; I-A; and I-AA World Almanac - Colleges & Universities. - Team nicknames & colors Twentieth Century American Nicknames, ed. by Laurence Urdang R 929.40973 Twe (Reverse dict. - From nickname to school) 
1/1/2001  Color to flames - Recipe  Color to flames, recipe: Dry Mix:: 1 cup Calcium chloride (for orange) 1 cup Borax (for green) 1 cup Sodium chloride [salt] (for yellow) 
1/1/2001  Collins, LeRoy  Born March 10, 1909; died March 12, 1991 Governor of Florida: Jan 4, 1955 - Jan 3, 1961 Given nickname "Happy Warrior." For poem callled "Happy Warrior" see Problem Box under Collins Biography: Governor LeRoy Collins of Florida: Spokesman of the New South, by Tom R. Wagy (Univ, of Alabama Pr., 1985) (R+Circ) B Collins 
1/1/2001  Columbus - Poem  "Columbus" [August 3--October 12, 1492] by Joaquin Miller IN: Home Book of Verse, sel. and arr. By Burton Egbert Stevenson, Holt, 1918, v. 2 p. 2366-2367 R 821.08 Ste v. 2 
1/1/2001  Column inch  Approximately 40 words are in a column inch. 
1/1/2001  The Columns  See Vertical File - LC/T - Historic Buildings Tallahassee: Favored Land (R+Circ) 975.988 Ell Tallahasee Historical Society, v.5, p.26 (R+Circ 975.988 T147a v.5 (Ref copy shelved in Reference hallway) See also under Leon County Public Library, this database 
1/1/2001  Commonwealth states  States that are "Commonwealths": Kentucky Massachusetts Pennsylvania Virginia Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands are also other U.S. commonwealths. (World Book Ency.) 
1/1/2001  Community Property States  Community Property States: Arizona California Idaho Louisiana Nevada New Mexico Texas Washington Source: Reader's Digest Family Legal Guide, p. 774 R 348.736 Rea 
1/1/2001  Compass repair  Compass repair: New York Nautical Instrument Service Corp. 140 W. Broadway New York, NY 10012 (212) 962-4522 
1/1/2001  Confederacy - Constitution  Confederacy - Constitution: Words that make American great, by Jerome Agel R 973 Age, p. 201 Documents of American History, ed. Henry Steele Commager (R+Circ) 973 C734 The Confederate nation, by Emory Thomas 973.713 Tho 
1/1/2001  Confederate rose  Confederate rose - flower - Hibiscus mutabilis - also called "cotton rose" See: Book of Florida Gardening, by Pasco Roberts, p. 22 (R+Circ) 635.9 Rob 
1/1/2001  Confederate soldiers' prayer  Prayer by an unknown Confederate soldier I asked God for strength that I might achieve, I was made weak, that I might learn humbly to obey. I asked for health, that I might do greater things, I was given infirmity that I might do better things. I asked for riches, that I might be happy, I was given poverty, that I might be wise. I asked for power, that I might have the praise of men, I ws given weakness, that I might feel the need of God. I asked for all things, that I might enjoy life, I was given life, that I might enjoy all things. I got nothing that I asked for--but everything I had hoped for. Almost despite myself, my unspoken prayers were answered. I am among all men, most richly blessed. Copy in Expanding File under C Copy courtesy of Max Cleland [Senator from Georgia] 
1/1/2001  Constitution - Florida  Constitution - Florida Copies available from Florida Dept of State, Division of Elections Room 1801, The Capitol 488-7690 for text see editions of "The Florida Handbook" 
1/1/2001  Consumer Information  Consumer Information Center P.O. Box 100 Pueblo, CO 81002 Consumer Hotline (Consumer Product Safety Commission 1-800-638-2772 
1/1/2001  "The Creation" - Poem, by James Weldon Johnson  "The creation" - poem by James Weldon Johnson J 811.52 Cre IN: The poetry of Black America R 811.504 Poe, p. 3 
1/1/2001  Creation - Earth - Bible  From The Bible as History, by Werner Keller 220.95 Kel, p. 414: " In 1654 Archbishop Ussher of Ireland, declared that the Creation took place at 9 A.M. on October 26 in the year 4004 B.C., basing his claim on a careful study of the scriptures. For more than a century this date, the result of conscientious calculations, was regarded as valid. Anyone who suggested an earlier date was considered a heretic," See also Testament: the Bible and history,by John Romer 220.09 Rom 
1/1/2001  Conversion Tables  Conversion tables: Weights and Measures: See New York Public Library Desk Reference R 031 New, pp. 20-29 Clothing sizes: American, British, Continental - See Problem Box 
1/1/2001  Credit Reports, Personal  "Check your credit," by Jonathan Hoenig. Parade Magazine, Feb. 27, 2000, p. 7: "Three companies are the primary source for the [credit] reports. You can get a copy for a small fee (usually $8.50) or free in some states. The information MUST be supplied at no cost if you recently have been turned down for credit. Requests should be made by writing to: EQUIFAX, PO Box 740241, Atlanta, GA 30374 1-800-685-1111 EXPERIAN, PO Box 949, Allen, TX. 75013 1-888-397-3742 TRANS UNION, West Sproul Road, PO Box 390, Springfield, PA 19064 1-800-888-4213 See Problem Box for full text of Parade Magazine article. 
1/1/2001  "The Cremation of Sam McGee" - Poem  "The cremation of Sam McGee" - Poem by Robert W. Service. See: Collected Poems of Robert W. Service 811.52 Ser, p. 33+ See: Problem Box for photocopy of poem from above. 
1/1/2001  Cremation Receptable  Cremation receptable: Rectangular box 8 1/4" high x 6 1/4" wide x 4 1/4" deep Source: Culley's Meadowwood Funeral Home and Memorial Park 
1/1/2001  Crucifix Fish  The Legend of the Crucifix Fish, by Conrad S. Lantz Of all the fishes in the sea Our Lord chose the lowly sailcat to remind us of his misery. His body on the cross is outlined, the hilt of the sword which was plunged into his side is clearly defined. Look at the back of the fish's bone where the Roman shield is shown. When you shake the cross you will hear the dice being tossed for our Lord's blood stained dress. Those who can hear them --will be blessed. 
1/1/2001  Crucifixion  The two robbers crucified with Jesus were not named in the Bible. Crucifixion 
1/1/2001  Crystal garden  Crystal garden: See: Children's crafts [Sunset Books] J 745.5 Chi, p. 65 (NEB only 10/00) 
1/1/2001  Culinary Arts - Schools  See: The Guide to cooking schools R 641.07 Gui First Coast Technical Institute, Culinary Arts Dept. 2980 Collins Ave., St. Augustine, FL 32095 (904) 829-1061 (formerly: Southeast Institute of Culinary Arts, St. Augustine Technical Center) Culinary Institute of America 433 Albany Post Road Hyde Park, NY 12538-1499 1-800-CULINARY (285-4627) 
1/1/2001  Cut glass - signatures  To locate a factory trademark on a cut glass bowl, rotate the piece slowly in afternoon sunlight Source: Home Magazine, Sept. 24, 1977 
1/1/2001  D-Day (Meaning of Term)  General Eisenhower's Executive Assistant, Brigadier General Robert Schulz, wrote: "Any amphibious operate has a 'Departure Date'; therefore: D-Day." Source: Parade Magazine 11/11/84 
1/1/2001  Daffodil, Legend of - Easter - passionflower  See Vertical File - General - Easter for "Legends that have 'blossomed' around Easter," by Michele Arrieh. This photocopied sheet gives legends of the wild daffodil, dogwood tree, weeping willow, and passionflower. VF also includes small pamphlet "Beautiful Easter Legends" that has poems on the Easter lily, donkey, Easter sunrise, Easter egg, dogwood, bluebell, iris, and forget-me-not.- 
1/1/2001  Dale Mabry Field  Former airfield covering present day (2000) areas of Appleyard Drive, Tallahassee Community College, the Leon County Jail, etc. It was named for Capt. Dale Mabry, a native of Tallahassee, who served in World War I, only to be killed in 1922 in the crash of the "Roma," a dirigible he was piloting, on Armistice Day (11/11), 1929. See Vertical File - LC/T - Airport - Dale Mabry Field also: Tallahasee, Favored Land (Ref + Circ) 975.988 Ell, pp. 118, 120. Tallahassee Historical Society, v. 8, 1978, p. 5 (Ref + Circ) 975.988 T147A 
1/1/2001  Danny Boy (also Londonderry Air)  Danny boy (also Londonderry Air) See Expanding File "D" for words and music (photocopied from Fake Book of the World's Favorite Songs) 
1/1/2001  Daylight Savings Time  "Spring forward, Fall Back" As of 1987: Daylight savings time is from First Sunday in April (2:00 a.m.) - set clocks forward one hour, until the last Sunday in October. (2:00 a.m.) - set clocks back one hour. 
1/1/2001  DeVere Society - Shakespeare - De Vere  See Encyclopedia of Associations: Shakespeare Oxford Society P.O. Box 263, Somerville, MA 02143-0005 (617) 628-3411 Promotes belief that Edward DeVere, 17th Earl of Oxford, wrote Shakespeare's works. Source: Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington DC (202) 544 4600 
1/1/2001  Deaf Americans  See Problem Box for photocopy of table of contents from Great Deaf Americans, by Robert Panara. 305.908 Pan 
1/1/2001  Deaf - Services and Devices  Deaf services and devices: Contact: Center for Independent Living of North Florida, Inc., 572 Appleyard Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32304 (850) 575-9621 or 1-800-226-9621 TDD/TTY - 576-5245 Fax - 575-5740 See also: Hearing Impaired section of Community Resource Directory, kept at Reference Desk 
1/1/2001  Death, Acceptance of, Five stages of - Grief  1. Denial and isolation 2. Anger 3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance from On Death and Dying, by Elisabeth Kubler-Ross. Macmillan, 1969 - chapter headings. 
1/1/2001  Death - discussion with children  Telling a child about death, by Edgar Jackson 155.4 J12 What shall we tell the kids, by Bennett Olshaker 649.124 Ols Talking about death, by Earl A. Grollman 236.1 Gro 
1/1/2001  Death - Causes  Death - causes See Statistical Abstract of the US (Ready Ref) Injury Facts (formerly Accident Facts) R 312.4 Inj 
1/1/2001  Cemeteries - Old City Cemetery  See Problem Box under Cemetery for brochure on a walking tour of the Old City Cemetery in Tallahassee 
1/1/2001  Death Row Executions - Florida  Death Row - Executions See Problem Box for list as of 3/98 printed out from: 
1/1/2001  Deductions - Income Tax - Clothing Used - Valuation  Used clothing - valuation - deductions - income tax See: Cash for your used clothing R+Circ 381 Cas 
1/1/2001  Deficit  See Facts on File [looseleaf service] under Budget - National Debt, for latest articles and figures on the deficit 
1/1/2001  Democrat Donkey Republican Elephant Political Party Symbols  See cover, and p. 96, of Self-Portrait: U.S.A., by David Duncan Douglas Oversize 329.0221 Dun Democrat Donkey Republican Elephant Party Symbols Thomas Nast (1840-1902), a German-born illustrator, cartoonist and painter who served as an artist-correspondent for several magazines in the U.S. in the latter half of the 19th century, created the elephant, the donkey and the tiger as political symbols of, respectively, the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and New York's Tammany Hall. Source: clipping from Parade Magazine, 9/25/88 See also articles in World Book Encyclopedia under Democratic Party and Republican Party. 
1/1/2001  Dempster Dumpster  Named after George Roby Dempster. In 1936 he developed the Dempster-Dumpster, a truck-mounted container that enabled the driver to pick up, transport, and dump materials of all kinds, including trash and refuse. See Problem Box for full text of article from The Unabashed Librarian, No. 98, p. 4, which quotes the National Cyclopedia of American Biography 
1/1/2001  Deserts  The word "desert" makes many people think of shriveled cacti, sun-scorched sand dunes, and shimmering waves of heat. Yet despite its barren appearance, the desert is a fascinating place filled with unusual beauty and inhabited by an amazing variety of plants and animals. FAST FACTS: Five largest: Sahara, Australian, Arabian, Gobi, Kalahari Desert coverage: 20% of the earth's land surface Average annual rainfall: Less than 10 inches (25.4 cm) Highest recorded temperature: 136.4 degrees F (58 degrees C) in the Sahara Desert World's driest region: Atacama Desert in Chile and Peru Driest region in the U.S.: Death Valley Annual increase in desert regions: 2700 sq. miles (7830 sq. km.) 
1/1/2001  Desiderata - poem  "Desiderata" by Max Ehrmann (1872-1945), American poet and dramatist. Go placidly amid the noise and the haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible without surrender be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons for they are vexations to the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter; for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble; it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs; for the world is full of trickery. But let not this blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals; and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially, do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Byond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe, no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive Him to be. And whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. 
1/1/2001  Diagramming Sentences Sentence diagram  Diagramming sentences: See: A grammar of present-day English, by Raymond Pence. 2d ed., Macmillan, 1963, p. 369-426 
1/1/2001  Diesel Fuel  Diesel fuel: Weight of one gallon = 7.05 lb. Water: one gallon weightrs 8.3 lb. Gasoline: one gallon weights 6.7 lb. 
1/1/2001  Disabilities of celebrities  Disabilities of Celebrities See: Celebrity setbacks, by Ed Lucaire. P-H, 1993. R+Circ 791.092 Luc (Ref copy kept with celebrity books at Ref. Desk) From: Celebrity book of lists, by Ed Lucaire [1983] 920.009 Luc "Ailments and handicaps overcome" Kaye Ballard - deaf in one ear Walter Brennan - no teeth Bing Crosby - color-blind Sammy Davis, Jr. - blind in one eye Sandy Duncan -blind in one eye Deanna Durbin - withered arm Peter Falk - blind in one eye John Ford - blind in one eye Rex Harrison - blind in one eye Stacy Keach - harelip Alan Jay Lerner - blind in one eye Harold Lloyd - missing two giners on right hand Paul Newman - color-blind Harold Russell - missing both hands Norma Shearer - cross-eyed Raoul Walsh - blind in one eye 
1/1/2001  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd., NE Atlanta, GA 30333 (404) 329-3311 See: U.S. Government Manual, under Dept.of Health and Human Services 
1/1/2001  Displaced homemakers  See Community Resource Directory (kept at Reference desk) under Displaced homemakers 
1/1/2001  Body donation - disposition for scientific purpose donor - cadaver  "Donate your body - cadaver - to a medical school" Anatomical Board of the State of Florida University of Florida Health Science Center P.O. Box 100235, Gainesville, FL 32610-0235 (352) 392-3588 / 1-800-628-2594 University of Miami School of Medicine, Dept. of Anatomy P.O. Box 016960, Miami, FL 33101 (305) 547-6691 The donor or the surviving relatives must make arrangements with a local funeral home, crematory or mortuary and pay for: 1. Preliminary embalming 2. Transportation of the body to the Anatomical Board located at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Bodies cannot be accepted for donation if: 1. An autopsy has been performed 2. Death was caused by a crushing injury 3. The individual had sepsis, extreme obesity, or a highly contagious disease (such as hepatitis, AIDS) There is no age limit on donated bodies. It is important for the family to recognize that the Anatomical Board cannot issue reports regarding the cause of death or any findings. If a family wishes to receive such information, they should have an autopsy performed qualified pathologist. See Expanding File under Wills for printout from the Anatomical Board, and copies of forms for donation. 
1/1/2001  Dissertation upon roast pig, by Charles Lamb  Dissertation upon roast pig, by Charles Lamb In: Essays old and new, ;by Robert Jameson, p. 27. 824.08 J31 Works of Charles Lamb, v. 2, p. 203 820.81 L218 v.2 
1/1/2001  Dixie - song  Dixie - Song See Problem Box for photocopy of words and music. Source: Best loved songs of the American People, comp. By Denes Agay. J R 784.0973 Aga also circ 784.9873 Aga (LJB only) 
1/1/2001  Homestead Exemption - Florida  Counties offering an additional homestead exemption for seniors: Baker $25,000 Bay 5,000 (5-yr phase-in to $25,000) Broward 25,000. Calhoun 25,000 Collier 25,000 Duval 25,000 Escambia 25,000 Flagler 25,000 Gulf 25,000 Hendry 25,000 (for TY 2001) Hillsborough 15,000 (3-yr phase-in to $25,000) Holmes 5,000 (5-yr phase-in to $25,000) Lake 25,000 Leon 25,000 for senior citizen homeowners making less than $20,680 a year, effective 2002. (Tall Demo 3/14/01, p. 1B) Miami-Dade 25,000 Monroe 25,000 Okaloosa 25,000 Santa Rosa 25,000 St. Johns 25,000 Sumter 5,000 Volusia 25,000 Source: "Elder Update" Nov., 2000, published by Florida Dept. of Elder Affairs See Problem Box under Homestead Exemption for additonal list of cities or municipalities that also offer additional homestead exemption for seniors. To obtain Homestead Exemption in Leon County, call Leon County Property Appraiser, 488-6102. 
1/1/2001  Doctor's insignia or symbol - Caduceus  Caduceus - staff with intertwined serpent see: Stedman's Medical Dictionary R 610.3 Ste, under Caduceus Symbols, signs and their meaning, by Arnold Whittick R 398.3 Whi, p. 258 Doctor's insignia or symbol View Image 
1/1/2001  Docks - Boat Houses  See Expanding File under B - Boat Houses Docks 
1/1/2001  Dodge Reports - F. W. Dodge  F.W. Dodge Reports for making business decisions. Local office: 877-6987 See Problem Box for information. F.W. Dodge Market Analysis Group (McGraw-Hill) 24 Hartwell Ave. Lexington, MA 02173 (800) 591-4462; Fax: (617) 860-6884 e-mail: 
1/1/2001  Dog biscuits - recipe  See Problem Box for recipe for homemade dog biscuits 
1/1/2001  Dog days  Dog Days are the "days of greatest heat and greatest frequency of thunder in the summer," a Florida State University meterology professor tells us. They last 4 to 6 weeks from mid-July to early September. Why are they called dog days? The answer's in the stars. Sirius, called the dog star because it's in the constellation Canis Major (Great Dog), is the brightest star in the sky. In mythology, Sirius is the hunting dog of Orion and follows the constellation through the skies. The Romans thought Sirius, rising with the sun, caused the hot "dog days" of summer. The Egyptians thought the rising of Sirius signaled the life-giving flood of the Nile River. (Tall Demo, 8/78) 
1/1/2001  Dog Island Ferry Schedule  Dog Island Passenger Ferry "The Ruby B" Capt. Raymond Williams, P.O. Box 648, Carrabelle, FL 32322. Phone (850) 697-3434 Spring Schedule, March and April Summer Schedule, May 1 thru August 31 Depart Depart Depart Depart Carrabelle Island Carrabelle Island Monday 11:00 12:00 Monday 11:00 12:00 Friday 11:00* 12:00* Thursday 11:00 12:00 6:00 7:00 Friday 11:00 12:00 Saturday 11:00 4:00 6:00 7:00 Sunday 10:00 11:00 Saturday 11:00 12:00 3:00 4:00 3:00 5:00 * Friday morning run NOT Sunday 10:00 11:00 scheduled in MARCH 3:00 5:00 Fall Schedule, September & October Winter Schedule, November 1 thru February 28 Depart Depart Depart Depart Carrabelle Island Carrabelle Island Monday 11:00 12:00 Monday 11:00 12:00 Friday 11:00* 12:00* Friday 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 Saturday 11:00 4:00 Saturday 11:00 4:00 Sunday 11:00 4:00 Sunday 10:00 11:00 3:00 4:00 *Friday morning run NOT scheduled in OCTOBER 
1/1/2001  Dog sled  See: The backyard building book II, by James Churchill 690.9 Chu, p. 129 for "Dog sled, dog wagon, and summer training cart" 
1/1/2001  Dog eulogy  "Eulogy of the dog" by George Vest, IN: A treasury of the dog, by Ralph Louis Woods 820.8 W896, p. 59 
1/1/2001  dogwood - legend  See Vertical File - General - Easter Also: Problem Box under Dogwood 
1/1/2001  Dogs - and pets - of the White House  See: Facts about the presidents, by Joseph Nathan Kane R 973.0992 Kan (kept at Ref desk). Look in index under Pets. 
1/1/2001  Douglas, Marjory Stoneman  Marjory Stoneman Douglas, April 7, 1890 - May 14, 1998 (108 years old). See: Vertical File - Florida - Douglas, Marjory Stoneman 
1/1/2001  Postal rates - Postage  Postage rates through the years (Tall Demo 11/14/00, p. 4A) July 1, 1885: 2 cents Nov. 3, 1917: 3 cents July 1, 1919: 2 cents July 6, 1932: 3 cents Aug. 1, 1958: 4 cents Jan. 7, 1963: 5 cents Jan. 7, 1968: 6 cents May 16, 1971: 8 cents March 2, 1974: 10 cents Dec. 31, 1975: 13 cents May 29, 1978: 15 cents March 22, 1981: 18 cents Nov. 1, 1981: 20 cents Feb. 17, 1985: 22 cents April 3, 1988: 25 cents Feb. 3, 1991: 29 cents Jan 1, 1995: 32 cents Jan. 10, 1999: 33 cents Jan 7, 2001: 34 cents (Tall Demo 12/6/00, p. 1E) June 30, 2002: 37 cents Jan. 8, 2006: 39 cents 
1/1/2001  Domicile - Declaration of  Contact: Leon County Recording Office, 301 S. Monroe St., (Courthouse), Tallahassee, FL 32301 577-4030 Fee: $11.00 (11/00) Domicile - Declaration of 
1/1/2001  Dow Jones Average  See the World Almanac for list of 30 companies that currently make up the Dow-Jones Average. (Changes periodically.) 
1/1/2001  Douglass, Frederick  Frederick Douglass See Problem Box for copy of Independence Day Speech, 1841, from: See Expanding File under Douglass for copies of speeches: "A plea for free speech in Boston" "Peace!, peace!, peace!" "The color line in America" 
1/1/2001  Draft - Selective Service  Draft - Selective Service As of January 1982, young men must register within 30 days of their 18th birthday. Forms are available at all post offices. 
1/1/2001  Dragons - mythical animals  Dragons - mythical animals See: The Magic Zoo, the natural history of fabulous animals, by Peter Costello 398.469 Cos also includes chapters on minotaur, mermaid, phoenix, griffin, unicorn, manticora, sirens, centaurs, and satyrs, leviathan and behemoth, heraldic cratures, literary beasts, and modern monsters. 
1/1/2001  Drafting table, construction of  Drafting table See: Popular Mechanic do it yourself encyclopedia, v. 5, p. 814 643.7 P 831 1968 
1/1/2001  Dream - quotation - Bernard Shaw - Robert F. Kennedy  You see things; and say, "Why?" but I dream things that never were; and I say "Why not?" from "Back to Methusaleh" (1921) Pt. 1, Act I, a play by George Bernard Shaw. Source: Bartlett's, 16th ed., p. 571, #24 [quote sometimes attributed to Robert F. Kennedy] 
1/1/2001  Dream catcher - construction of  Dream catcher See Expanding File under D 
1/1/2001  Driggers, Billy  Billy Driggers is a fictional character in the novels of David Newell: "If nothin' don't happen" and "The trouble of it is" (both F New) These are Florida cracker tales from the Withlacoochie River country. 
1/1/2001  Dunaway, Faye  Faye Dunaway graduated from Leon High School in 1958. She went to FSU for one year, and University of Florida for one year. She is a Boston University graduate. 
1/1/2001  Different drummer  The phrase is from Henry David Thoreau's Walden, in the "Conclusion" chapter. Most editions: 818.31 Tho "Why should we be in such desperate haste to succeed, and in such desperate enterprises? If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away." 
1/1/2001  Duallie - Dual rear wheels  Dual rear wheels = duallie, a slang term for a truck with dual rear wheels. (Trailer Life, Nov. 1993, p. 111) 
1/1/2001  Dulcimer  Dulcimer - How to make, See: Family creative workshop, v. 5, p. 624 745.5 Ple (Plenary publications) Foxfire #3, p. 121 (Ref + Circ) 917.58 Fox Homegrown music, by Marc Bristol, by 780 Bri, p. 26+ 
1/1/2001  Dutch boy and the dike  Dutch boy and the dike IN: Favorite stories old and new,by Sidonie Gruenberg J 808.8 G886 
1/1/2001  Dyeing with wild & common plants - natural colors  Dyeing with wild & common plants - natural colors See: Foxfire #2 (Ref + circ) 917.58 Fox Yankee Magazine book of forgotten arts, by Richard M. Bacon, p. 175 R 630 Bac 
1/1/2001  Dyeing cut flowers  Dyeing cut flowers See: How to make cut flowers last, by Victoria Kasperski 635.96 K19h, p. 174 
1/1/2001  Dyes and dyeing - making colorfast  Dyes and dyeing - making colorfast The Rit Consumer Service Laboratory offers this method of setting color. Prepare a bath containing 2 or 3 gallons of hot water in which are dissolved 1/3 to 1/2 ounce (1 teaspoon) of copper sulfate crystals (available at drug stores) and 1 cup of white household vinegar. Heat this solution until it is just hotter than hand-warm, about 120 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Wet the dyed fabric and then immerse it in the solution and stir the article for half an hour. Rinse it thoroughly in cool water, then dry. Although this procedure will help set the color, it may also dull the shade slightly. Be careful to keep the setting solution out of the reach of children because copper sulfate is poisonous. 
1/1/2001  EPCOT  EPCOT - acronym for Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow Joke: (after an exhausting day spent at Walt Disney World): Every Person Comes Out Tired 
1/1/2001  Lipogram - novel without letter E  See: The People's Almanac presents The Book of Lists #3 by Amy Wallace, David Wallechinsky, Irving Wallace (Morrow, 1983), pp. 224-226 "lipograms are written works that deliberately omit a certain letter of the alphabet by avoiding all words that include the letter." Ernest Vincent Wright's novel "Gadsby" (1939) is written without the letter E. See above citation for more lipograms. See also Problem Box under Novel for additional material 
1/1/2001  Easel - construction  See: Popular Mechanics do it yourself encyclopedia, v. 5, p. 858 643.7 P831 1968 For copy, see Expanding File E for easel. 
1/1/2001  Easter  Easter dates - See Problem Box for printout of dates projected to 2199 See any World Almanac 
1/1/2001  Easter eggs - natural dyes  The eggs can be hard-cooked right in the dye. Cover the eggs in water and simmer for 20 minutes with a teaspoon of vinegar and one of the following materials: fresh oregano or mint - beige red cabbage leaves - blue strong coffee - brown walnut shells - buff spinach - grayish gold/pink carrot tops - greenish yellow yellow Delicious apple peel - lavender onion skins - orange orange peels or thyme - yellow Fruit flavored drink powder can also be used to color eggs without using Easter egg dye. Put about 1/2 cup of water in a small bowl or custard cup. Add one envelope of a fruit-flavored drink powder and stir until dissolved. Place a hard-boiled egg on a slotted spoon and carefully lower it into the water. Slowly move the egg around in the water until it reaches the desired color. Use the spoon to remove the egg from the water. Place on a paper towel to dry. When purchasing your eggs, remember that white shells will take color better than brown shells. "Food facts" column by Anne W. Parramore in Tallahassee Democrat 3/31/83. Copy also in Expanding File under Dyeing. 
1/1/2001  Ecclesiastic Church Calendar  See Catholic Almanac - "Church Calendar" R 282.3173 Cat 
1/1/2001  Economics - Florida  University of Florida Warrington College of Business Administration Bureau of Economic and Business Research 221 Matherly Hall P.O. Box 117145 Gainesville, FL 32611-7145 Phone: (352) 392-0171, ext. 219 Fax: (352) 392-4739 email: info@bebr, web: publishers of Florida Statistical Abstract, etc. 
1/1/2001  Edmund Fitzgerald - Great Lakes Freighter  "Divers seek Edmund Fitzgerald's long-submerged secret" headline of article in Tallahassee Democrat 7/3/94, p. 5A Sank Nov. 10, 1975, in fierce storm on Lake Superior. Wreckage 17 miles off Whitefish Point on Michigan's Upper Peninsula. All 29 crewmen died. At 729 feet, the Fitzgerald was the largest bulk carrier ever built for Greak Lakes service when launched in 1958. Carried taconite ore pellets. Owned by Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co. of Milwaukee and named in honor of its former president. Fitzgerald was haunted by the loss of nameship ship until his death in 1986, his son said. The disaster inspired the Gordon Lightfoot ballad, "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald." Memorial services are held each November at Mariners' Church of Detroit. See Problem Box for clipping of article. Great Lakes freighter 
1/1/2001  Eeney, Meeney, Miney, Mo  This is considered the correct spelling for this phrase. 
1/1/2001  Egg yolk cure for acne  Egg yolk cure for acne: See Problem Box for copy of Ann Landers column [Tall Demo 12/1/92, p. 6C] giving proposed technique, and a dermatologist's response. 
1/1/2001  Egg phenomenon - Vernal equinox  From a letter dated 7/1/81 from Cliff Morrison, NBC reporter who had done a story on this, to Roberta Carpenter, Head of Reference at LCPL in 1981: An egg is a nearly perfectly balanced microcosm of sorts anyway. You have the yoke inside the symmetrical shell which is also a factor. Now, during the vernal equinox the sun moves across the equator into the southern hemisphere. At the precise start of this equinox the sun is in balance with the earth, and at that time if you put a raw egg on its wide end, it will stand alone, at least for a while. This occurrence does not happen when the sun returns to the north in the Fall. The gravitational pull during the equinox is also the greatest. Copy of letter in Expanding File under E 
1/1/2001  Electric chair - picture of  See Vertical File, Florida, under Capital Punishment (1999- ) Picture of electric chair 
1/1/2001  Ephemeris  See: The American Ephemeris for the 21st Century, 2001 to 2050, by Neil F. Michelson R 528 Mic The American Ephemeris for the 20th Century, 1900 to 2000, by Neil F. Michelson R 528 Mic The Astronomical Almanac R 528 Ast [annual volumes] The January issue of Sky and Telescope for ephemeris-like information "Celestial Calendar" 
1/1/2001  Ellis Island Immigration Museum  Ellis Island Immigration Museum See up-to-date guidebooks of New York City (917.471) for hours, fees, and ferry information. 
1/1/2001  Elvira, Mistress of the Dark  Late night cult movie actress or personality, Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. Real name: Cassandra Peterson. Source: Time Magazine, 8/8/88, p. 76 
1/1/2001  Juneteenth - Emancipation - Day  Florida Statutes, Ch. 683.21: "June 19th of each year is hereby designated "Juneteenth Day" to commemorate the traditional observance of the day the slaves in Florida were notified of the Emancipation Proclamation." See Problem Box under Juneteenth for printout with further information ( 
1/1/2001  Entertainers - Celebrities - Salaries  See Problem Box for clippings [1996-1997] of salaries and gross incomes of entertainers and celebrities 
1/1/2001  Eppes family - Tallahassee  See: Florida, 1513-1913, past, present, and future, by George M. Chapin Fla (Ref) 975.9 C463 v. 2, p. 679 for biography of Edward Bradford Eppes, and descendents, early family of Tallahassee, including Susan Brach Bradford Eppes, a.k.a. Mrs.Nicholas Ware Eppes. See also: Pine Hill Plantation papers (Eppes-Bradford), 1832-1959 Author: Eppes, Susan Bradford, Publication: [Tallahassee, Fla.] : Florida State University Library, 1992 Document: English : Book : Microform 
1/1/2001  Eulogy eulogies  See: Book of Eulogies (R + Circ) 920.02 Boo Good graces: invocations, inspirations [etc.] by Patricia G. Warner (R + Circ) 242.8 War 
1/1/2001  Evil eye  See Problem Box for clipping fromTallahassee Democrat, Aug. 14, 1992: "The evil eye: folklore expert studies history of a curse: quoting anthropoligist and folklorist Alan Dundes on this belief. 
1/1/2001  Explorer 43 - Space  Explorer 43 was launched 3/13/71. See brief article in Facts on File, 1971, p. 359 
1/1/2001  Eyes, protruding or bulging - Exophthalmos  See American Medical Association Encyclopedia of Medicine R 610.3 Ame, p. 426-7 for explanation of Exophthalmos condition, with symptoms of protuding or bulging eyes. 
1/1/2001  Fahrenheit - Celsius conversion  Fahrenheit to Celsius: subtract 32, multiply by 5, divide by 9 Celsius to Fahrenheit: multiply by 9, divide by 5, add 32 See: New York Public Library Desk Reference R 031 New [kept at Ref desk] pages 24-26, for easy to use table. 
1/1/2001  Fall foliage hotlines  Fall foliage See Problem Box for clippings giving toll-free members and websites from clippings dated 1995 and 1997 (sometimes not the same numbers) 
1/1/2001  "The Family Bible" - song by Willie Nelson  Willie Nelson wrote the song "The Family Bible." It has been recorded by RCA Victor and reissued several times. 
1/1/2001  Families Against Mandatory Minimums Foundation  Families Against Mandatory Minimums Foundations against mandatory statutory minimum sentencing 1621 K. St. NW, Suite 1400 Washington DC 20006 (202 822-6700 Source: Encyclopedia of Associations 
1/1/2001  Family reunions  See: Family reunion handbook, by Barbara Brown and Tom Ninkovich R 394.2 Nin A practical guide to planning a family reunion, by Emma J. Wisdom R 390 Wis How to plan a spectacular family reunion, by Geneva Turner R 394.2 Tur Family reunions: how to plan yours, by Harry McKinzie R 390 McK Expanding File under F has photocopies of articles as well. (principles can apply to class reunions as well) 
1/1/2001  Family tree diagram - Genealogy  See Expanding File under G for Genealogy for blank forms. Blank charts also available at Florida State Archives. Family tree diagram 
1/1/2001  Famous recipes  Expanding File under R for Recipes has a transcript from the Phil Donohue Show, 4/8/93 giving recipes from famous commercial products: "the colonel's chicken," etc. 
1/1/2001  Fat lady, "it ain't over till the fat lady sings"  Origin: It comes from Dan Cook, a TV sportscaster in San Antonio, and means the same as "the game ain't over till it's over"--earlier words of wisdom by Yankee catcher Yogi Berra. After a victory over the Washington Bullets to start the 1978 basketball playoffs, Cook was warning Spurs fans that the series was far from over--like an opera, which often is long and doesn't end until a hefty soprano sings her final note. Indeed, the Bullets went on to win, and their coach, Dick Motta, made Cook's quote popular. Source: Parade Magazine, 12/1/91 Key words: Fat lady sings 
1/1/2001  Father time  Father time, time personified, usually as a bad and bearded old man carrying a scythe and an hourglass. See: World Book Dictionary R 423 Wor v.1, p. 776 
1/1/2001  Faulkner, William - Nobel Prize speech  William Faulkner - Nobel Prize speech See Expanding File for copy of speech 
1/1/2001  Federal Reserve Banks  Federal Reserve Bank 800 West Water Street Jacksonville, FL 32204 (904) 632-1000 Federal Reserve Bank 104 Marietta Street, NW Atlanta, GA 30303 (404) 521 8500 See Problem Box under Federal for list of other Federal Reserve Banks 
1/1/2001  "man with no feet"  I thought I was abused because I had no shoes until I met a man who had no feet. - old Arabian proverb Source: Braude's source book for speakers and writers, by Jacob Braude 
1/1/2001  Ferris wheel  George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr. was the original spin doctor. The wheel bearing his name of the bridge-and-tunnel engineer turns 100 years this summer [1993]. His first one, which could seat a whopping 2,160 riders inside its 36 trolley-size cars, debuted at Chicago's World Columbian Exposition in 1893. Towering over 20 stories and weighing 2.4 million pounds, it was the American engineering community's response to Paris's Eiffel Tower, which had opened in 1889. From U.S. News & World Report, July 26, 1993. 
1/1/2001  Fictitious name registration  Fictitious name registration Contact: Florida Dept. of State P.O. Box 6327 Tallahassee, FL 32314 Sample registration packet in Expanding File under F 
1/1/2001  Fetus - Pictures of development - Pregnancy  See Expanding File P for Pregnancy for pamphlet "Pregnancy in anatomic illustrations." Fetus 
1/1/2001  Fiddler on the Roof - daughters  "Fiddler on the Roof" Broadway musical, with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, based on short stories by Sholem Aleichem, is about Tevya, a milkman, who has five daughters: Tzeitel, Hodel, Chava, Sprintze, and Bielke. The show is set in the small town ("shtetl") of Anatevka. 
1/1/2001  Fidelco Guide Dog Seeing Eye Foundation  Fidelco Guide Dog Foundation (The Fidelco shepherd is a special breed ideally suited for guide work) P.O. Box 142, Bloomfield, CT, 06002 (860) 243-5200 Source: Encyclopedia of Associations 
1/1/2001  Filing - rules and regulations  Filing rules and regulations See: Professional secretaries international complete office handbook, the secretary's guide to today's electronic office, by Susan Jaderstrom, Leonard Kruk, and Joanne Miller. Random House,1992, p. 223+ R 651.8 Jad. Also other secretarial handbooks. 
1/1/2001  FSU Fight song  The Florida State University Fight Song, by Dr. Tommy Wright You got to fight, fight, fight for FSU You got to scalp 'em Seminoles You've got to win, win, win, win, win this game, And roll on down and make those goals. For FSU is on the warpath now, and at the battle's end she's great. So fight, fight, fight, fight to victory, The Seminoles of Florida State. F-L-O-R-I-D-A S-T-A-T-E Florida State, Florida State, Florida State! 
1/1/2001  National Register of Historic Places - Tallahassee  Florida's History through its places: properties in the National Register of Historic Places, by Morton B. Winsberg [1995] R 975.988 Win, lists under Leon County: Tall Timbers Plantation District Bellevue (Murat House) at Tall. Mus. Of History and Natural Science Brokaw-McDougall House Bradley's Country Store Calhoun Street District Escambe (site of Spanish Franciscan mission) Carnegie Library, FAMU Pisgah United Methodist Church Cascades Park San Pedro y San Pablo de Patale, Buck Lake Rd., (mission) Coles-Buzzett Farm House, 411 E. Oakland Ave. Natural Bridge Battlefield The Columns Smoky Hollow neighborhood (see Tallahassee Democrat, Dec. 16, 2000, 1A) Covington House, 328 Cortez St. Exchange Bank Bldg., 201 S. Monroe St. First Presbyterian Church Florida State Capitol (Old) Gallie's Hall and buildings Goodwood The Grove Johnson-Caldwell House, Village Green Lake Jackson Mounds Lewis House, 3117 Okeeheepkee Rd. Leon County High School Los Robles Gate Magnolia Heights Historic District Governor John W. Martin House Old City Waterworks Old Fort Braden School Park Avenue Historic District John Gilmore Riley House St. John's Episcopal Church San Luis de Apalache Union Bank David S. Walker Library 
1/1/2001  Digital shorthand graffiti  see Problem Box under "Graffiti" for article from Tallahassee Democrat, 12/9/00, p. 1E: "Digital shorthand and the new way to write" by Juana Jordan which has the graffiti alphabet designed for palm held computers, personal digital assistants (PDA's). 
1/1/2001  Films movies made in Florida  See website of Florida Film Commission for information on making films, television programs, and commercials: See also book: Lights! Camera! Florida! Ninety years of moviemaking and television production in the SunshineState, by the Florida Endowment of the Humanities, 1987. 791.43 Lig 
1/1/2001  Fire insurance maps  Fire Insurance Maps State Library of Florida has these maps for Tallahassee 
1/1/2001  Fireplace flames - color  Fireplace flames - color Soak log in a water solution, depending upon color desired: red- strontium nitrate yellow - table salt green - borax apple green - barium nitrate emerald green - copper nitrate bluish green - copper chloride orange - calcium chloride purple - lithium chloride 
1/1/2001  First Ladies trivia  First ladies trivia See Expanding File undr F 
1/1/2001  Finger paint recipes  Finger paint recipes See: Recipes for art and craft materials, by Helen Sattler, J R (+ circ) 745.5028 Sat 
1/1/2001  First woman to the North Pole overland  Answer: Ann Bancroft, May 1, 1986 Source: Explorers and discoverers of the world J R 910.922 Exp. Gale Research 1993, p. 531-532 First woman to the North Pole overland 
1/1/2001  Fish quotation - self sufficiency  "Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime." --Chinese proverb. Source: International thesaurus of quotations, ed by Rhoda Thomas Tripp R 808.88 Tri, p. 981, category "training" # 981, item #3. Respectfully quoted. R + Circ 808.88 Res, item # 484, p. 96. 
1/1/2001  Five star generals, admirals - World War II  Five-star generals of World War II: Henry Arnold Omar Bradley Dwight D. Eisenhower Douglas MacArthur George Marshall Five star admirals of World War II: William Halsey William Leahy Ernest King Chester Nimitz 
1/1/2001  Flag - American - Florida  See: So proudly we hail, a history of the United States flag, by William Rea Furlong and Byron McCandless R 929.92 Fur. This book gives history, symbolism, colors, dimensions, rules for display, etc. Protocol: the complete handbook of diplomatic, official and social usage, by Mary Jane McCaffrey and Pauline Innis R 399 McC, pp. 351-379. See also other books on flags (929.9, 929.92), or any World Almanac To purchase a flag that has flown over the U.S. Capitol: call (202) 224-3121 (Congressional switchboard) To purchase a flag that has flown over the Florida Capitol: call 488-1802 (can supply both Florida and U.S. flags) For Florida flag etiquette, see: Practical protocol for Floridians, compiled by Allen Morris, revised R 395 Mor For Florida flag history, see editons of the Florida Handbook (R+Circ) 917.59 Flo When displaying flags of the U.S. Armed Forces with the U.S. flag, the order, viewed from the public, is: Army, Navy, U.S. flag, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard (Source: Tallahassee Marine Corps Recruiting Center) 
1/1/2001  Fleet Admiral  See: American badges and insignia, by Evans E. Kerrigan. Viking, 1967. R 355.1 K416, p. 8 The rank of Fleet Admiral, sometimes called Admiral of the Navy, is a wartime rank, equivalent of a five-star admiral. 
1/1/2001  Flintknapping  Contact: Tallahassee Museum of History and Natural Science, 575-8684 
1/1/2001  Floats Parades  See: Parades: how to plan, promote and stage them, by Valerie Lagauskas R+Circ 791.6 Lag Floats 
1/1/2001  Flood Information  Want to find our if you live in or are looking at a home in a flood-prone area? To review the most recent FEMA maps, you may visit the regional chapter of the American Red Cross at 187 Office Place Drive. Call ahead of time to make an appointment at 878-6080. The Tallahassee and Leon County growth management may have additional information not included in the FEMA maps, based on anecdotal reports or more specific studies of different parts of town. In unincorporated Leon County, call 488-9300 to make an appointment. Within city limits, call 891-7150. A visit to the office is necessary. The city has printed up poster-sized maps of flood-prone areas that incorporate FEMA information and anecdotal accounts. For a copy, call 891-8037. Additional note: Not many insurance companies in Florida offer flood coverage. To get suggestions for an agent near you, the National Flood Insurance Program has set up a toll-free number (800) 427-4661. Or check with your mortgage lender. Flood insurance is required on federally backed mortgages. Source: Tallahassee Democrat, Nov. 6, 1997. 
1/1/2001  Floorcloth - Floor cloth  See Expanding file under F for photocopy of article "Stencil a floorcloth" from Glamour magazine, July 1988. 
1/1/2001  Florida Humanities Council  Florida Humanities Council (formerly, Florida Endowment for the Humanities) 599 2nd Street, South St. Petersburg, FL 33701 (727) 553-3800 
1/1/2001  "Florida Fox"  "Florida Fox" - nickname for John W. Clouser. See: The most wanted man in America, by John William Clouser. Stein and Day, 1975. B Clouser 
1/1/2001  Florida Institute of Government  Florida Institute of Government Part of Florida State University: (850) 487-1870 - (Tallahassee Sprint phonebook 2001) 
1/1/2001  Florida Panhandle  From: Florida, by Norman Ford [Fla 917.59 - no longer in the collection] "The Panhandle is the name loosely given to that sizeable northwest Cracker arm of the state that spans the Gulf of Mexico from peninsula Florida to Pensacola and the Alabama line." See Problem Box for photocopy of section from Norman Ford's book. 
1/1/2001  Florida Prepaid College Plan  Florida Prepaid College Program 1-800-552-4723 (1-800-552-Grad) P.O.Box 6567 Tallahassee, FL 32314-6567 See Expanding File F for pamphlet (1996) with information and application forms 
1/1/2001  Rivers in Florida - Total Mileage  From: Florida Rivers Assessment (Oversize R 551.48309759 Flo, p. 11) The fifty rivers in the Florida Rivers Assessment (FRA) have a total river mileage of 3,330.3 miles in 288 river segments... In river miles, the longest river in this study is the St. Johns River, with its 491 miles representing just under 15% of the total river miles in this study. The rivers of the central and southern Florida peninsula (excluding the St. Johns River basin) accounted for 980.4 river miles of this study, just under 30%. The rivers associated with the St. Johns River and the northeastern portion of Florida such as the Nassau and St. Marys comprised 892.7 river miles or just over 27% of the total river mileage. The remaining river miles (1427.2 miles or 43% of the total) were from rivers in the Florida Panhandle. 
1/1/2001  Rivers - Florida - Difficult to spell  Rivers - Florida Ichetucknee Myakka Withlacoochee Ochlockonee Loxahatchee Econlockhatchee 
1/1/2001  Rivers that flow North  Rivers that flow north St. Johns River (Florida) Nile River (Africa, Egypt) Rhine (Europe, Germany, Netherlands) Red River of the North (between Minnesota and North Dakota) 
1/1/2001  Florida Sea Grant Program  Florida Sea Grant Program Florida State University Marine Laboratory (850) 644-4066 
1/1/2001  Florida - Great Seal  Florida - Great Seal See any edition of the Florida Handbook (R+Circ) 917.59 Flo 
1/1/2001  Florida Congressional and Legislative Districts  For U.S. Congressional Districts, U.S. House of Representatives, see The Congressional Directory R328.73 Uni (latest on Ready Reference) For the Florida Legislature, see Almanac of Florida Politics R 324 Alm under "Florida House Districts" and "Florida Senate Districts." 
1/1/2001  Florida Place Names of Indian Origin  "Florida Place Names of Indian Origin" See Expanding File F 
1/1/2001  Florida Seafood Festival - Apalachicola  Florida Seafood Festival 1 Bay Avenue P.O. Drawer 460 Apalachicola, FL 32320 (850) 653-4720 
1/1/2001  Florida State University - Presidents  Presidents: Florida State College for Women: George Edgar, 1887-1892 Alvin Lewis, 1892-1897 Albert A. Murphree 1897-1909 Edward Conradi, 1909-1941 Doak S. Campbell - 1941-1957 (transition to FSU, 1947) Florida State University: Albert B. Martin (Acting President) 1957 Robert M. Strozier, 1957-1960 Milton W. Carothers (Acting President) 1960 Gordon W. Blackwell, 1960-1965 John E. Champion (Acting President) 1965 John E. Champion, 1965-1969 Stanley Marshall (Acting President) 1969 Stanley Marshall, 1969-1976 Bernard F. Sliger (Interim President) 1976-1977 Bernard F. Sliger, 1977-1991 Dale W. Lick, 1991-1993 Talbot "Sandy" D'Alemberte, 1994- 
1/1/2001  Florida - Songs  See Problem Box for clipping from Florida Magazine 7/24/94 giving a list of songs about Florida 
1/1/2001  Floridan Hotel  Floridan Hotel torn down July 12, 1985, a Friday. 
1/1/2001  Flying horse Pegasus  Flying Horse - Pegasus Picture can be found in The Silver Pony, by Lynn Ward. E W 
1/1/2001  Famous Floridians born in Florida  See expanding File F for list of native-born Floridians For other famous Floridians, see 
1/1/2001  Florida State University Seal and Motto  Florida State University - Seal and Motto The seal of the university was designed by the faculty of the Art and Classics departments at the request of President Alfred A. Murphree soon after the institution became a women's liberal arts college in 1905. The seal depicts three flaming torches or "flambeaux," with a banner interwoven. The torches are labeled "vires," "artes," and "mores" These torches symbolize fire, the gift to humans from the Greek god Prometheus. In Greek mythology, it was this gift that enabled our ancestors to create civilization. Vires is the Latin for physical, moral, and intellectual strength; artes for love of beauty; and mores, for customs, character, and tradition. The design was chosen to encompass the official motto of the college, with the torch as the symbol of continued aspiration and idealism, and the words vires, artes, and mores, signifying the triple purpose of educating each student, physically, mentally, and morally. 
1/1/2001  Florida State University - Sports Bowl Games  Florida State University - Sports - Bowl Games See Expanding File under F for history of Coaching, Bowl Games, etc. See web site: 
1/1/2001  FSU Football History  Florida State University - Football History See Seminole History, by Martee Wills and Joan Perry Morris (R+Circ) Oversizse 378.759 Wil (Ref copy in hallway) FSU vs. University of Florida: First UF-Fsu game 11/22/58 (UF 21, FSU 7) First Home Game - 1964 First victory for FSU - 1964 (FSU 16, UF 7) First tie - 1961, (3-3) 
1/1/2001  First newspaper in Florida  First newspaper in Florida: East Florida Gazette. William Charles Wells, publisher. St. Augustine, Fl in 1783 Source: Florida Handbook (R+Circ) 917.59 Flo 
1/1/2001  Flow charts  See Expanding File F for symbols and how to construct flow charts. 
1/1/2001  Flower of the Month  Month Flower Meaning January Carnation Capriciousness February Violet Faithfulness March Daffodil Regard April Sweet pea I think of thee May Lily of the Valley Humility June Rose Love (Red Rose) July Larkspur Ardent attachment August Gladiolus Splendid beauty September Aster Daintiness, elegance October Calendula Grief, jealousy November Chrysanthemum Optimism, cheerfulness December Narcissus Self-love 
1/1/2001  Flower - oldest written description  The oldest written description of a flower is in the poem from the book SHUGYOBUSHU, by JIEN (1155-1225) 
1/1/2001  Language of flowers  Azalea - temperance See small book: Language of flowers R001.56 Lan, kept in Problem Box under Flowers Bluebell - constancy Also, article by same title from Tampa Tribune 7/8/95 in Problem Box under Flowers white Camellia - perfect loveliness Carnation - pure, deep love red Chrysanthemum - I love you Clematis - mental beauty Daffodil - regard, chivalry white Daisy - innocence Forget-me-not - true love Honeysuckle - affection Ivy - fidelity and friendship Lilac - first emotio of love white Lily - purity Lily of the Valley - return of happiness Nasturtium - patriotism Orange blossom - bridal festivities Phlox - unanimity red Rose - love white Rose - worthiness Rosemary - remembrance Stock - lasting beauty Sweet pea - lasting pleasure Tuberose - dangerous pleasures Tulip - hopeless love Violet - modesty, faithfulness 
1/1/2001  Flowers, take time to smell the - quotation  Quotation: Take time to smell the roses: See: New York Public Library Book of 20th Century American Quotations, p. 297. R 808.88 New 
1/1/2001  Food of Colonial America  Food of Colonial America See: Everyday things in American life, 1776-1878, by William Langdon, p. 183 973 L273 The cultural life of the new nation, 1776-1830, by Russel Nye 973.3 N994c Williamsburg art of cookery, by Helen Bullock 641.5 B938 Housekeeping in old Avirginia,by Helen Bullock R 641.5 Tyr First Ladies cook book, by Margaret Klapthor 641.5 Kla Better Homes andGardens Heritage Cook Book R 641.5973 Bet 
1/1/2001  Betty Ford Center  Bettt Ford Center 39,000 Bob Hope Drive Rancho Mirage, CA 92270 (800) 854-9211 
1/1/2001  Footprints - poem by Margaret Powers  "Footprints" by Margaret Powers One night a man had a dream. He was walking along the beach with the Lord. Across the dark sky flashed scenes from his life. In each scene, he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand: one made by him and the other made by the Lord. When the last scene of his life flashed before him, he looked back at the footprints in the sand. He noticed that many times along the path of his life, there was only one set of footprints. He also noticed that it happened at the worst times of his life. This bothered him very much, so he asked the Lord about it. "Lord, you said that once I decide to follow you, you'd walk with me all the way. But I've noticed that during times of trouble, there is only one set of footprints. I don't understand why you left me when I needed you the most." The Lord answered, "My precious child, I love you and I would never leave you. During your times of trial, when you see only one set of footprints, that's when I was carrying you." Margaret Powers says that in 1964 she write this poem, which has been oft-repeated on greeting cards, samplers and inspirational tracts. 
1/1/2001  Board feet in a tree  In finding board feet in a tree: Diameter is 4 1/2 feet above ground. Length is from 4 1/2 feet above ground to within 8 inches of the top of the tree. Formula for volume = (.0498 D2 [squared] L) - (.185 DL) + (.0422 L) + (.00622 D L2 [squared]) + (.000249 L3 [to the third power]) - (.0116L2 [squared]) 
1/1/2001  Forms of address  See books on etiquette and protocol for more officials and more complete variations, but the following chart will help in many situations: POSITION ENVELOPE ADDRESS SALUTATION Presidents of countries The President Dear Mr./Madam President --- Vice Presidents of countries The Vice President Dear Mr./Madam Vice President --- Cabinet officers The Honorable John/Jane Doe, Secretary of --- Dear Mr./Madam, Secretary of --- Judges The Honorable John/Jane Doe, Judge, U.S. --- Court Dear Judge --- Senators The Honorable John/Jane Doe, U.S. Senate Dear Mr./Ms. Senator --- Representatives The Honorable John/Jane Doe, U.S. Representative Dear Mr./Ms. --- U.S. Ambassadors The Honorable John/Jane Doe, The American Ambassador Dear Mr./Ms. --- Foreign ambassadors His/Her Excellency John/Jane Doe, Ambassador of --- Dear Mr./Ms. Ambassador --- Kings/Queens His/Her Royal Highness --- , King/Queen of --- Your Royal Highness --- Military leaders (actual rank) General/Admiral John/Jane Doe Dear General/Admiral --- Goverors The Honorable John/Jane Doe, Governor of --- Dear Governor --- Mayors The Honorable John/Jane Doe, Mayor of --- Dear Mayor --- The Clergy: Catholics: The Pope His Eminence the Pope --- Your Holiness --- Cardinals His Eminence, John Cardinal Doe Dear Your Eminence, Cardinal --- Episcopalians The Rt. Rev. John Doe Dear Bishop --- Protestants The Rev. John Doe Dear Mr./Ms. --- Eastern Orthodox Patriarch His Holiness, the Patriarch --- Your Holiness --- Jewish Rabbi John Doe Dear Rabbi --- 
1/1/2001  Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse  From the sixth chapter of the Book of Revelation in the Bible. The four horsemen represent various hardships that the human race must endure before the end of the world: Conquest, War, Famine, and Death. The four horses are white, red, black, and greenish-yellow. (World Book Encyclopedia, F volume) 
1/1/2001  Fort Clinch  Fort Clinch, Fernandina Beach, Amelia Island, Nassau County, Florida. See History of Florida, by Charlton W. Tebeau (R+Circ) 975.9 Teb Florida: a guide to the southern-most state. Federal Writer's Project (R+Circ) 917.59 Fed 
1/1/2001  Fort Gadsden  Fort Gadsden, Franklin County, Florida. See Vertical File: FLA, Fort Gadsden 
1/1/2001  Fort Houston  Fort Houston See: Tallahassee Historical Society Annual v. 4,p. 31 (R+Circ) 975.988 T147A v.4 (Ref copy in hallway) 
1/1/2001  Fort San Luis  Fort San Luis See: Tallahassee Historical Society , v.1, p. 25 (R+Circ) 975.988 T 147A v.1 (Ref copy in hallway) 
1/1/2001  Forts - model  See: Make your own model forts and castles, by Richard Cummings 623.1 Cum 
1/1/2001  Lost state of Franklin  Lost State of Franklin The state named Franklin, once a part of the U.S., no longer exists, and most Americans have never heard of it. But for four years, it was a reality. In 1784, to satisfy a debt, North Carolina ceded a huge section of its Over-Mountain Territory to the United States. It took 30 days for the news of the cession to reach the remote wilderness territory that North Carolina had so high-handedly given away. Unhappy about it, the frontier settlers called a convention in the county seat of Jonesboro and established themselves as a state, named for Ben Franklin. North Carolina repealed the cession in November 1784, but the Franklanders, as they called themselves, went on with their plans for statehood. Their first governor was John Sevier, dashing frontiersman and Indian fighter. Although Congress would not accept a Franklander representative and North Carolina Gov. Josiah Martin declared the new state in revolt, Sevier set up the state's legal and military machinery in his log-cabin capitol building, founded Washington College and made treaties with the Cherokees. The state's population was a paltry 25,000. Salaries usually were paid in linen, furs, liquor or tobacco. Since North Carolina had never given up its claim to the region, taxation was double for residents, and the law had to operate through two court systems. Indian troubles, feuding and allegations that Sevier was involved in shady deals in real estate and with the Spanish exacerbated the problems of keeping Franklin afloat. In 1788, Franklin lost its fragile hold on statehood. Today, it is part of Tennessee. (Source: Parade Magazine 12/12/82) 
1/1/2001  French drain - drainage  French drain See: Nature's design: a practical guide to natural landscaping, by Carol A. Smyser 712.6 Smy, p. 244. 
1/1/2001  French hens ("Twelve days of Christmas")  French hens: a "fancy, small bird, used mostly for exhibition." Source: Jacksonville Journal, 12/24/79 
1/1/2001  Frenchtown - Tallahassee  Frenchtown in Tallahassee was "named for the French silk and grape farmers who briefly colonized the area in the early 19th century. ... official designation of Frenchtown to a district bordered by Dewey Street (west), Brevard Street (north), Martin Luther King Blvd., and Tennessee Street." (article by Gerald Ensley in Tallahassee Democrat, 5/15/95) See also Vertical File, Leon County and Tallahassee section under Frenchtown. 
1/1/2001  Frequent flier programs rated  Frequent flier programs rated (0101) 
1/1/2001  Frost in Tallahassee  (Usually) First frost - Nov. 10 Last frost - March 15 Source: Tallahassee Nurseries 
1/1/2001  Robert Frost - poem read at JFK Inauguration  Robert Frost had written a new poem for John F. Kennedy's Inauguration on Jan. 20, 1961, but was unable to read it in the glare of the bright sunlight and recited only "The Gift Outright." See: Robert Frost: Collected poems, prose, & plays. Library of America [1995], p. 316. (R+Circ) 811.52 Fro Also, p. 435 for complete poem "For John F. Kennedy His Inauguration" of which "The Gift Outright" is the last part. Also, p. 953 in chronology section. 
1/1/2001  Frozen food shelf life  Frozen food See: Putting food by, by Janet Greene 641.1 Gre, p. 258 
1/1/2001  Funeral pie  Funeral Pie See Problem Box for recipe from Americana Magazine 8/87. "Made from a fruit available all year, this pie is often served at funerals to fortify guests who might have a long journey home." 
1/1/2001  Futon  See Expanding File F for plans to build a futon 
1/1/2001  Future Homemakers of America  Future Homemakers of America 1910 Association Drive Reston, VA 20191-1581 (703) 476-4900 (Encyclopedia of Assns, 2000) As a program in Florida under Florida Department of Education, FHA no longer exists, and has been replaced by Family Career and Community Leaders of America. Contact: Kevin Tyson (305) 496-0001 (phone call to FL Dept. of Education, 487-3279, 1/18/01) 
1/1/2001  GED General Education Diploma  GED exams are given by Leon County Schools Adult Education Office. For information and schedule of GED exams, call 922-5343, ext. 230. 
1/1/2001  G-7 Group of Seven  Member countries: Canada France Germany Great Britain (United Kingdom) Italy Japan United States of America G-8 (add Russia, which sometimes attends) Source: Facts on File 
1/1/2001  Gaither, Alonzo Smith "Jake"  Alonzo Smith "Jake " Gaither Born April 11, 1903, Dayton, Tennessee Died February 18, 1994, Tallahassee, Florida Coached football at Florida A & M University, 1945-1969 (record: 203-36-4) Wife: Sadie Children - none See: Tallahassee Democrat, Feb. 19, 1994 
1/1/2001  Gallons into pounds or tons  See: Handbook of Chemistry and Physics R 541.9 Han in Section 1 on Conversion Factors, under pounds 
1/1/2001  Garden clubs  Florida Federation of Garden Clubs 1400 South Denning Drive Winter Park FL 32789-5662 (407) 647-7016 
1/1/2001  Garden of Eden - Florida  Belief that the Garden of Eden was in the Florida Panhandle. "The Apalachicola Bluffs & Ravines Preserve, a 6,400-acre expanse of wilderness west of Tallahasse, is what some people believe is the original Garden of Eden" "The closest camping facilities to the garden are at Torreya State Park, to the north, But the preserve does have a self-guided hiking trail open to the public. To reach it, follow Garden of Eden Road, 2 miles north of Bristol on Florida Route 12." (article by Kate Santich in Florida Magazine 5/25/97, reprinted from Southern Living) See also Ron Hartung's column, Tallahassee Democrat 4/5/00, "A field trip to the Garden of E.E. Eden." Both articles attached to card in Problem Box under Garden of Eden - Fla. 
1/1/2001  Gargoyles - illustrations  Gargoyles See: Treasury of Fantastic and Mythological creatures, by Richard Huber (R+Circ) 70-4.947 Hub (Dover clip book, 1981) 
1/1/2001  Fighter airplane - Roland Garros  From: Summon the stars, by Joe Christy. A.S.Barnes, 1970. 629.13 Chr, pp. 17-18 " World's first fighter airplane was the French Morane-Saulner "Bullet" pf 1914." "Pilot Lieutenant Roland Garros [1888-1918] of Escadrille MS23 shot down an Albatross two-seater on April 1, 1915. 
1/1/2001  Gasohol - alcohol  Gasohol is 10% ethyl alcohol and 90% unleaded gasoline See Expanding Files under G for photocopy of Mother Earth News article "Mother's woodburning still" July-Aug. 1979 (No. 58) issue, p. 76. 
1/1/2001  Gasoline  1 barrel crude oil = 42 gallons of gasoline. (45.5% of one barrel of crude made into gasoline) (World Book: Petroleum. Weight of one gallon of gasoline = 6.7 lbs. Diesel fuel, one gallon weighs 7.05 lbs. 
1/1/2001  Gazebos  How to build: see Expanding File under G Country architecture, by Lawrence Grow 728.9 Gro Outdoor structures (Time-Life, 1978) 690.89 Out also 690.8 Out, pp. 80-82. Tallahassee - Gazebo, bandstand, (1920's-30's) on Park Avenue near Monroe Street, in front of old Leon Hotel. For picture see Yesterday's Tallahassee (R+Circ) 975.9881 Dun, p. 71 Tallahassee, present day (2001), located on Park Avenue across from the Leon County Public Library. Dedicated April 1990 as the "Deeb Family Pavilion." To reserve for private functions, contact Tallahassee Parks & Recreation Dept. 891-3866. 
1/1/2001  Geologic Time Scale Geology  Geologic Time Scale (Pleistocene, Jurassic, etc.) See: Exploring your world. R 910.3 Exp, pp. 246-247. 
1/1/2001  Georgia - Little Grand Canyon  Providence Canyon State Conservation Park Box 158, Route 1 Lumpkin, GA 31815 (912) 838-6202 7 miles west of Lumpkin on GA 39C. 1,108 acres. Facilities: Interpretive center, picnic shelter, family/group shelter, hiking trails (3 miles), backcountry trail (6 miles). Activities: Hiking, overnight backpacking. Features: Breathtaking colors form the soil layers of Georgia's "Little Grand Canyon." 
1/1/2001  Georgia - state song  Georgia has two official state songs: "Georgia" - lyrics by Robert Loveman, and music by Lollie Belle Wylie, and "Georgia on my mind" - words by Stuart Gorrell and music by Hoagy Carmichael. See: State Songs of the United States, an annotated anthology, by William E. Studwell and Bruce R. Schueneman R782.421599 Sta. Also: uncataloged songbook "Fifty songs - fifty states" by John W. Schaum, kept near Expanding File, which gives words and music to "Georgia." Problem Box has lyrics to "Georgia on my mind" under Georgia. Also: State songs: anthems and their origins, by John Hladczuk and Sharon Schneider Hladczuk. Scarcrow Pr., 2000. R 782.42 Hla 
1/1/2001  German chocolate cake  See Problem Box for recipe for German Chocolate Cake 
1/1/2001  Quote "In Germany they came" Niemoeller  Quotation attributed to Martin Niemoeller (1892-1984): "In Germany they came first for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time no one was left to speak up." Source: Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 15th ed. 1980. 
1/1/2001  Gift of Magi (by O. Henry) - Christmas story  Gift of the Magi - O. Henry See: Vertical File - General - Christmas (Prior to 1980) Fireside book of Christmas stories, ed. By Edward Wagenknecht. SC W131 Book of Christmas, by Pearl Buck, p. 374 SC Buc 
1/1/2001  Gingerbread house  Gingerbread House See: Expanded File G The cooking of Germany, by Nika Hazelton (Time-Life, 1969) (R+Circ) 641.5 H429, pp. 196-197 
1/1/2001  Glass half full empty pessimist optimist pessimism optimism realist  "A pessimist sees a cup as being half empty, whereas an optimist sees a cup as being half full. A realist knows that if he sticks around, he's eventually going to have to wash the glass." Source unknown. 
1/1/2001  Gloves - how to measure for sizes  Gloves and Mitts. Measure around the knuckles with hand flat (exclude the thumb). Number of inches equals glove size. (Source: L.L.Bean catalog) 
1/1/2001  Go (Chinese game)  Go (Chinese Game) See Vertical File - General - Games 
1/1/2001  Go-carts Soapbox derby  Go-carts - Soapbox Derby See: Expanding file G Subject heading in online catalog: Karting 
1/1/2001  Goat meat  Goat meat is also known as "Chevon." 
1/1/2001  Goat milk cheese  Goat milk cheese See: Homesteader's handbook to raising small livestock, by Jerome Belanger 636.08 Bel Raising milk goats the modern way, by Jerry Belanger 636.3 Bel 
1/1/2001  Goblins will get you  Goblins will get you: From poem "Little Orphan Annie," by James Whitcomb Riley See: Home Book of Verse, ed. By Burton Stevenson. R 821.08 Ste, v. 1, p. 169 Favorite poems, old and new, by Helen Ferris. R 808.81 Fer, p. 532 (also J circ) 
1/1/2001  God Bless America  God Bless America See: Expanding File G for photocopy of sheet music Reader's Digest Treasury of Best Loved Songs 784 Rea American reader R 081 Ame, p. 274 (words only) 
1/1/2001  God grant me the serenity (quote)  "God, give us grace to accept with serenity the things that cannot be changed, courage to change the things which should be changed, and the wisdom to distinguish the one from the other." "The serenity prayer" by Reinhold Niebuhr [1934]. Source: Bartlett, 15th ed. 1980, p. 823, #15. This quotation is also associated with Alcoholics Anonymous, with a variant wording: "God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change things I can, and wisdom to know the difference." 
1/1/2001  God's eye - Ojo de Dios  See: Regional creative ojo book, by Diane Thomas. 745.5 Tho Handcrafter's creative ojo book, by Diane Thomas. 745.5 Tho Problem Box for photocopy of picture of Ojo de Dios and how to make one, under God's Eye.. 
1/1/2001  Gold  Parade Magazine, 5/19/96, "Ask Marilyn," by Marilyn Vos Savant: " of the reasons that the world's currency is no longer based on gold is that there just isn't enough of it. (The full gold standard lasted only from the the 1870s to World War I; the international monetary system is now based on stable paper currencies like the dollar.) In fact, all the gold that has ever been mined would fit into a cube measuring 20 yards on each side." 
1/1/2001  Golden passports  The National Parks Service provides "Golden" passports to get into National Parks. Golden Age Passports are for seniors 62+, with a onetime $10.00 fee. Golden Access Passports are for the disabled and are free. 
1/1/2001  Gold leaf - gilding  See Gilding as a subject heading in the online catalog. Also books on picture framing (749.7) sometimes include information on gilding. Gold leaf 
1/1/2001  Golf - History  Golf - History See: Expanded File G 
1/1/2001  Gone With The Wind  Gone With the Wind Premiere of the movie: Dec, 15, 1939 
1/1/2001  Good ship lollipop  "On the Good ship Lollipop" Words and music by Sidney Clare and Richard A. Whiting. Movietone Music Corp. Introduced by Shirley Temple in "Bright Eyes" (movie) 1934. Sung by Dan Dailey and Shari Robinson in"You're My Everything" (movie) 1949. From: Popular Music R 784.5 Pop, v. 4, p. 133 On the good ship Lollipop It's a sweet trip to a candy shop, Where bon-bons play, On the sunny beach of Peppermint Bay ... From: Child Star, an Autobiography, by Shirley Temple, p. 66 B Temple (also LT B Temple) 
1/1/2001  Good bye - goodbye  English: Goodbye Danish: Farvel French: Adieu, au revoir German: Aug wiedersehen, Tschuess Italian: Ciao Russian: Do svidanya Spanish: Adios 
1/1/2001  Gooey duck - Geoduck  Geoduck, pronounced "gooey duck," is a large, burrowing, edible clam. 
1/1/2001  Gordon rule  The State Board of Education Rule 6A-10.30(2), commonly known as the "Gordon Rule," specifies that all state universities require in all baccalaureate degree programs, satisfactory completion of 12 semester hours of English course work in which all students are required to produce written work of at least 26,000 words and completion of 6 hours of mathematics course work at the level of college algebra or higher. Subsection (3)(d) of the rule authorizes alternative plans to the subsection (2) requirements. This applies to students who entered college Spring 1983 or later. The rule is named after State Senator Jack D. Gordon of Miami Beach, who sponsored the bill in the state legislature that requires this. 
1/1/2001  Gourds - gourd craft  See: Back to basics: how to learn and enjoy traditional American skills (Reader's Digest, 1981) 640.973 Bac, p. 367. Also: under Gourds as a subject heading in online catalog. 
1/1/2001  Governor's Club  See: Vertical File - Florida - Governor's Club 
1/1/2001  Graffiti  Graffiti alphabet - shorthand for palm-held computers See Problem Box under Graffiti for article and picture of alphabet from Tallahassee Democrat 12/6/00, p. 1E 
1/1/2001  Palindrome - Reverse order  Palindrome: A word, phrase, verse, or sentence that reads the same backwards or forward. Example: "Madam." 
1/1/2001  Grams to teaspoons and ounces  48 teaspoons = 8 oz. 6 teaspoons = 1 oz. 30 grams = 1 oz. 5 grams = 1 teaspoon Source: Joy of Cooking 
1/1/2001  You're a Grand Old Flag  "You're a grand old flag." song by George M. Cohan. For words and music, see: Festival of popular songs (Reader's Digest, 1977) 784 Rea photocopy of above in Expanding File under Y 
1/1/2001  Grandparents Day  National Grandparents Day. Proclaimed by President Carter, Sept. 6, 1979 as first Sunday after Labor Day. Proclamation covers all succeeding years. (Source: Chases's Calendar of Events) Grandmother's Day in Florida. A ceremonial day on the second Sunday in October. (Also Chase's) 
1/1/2001  Grapevine wreath  Grapevine wreath See: Wreaths for all occasions, by Steve Sherman 745.92 She 
1/1/2001  Greek mythology  Augean stables - one of the seven labors of Hercules. Refers to a job so messy it's not able to be accomplished. Sisyphus - pushes stone up the hill, only to have it roll back down again. A never ending task. Greek Mythology 
1/1/2001  Greens wild - spring tonic  See: Yankee Magazine Book of Forgotten Arts, by Richard Bacon R 630 Bac Chapter "Spring tonic: wild greens and how to fix them." P. 166. 
1/1/2001  Grenville  "The two Mrs. Grenvilles" by Dominick Dunne is based on the real life murder of William Woodward, Jr. by his wife Ann, of Oyster Bay Cove. His father was owner of Bekair Farms and president of Hanover Bank. 
1/1/2001  Griffin, W.E.B.  W.E.B. Griffin"s "Men at War" series: The Last Heroes - Vol. 1 The Secret Warriors - Vol. 2 The Soldier Spies - Vol. 3 The Fighting Agents - Vol. 4 Originally published under the pseudonym Alex Baldwin in the 1980's. 
1/1/2001  GRY - words ending in -gry  angry hungry aggry - a glass bead found buried in the earth in Ghana. puggry - a light scarf wound around a hat or helmet to protect the head from the sun. meagry - of meager appearance. mawgry - from Old French: being regarded with displeasure. gry - a measure equal to one-tenth of a line. Sources: Ann Landers column, 1/31/89 Internet Public Library which also quotes William Safire in "What's the Good Word (1982) Webster's 2nd ed. Unabridged, p. 1109 (gry) 
1/1/2001  Growing up too fast  See: The hurried child: growing up too fast too soon, by David Elkind 305.23 Elk All grown up and no place to go: teenagers in crisis, by David Elkind 305.235 Elk Disappearance of childhood, by Neil Postman 305.23 Pos 
1/1/2001  GTO (Pontiac automobile)  GTO means Gran Turismo Omologato, named after a Ferrari coupe being raced in Europe. Source: On a clear day you can see General Motors, by J. Patrick Wright. (Donald Henderson's copy--library does not have) See also: GTO Association of America, 5829 Stroebel Rd., Saginaw, MI 48609. (800) 486-1964 (Ency of Assns.) 
1/1/2001  Guam  Latitude: 13.28 N Longitude: 144.47 E No daylight savings time 14 hours ahead of Easter Daylight Time 15 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time Example: 3:00 AM Friday in Tallahassee would be 5;00 AM Saturday in Guam 
1/1/2001  Guardian Ad Litem  For information on local Guardian Ad Litem program, call the Second Judicial Circuit Court at (850) 488-7612 
1/1/2001  Gulf Specimen Marine Laboratory Jack Rudloe  Gulf Specimen Marine Laboratory P.O. Box 237 Panacea, FL 32346 (850) 984-5297 Founder: Jack Rudloe on U.S. 98 in Panacea 
1/1/2001  Gullah Dialect  Gullah dialect See: Expanding File under G The American Language, by H.L. Mencken 427.973 M536 
1/1/2001  Gun cabinets  Gun cabinets See: Expanding File under G Popular Mechanics do-it-yourself encyclopedia, v. 7, p. 1236. 643.7 P831 1968 v.7 Building free-form furnitue, by Charles Durney, p. 48 684.1 Dur 
1/1/2001  Gunn, William J  Dr. William J. Gunn (born September 1, 1857; died February 22, 1954) was the first African-American in Florida to graduate from medical school (in Nashville. Tennessee). He opened his practice in Tallahassee in 1882 and according to a 1903 newspaper article, had a "large practice . . . who have much confidence in his ability and honor." For many years, Dr. Gunn's office was on Duval Street, between College and Jefferson Streets. The marker on Dr. Gunn's grave reads: "Having served his genertion by the will of God he fell asleep." Source: City Cemetery Virtual Walking Tour. 
1/1/2001  Gunsmithing  Gunsmithing See Expanding File under G 
1/1/2001  H.R.S. Welfare Recipient Information  H.R.S. Welfare Recipient Information To find out what an individual is receiving in AFDC, Medicaid, or food stamps, call 921-5547. You must have a specific name, and no addresses can be provided. For information on specific county recipients, call 921-5547, and HRS will send a county listing. Technically HRS is supposed to have this information available in each county, but they are a little behind now. 
1/1/2001  Halloween  Halloween See: Expanding File H 
1/1/2001  Ham Radio License Information  Ham Radio License Information Contact: American Radio Relay League 225 Main Street Newington, CT 06111 (860) 594-0200 See also the League's publications and handbooks R 621.3841 
1/1/2001  Hamburger  for history of hamburgers as a food, see: People's Almanac #2, by David Wallechinsky and Irving Wallace [Morrow, 1978], pp. 956-958 
1/1/2001  Hammocks  Hammocks See: Expanding File H Family creative workshop, vol. 7, p. 847 745.5 Ple v.7 
1/1/2001  Hand shadows  Hand shadows See: Expanding File H 
1/1/2001  Hemophilia - British Royal Family - Succession - Monarchy  Hemophilia See: Expanding File H for information on Royal Family and Queen Victoria Succession See: Expanding File R for pamphlet on Royal line of succession See also The Royal Handbook, by Alan Hamilton 941.085 Ham 
1/1/2001  Handicapped parking spaces  Handicapped parking spaces Apply at Leon County Tag and License offices. 
1/1/2001  Handwriting - Palmer method penmanship  Handwriting - Palmer Method - penmanship See: Expanding File H 
1/1/2001  Haunted House  Haunted house See: Expanding File H - how to operate one. 
1/1/2001  Handshake - origin  Handshake See: Extraordinary origins of everyday things, by Charles Panati, pp. 42-43. R+Circ+ JR 031 Pan 
1/1/2001  Happy Birthday to You - song  "Happy Birthday to You" - song See: Extraordinary origins of everyday things, by Charles Panati, pp. 34-35. R+Circ+JR 031 Pan for explanation of origin and copyright. 
1/1/2001  Hanging gardens of Babylon  Hanging Gardens of Babylon See: World Book Encyclopedia under Seven Wonders of the World Richard Halliburton's complete book of marvels, by Richard Halliburton. 910.4 H188c 
1/1/2001  Harambee  Harambee is a Swahili word meaning "let us all pull together." See: Vertical File, LC&T, Harambee for information on local Harambee festivals. 
1/1/2001  Harlem Globetrotters  Harlem Globetrotters 6121 Santa Monica Blvd. Hollywood, CA 90038 (213) 461-5400 Tallest player ever: Wilt Chamberlain, 7' 1", during 1957-58. 
1/1/2001  Harlequin romance  First Harlequin romance novel: The Manatee, by Nancy Bruss. [1949] 
1/1/2001  Harness repair  Harness repair See: The farmstead book 1 630.58 Far 
1/1/2001  Hatfield McCoy feud  See: Footnotes to American History, by Harold Sharp R 016.973 Sha, p. 238 also: Hatfield in online catalog as a subject 
1/1/2001  hat size  See Problem Box for chart and explanation on determining hat size 
1/1/2001  Hats blocked and cleaned  Hats blocked and cleaned Carroll's Boot Country, 1586 Capital Circle NW, Tallahassee, FL 32303. 576-3763. See Problem Box for article, (Ron Hartung's column), from Tallahassee Democrat. 
1/1/2001  Hava Nagila  Hava Nagila (can be sung or danced as a Hora) (Translation: Come let us be glad and rejoice, Arise, brethren with a youthful heart) Hava nagila, hava nagila, hava nagila, v-nis-me-cha Hava nagila, hava nagila,hava nagila, v-nis-me-cha Oo-roo a-chim b-lev sa-me-ach, [repeat line three times] Oo-roo a-chim, oo-roo a-chim b-lev sa-me-ach! Sourcer: intenet search: hava nagila + translation 
1/1/2001  Haymartket Riot, Chicago, 1886  See: Footnotes to American History, by Harold Sharp R 016.973 Sha, p. 264 Dictionary of American History R 973.03 Dic, Vol. 3, p. 266 Haymarket Riot, Chicago, 1886 
1/1/2001  Hazardous waste  See Vertical File, General, Florida, and Leon County/Tallahassee under "Hazardous substance." also under Hazardous as a subject waste in online catalog. 
1/1/2001  He-coon stew recipe  See Problem Box for photocopy of article by Bill Cotterell from Tallahassee Democrat 12/27/94 "Inaugural recipe: Secrets of hardy 'he-coon' stew revealed." Serves 2,000. Copyright 1994 by Florida Fruit & Vegetable Association. 
1/1/2001  Head lines - headlines  See: The New York Times Page One: 100 years of headlines as presented in the New YorkTimes. R 909.82 Pag [2000]. 
1/1/2001  Head wraps (African)  See Problem Box for photocopy of drawing of how to do a head wrap. Also 
1/1/2001  Three monkeys - hear no evil, speak no evil, etc.  See article in National Geographic, Dec, 1959, p,. 857. Also Problem Box under "Monkeys, Three" "The original monkeys who hear no evil, speak no evil and see no evil enact their creed above a door to the sacred stable at Nikko [Japan]. Seventeenth-century wood carvers fashioned them after monkeys from this area north of Tokyo. Copies spread to China and later to the whole world, but none captures the life and movement of Nikko's own." View Image 
1/1/2001  Helping Hands - Monkeys  Helping Hands - an organization that trains monkeys to help the disabled. 541 Cambridge St., Boxton, MA 02134 (617) 787-4419 
1/1/2001  Henry the Navigator, picture of  Henry the Navigator See: National Geographic, Nov. 1960, p. 621 
1/1/2001  Twelve labors of Hercules  Twelve labors of Hercules See: A companion to world mythology, by Richard Barber R 291.211 Bar, pp. 116-118. 
1/1/2001  High School Colors Tallahassee  High School Colors - Tallahassee Chiles HS - Maroon and silver Godby HS - Blue and white Leon HS - Red and white Lincoln HS - Green and yellow Maclay HS - Dark blue and white North Florida Christian HS - red, black, and white Rickards HS - Blue and gold SAIL HS - Gold and black 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - highest point  Highest point in Tallahassee: Hill on which Florida A & M University administration building is located. 
1/1/2001  Andy Devine - Wild Bill Hickok  TV program "The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok" starred Guy Madison as Wild Bill Hickok and Andy Devine as his sidekick Jingles. Show ran from 1951-1958. Source: The complete directory to prime time network and cable TV shows, 1946-present, by Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh. R 791.45 Bro, p. 22. 
1/1/2001  History fair themes (tentative) 2001-2008  National History Day Themes (tentative) History Fair 2001 Frontiers in History: People, places, ideas 2002 Revolution, reaction, reform in history 2003 Rights and responsibility in history 2004 Exploration, encounter, exchange in history 2005 Communication in history: the key to understamdomg 2006 Taking a stand in history 2007 Triumph and tragedy in history 2008 The individual in history Source: See Problem Box under History Fair Themes for print out of themes from 1980-2000 
1/1/2001  History repeats itself - quote  "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." by George Santayana. From Bartlett's Quotations, 16th ed., p. 588 (History repeats itself - Quote) 
1/1/2001  Rocking horses hobby  See: Sunset wordworking projects, 684.08 Sun, p. 74 Making rocking horses, by Anthony Dew. 745.592 Dew 
1/1/2001  Hoe boy Hoe boy  A term used in colonial times for a double reeded wooden instrument with a high pitch. Source: OED. [hautbois=oboe] 
1/1/2001  Holidays religious All Faiths Calendar  See Problem Box under Holidays for photocopy from Publisher's Weekly Religion Update 3/16/98: "All Faiths Calendar: giving information for floating religious holidays: Passover and Shavuot (Judaism); Easter and Pentecost (Christianity): and Eid-al-adha and Awwah Muharram [Islamic New Year] (Islam). 
1/1/2001  Hollywood sign  "The world-famous symbol of this entertainment capital is the 'Hollywood' sign, set on the slopes of Mount Lee, in the Hollywood Hills. Built in 1923 to advertise a real estate development, the 30-foot sign originally read 'Hollywoodland.' " Source: Discover the Californias [pamphlet no longer in the Vertical File] 
1/1/2001  Hollywood Ten  See: Inquisition in Eden, by Alvah Bessie. 364.1 B559, p. 6. Whole book is story of House UnAmerican Activities Committee investigation of blacklisted Hollywood writers, actors, etc. "The ten": Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, Dalton Trumbo, and Alvah Bessie. 
1/1/2001  Holocaust - Shoah  Holocaust Museum: See guidebooks to Washington, DC also Problem Box under "Holocaust" for article from Tallahassee Democrat 5/2/93, that also lists other Jewish museums in Washington DC. The Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation created by Stephen Spielberg, based in Los Angeles, CA, is dedicated to find and interviewing Holocaust survivors in order to preserve the memory of what happened . . . 1-800-661-2092 See Problem Box for printout. 
1/1/2001  Paradoxical commandments of leadership - Lou Holtz  Paradoxical Commandments of Leadership by Lou Holtz [head football coach, University of Notre Dame] 1. People are illogical, unreasonable, and self-centered. Love them anyway. 2. If you do good, people will accuse you of selfish, ulterior motives. Do good anyway. 3. If you are successful, you win false friends and true enemies. Succeed anyway. 4. The good you do today will be forgotten tomorrow. Do good anyway. 5. Honesty and frankness make you vulnerable. Be honest and frank anyway. 6. The biggest men with the biggest ideas can be shot down by the smallest men with the smallest ideas. Think big anyway. 7. People favor underdogs, but follow only top dogs. Fight for a few underdogs anyway. 8. What you spend years building may be destroyed overnight. Build anyway. 9. People really need help, but may attack if you do help them. Help them anyway. 10. Give the world the best you have, and you'll get kicked in the teeth. Give the world you have anyway. 
1/1/2001  Olustee Civil War battle reenactment  Battle of Olustee - Reenactment - Usually 3rd weekend in February Call Blue/Grey Army Inc. [Lake City, FL] at (904) 752-9150 See: Vertical File - Florida - Civil War - Battle of Olustee also: Expanding File O for copy of Blue & Gray Magazine with article on Olustee 
1/1/2001  Home front - World War II  See: While you were gone, by Jack Goodman 973.917 G653 Washington at War, by Scott Hart 917.5303 Don't you know there's a war on? By Richard Lingerman 917.3 Lin Americans remember the home front, by Roy Hoopes 940.54 Hoo Home front, U.S.A., by Ronald H. Bailey 940.54 Tim [Time-Life] 
1/1/2001  Homeless  Tallahassee Homeless Resource List Catholic Charities [at Co-Cathedral] Echo Outreach Ministries 855 W. Carolina St. [Tennessee St. and Woodward Ave.] 702 West Madison Street 222-2180 224-3246 The Shelter American Red Cross 480 W. Tennessee St. 187 Office Plaza Drive 224-9055 878-6080 Haven of Rest Rescue Mission Goodwill Thrift Stores 510 W. Tennessee St. 2523 Apalachee Pky 942-7218 224-7313 300 Mabry St. 576-7145 Salvation Army 2133 Jackson Bluff Rd. FL Dept. of Childrens and Family Services 576-4352 Economic Services 3019 Jackson Bluff Rd. Tallahassee Coalition for the Homeless 488-0675 438 West Brevard 576-5566 (Updated to 2001 phone book) Refuge House 681-2111 [battered spouses only] Good News of Tallahassee, Inc. 449 W. Georgia St. 224-1110 
1/1/2001  Homeschooling - Home schooling  See Home Schooling as a subject in online catalog Local organization: Homeschooling Group of Tallahassee. Contact: Kathy Tripp 575-7091 
1/1/2001  Homemakers - home making - time per week  The American Council of Life Insurance has issued figures on the financial value of 11 typical jobs performed by a homemaker in a week. They are: Child care 45.1 hours Meal planning 1.2 hours Meal preparation 13.1 hours Food buying 3.3 hours Dishwashing 6.2 hours Housekeepiong 17.5 hours Laundry 5.9 hours Sewing 1.3 hours Maintenance 1.7 hours Gardening 2.3 hours Transportation 2 hours Total: 99.6-hour work week. At $5.00 per hours that comes to $200.00 for the normal 40-hour wee, plus $447.00 for 59.6 hours iof overtime at time and a half. That's a total of $647.00 per week. 
1/1/2001  Homographs  Homographs Words spelled alike but with different meanings. See: Encyclopedia of Homonyms 'sound-alikes' by Dora Newhouse R 423.1 New, p. 6 
1/1/2001  Horse - draft  See: Yankee Magazine book of forgotten arts, by Richard Bacon R 630 Bac, p. 125 for chapter "Working with a draft horse." Explains plowing, saddles, harnesses, breaking in a horse, etc. 
1/1/2001  Homogenized milk  1892 - Paul Marix (France) obtained two patents for the homogenization process. 1899 - Gaulin, in Paris, received patent for machine that did the process. 1919 - Homogenized milk first sold commercialy in Torrington, Connecticut. (Source: American Dairy Assn.) 
1/1/2001  Prayer for an old horse  "Prayer for an old Horse" See Expanding File H 
1/1/2001  Humanist Manifesto  See Expanding File H for text of "Humanist Manifesto." 
1/1/2001  Horse - horses  See: The Animal's Who's Who, by Ruthven Tremain. R 599 Tre Famous horses and their people, by Edna H. Evans. 636.1 Eva See: Expanding File H for a list of famous horses/famous riders Name of Dudley Doright's horse on "Bullwinkle" television show: "Horse" 
1/1/2001  Horseshoeing - Horse shoeing  Horseshoeing In: Foxfire 5 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Hot pepper sauce  See Expanding File P for recipes for hot or pepper sauces and cooking therewith. 
1/1/2001  Hound of Heaven - Poem  "The Hound of Heaven" by Francis Thompson (1859-1907). See: The Home Book of Verse, by Burton E. Stevenson R 821.08 Ste v.2, p. 3204. Also Problem Box H for photocopy. 
1/1/2001  House by the side of the Road - Poem  "The House by the Side of the Road" by Sam Walter Foss. See: Best Loved Poems of the American People R 821.082 Fel, p. 105 also Problem Box H for photocopy. 
1/1/2001  Hurricanes - Tallahassee  Oct. 5, 1842 - Damage inTallahassee was estimated at $500,000; buildings lost roots and windows. Roads were blocked by fallen trees. Aug. 22, 1850 - This hurricane came ashore near Cape San Blas, then turned northeast. In Tallahassee, the stormed lasted from 6 p.m. on Aug. 22 until sunrise on Sunday, Aug. 24. The Tallahassee Sentinel reported that "tall forest oaks were uprooted or rudely snapped asunder; China trees stood no chance, fences were prostrated, tin roofing peeled up like paper, roofs turn up, brick bats flying; and altogether such a general scatteration taking place as is not often seen." Oct. 9, 1852 - St. Marks and Newport suffered the most damage from this fast-moving storm, which passed through Tallahassee in only six hours. Winds again leveled trees, and at the Capitol a large chimney crashed through the roof and onto the floor of the Senate chamber. June 21 and June 30, 1886. These were two of three hurricanes to come ashore in the Big Bend that year. Both caused heavy damage in Tallahassee. In the first, winds of well over 100 mph were reported; more trees fell in the second storm, which arrived just nine days later with 80 mpl winds. Oct. 7, 1941 - This unnamed storm came ashore at Carrabelle, but high winds downed trees and power lines in Tallahassee. With the power out, the Democrat published 6,000 copies of an eight-page storm edition, which was written on typewriters, then mimeographed and stapled together. Many cars were smashed by falling trees, and new cars were hard to come by because factories already had switched to wartime production. Sept. 11, 1964: Dora. - Dora passed across North Florida from the east, and by the time it reached Tallahassee it had lost most of its power. Wind gusts hit only 44 mph, though the city did set a record for low barometric pressure (29.29 inches). August. 31, 1985: Elena. - This hurricane never came ashore in Florida, but as it wandered in the gulf it created winds that felled trees and power lines and damaged about 50 cars in Tallahassee. Nov. 21, 1985: Kate. - This is THE storm that Tallahasseeans today talk about. This rare Novembeer storm did most of its damage east of where it came ashore near Mexico Beach. But it still did savage work in Tallahassee: Winds gusted to 87 mph; more than 500 homes were damaged and 200 miles of electrical wires downed, causing outages for 95 percent of the electric customers. Kate even peeled off the Civic Center's roof in mid-sermon. Although chain saws created 400 truckloads of limbs a day, curbside logjames didn't disappear until dogwoods bloomed in the spring. Oct. 4, 1995: Opal. - Although Opal wreaked havoc farther west in the Panhandle, its impact was still felt in Tallahassee. Hotels and motels were jammed by evacuees seeking rooms in a city already packed with fans here for the FSU-Miami football game. (Tallahassee Democrat, Sunday, Sept. 17, 2000, p. 11A, from "Florida's Hurricane History," by Jay Barnes (R+Circ) 551.552 Bar) See: Ante-bellum Tallahassee, by Bertram H. Groene, 975.9881 Gro, p. 91, for other hurricanes and weather that struck the greater Tallahassee area. 
1/1/2001  Elbert Hubbard - Message to Garcia  See Problem Box M for photocopy of essay by Elbert Hubbard, "A Message to Garcia." [1899] Photocopy is from Roycrofters edition, East Aurora, Erie County, NY. 
1/1/2001  Huddle - football - origin  Huddle - football - origin In 1924, Herb McCracken, the Lafayette College coach thought the University of Pennsylvania team had decoded the hand signals he was using to send plays in to his players, so he ordered them to have a meeting on the field and whisper about what the next play would be. Source: Tallahassee Democrat 12/8/97. 
1/1/2001  Hoya - Hoyas  Refers to Georgetown University's nickname. In the days when all Georgetown students were required to study Latin and Greek, the university's baseball team was nicknamed the Stonewalls. One student, using Latin and Greek terms, dubbed them "Hoya Saxa," which translated to what rocks." The name proved popular and the term Hoyas was eventually adopted for all Georgetown teams. Since a Hoya is difficult to translate into a mascott, the school uses a bulldog. Source: What's in a nickname, by Ray Frank. R 796 Fra, p. 70. 
1/1/2001  Human body - worth  How much is the human body worth? Newspaper columnists and other have claimed that the body's chemical worth is between 98 cents and $5. But one doctor argues that, at the rates currently charged by large chemical distribvutors, the body's worth is at least $169,834--not country $1,200 worth of blood. The key is to market the body's products intelligently and not reduce them to basic elements like carbon and zinc. Source: The Book of Answers [New York Public Library], by Barbara Berliner et al. Prentice-Hall, 1990. R 025.5 Bar, p. 102 
1/1/2001  I am there - poem by James Dillet Freeman  See Problem Box under I for poem "I am there" by James Dillet Freeman. Apparently quoted on a television show called "Angels," this is printed off e-mail, and includes the text and publishing source of the poem. 
1/1/2001  I love you translated  I love you translated: French: Je t'aime; je t'adore Italian: io t'amo German: Ich liebe dich Spanish: yo te amo 
1/1/2001  Ice house - icehouse  Ice House - How to build: See: Country architecture, by Lawrence Grow. 728.9 Gro, p. 31. 
1/1/2001  If - poem by Rudyard Kipling  If - poem by Rudyard Kipling See: Best loved poems of the American People (R+Circ) 808.81 Bes, p. 65. Problem Box and Expanding File, both under I for photocopy of poem. 
1/1/2001  Reverend Ike  Reverend Ike: Full name: Reverend Dr. Frederick J. Eikerenkoeter II Source: Praise the lord and pass the contribution, by Alan Bestic [no longer in library's collection] 
1/1/2001  I'll lend you for a little while - poem by Edgar Guest  "I'll lend you for a little while, a child of mine, he said . . ." First line of poem, "A Child Loaned" by Edgar Guest 
1/1/2001  Immigration and Naturalization  Nearest office to Tallahassee: U.S. Immigration & Naturalization Office 400 West Bay Street Jacksonville, Fl 32202 (904) 232-2624 1-800-375-5283 
1/1/2001  In God We Trust - motto - money - dollar - currency  "In God We Trust" is a motto now used on all U.S. currency. Religious mottoes had appeared on colonial coins but not on early U.S. money. In 1861, Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase ordered the director of the mint to prepare such a motto, which he then altered to its present form. A law of 1864 created a bronze 2-cent piece bearing these words, and later acts authorized further use of the motto. In 1908 the motto was made mandatory on all denominartions of coins on which it had previously appeared. It was first printed on paper currency on the $1 bill of 1957 in compliance with an act of July 11, 1955, requiring that the motto be placed on all coins and currency as new dies were adopted. Source: Encyclopedia Americana. 
1/1/2001  Presidents - Inaugural addresses  See: The Presidents Speak: the inaugural addresses of the American presidents, from Washington to Nixon R 353.0354 Uni 1969 The inaugural addresses of twentieth-century American presidents, ed. By Halford Ryan R 353.0354 Ina. This covers up through Bill Clinton's first inaugural address, 1993. See Problem Box under Inaugural for copy of Clinton's 2nd inaugural address, 1997, from Tallahassee Democrat 1/21/97, p. 13A See Problem Box under Inaugural for photocopy of George W. Bush's inaugural address, 2001, from NYT 1/21/01, pp. 12-13. 
1/1/2001  Incinerator construction  See: Mechanix Illustrated How-to-do-it Encyclopedia, Vol. 13, p. 64 R 643.7 Mec for article on "Backyard incinerator." 
1/1/2001  State Income Tax  As of 2001 states with no income tax are: Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming. See: latest World Almanac National Survey of State Laws, 3d ed., 1999 R 349.73 Nat (kept at Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Cherokee Indian alphabet Syllabary  See Problem Box under Indian - Cherokee - Syllabary for the Cherokee Syllabary [phonetic alphabet] 
1/1/2001  Indian Head Acres street names Tallahassee origins - Nene  Indianhead Acres street names (from Indianhead/Lehigh Neighborhood Assn. Newsletter) Apakin - sixth Atapha - dogwood Atchena - cedar Chinnapakin - eighth Chocksaka - bridle Chowkeebin - fifth Chuli - pine Hasosaw - east Heechee - tobacco Hokolin - second Humkin - first Kolopakin - seventh Nene - trail or road Ostapakin - ninth Ostin - fourth Toochin - third Wahalaw - south Wekewa - spring See Problem Box under Indian Head Acres for photocopy from article fromTallahassee Democrat, Home Section, 5/23/93. See also Vertical File - LC/T- Roads 
1/1/2001  Native Americans Indian Reservations Tribes  See: Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian, by Barry Klein. 6th ed., 1993. R 973.0497 Kle In Florida: Seminole Tribal Headquarters Miccosukee Tribal Headquarters 6300 Stirling Rd. P.O. Box 440021, Tamiami Station Hollywood, FL 33024 Miami, FL 33144 (954) 966-6300 (305) 223-8380 Chairman James Billie Chairman Billy Cypress Seminole Big Cypress Reservation Miccosukee Alligator Alley Reservation Star Route, Box 46 (no mailing address) Clewiston, FL 33440 (941) 983-2159 Miccosukee Krome Ave. Reservation (no mailing address) Seminole Brighton Reservation Route 6, Box 666 Okeechobee, FL 33472 Poarch Band of Creek Indians (941) 763-4128 5811 Jack Springs Rd. Atmore, AL 36502 Seminole Immokalee Reservation (334) 368-9136 202 Stockade Rd. Chairman Eddie L. Tullis Immokalee, FL 33934 (941) 657-6573 (941) 657 6567 Field Office Source: Florida Governor's Council on Indian Affairs (4/00) Seminole Tampa Reservation 5221 North Orient Rd. Tampa, FL 33610 (813) 626-3077 Seminole Fort Pierce Reservation (contact Seminole Brighton Reservation) 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Elevation - Latitude - Longitude - Area  Elevation: 190 feet (58 meters) above sea level Latitude: 30.25 North Longitude: 84.16 West (Rand McNally International Atlas) Area - Tallahassee: 95.76 sq. mi. Leon County: 676 sq. mi. 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - top employers - businesses  Top 25 Employers Top 25 Employers, Private (Businesses that employ 200 or more) 1. Florida State government (Tallahassee based), 45,600 1. Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare Inc., 3,641 2. Florida State University, 11,253 2. Publix Supermarkets #150, 1,450 3. Leon County Schools, 5,374 3. Terminal Service Co. Inc., 1000 4. City of Tallahassee, 3,933 4. Sodexho Marriott at FSU, 702 5. Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare Inc., 3,641 5. Tallahassee Community Hospital, 663 6. Florida A&M University, 3,312 6. McDonald's Hamburger Restaurants, 620 7. Leon County, 1,645 7. Sprint, 600 8. Publix Super Markets #150, 1,450 8. Capital City Bank Group, 528 9. Terminal Service Co. Inc., 1,000 9. WalMart Super Center, 507 10. Tallahassee Community College, 868 10. The Printing House Inc., 430 11. Tallahassee/Leon County Civic Center, 852 11. Homes and Land Publishing Corp., 399 12. Sodexho Marriott at FSU, 702 12. DISC Village, 370 13. Tallahassee Community Hospital, 663 13. Taco Bell, 360 14. U.S. Postal Service, Tallahassee, 650 14. Rally's Hamburgers, 350; and Watkins Engineers & Constructors, 350 15. McDonald's Hamburgers Restaurants, 620 15. YMCA, 316 16. Sprint, 600 16. Tallahassee Democrat Inc., 314 17. Tallahassee Police Department, 568 17. General Dynamics Land Systems--Tallahassee, 310 18. Capital City Bank Group, 528 18. Florida Bar, 303 19. WalMart Super Center, 507 19. Big Bend Chapter, Florida PBA, 300 20. The Printing House Inc., 430 HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital, 300 and 21. Homes and Land Publishing Corp., 399 Marriott Education Services, 300 22. Capital Health Plan, 385 20. Westminster Oaks Continuing Care Retirement, 276 23. DISC Village, 370 21. Burger King Corp., 270 24. Taco Bell, 360 22. Sears Roebuck & Co., 250 25. FSU National High Magnetic Field Lab, 350 23. Dillard's, 206 Rally's Hamburgers, 350 (tie) 24. Rose Printing Inc., 202 25. J.C. Penney Co. Inc., 200 Source: Tallahassee Area Chamber of Commerce, February 2000 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Largest Lakes  Largest lakes - Tallahassee - Leon County Lake Iamonia - 5,757 acres Lake Jackson - 4,004 acres 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Fire of 1843  Fire of 1843 See: Apalachee, published by the Tallahassee Historical Society, Vol. 3, p. 11 (R+Circ) 975.988 T147a v.3 "Dreadful conflagration in Tallahassee" Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 3, 1924, pp. 44-48 "The Tallahassee Fire of 1843" Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 7, 1928, pp. 164-167 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee Democrat - newspapers  John G. Collins founded The Weekly True Democrat on March 3, 1905. Collins published the newspaper for three years. The Democrat was then sold to Milton A. Smith and transformed into the Semi-Weekly True Democrat. Smith produced the Semi-Weekly True Democrat for several years, as well as the Daily Democrat and the Tallahassee Daily Democrat during legislative sessions. In 1915, the weekly edition was dropped. The Tallahassee Daily Democrat continued and was purchased by Col. Lloyd C. Griscom in 1929. In 1949, Griscom changed the name to the Tallahassee Democrat. The Griscom family owned and operated the paper until 1965, when it was sold to Knight newspapers. In May 1968, the newspaper moved from the NE corner of Adams and Call streets to a million dollar building on Magnolia Drive, its present location. At that point, change and growth occurred rapidly. In 1974, the Tallahassee Democrat became a Knight-Ridder newspaper, with the merger of Knight newspapers and Ridder Publications. In 1978, the Democrat converted from an afternoon paper to a morning newspaper. Older Tallahassee Newspapers: Tallahassee Sentinel, 1841-1858 Weekly Floridian, 1867-1898 TheState Library of Florida has the above and the entire run of the Democrat on microfilm. The LeRoy Collins Leon County Public Library has the Democrat on microfilm from July 9, 1924 to the present. See also Tallahassee Historical Society Annual, Vol. 4, 1939 R+Circ 975.988 T147a v.4, (Ref copy kept in hallway) p. 23: "Newspapers." p. 68: "Leon County's Newspapers," by John Kilgore 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Song  See: Expanding File Music for photocopy of sheet music of song "Tallahassee" by Frank Loesser Problem Box for photocopy of music from song "Tallahassee Lassie" by Frank C. Slay, Jr., Bob Crewe and Frederick A. Piscariello (from The Performer's Complete Fake Book - not in library's collection) 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - History - Historical Information - Leon County  Leon County, originally part of both Escambia County and Jackson County, and later a part of Gadsden County, was created by the Territorial Legislature December 29, 1824 as the seventh county in the State of Florida. Named for Ponce De Leon, Leon County was one of the most populous and prosperous counties in ante-bellum Florida. Tallahassee, named for the "old fields" that it once encompassed, earned the title early in the 16th century from the Apalachee Indians who inhabited the area. Legend says that the final spelling was chosen by Octavia Walton, daughter of the territorial governor of Florida. Today, Tallahassee exemplifies not only the influence of the Indian, but also that of the Spanish, French and English who occupied the area in succession. The City of Tallahassee, the county seat and only incorporated city in Leon County, was incorporated on Dec. 9, 1825, following a decision by the legislature to locate the capital of the new Florida Territory midway between the population centers of St. Augustine and Pensacola. 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Polio epidemic  "Florida Health Notes," June 1955 issue, reports an epidemic "which resembled polio" in Tallahassee in the fall of 1954. Source: State Library of Florida, 2/4/94 
1/1/2001  Dante's Inferno  The Inferno is the first part of The Divine Comedy, by Dante Alighieri. Most editions: 851.15 Dan (also YA) 
1/1/2001  Ink blot Rorschach test  Ink blot - Rorschach test for basic description see: Mental Health Disorders Sourcebook, ed. by Karen Bellenir. 2d. Ed., Omnigraphics, 2000. R 616.89 Men, p. 29. Encyclopedia of Psychology, ed. By Raymond J. Corsini. 2d. Ed., J. Wiley. R 150.3 Enc, vol. 3, p. 328. 
1/1/2001  Military insignia  Search as subject headings in the online catalog: Decorations of honor Medals Military decorations 
1/1/2001  Insecticide home-made  Q: I used to have a formula to make an insecticide spray for shrubs using products from the kitchen. Do you happen to have one? A: The only home-made mixture that I've heard works was concocted by Don Short, extension service entomologist with the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences in Gainesville. Prepare a spray to control scale, whitefly, mites and similar pests on trees by adding the following to one gallon of water: 2 1/2 tablespoons mild dish detergent and 2 1/2 tablespoons vegetable cooking oil. Short said the mixture should be agitated during the spray process to keep the oil in solution. As with most pesticides, make sure the temperature is below 85 degrees during use and until the spray dries. Short also recommends making test sprays a few days before treatment on a portion of a plant to make sure your shrubs are not sensitive to products used in the mixture. (Tallahassee Democrat, 1/16/93) 
1/1/2001  International Student Exchange Program  International Student Exchange Program 1601 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 501 Washington, DC 20009-1035 
1/1/2001  Inauguration trivia  See Expanding File I for Inauguration Trivia 
1/1/2001  Invictus - poem by William Ernest Henley  "Invictus" by William Ernest Henley Out of the night that covers me, Black as the Pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul. In the fell clutch of circumstance I have not winced nor cried aloud. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the Horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds and shall find me unafraid. It matters not how strait the gate, How charged the punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate; I am the captain of my soul. Source: Best Loved Poems of the American People (R+Circ) 808.82 Bes, p. 73 
1/1/2001  Invocations  See: Good graces: invocations, inspirations, reflections for club chaplains and speakers, by Patricia Warner (R+Circ) 242.8 War Handbook of public prayer, by Roger Geffen. 242 Gef 
1/1/2001  IQ Intelligence Tests  See: Intelligence tests as a subject heading in the online catalog. Problem Box for article "Hey, smarty pants - find out just how smart you really are: take IQ and personality tests online," by Bill Husted. Tallahassee Democrat 8/7/99. 
1/1/2001  Ivy League  Ivy League, a group of colleges in the eastern United States, generally regarded as scholastically and socially prestigious. It includes Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Yale. The Ivy League originated in 1900 as an informal association for football competition; it was not formally organized until 1956 and then only to set policies for athletic competition. Source: Encyclopedia Americana. 
1/1/2001  Isn't it strange - poem - quote - R.L. Sharpe  First verse of poem "A bag of tools" by R. L. Sharpe: Isn't it strange That princes and kings, And clowns that caper In sawdust rings, And common people Like you and me Are builders for eternity? Source: Best loved poems of the American people. R+Circ 808.81 Bes, p. 99 
1/1/2001  Ishtar Gate Babylon  Ishtar Gate, Ancient Babylon, See: Praeger encyclopedia of art, vol. 1, p. 112 R 703 Pra McGraw-Hill dictionary of art, vol. 3, p. 187 R 703 Mac Larousse Encyclopedia of Archaelogy, pp. 188,. 190 R 930.1 Lar Archaelogical reconstruction in Berlin, Germany in Pergamon Museum on "Museum Island" (Museuminsel). See guidebooks to Berlin. 
1/1/2001  Ithaka poem Cavafy Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis funeral  The poem "Ithaka" by Greek poet C.P. Cavafy was read at the funeral of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis by Maurice Tempelsman. See Problem Box under Onassis for obituary article from New York Times, 5/24/94, that prints full text of "Ithaka." 
1/1/2001  Iwo Jima - flag raising  Iwo Jima - flag raising at Mt. Suribachi. See: Encyclopedia of Photography, R 770.3 Enc, v. 15, p. 2771 for copy of famous photograph. Life Magazine, March 26, 1945, p. 15 (bound volume) Flags of our fathers, by James Bradley. Bantam Books, 2000. 940.5426 Bra (also Large Type) 
1/1/2001  You're a grand old flag - song - George M. Cohan  See Expanding File under Y for photocopy of sheet music to George M. Cohan's "You're a grand old flag." See also Reader's Digest Festival of Popular Songs 784 Rea Sometimes called "It's a grand old flag." 
1/1/2001  Irish songs - St. Patrick's Day  See Expanding File "I" for Irish songs. 
1/1/2001  Jacksonville Jaguars Football  See Problem Box under Jacksonville Jaguars for article (clipping) from Tallahassee Democrat 12/1/93 on the then new franchise of the Jacksonville Jaguars and a brief history of football in Jacksonville, FL. 
1/1/2001  Jai alai  Jai alai - pronounced Hi - a - lie. 
1/1/2001  Japanese fruitcake  Japanese fruitcase See: Desserts cookbook / Southern Living and Progressive Farmer, 641.86 Des, p. 68 
1/1/2001  Jacob's Ladder - puzzle  See Expanding File J for article on the puzzle "Jacob's Ladder." 
1/1/2001  Japanese tomato ring  Japanese tomato ring - See Expanding File T for plans and article on building one. This consists of a wire ring filled with fertilizer and mulch for growing tomatoes and other plants. 
1/1/2001  Beef jerky - dried beef  Beef jerky - how to make. See: Butchering, processing, and preservation of meat, by Frank G. Ashbrook. (R+Circ) 641.49 Ash, p. 229. Rombauer's The Joy of Cooking, 1975 ed., p. 814. R 641.5 Rom 1975. Circ in the branches. 1975 ed. Only. 
1/1/2001  Jupiter effect - earthquake prediction - disasters  See: The Jupiter effect (1974), and The Jupiter effect reconsidered (1982), both by John R. Gribbin and Stephen H. Plagemann, and both 551.13 Gri See also: Expanding File J 
1/1/2001  Jim Jones - Jonestown - Guyana  Members of the People's Temple were killed or committed suicide at Jonestown, Guyana (near the Venezuela border) Nov. 18, 1978. Spiritual leader: Jim Jones. 911 corpses. 
1/1/2001  Job satisfaction questionnaire  Job satisfaction questionnaire - See Expanding File J for rticle from Psychology Today. 
1/1/2001  Malcolm Johnson  Malcolm Johnson (1913-1989), was Editor of the Tallahassee Democrat from 1954-1978. He is the author of two books: I declare! A collection of editorial commentaries (1983) R+Circ 070.4 Joh Red, white, and bluebloods in frontier Florida (1976) 975.901 Joh The portrait of Malcolm Johnson on the first floor of the library in the Media Section is by Edward Jonas. 
1/1/2001  Juries - Jury system  Search under Jury as a subject in the online catalog. 
1/1/2001  Veterans - Widows benefits  The Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) is paid to the surviving spouse when the death of the veteran happened while on active dutiy, if the death was in some way associated with a recognized service-connected disease or injury or the veteran was rated as permanently and totally disabled from a service-connected disability. In the past, if a widow remarried, her benefits were discontinued permanently. The new change is that benefits will once again be paid to those surviving spouses if the subsequent marriage was terminated by death or divorce. Contact the VA's toll-free number, (800) 827-1000, to speak to a benefits counselor. Source: Ann Landers' column, Tallahassee Democrat, 3/28/01, p. 4D. 
1/1/2001  Legend of the Jonquil  Years ago, springtime in southern France mean the reappearance of a wandering minstrel, know as Jongleur. The merry tunes he played on his quill, a trumpet-like instrument, heralded the coming of spring and brought joy to old and young alike. One spring, at the end of his visit, he went through each village handing his friends tiny flower bulbs, asking that they be planted upon his departure. The following spring he did not appear at all. The villagers were delighted, however, to find hundreds of bright yellow flowers springing up everywhere. The trumpet-shaped blossoms reminded the villagers of the quill Jongleur had always played, and so they named the flower Jon's Quill. They came to look forward to the appearance of these cheery blossoms every spring, as eagerly as they had looked forward to Jongleur's visits. Through the years the flower acquired the name of Jonquil, and some folks say if you put it to your ear and listen very hard, you just might be able to her the merry tunes of the wandering minstrel. 
1/1/2001  Junk mail telephone phone calls termination stopping mailing lists marketing  To cut down on mail, send your name and address to: Mail Preference Service, Direct Marketing Association, P.O. Box 9008, Farmingdale, NY 11735. To cut down on phone solicitations: 1) Send your name, address, and telephone number to Telephone Preference Service, Direct Marketing Association, P.O. Box 9014, Farmingdale, NY 11735 2) Send a $10.00 check, along with your name, address and telephone number to Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, P.O. Box 6700, Tallahassee, FL 32314-6700 This $10 check covers the first year. Annual renewals cost $5. To further help reduce both junk mail and telemarketing calls, call the Opt Out Request Line, which covers the major credit bureaus, at 1-888-567-8688. Although it may be redundant, you may be able to speed up the process by contacting directly the following major list brokers: R.L. Polk & Co., 1-800-873-7655 First Data Solutions, 1-888-633-4402 Esperian, 1-800-228-4571 All three are members of the Direct Marketing Association, so your letters to the DMA should suffice. Within two or three months of taking these steps, you should experience a dramatic drop in telemarketing calls and junk mail coming into your home. The only step that costs money is getting on Florida's No Sales Solicitation Calls List. (See 2) above. Source: Orlando Sentinel, 9/28/98. Junk mail - telephone calls 
1/1/2001  Scales of Justice - Astraea  Scales of Justice See: Picture book of symbols, by Ernst Lehner R 031 L523, p. 82, 92. See reverse of card in Problem Box under Justice for illustration from p. 82, above. See under Astraea, (goddess of Justice) in the Encyclopedia Americana, also in New Century Classical Handbook, R 913.38 N532c, p. 182, under Astraea. View Image 
1/1/2001  Kachina dolls - Hopi Indians  See Expanding File K also 'Kachina' as a subject in the online catalog. 
1/1/2001  Kaleidoscope  See Expanding File K also 'kaleidoscope' as a subject in online catalog 
1/1/2001  Karaoke  Karaoke is a Japanese word referring to singing along and lip-synching with music. 
1/1/2001  Jan Karon - Mitford series - orange marmalade cake recipe  Jan Karon's Mitford series (all F Kar + audiocassettes): 1. At home in Mitford 2. A light in the window 3. Out to Canaan 4. A new song See Expanding File under O for recipe of Orange Marmalade Cake featured in the Mitford series 
1/1/2001  Keiretsu - Japanese business  Keiretsu - "business alliance" - "a web of interlocking long-term relationshipos between a big manufacturer and its main suppliers." "Japanese buddy system" Japanese management system. See Problem Box for printouts giving abstracts that explain it further. 
1/1/2001  Kayak - how to build  Kayak See: Family creative workshop, publ. by Plenary Publishers, volume 8, p. 968. 745.5 Ple v.8 
1/1/2001  John F. Kennedy Inaugural Address Quote "Ask not what your country can do for you…"  Quotation: "And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what you country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country." From John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address. See: The presidents speak. R 353.0359 Uni 1959, p. 271 Contemporary quotations, compiled by Robert B. Simpson R 808.88 Sim, p. 22 Bartlett's familiar quotations, 16th ed., R 808.88 Bar (kept at Ref. Desk), p. 741, item #7. 
1/1/2001  Kennedy - Lincoln coincidences  Kennedy - Lincoln coincidences and similarities. See: The People's Almanac Presents the Book of Lists #3, R 031.02 Peo 1983, p. 439 The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents, by William A, DeGregorio. (R+Circ) 973.0992 DeG Appendix B: 1989 ed., p. 699; 1993 ed., p. 733. (also 20-year curse and 50-year scandal cycle) 
1/1/2001  Qaddafi, Muammar al- Khadafy - Khaddafy - Libya  Preferred spelling of the "Leader of the Revolution" of Libya is Muamar Qaddafi (Current Biography Yearbook, 1992) The Statesman's Yearbook lists him as Muammar Qadhafi. 
1/1/2001  Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruholla - Iran  Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, 1900? - 1989, Iranian Shi'ite Muslim Leader, founder of Islamic Republic. See article in Current Biography Yearbook, 1979; obituary Current Biography Yearbook, 1989. Ayatollah = Soul of God. 
1/1/2001  Quote - That which does not kill me makes me stronger - Nietzsche  Quotation, quote - "That which does not kill me makes me stronger." by Frederick Nietzsche in "Twilight of idols." Source: The International Thesaurus of Quotations, by Rhoda Thomas Tripp. R 808.88 Tri, p. 11, item #44, in Section 17 "Adversity." 
1/1/2001  King, Martin Luther, Jr.  Martin Luther King, Jr..(January 15, 1929 - August 4, 1968) See Vertical File and Expanding File under K. I have a dream speech (August 28, 1963), See VF and: World's Great Speeches, by Lewis Copeland, 3rd ed. R 808.85 Cop, p. 751 Let Freedom Ring, R 323.1 Let, pp. 122-125. Letter from Birmingham Jail, see Expanding File and: Let Freedom Ring, R 323.1 Let, pp. 110-114. Epitaph: "Free at last, Free at last, Thank God Almighty, I'm Free at last." Holiday - After his death many states and territories observed his birthday as a holiday. In 1983 the Congress aproved HR 3706, "A bill to amend Title 5, United States Code, to make the birthday of Martin Luther Iing, Jr. a legal holiday." Signed by the President on Nov. 2, 1983, it became Public Law 98-144. The law set the third Monday in January for observance of King's birthday. First observance was Jan. 20, 1986. In New Hampshire, this day is designated Civil Rights Day. Source: Chase's Calendar of Events. Mother. Alberta Williams King, shot and killed June 30, 1974 during services in the Ebenezer Baptist Church, the Atlanta church of which her husband Martin Luther King, Sr. was pastor. Marcus Wayne Chenault, 23, was convicted by a jury of murder, 9/12/74. See Facts on File, 1974 volume, p. 562, 907. 
1/1/2001  Stephen King - Richard Bachman  Stephen King, sometimes uses pseudonym Richard Bachman The Green Mile, all 1996, series: Part 1. The two dead girls Part 2. The mouse on the mile Part 3. Coffey's hands Part 4. The bad death of Eduard Delacroix Part 5. Night journey Part 6. Coffey on the mile 
1/1/2001  King's Cake - Mardi Gras - New Orleans  See: Folklore of American Holidays, by Hennig Cohen andTristram Potter R 394.2 Fol, 1st ed., 1987, p. 27, or J R 394.2 Fol, 2nd ed., 1991, p. 29 or see Problem Box inder King's Cake for photocopy from above From the New Orleans Public Library: The celebration began in 1870 with the Ball of the 12th Night Revelers (12 days after Christmas, or Epiphany when 3 wise men (kings) appeared. Queens and maids were chosen by prearranged discovery of gold and silver beans in their part of the cake. Beans were replaced with china dolls, which were outlaws in 1965. Now a plastic baby is baked into commercial cakes, and whoever gets the slice with the baby brings the next cake. Traditionally, when a girl got the baby, she selects a king, gives a party the next weekend. This continues until Lent. 
1/1/2001  Kiwi fruit  Kiwi fruit, see: Tallahassee Democrat, Sept. 16, 1990, p. 2F 
1/1/2001  Knife making sharpening knives  Knife making or sharpening knives See: Foxfire book #4 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Knott House  Knott House 301 E. Park Ave. 922-2459 Hours: Wed., Thurs., Fri., 1-4 Sat., Sun., 10-4 Tours on the hour Admission Free (updated 4/01) 
1/1/2001  Kwanzaa  Kwanzaa See under Kwanzaa as a subject in the online catalog Expanding File under K Problem Box under K 
1/1/2001  Lost county - Fayette - Florida  Florida's lost county - Fayette. "The lost county of Fayette confounds those who say counties are born in Florida but never die. Fayette was born in 1832 and died in 1834, . . . Fayette is the only county to pass complete out of existence after once having lived. . . . New River, Benton, and Mosquito have disappeared from the roster of Florida counties, but only through change of name. Unlike Fayette, they live today through their direct descendents. New River has become Baker and Bradford; Benton, returned to its original designation of Hernando, while Mosquito is now Orange after almost having been named Leigh Read. Bloxham has existed on the statute books only, electors failing to ratify an enabling act. St. Lucie and Broward each died and came back to life. . . .Presumably named for the Marquis de Lafayette (who died in the same year as the county), Fayette filled the big V of the converging Chipola and Apalachicola rivers with Alabama's boundary as the cross bar. . . .From circumstantial evidence in the form of a charter for the town of Ocheesee, as the county seat of Fayette, and a franchise for a ferry across the Apalachicola River at Ocheesee, there might be argued that Fayette was created to stimulate the sale of land at that town. . . . The citizens of Jackson County were opposed to the slicing away of the land which would form Fayette. . . .Changes were in the act [establishing the county] before its repassage and, reluctantly, Gov. Wescott signed the bill into law on Feb. 9, 1932, stating he still objected. The 1833 Legislature changed the boundaries of Fayette in such a way as to bring forth [a] petition when the lawmakers met again the following year: "The undersigned citizens of Fayette county do respectfully petition your honorable body to annex to our county its original boundaries or to reunite it to that of Jackson. . . ." the county of Fayette was abolished on Jan. 20, 1834, being re-incorporated in Jackson. Source: Florida Handbook, 1947-1948, pp. 92-93 R 917.59 Flo. Photocopy in Expanding File L. 
1/1/2001  LaHaye, Tim - "Left behind" series  Tim LaHaye - "Left Behind" series 1. Left behind 2. Tribulation force 3. Nicoloe 4. Soul harvest 5. Apollyon 6. Assassins 
1/1/2001  Lafayette Land Grant - old Tallahassee  The southwest corner of the Lafayette grant began at the prime meridian market near the capitol at Meridian and Bloxham streets, and it extended north six miles, then six, east, then south again. This land was supposedly worth $150,000. 
1/1/2001  Florida Prisons Correctional Institutions Corrections  See looseleaf notebook at Ready Reference "Florida Prisons" for addresses, phone numbers, fax numbers, etc. Search: for updated list, and all Florida Correctional information, including lists of individual prisoners, "Offender Search." 
1/1/2001  Lake Ella - Tallahassee  Lake Ella in Tallahassee: The hiking path around Lake Ella is exactly 0.623 miles long. (City of Tallahassee Parks & Recreation Dept.) Name - Originally called Bull's Pond until planter Jabez Bull named the lake for his daughter Ella. (Tallahassee Democrat, 5/26/96, p. 10E) 
1/1/2001  Land - Soil Analysis  Land - Soil Analysis. Contact: U.S. Soil Conservation Office 615 Paul Russell Rd. 877-3724 
1/1/2001  Lanterns - non-electric  Lanterns - Non-electric See: Country women, by Sherry Thomas 630.2 Tho 
1/1/2001  Latitude & Longitude  For worldwide latitude and longitude see in back of New International Atlas, pub. by Rand McNally R 912 Ran 1991 
1/1/2001  Lawn glider and porch swing  Lawn glider, porch swing, how to build See: Backyard Building Book II, by James Churchill. 690.8 Chu. p. 106 
1/1/2001  Law. Florida Call-a-Law  Florida Call-a-Law (850) 561-1200 (must have touch-tone phone) "A collection of recorded messages providing general information on a variety of basic legal topics." by the Florida Bar and the Florida Bar Foundation. See Problem Box under Law for pamphlet giving full list of recorded lectures. 
1/1/2001  Florida Coastal School of Law  Florida Coastal School of Law - new Florida law school 7555 Beach Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 3216 (904) 680-7700 
1/1/2001  Lawn mower repair  Lawn mower repair. See: How to repair Briggs & Stratton engines, by Paul Dempsey 621.43 Dem Lawn, garden and power equipment 621.43 Law 
1/1/2001  Unusual laws  Unusual laws. See: 10,000 jokes, toasts and stories, edited by Lewis and Faye Copeland. 808.7 Cop, p. 178, "Loony laws." 
1/1/2001  Lawyer referral - Tallahassee Bar - Law  The Tallahassee Bar Association has a lawyer referral service to make legal services more accessible to individuals and families in need of legal help. (850) 681-0601 
1/1/2001  Lead as a contaminent  Lead as a contaminent. See Problem Box under Lead for article from Tallahassee Democrat 2/18/93, p. 2E. "Limit your exposure to lead" Food facts column by Ann Parramore 
1/1/2001  Leap year  Leap year: a span of 366 days occurring in years divisible by four, such as 1976 and 1984. Even century years, such as 1600, must be divisible by 400. Dates in ordinary years move forward a single day each year, but during leap year they "leap" forward two days following the last day of February, the 29th. (Source: New York Public Library Desk Reference.) 
1/1/2001  Why leaves change colors  "Why leaves change colors" - Source: Good Housekeeping, October 1995 The leave of deciduous trees contain three types of pigment: Chlorophyll, which gives them their basic green color and is essential for photosynthesis, the chemical reaction that enables plants to use sunlight to manufacture sugars for their food. Carotenoids, which produce yellow, orange, and brown colors in such things as corn, carrots, daffodils, rutabagas, buttercups, and bananas. Anthocyanins, which produce reds in cranberries, red apples, concord grapes, blueberries, cherries, strawberries, and plums. During the growing season, the leaves appear green. As the amount of daylight decreases in autumn, chlorophyll production slows down and then stops altogether, enabling the carotenoids and anthocyanins to appear. Certain colors are characteristic of particular species: Oak turns red, brown, or russet; hickory, golden bronze; aspen and yellow-poplar, golden yellow; dogwood, purplish red; beech, light tan; and sourwood and black tupelo, crimson. As for the maple family, red maple turns brilliant scarlet; sugar maple, orange-red; black maple, glowing yellow; and striped maple becomes almost colorless. 
1/1/2001  Robert E. Lee  Robert E. Lee (Jan. 19, 1807 - Oct. 122, 1870) Hair; black Eyes: brown From. Lee of Virginia, by Douglas Freeman B Lee 
1/1/2001  Left handedness  Left handedness. See: Left and right handedness as a subject in online catalog 
1/1/2001  Leisure time activities  See Problem Box under Leisure for photocopy of article from New York Times, 5/9/93, of how Americans spend leisure time, giving chart of percentages of activities over a typical week. 
1/1/2001  Legal dispute resolution out-of-court Florida  Legal dispute resolution out-of-court See: Mediation as a subject in the online catalog 
1/1/2001  Lemon law - Florida  Lemon law - Florida. See: Problem Box under Lemon Law for copy of printout giving a good explanation. Florida Statutes Index under Motor Vehicles--Warranties Most references are to Florida Statutes, chapter 681.103 - 681.106. Lemon Law Hot Line 1-800-321- 5366 in Florida Out-of-state call (850) 488-2221 For products other than motor vehicles, See Florida Statutes Index under Consumer Protection. For Pets, see Chapter 828.29. 
1/1/2001  Leg irons - ball and chain - Civil War  Leg irons - ball and chain See: Civil War Collector's Encyclopedia, by Francis A. Lord. (R+Circ) 973.7 Lor, p. 53 
1/1/2001  Leon County Public Library - LeRoy Collins  Leon County Public Library History: Chartered, 1955, opened at "The Columns" then located at 102 S. Adams, 3/21/56. Moved to the Elks Club, 127 N. Monroe St., 1/10/62-4/78 Moved to the Northwood Mall, now Northwood Center, 5/78 - 1/91 Opened up in present building, 200 W. Park Ave., 1/20/91; "Grand Opening" 2/23/91. Named in honor of Gov. LeRoy Collins and dedicated 9/17/93. Building: Cost: $8.1 million. 88,230 sq. ft. 3 1/2 acres including both parking lots. Chief architect and interior designer: Andrew Welch. Architectural Firm: Jim Robertson & Associates. (JRA Architects) Landscape architect: Patrick Hodges. Construction: Culpepper Construction. Time capsule. See Time Capsule as key words in this database. 
1/1/2001  Leon County Schools - Names, Elementary  Leon County Schools - Names ELEMENTARY Apalachee: named after the American Indian tribe Astoria Park: in honor of the nearby neighborhood Bond: named after the south-side community [See entry in this database under Bond Community] Brevard: in honor of teacher Caroline M. Brevard Buck Lake: For Buck Lake Road Canopy Oaks: in homage to the trees and canopy roads near the school Chaires: in honor of the community, which was named after Green Hill Chaires who helped settle Tallahasssee. DeSoto Trail: named after the DeSoto Trail, the route taken by Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto in northwest Florida Fort Braden: for the community, which was named after a military outpost created during the Second Seminole War Gilchrist: to honor James M. Gilchrist, former principal of the school, which used to be called Timberland Elementary Hartsfield: to honor Frank S. Hartsfield, Leon County Schools Superintendent from 1917-1936 Hawks Rise: name created to describe the area Killearn Lakes: named for the community W.T. Moore: to honor W.T. Moore, Leon County judge and former Leon County School Board Chairman Oak Ridge: named for the oak trees around the school Pineview: named for the pine trees around the school Riley: to honor John G. Riley, Leon County's first black principal. Roberts: named after a former all-black schoolhouse and a local farming family (Tallahassee Democrat, 5/7/01, p. 1B) Ruediger: to honor Lillian Cross Ruediger, Leon County Schools elementary supervisor, 1945-1951 Sabal Palm: named for Florida's state tree Sealey: for Romero Mitchell Sealey, state supervisor of secondary education Springwood: named to describe the area Sullivan: for Kate Sullivan, who taught elementary school in Leon County for 47 years Wesson: for Leonard Wesson, former School Board member Woodville: named for the community 
1/1/2001  Leon County Schools - Names - Middle and High Schools & districtwide  Leon County Schools - Middle and High Schools MIDDLE SCHOOLS Belle Vue: named after Belle Vue Way, the street where the school is located Cobb: for Elizabeth Cobb, first principal of Caroline Brevard Elementary School Deerlake: named for the area Fairview: named for the nearby North Florida Fairgrounds Griffin: for the Rev. Henry Griffin, pastor of the church that donated the land for the school Nims: for R. Frank Nims, Leon County teacher and principal Raa: for Augusta Raa, 32-year veteran Leon County teacher Steele-Collins: named jointly for the Rev. C. K. Steele and Gov. LeRoy Collins Swift Creek: American Indian description of the area HIGH SCHOOLS Lawton Chiles: for Gov. Lawton Chiles Godby: for Amos P. Godby, Leon County Schools superintendent from 1945-1965 Leon: represents the county, which is named after Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon Lincoln: for Abraham Lincoln, U.S. president, and reusing the name of the former Lincoln High School on Brevard Street Rickards: for James S. Rickards, Broward County Schools superintendent and executive secretary of the Florida Education Association DISTRICTWIDE Gretchen Everhart: for Gretchen Everhart, Leon County supervisor for exceptional children Lively Technical Center: for businessman Lewis M. Lively, who donated two rooms in Tallahassee to start the school, in 1931 Pat Thomas Law Enforcement Academy: for Pat Thomas, state senator, D-Quincy SAIL = School for Applied Individual Learning Source: Karla Scoon Reid, Leon County Schools 
1/1/2001  Let the rest of the world go by - poem by J. Keirn Brennan  "Let the rest of the world go by" by J. Keirn Brennan (1873-1948), poem in: Understanding poetry, by Cleanth Brooks. 821.08 Bro 
1/1/2001  Recurrent letters of the alphabet  Recurrent letters of the alphabet: the normal frequencies with which letters of the alphabe occur from most to least frequent: E, T, A, O, I, N, S, H. R, D, L, U, C, M, P, F, Y, W, G. B, V, K, J, X, Z, Q Source: New York Times Desk Reference 
1/1/2001  Letters of recommendation, resignation, etc.  Letters of recommendation, resignation, etc. See books on how to write various kinds of letters, business and social, usually under 808.6 and 651.7 
1/1/2001  C.S. Lewis - Chronicles of Narnia  C.S. Lewis - Chronicles of Narnia The lion, the witch and the wardrobe. How Aslan, the noble lion, freed Narnia from the spell of the White Witch. Prince Caspian. How good Prince Caspian and his army of Talking Beasts conquered theTelmarines The voyage of the "Dawn Treader." How King Caspian sailed through magic waters to the End of the World. The Silver Chair. How captive Prince Rilian escaped from the Emerald Witch's underground kingdom. The horse and his boy. How a talking horse and a boy prince saved Narnia from invasion. The magician's nephew. How Aslan created Narnia and gave the gift of speech to its animals. The last battle. How evil came to Narnia andAslan led his people to a glorious new paradise. 
1/1/2001  Leon County Public Library Time Capsule  Leon County Public Library Time Capsule located under plaque in the floor near first floor public elevator. Contents: Literature: "Tallahassee Favored Land" and an issue of "Tallahassee" Magazine. Current life: Receipts from current bills (telephone, gas, electric, etc.). Youth: "Just Say No" campaign items. Future: Booklet from a kindergarten class outlining what they want to be when they grow up. Past: Old post cards from 1912 and 1915. Beauty: A piece of the Old May Oak and an acorn. Time capsule to be opened in January of 2040. Source: letter dated May 23, 1990 from Sandra Wilson, Library Director, to Parwez Alam, Leon County Administrator. 
1/1/2001  Liability waiver or release form  Liability waiver or release form See: Expanding File L 
1/1/2001  Florida State Document Depository Libraries  Florida State Document Depository Libraries. The following is a list of libraries that receive Florida state government publications automatically, distributed by a program of the State Library of Florida: Brevard County Library System (Cocoa) Broward County Division of Libraries (Ft. Lauderdale) Central Florida Regional Library System (Ocala) Florida International University, North Miami Campus Library Florida International University, Tamiami Campus Library (Miami) Florida State University Library (Tallahasee) Jacksonville Public Library Jacksonville University Library Lee County Library System (Ft. Myers) Miami-Dade Public Library System Northwest Regional Library System (Panama City) Orange County Library District (Orlando) St. Petersburg Public Library State Library of Florida (Tallahassee) Stetson University Library (DeLand) Tampa-Hillsborough Public Library University of Central Florida Library (Orlando) University of Florida Library (Gainesville) University of North Florida Library (Jacksonville) University of South Florida Library (Tampa) University of West Florida Library (Pensacola) Volusia County Library Center (Daytona Beach) West Palm Beach Public Library 
1/1/2001  First Circulating Library  First Circulating Library in America was set up the Library Company of Philadelphia, organized in 1731 by Benjamin Franklin through his society, the Junto. Source: Famous First Facts, by Joseph Nathan Kane R 030 Kan 
1/1/2001  Florida Jobline Job Hotline Library Employment  Florida Jobline Job Hotline for Library Employment. The State Library of Florida no longer has a telephone hotline for statewide job listings. Internet address for Florida Jobline: 
1/1/2001  Library Bill of Rights  Library Bill of Rights. The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services. 1. Books and other library resources should be provided for the interest, information, and enlightenment of all people of the community the library serves. Materials should not be excluded because of the origin, background, or views of those contributing to their creation. 2. Libraries should provide materials and information presenting all points of view on current and historical issues. Materials should not be proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval. 3. Libraries should challenge censorship in the fulfillment of their responsibility to provide information and enlightenment. 4. Libraries should cooperate with all persons and groups concerned with resisting abridgment of free expression and free access to ideas. 5. A person's right to use a library should not be denied or abridged because of origin, age, background, or views. 6. Libraries which make exhibit spaces and meeting rooms available to the public they serve should make such facilities available on an equitable basis, regardless of the beliefs or affiliations of individuals or groups requesting their use. Adopted June 18, 1948. Amended February 2, 1961, June 27, 1967, and January 23, 1980, by the ALA Council. 
1/1/2001  Live Oak Plantation - novel set at  Novel set at Live Oak Plantation: Those subtle weeds, by Jo Ann Lordahl. NY: Ace Bks, 1974 (OCLC #1846434) 
1/1/2001  Lithuanian sailor - defection  Lithuanian sailor attempted to defect from Soviet Navy, but was forced to return to his ship. His name was Simas Kudirka See Facts on File, 1971, p. 108 C2 for full account. 
1/1/2001  Little House on the Prairie - Laura Ingalls Wilder  See Wilder, Laural Ingalls as both author and subject in online catalog. See Expanding File W for photocopy giving chronology of Ingalls and Wilder families and information about Little House on the Prairie books. See reference books on television programs (R 791.45) for information on television series. 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee - Leon County Street names  See "Know your neighborhood: Tallahassee street name origins," pamphlet in Vertical File - Leon County - Roads, 1996-2000, for origins of local street names, including those of Native American origin. Copy also in Expanding File T. See also Indian Head Acres and Nene as keywords in this database 
1/1/2001  Little Rascals - Our Gang  The Motion Picture Guide, 1995 Annual volume, p. 217: The original "Our Gang" comedies were produced by Hal Roach from 1922 to 1938 and by MGM from 1939 to 1944; while the series was perennially popular in movie theaters, it achieved greater fame fame as a TV staple under the name "The Little Rascals" (MGM retained ownership of the original title). There was was also a feature movie The Little Rascals released in 1994. Note: TV series "Little Rascals" was the 1930s "Our Gang" movie series repackaged for television. For further information on cast, etc. see Complete Encyclopedia ofTelevision Programs 1947-1979, by Vincent Terrace. R 791.45 Ter, p. 267. 
1/1/2001  Livestock Market Prices  Livestock Market Prices: 1. Wall Street Journal. See Livestock Futures. 2. USDA Market News. (407) 897-5950 3. Florida Agriculture Line (407) 897-4374 
1/1/2001  Living Wills and Trusts - Medical Directive  See Living Wills and Living Trusts as subject headings in online catalog. See Expanding File L for forms for Living Will - "Five wishes." See also Problem Box under Medical Directive 
1/1/2001  Log cabins - Furniture - construction  See Log Cabins as a subject in online catalog. Also Expanding File L for plans for building a cabin yourself. Log furniture: See Popular Mechanics Do-It-Yourself Encyclopedia, 643.7 P831 1968 v.12, p. 2208. 
1/1/2001  Newspaper logs - construction  How to make newspaper logs: You need a dowel or broomstick and a stack of old newspapers. Make a layer of 10 or 12 sheets of newsprint and begin rolling them rightly around the dowel. Keep adding stacks of paper until the log is as thick as you want it. Tie the log in a couple of places with wire or stout twine and remove the dowel. When you've got a stack of logs, soak them well in water--it doesn't hurt to pound them firm with a mallet if you have one lying around. Stack them out in the sun . . . When logs are dry, they're ready for the fireplace. They may not produce much heat, but they do light up the fireplace. Source: Tallahassee Democrat "Action Line" column published in the 1970's. 
1/1/2001  Great Fire of London  Great Fire of London Sept. 2-7, 1666, during the reign of Charles II 
1/1/2001  Chicago Fire  Chicago Fire, Oct. 8, 1871 
1/1/2001  Battle of Long Island, U.S. Revolutionary War  Battle of Long Island, U.S. Revolutionary War See: Dictionary of Battles, by David Eggenberger, R 904 Egg, p. 246. 
1/1/2001  Lost colony - Roanoke  Lost colony See Roanoke Colony as a subject heading in online catalog 
1/1/2001  Lost wax casting  Lost wax casting See: Creation of sculpture, by Jules Struppeck 731 S927, p. 211 
1/1/2001  Lotteries - Powerball  Powerball is the multi-state lottery. States that currently (5/01) participate in Powerball are: Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Wisconsin, West Virginia ( 
1/1/2001  Lou Gehrig's Disease  Lou Gehrig's Disease medically known as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) 
1/1/2001  Luau  Luau See: Hawaiian cookbook, by Roana Schindler 641.5996 Sch Best little party book ever, by Kathleen Johnson 793.2 Joh 
1/1/2001  Lottery - lotteries - gambling - odds  Lotteries and other forms of gambling. The odds in a lottery are worse than other forms of gambling. But those other forms are also slanted toward the people running the games. Casinos have something called the vig (short for vigorish), meaning the advange the house enjoys on all so-called "even money" and "true odds" bets, on which you're paid, respectively, what you've bet or an amount proportion to your risk. In horse racing, you bet against everyone else at the track, and typically, the house takes 17% of all money bet. With breakage (the house rounds every payoff down to the nearest dime), add anoterh 2%. That's 19% you have to overcome before breaking even. These little numbers are the percentages of defeat built into every casino game, sports game, or horse race you bet on. In the long-run, you receive back the following number of cents for every dollar gamed on the game listed. [Note: in the following chart, c=cents, since the computer keyboard does not have the cents sign] Casino betting Sports Betting Baccarat 98.8c-85.9c Football and Basketball Blackjack Single bets 95.4c Normal 90c-80c Two-bet parlays 90c Perfect strategy 98.8c-98c Three-bet parlays 87.5c Strict card counting $1-98c Four-bet parlays 68.7c Craps Horse Racing 81c Normal bets 98.6c-83.3c Single odds 99.2c Lotteries 14.3c Double odds 99.4c Ten times odds $1 Keno 70.5c Roulette 94.7c Slot machines 98c-65c Source: Consumers' Research - March 1996 How many combinations of six numbers in the numbers 1-49? Answer: 13,983,816 Florida Lottery: (850) 487-7777 Canadian Lottery: (416) 488-4002 [Canadian Almanac & Directory R 971.0025 Can] 
1/1/2001  Love bugs - lovebugs  Lovebugs are small black flies with red chests (thoraxes). Males are 1/4 inch long; females are 1/3 inch in length. . . . Adult lovebugs are harmless and do not sting or bite. They feed on the nectar of various plants. Larvae feed on decaying plant material and perform a beneficial function by converting this material into organic components which can be used by growing plants. Two flights of lovebugs occur each year. The spring flight occurs during late April and May; a second flight occurs during late August and September. Flights extend over periods of 4 to 5 weeks. Mating takes place almost immediately after emergence of the females. Adult females live only 2 to 3 days . . . Lovebugs are a formidable nuisance to motorists because they congregate in unbelievable numbers along highways and splatter windshields and grills of passing autos. They can clog radiator fins cauisng cars to overheat. They also get into refrigeration equipment on trucks, thereby causing overheating. The fatty tissue will cause pitting of a car's finish if it is not removed within a few days. They will soil clothes and mess up fresh paint. Source: Florida critters, by Bill Zak, p. 141. (R+Circ) 591.69 Zak 
1/1/2001  Louisiana-Pacific siding class-action suit  Louisiana-Pacific Siding class-action suit. Building owners who have damaged Louisiana-Pacific Inner Seal exterior siding may join the class-action suit if the siding was installed before Jan. 1, 1996. The claim must be submitted prior to Jan. 1, 2003. The suit is open to those who have owned or currently own a home, condominium or other structure with L-P Inner Seal Siding. They need to be the original owner. To learn more about the settlement call 800-245-2722 or write to L-P Siding Litigation, P.O. Box 3240, Portland, OR, 97208-3240. Information is also available at this Web site: Another site, for the Defective Hardboard Siding Information Center, has information on products made by a number of manufacturers, including Masonite and Louisiana-Pacific. Its Web address is: 
1/1/2001  Luraville Locomotive  The Luraville Locomotive, an eight-wheeled engine, was almostly certainly built between 1850 and 1855, but where and by what firm is not known. Probably it pulled passenger trains in pre-Civil War days and for anumber of years later. In the 1890s, it was acquired by the Bache and Hagen Lumber Company and became a tram engine hauling logs to the company's sawmill at Luraville from the virgin forests along the Suwannee River in North Florida. The careers of the Luraville Locomotive abruptly ended in 1898 when it plunged into the Suwanee River. There are two stories of how this happened. The first is simply that it jumped the track at a curve and wound up in the river; some residents point to the spot where this could have happened. The second more detailed story is that the engine had been barged from the east to the west bank of the Suwanee to tram logs to the riverside south of the present community of Day. The tram rails it was supposed to run on proved too weak to hold it. . . . While being lowered down a bluff on a temporary track leading to a barge, it broke the restraining lines and freewheeled completely across the barge and into the water. The engine stood upright on the bottom for many years but eventually was washed over onto its side. The known history of the locomotive really begins in the late 1960s whena group of skindivers from the area began efforts to have it pulled out of the river. . . . On January 19, 1979, James Lancaster of Luraville realized a long-held ambition to remove the relic from the river. . . . He financed his own venture and brought in heavy lifting machinery which pulled the old engine 157 feet across the riverbottom and landed it on the Suwannee's east bank. Despite missing the bulging smokestack and wooden parts, it was displayed near Mr. Lancaster's home at Luraville for several years. It was later bought by Jacksonville businessman Jack Ghoyke who in 1982 presented it to the State through Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner. . . .the engine remains on public view at the Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services Laboratory Complex in Tallahassee. For a more detailed account, see the brochure "The Luraville Locomotive from the Suwannee River to Tallahassee, July 12, 1983" in Vertical File - Florida - 1980-1989, from which the above text is adapted. 
1/1/2001  Love  See Expanding File L for photocopy of article from Bride's Magazine, Dec, 1992, p. 53 for "100 ways to say I love you." 
1/1/2001  Literacy statistics  See Expanding File L for Literacy Statistics (1990) 
1/1/2001  Mafia members - living and dead  From: Mafia dynasty: the rise and fall of the Gambino crime family by John. H. Davis. 364.106 Dav HarperCollins, 1993 (LJB only) Living: [1993] Dead: John Gotti Carlo Gambino Tony Salerno Frank Scalise Angelo Ruggiero Salvatore Maranzano Peter Gotti Neil Dellacroce Sam Giancana Vincent Mangano 
1/1/2001  Magazines - scent free  Scent-free magazines just a phone call away Dear Abby: . . .I found out my favorite subscriptions could be sent me to me scent-free. I just called 1-800-374-4545 for Ladies Home Journal and 1-800-888-7788 for Good Housekeeping and asked to be put on the "scent-free" list. Other magazines probably offer the same service and most have 800 numbers. . . . [Abby:] You're right. Many readers wrote to say that having one's name added to the "scent-free"" list is as easy as calling the publisher and requesting it. The toll-free number is ually included along with the publisher's address inside the magazine. Look for the masthead, the section that lists the publisher, editors and other key personnel. {Baylife 10/96] 
1/1/2001  Magnolia - historic town in Florida  Magnolia - historic town in Florida See: Florida Places Names, by Allen Morris R 975.9 Mor (also J R), p. 154 Florida Historical Quarterly - v. 23, p. 24, 87 v.26, p. 317 v. 52, p. 169 Also Vertical File - Florida - Wakulla County 
1/1/2001  Mail recall  Contrary to popular belief, you can retrieve mail even after you've dropped it in the big blue box. Run, don't walk, to the post office (800-ASK-USPS or 202-268-2284), and fill out a free Sender's Application for Recall of Mail (Form 1509). You may have to pay for expenses, such as long-distance phone calls made on your behalf Source: Worth Magazine, April 1998 
1/1/2001  Manatee  Save the Manatee Club 500 N. Maitland Ave. Maitland, FL 32751 800-432-5646 (includes adopting a manatee) Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Bureau of Protected Species Management 850-922-4330 
1/1/2001  Maps - Geological Survey  Geological Survey Maps Sales & Distribution: tollfree 1-888-275-8747 
1/1/2001  Marbling  Marblind (wall treatments) See: Recipes for surfaces, by Mindy Drucker 688.1 Dru Creative paint finishes for the home, by Phillip C. Myer 698.14 Mye Painting furniture, by Rosie Fisher 749 Fis 
1/1/2001  Marble - care of  Marble - care of See Expanded File M for article on care and maintenance of marble 
1/1/2001  Marlboro Man - Cigarette Advertising  The Marlboro Man in cigarette advertisements was played by Wayne McLaren, former rodeo rider, stunt man, and model, who died from lung cancer. (NYT 7/25/92, Section 1, p. 11) Another actor who also played the Marlboro Man was David McLean, who died of lung cancer in Los Angeles at 73. (Tallahassee Democrat 10/20/95, p. 4B) 
1/1/2001  Marimba  Marimba - How to make See: Family creative workshop, pub. by Plenum Publications. International. 745.5 Pla v. 11, p. 1294 ff. 
1/1/2001  Mardi Gras  Mardi Gras See: Problem Box under Mardis Gras for article from Houston Chronicle1/2/94. Also: Vertical File - Geneeral - Louisiana 
1/1/2001  Marriott Convention Hotel Downtown, Tallahassee  Marriott Convention Hotel Downtown, Tallahassee Construction will begin in August of 2001, and is expected to take 18-22 months. Was approved in 1997. A 2-year lawsuit had to be resolved. Hotel will have 329 rooms. Source: Ron Spencer, Civic Center Director, 487-1691 
1/1/2001  Marshmallows  Marshmallows - Origins Q. - What are marshamllows made of? I once heard that they are derived from a type of marsh plant, hence the name, but is this still true? A. - Not anymore. But it is true that when marshmallows wee first made, back in the 1800's, they contained the gummy juice found in the root of the marshmallow plant, a perennial herb with pink flowers. Today, instead of the sticky juice, unflavored gelatin is mixed with a sugar-syrup mixture to make marshmallows. Source: Good Housekeeping Magazine, Dec. 1993. 
1/1/2001  Masada  See Masada as a subject on the online catalog. See also: Digging up the Bible lands, by Ronald Harker. 220.93 Har 
1/1/2001  Martin Luther King Boulevard, Tallahassee  Martin Luther King Boulevard in Tallahassee was formerly called "Boulevard." 
1/1/2001  Masks of Comedy and Tragedy  Masks of Comedy and Tragedy See: Picture Book of Symbols, by Ernest Lehner, R 031 L523, p. 11 Expanding File M View Image 
1/1/2001  May Party in Tallahassee  May Party in Tallahassee See: Apalachee, 1946, v.2, publ. by the Tallahassee Historical Society. (R+Circ) 975.988 T147A, v. 2, p. 35. 
1/1/2001  May Haw - Mayhaw - Jelly  May Haw, a hawthorn, Crataegus aestivalis, of the southern United States, having a juicy fruit that ripens in May, used for making jelly and preserves (Webster's New 20th Century Dictionary, unabr, 1975). See: Trees of Northern Florida, by Herman Kurz. 582.16 Kur, p. 151 Native Trees of Florida, by Erdman West. 582.16 W516, p. 77 May Haw Jelly: Cook 1 pound mayhaws (part underripe) with 2 cups water until tender enough to mash. Strain the juice and add 3/4 cup of sugar for each cup of juice. Cook rapidly to the jelly stage. Pour into hars and seal. (The Foxfire Book of Appalachian Cookery, 641.5975 Fox [AsmLst]) For more detailed directions for making Mayhaw jelly and jellies in general, see article in Problem Box under May Haw from Tallahassee Democrat 5/18/95, p. 7B, Food Facts column by Ann Parramore. 
1/1/2001  Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL  Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida 4500 San Pablo Road Jacksonville, FL 32224 (904) 953-2000 
1/1/2001  Maypole Dance  Maypole Dance. The pole, which need not be over seven feet high, must have an even number of gaily-colored ribbons tacked around and near the top. Ornament the top of the pole with colored streamers and suspend a wreath of flowers by means of two ribbons crossed and nailed on the top of the pole. Fasten the four ribbon ends to the flower wreath. The dancers stand facing alternately right and left, each holding a ribbon in the hand nearest the pole. Each dancer facing right passes under the ribbon held by the dancer facing opposite, then allows the next dancer to pass under his ribbon. In and out, over and under, the ribbons weave. Source: Celebrations, a unique treaury of holiday ideas . . ., by Becky Stevens Cordello. R 394.2697 Cor, p. 80. 
1/1/2001  Christa McAuliffe - quote  "I touch the future, I teach." quote by Christa McAuliffe. Cited by Keith Geiger in "Christa's legacy lives on." in NEA Today, Feb. 1996, (v.14, n.6) p. 2 
1/1/2001  Evan Hunter, Ed McBain - pseudonym  Evan Hunter, novelist, is also known as Ed McBain and Richard Marsten. 
1/1/2001  Mead  "Meads and melomels are wines made with honey." From: Making wine at home, by Annabell McIlnay. R 641.872 McI, p. 159 
1/1/2001  Margaret Mead - quote  Quote attributed to Margaret Mead - "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed it is the only thing that ever was." This quote apparently cannot be verified. See Problem Box for printout giving documentation to this effect. Source: 
1/1/2001  Conflict Resolution - Mediation  See: Mediation Services in the yellow pages of the telephone book. Neighborhood Justice Center, 918 Railroad Ave., Tallahassee. 921-6980. Conflict Resolution 
1/1/2001  Medical Malpractice Hotline  Medical Malpractice Hotline Practitioner Helpline Bureau of Health Professions Health resources and Services Administration P.O. Box 10832 Chantilly, VA 22021 800-767-6732 FAX 703-802-4109 Source: Lesko's Info-Power III (R 020.2573 Les 1996), p. 506 
1/1/2001  Meeting and party places - Tallahassee  Meeting and Party Places - Tallahassee See Problem Box under Meeting and Party for clippings and advertisements concerning places and venues for meetings and parties available for public and general use. 
1/1/2001  Mentoring  Mentoring. Here is a sampling of local organizations in need of volunteers, particulary black men: Big Brothers/Big Sisters, 386-6002 Boys and Girls Club of the Big Bend, 656-8100 Tallahassee Pareks and Recreation centers, 891-3866 Mentor Program, Leon County Schools, Volunteer Office, 487-4321 Sons of Allen, Bethel AME Church, 576-7501 Project Success, 100 Black Men of America Inc., FAMU, 599-3000 Tallahassee Urban League, Inc. 222-6111 Tallahassee branch, NAACP, 224-0697 Source: compiled by Penelope Carrington, Tallahassee Democrat 10/96, updated 6/01 
1/1/2001  Meridian marker & Street - Prime Meridian  Meridian Marker: See Problem Box under Meridian Marker for photographs of the Meridian Marker To go there, take S. Monroe, past the Capitol, turn left onto Gaines, turn right onto Gadsden, turn left onto Bloxham Street. The marker is on Bloxham in the grassy area to the right of the Florida State Records Center. Meridian Street is Florida's baseline for all property lines. See Problem Box under Meridian Street for article from Tallahassee Democrat, 12/15/95, p. 5B. Meridian Street runs exactly at 84 degrees lontitude (NOAA - Weather Service) 
1/1/2001  Messiah's handbook  Messiah's handbook See: Illusions: the adventures of a reluctant messiah, byt Richard Bach. F (+Y) Bac 
1/1/2001  Metal phonograph records  Metal phonograph records: Antique metal records can only be played on phonographs having fiber needles, not steel needles. Source: Sounds Great Stereo, Miami [1982] 
1/1/2001  Persian Gulf Middle East War  Persian Gulf - Middle East - War Dates (actual fighting) Jan. 16, 1991 - April 11, 1991 (Facts on File) Statistics of the war - See U.S. News and World Report, 3/11/91, p. 74 for article giving statistics of the Persian Gulf War. See Problem Box under Middle East War Statistics for photocopy of above. Persian Gulf - distances to Tallahassee: Tallahassee to Washington. DC - (Household Goods Carrier Mileage book) 800 Washington, DC to Istanbul, Turkey - (Information Please Almanac) 5,215 Istanbul to Kuwait City (National Geographic Atlas) 1,309 Total 7,024 miles 
1/1/2001  Mildew - Cornell fungicide formula  The Cornell fungicide formula. This spray will help prevent and/or control blackspot and mildew on roses--as well as powdery mildew on summer squash, early blight on tomatoes and alternaria leaf blight on melons. Add 1 (one) tablespoon each of baking soda and oil--either a light horticultural oil or regular vegetable oil, add a bit of insecticidal soap (the amount recommended for mixing with a gallon of water). Shake well before and during application. If weather is humid or threat of disease is high, spray every five to seven days. Spray both sides of leaves thoroughly at the first sign of disease. (Remember: always test any spray on a small area before spraying your entire plant!) Source: Organic Gardening, April 1994, p. 63 
1/1/2001  Military Bases - Installations - Organization  See: Guide to military installations, by Dan Craig R 355.702373 Cra [Stackpole Bks., 5th ed., 1997] Vertical File - General - Military Bases Military organization - See Expanding File M for photocopy from "The Soldier's Guidebook." 
1/1/2001  Miniature horse registry  Miniature horse registry - See Expanding File M 
1/1/2001  Millenium 2001 - 2000  Millenium. "There was no year zero. The world went from 1 B.C. right into A.D. 1. So 2,000 years later is A.D. 2001, not A.D. 2000." Source: article from Chicago Tribune Magazine, 2/18/96. See Problem Box under Millenium for copy of article. 
1/1/2001  Merchant Marine  See Expanding File M for pamphlet on employment and training in the Merchant Marine 
1/1/2001  Minimum wage  See latest World Almanac for information on Minimum Wage 
1/1/2001  Mirror silvering  Mirror silvering See: Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas. R (+Circ) 640.2 Hen Problem Box for photocopy of mirror silvering formula from above 
1/1/2001  Missing persons  Missing persons See under Missing persons--United States as a subject heading in the online catalog. 
1/1/2001  Dempsey Mayo  Dempsey Mayo was Marshall of the Florida Supreme Court, Jan. 1, 1948 - Oct. 30, 1974. He was a property owner who had a road named for him off US 90 East (Mahan Drive). He died 6/19/81. 
1/1/2001  Mother's alcohol  Mother's alcohol fuel "cookbook" article in Mother Earth News, May/June 1979, No. 57. See Expanding File M for photocopy of above article 
1/1/2001  Money - Dollar Bill  See Expanding File M for photocopy from National Enquirer 12/8/88 giving symbolism of pyramid and eye, etc. on U.S. Dollar Bill. See also "In God We Trust" in this database Money - weight of a roll of quarters ($10.00) - 3.65 oz. Source: Tom's Coins 
1/1/2001  Modeling  Modeling - See Expanding File for list of modeling agencies photocopied from: How to get your child into modeling and commercials, by Cheri Fein. S&S, 1986 [AsmList] See Problem Box under Modeling for photocopy of article from Miami Herald 2/2/97 "What modeling agencies look for" - also includes list of major agencies. 
1/1/2001  Monday's child  Monday's child is fair of face Tuesday's child is full of grace Wednesday's child is full of woe Thursday's child has far to go Friday's child is loving and giving Saturday's child has to work for its living But a child that's born on the sabbath day is fair and wise, and good and gay! Anonymous (Bartlett's) 
1/1/2001  Monogramming  Monogramming I was recently married and am now wondering about monogramming towels, napkin, etc. Do I use my husband's and my first initials with our last-nme initial, or do I use only my initials? For many years prospective brides collected trousseaux--table linens, towels, and bed linens--all monogrammed with their own initials in case the marriage did not take place. Today, few brides have trousseaux to bring to their marriage, and the linens they purchase are monogrammed with their married initials. If the bride is taking her husband's last name, their first-name initials are on either side of the larger last-name initial. Source: Emily Post's column, Good Housekeeping 6/93 
1/1/2001  Monologues  Monologues See Monologues as a subject in the online catalog. Books are mostly under 808.829 (also Y). 
1/1/2001  Florida State Universities - Boards of Trustees - Regents  Florida State Universities - Boards of Trustees. As of 7/1/01, the Board of Regents for the State University System of Florida was abolished, and each state university has its own board of trustees. Gov. Jeb Bush appointed these boards. For a list of the members of the board of each university as of 7/2001, see the article in the Tallahassee Democrat, July 1, 2001, pp. 5-6B, a copy of which is in the Problem Box under Universities - State - Florida. 
1/1/2001  Morehouse College  Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia. Morehouse is a private, independent, four year, liberal arts college for men. It was founded in 1867 in Augusta, GA as the Augusta Institute; its purpose to train freed slaves to read and write. The school moved to Atlanta, 1879 and expanded its scope to prepare blacks fo the ministry. Consequently, it was called Atlanta Baptist Seminary. In 1894 the first college instruction was introduced and in 1897 the first bachelor's degree was granted and the seminary changed to Atlanta Baptist College. In 1913, the name changed to its present name, Morehouse College. The Morehouse School of Medicine was established in 1975 and became an independent college in 1981. Source: Black American Colleges & Universities R 378.73 Bla 
1/1/2001  Mortgage loan payment tables  Mortgage loan payment tables See: Handbook of loan payment tables, by Jack C. Estes R 332.8 Est (kept at Ready Reference) Handbook of mortgage mathematics and fianancial tables, by Paul R. Goebel R 332.8 Goe (kept at Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Randy Moss - receiver - Football  Randy Moss, receiver, as National Football League Rookie of the Year, made 17 touchdowns (1313 yrds, 69 catches), which broke the previous record of 13 touchdowns held by Bill Howton, Green Bay Packers, 1952, and John Jefferson, San Diego, 1979. 
1/1/2001  Motto mottoes of Florida cities  Mottoes of Florida cities: "City Beautiful" - Orlando "City of Palms" - Fort Myers 
1/1/2001  Eugene O'Neill - Mourning becomes Electra  Mourning becomes Electra is a trilogy of plays by Eugene O'Neill The three parts are: Homecoming, The Hunted, and The Haunted Text can be found in Three Plays of Eugene O'Neill YA 812.5 One, and Nine plays by Eugene O'Neill 812.5 One 
1/1/2001  Multilevel marketing  Multilevel marketing is a method of retailing products directly to consumers--without intermediary retail stores--through a network of distributor-salespeople set up in pyramid fashion. Each distributor is encouraged to recruit and train additional distributors, so that eventually a particular distributor may be responsible for a number of subsidiary salespeople and will earn commissions on their sales as well as on the sales he or she makes. Such successful companies as Mary Kay Cosmetics and Amway, which primarily distributes household items, have developed large sales forces based on this multilevel pattern: increasingly, firms that sell directly to consumers are instituting multilevel operations. Multilevel marketing companies must be distinguished, however, from pyramid schemes or businesses, whose main object is to recruit new members rather than sell products. In a typical pyramid scheme, new members must pay a large fee to join or to purchase a stock of the product to be sold. Very often the product proves unsalable, but the pyramid's promoters will refuse to repurchase it--unlike the multilevel company, which will buy back unsold merchandise (although very often at a discount from the oroginal price). Members in pyramid schemes may receive commissions for recruiting more people, but only those at the top of the pyramid ultimately profit because the supply of potential participants is limited. Source: Marketing, by Eric Berkowitz et al. 2d ed., 1989. Multilevel Marketing International Association (MLMIA) 119 Stanford Ct. Irvine, CA, 92715 Phone: (949) 854-0484 Fax: (949) 854-7687 
1/1/2001  Munro's Opera House - Gallie Hall - Tallahassee  Munro's Opera House - Gallie Hall - Tallahassee See: Tallahassee, Favored Land (R+Circ) 975.988 Ell, pp, 85, 96, 103 
1/1/2001  Zabib - Muslim prayer prostration  Zabib - the callus that forms on the forehead from frequent prostrations of a pious Muslim in prayer. Source: To the happy few, by Hume Horan [1996] - not a book in LCPL's collection. 
1/1/2001  Myself - Poem by Edgar Guest  Myself - poem by Edgar A. Guest I have to live with myself, and so I want to be fit for myself to know, I want to be able, as days go by, Always to look myself straight in the eye; I don't want to stand, with the setting sun, And hate myself for things I have done. I don't want to keep on a closet shelf A lot of secrets about myself, And fool myself, as I come and go, Into thinking that nobody else will know The kind of a man I really am; I don't want to dress up myself in sham. I want to go out with my head erect, I want to deserve all men's respect; But here in the struggle for fame and pelf I want to be able to like myself. I don't want to look at myself and know That I'm bluster and bluff and empty show. I can never hide myself from me; I see what others may ever see; I know what others may never know, I never can fool myself, and so, Whatever happens, I want to be Self-respecting and conscience free. From: Best loved poems of the American people, p. 91 R+Circ 808.81 Bes 
1/1/2001  Nielsen ratings - television programs  Nielsen ratings of television programs. See USA Today, "Life Section" every Wednesday. 
1/1/2001  Council of Neighborhood Associations - Neighborhoods  See Expanding File N for list of individual neighborhood organizations that make up the Council of Neighborhood Organizations 
1/1/2001  Nudity - Nudist  See Expanding File N for "Annotated Bibliography of Books on Nudity" by Paul LeValley, of the Tallahassee Bare-Devils. Nudist Park Guide, published by the American Sunbathing Association R 917.3 Nud (Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Notch Babies  Because of the effect birthdates have on social security benefits, people born between 1917 and 1921 have become known as the "notch babies." Source: Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, v.46, issue 15, Apr 9, 1988, pp. 932-933. 
1/1/2001  NCAA Basketball schools  See Expanding File N for National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) list of schools (colleges) having Men's and Women's (separate lists) of basketball teams. 
1/1/2001  Nanny schools  American Council of Nanny Schools 311 W. Superior St., Suite 512 Chicago, IL 60610 (312) 644-3525 See Expanding File N for list of nanny schools dated 1987. 
1/1/2001  Ralph Nader - Public Citizen  Public Citizen "formed by Ralph Nader . . ." 1600 20th St., NW Washington, DC 20009 PH: (202) 588-1000 FX: (202) 588-7790 e-mail: website: Source: Encyclopedia of Associations, 2001 
1/1/2001  Name Game - song by Shirley Elliston  See Expanding File N for photocopy of sheet music to "Name Game" song by Shirley Elliston 
1/1/2001  Name change information  Name change information - updated 7/01 Based on Florida Statutes, Chapter 68:07 Go to Leon County Courthouse, Room 153, phone no. 577-4150 to obtain name change forms. They are: family name change form: $1.95 child's name change form: $1.80 adult name change form $ .90 There is a filing fee of $97.50 You will be assigned a case number, a judge, and an appointment to appear in court. 
1/1/2001  Names - Favorite Given Birth Unusual  Favorite given or birth names, and unusual ones See Problem Box under Names for articles from Tallahassee Democrat 8/30/94 and 11/10/96 
1/1/2001  Names, Geographical - Naming after a person  What is the address to write for information about getting a river or mountain named after someone? Could it be done if the person honored is still alive? Answer: No. The U.S. Board of Geographic Names has a strict rule again naming mountains, rivers, etc. After living people. Also, the honor would have to be justified. Write: Executive Secretary, Domestic Geographic Names, U.S. Board on Geographic Names National Center, Reston, VA 22092 Source: clipping (undocumented) in Problem Box 
1/1/2001  National Debt  National Debt See Problem Box under National for article from Tallahassee Democrat, 3/2/99 for projection of national debt through to 2009. Note: Tallahassee Democrat used to list latest figures on national debt each Sunday, p. 3A, but apparently they no longer do this in 2001 
1/1/2001  National Library of Poetry  National Library of Poetry See Problem Box under National for articles from Gainesville Sun and St. Petersburg Times that show the National Library of Poetry "preys upon aspiring, naive writers." 
1/1/2001  National Rifle Association - Florida Chapter - NRA  National Rifle Association (NRA) - Florida Chapter: Florida Unified Sportsmen P.O. Box 6565 Tallahassee, Fl 32314 (850) 222-9518 
1/1/2001  Navigational maps  Navigational maps available from Shields Marina, St. Marks (850) 925-6158 
1/1/2001  Neiman Marcus cookies recipe  Neiman Marcus cookies - recipe Cream together: 2 cups butter 4 eggs 2 cups white sugar 2 tsb vanilla 2 cups brown sugar 2 tsb baking soda Mix together and add to above: 4 cups flour 5 cups outmeal, blended to fine powder 2 tsp baking powder 1 tsp salt Add: 24 oz. Chocolate chips 1 - 8 ox Hershey's baking cholate, grated 3 cups chopped nuts Roll into balls and place on cookie sheet Bake at 375 degrees for 10 minutes Makes 110 cookies Recipe submitted by Helen Johnson, former LCPL staff member Supposed this recipe cost $250.00 (This is an urban legend. --RK) 
1/1/2001  National Book Awards National Book Awards  National Book Awards See World of Winners, ed. by Gita Siegman, Gale Research, 1992 R 001.44 Wor, p. 515 (List # 1690) for National Book Award winners from 1990 back to 1950. For each year's winners since, see Facts on File annual volume. See Problem Box under National for list of Fiction award winners listed alphabetically by author from 1950-1997 
1/1/2001  Pablo Neruda - Sonnet - Patch Adams movie poem  Pablo Neruda (1904-1973). Sonnet 17, from 100 Love Poems. I don't love you as if you were the salt-rose, topaz or arrow of carnations that propage fire: I love you as certain dark things are loved, secretly, between the shadow and the soul. I love you as the plant that doesn't bloom and carries hidden within itself the light of those flowers, and thanks to your love, darkly in my body lives the dense fragrance that rises from the earth. I love you without know how, or when, or from where, I love you simply, without problems or pride: I love you in this way because I don't know any other way loving but this, in which there is no I or you, so intimate that your hand upon my chest is my hand, so intimate that when I fall asleep it is your eyes that close. Featured in the movie "Patch Adams." Source: 
1/1/2001  Nets - fishing - fish  Nets, Fishing nets, fish nets SEE: How to make and mend cast nets, by Ted Dahlem 746.0466 Dah (LJB only) Knotting and netting, by Lisa Melen 746.2 Mel 
1/1/2001  Scott Newman Foundation  Scott Newman Foundation 6255 Sunset Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90028 Foundation set up by the actor Paul Newman in memory of his son. (Not verified 7/01) 
1/1/2001  Newport - old town in North Florida  Newport - old town in North Florida See Apalachee Magazine, published by the Tallahassee Historical Society. R+Circ 975.988 T147a v.1, p. 13 "Newport as a business center" by W.J.Cash Florida Place Names, by Allen Morris [1995] R 975.9 Mor (also JR), p. 173 See also Vertical File - Florida - Wakulla County, 1970-1979 
1/1/2001  Nicole Brown Simpson Charitable Foundation  Nicole Brown Simpson Charitable Foundation, located in Monarch Beach, California (714) 499-9919 (not verified 7/01) 
1/1/2001  Nittany Lions - Football team nickname  Nittany Lions - the football team of Penn State Univ., named after mountains in the area Source: What's in a nickname, by Ray Frank R 796 Fra 
1/1/2001  Presidential Libraries - Presidents  Presidential Libraries. Rutherford B. Hayes Library Richard M. Nixon Library & Birthplace 1337 Hayes Ave., Fremont, OH 18001 Yorba Linda Blvd, Yorba Linda, CA 92866 (419) 332-2081 (714) 993-3393 Herbert Hoover Library & Museum Gerald R. Ford Library & Museum 210 Parkside Drive, West Branch, Iowa 52358 1000 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (319) 643-5301 (313) 741-2218 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library Jimmy Carter Library & Museum 511 Albany Post Rd., Hyde Park, NY 12538 441 Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, GA 30307 (914) 229-8114 (404) 331-0296 Harry S. Truman Library & Museum Ronald Reagan Library & Museum US Highway 24 & Delaware St. 40 Presidential Drive, Simi Valley, CA 93065 Independence, MO 64050 (805) 522-8444 (816-833-1400) George Bush Library Dwight D. Eisenhower Library 1000 George Bush Drive West, College Station, TX 77845 200 SE 4th St., Kansas Highway 15 (409) 260-9552 Abilene, KS 67410 (913) 263-4751 John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library & Museum Columbia Point, Boston MA 02125 (617) 929-4523 Lyndon Baines Johnson Library & Museum 2313 Red River St., Austin, TX 78705 (512) 916-5137 See Problem Box under Presidential Libraries for descriptions of each library and further information. 
1/1/2001  Nobility - Lords - Ranking  The five orders of English nobility - dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts, and barons - constitute the lords temporal, in contradistinction to the prelates of the church, or lords spiritual, who are those archbishops and bishops of the Church of England who are members of the legislature and sit in the House of Lords. The title [Lord] is also applied, but only by courtesy, to the sons of dukes and marquesses and to the eldest sons of earls. Source: Encyclopedia Americana, article on Lord. 
1/1/2001  North Star - Polaris - Astronomy  North Star ("Polaris") is always 31 degrees above the horizon in Tallahassee. 
1/1/2001  Notary Public  To become registerd as a Notary Public, call: (850) 488-7521 Florida Dept. of State, International Relations Office 
1/1/2001  Now I lay me down to sleep - Quote  Now I lay me down to sleep, I pray the Lord my soul to keep; And if I die before I wake, I pray the Lord my soul to take. God bless this house from thatch to floor, The twelve apostles guard the door Four angels to my bed; Gabriel stands at the head, John and Peter at my feet, All to watch me while I sleep. From: Oxford nursery rhyme book, by Iona Opie J 398.8 Opi 
1/1/2001  Non-profit Corporation - Chartering  To charter a non-profit corporation, call Florida Dept. of State, Division of Corporations (850) 488-9750, 488-9000 
1/1/2001  Nunchaku  Nunchaku: Martial arts weapon consisting of two pieces of wood, linked together by chain or string. Source: Fighting arts, by Howard Reid YAC 796.815 Rei (LJB only) 
1/1/2001  Metric prefixes - numbers - mega, kilo, nano, etc  Metric prefixes - numbers - mega, kilo, nano, etc. See Worldbook Encyclopedia article on metric syste, table labled "Metric prefixes" 
1/1/2001  Numbers - cyclical - bicentennial - centennial, sesquicentennial, 150, etc  Cyclical numbers: Biennial - 2 years Quinquennial - 5 yrs Duodecennial - 12 yrs Quindecennial - 15 yrs Vicennial - 20 yrs Quinquagenary = 50 yrs Centennial - 100 yrs Sesquecentennial - 150 yrs Bicentennial - 200 yrs Tercentenary - 300 yrs Quincentenary, or Quincentennial - 500 yrs Duo = 2 Quintus = 5 Viginti = 20 Sesqui = more by 1/2 
1/1/2001  Millions - numbers  Million - billion - trillion - quadrillion - numbers million - 1st digit and 6 zeroes billion - 1st digit and 9 zeroes trillion - 1st digit and 12 zeroes Source: Trivia encyclopedia, by Fred Worth, p. 188 R 032 Wor 
1/1/2001  Roman numerals - numbers  Roman numerals See any World Almanac for quick table See article in Worldbook Encyclopedia under "Roman numerals" for more detailed explanation 
1/1/2001  Oath of office - oaths and affirmations  "An oath is someone's appeal to God to witness the truth of what he is saying or a pledge to do something that is enforced by his responsibility to answer to God. An affirmation is a solemn and formal declaration that a statement is true without referring to God. An affirmation can be made by someone who does not believe in God or by someone who does not wish to swear to God. . . . Laws now generally allow affirmations to be made as an alternative to oaths, the words may vary to satisfy each person's conscience, but if a form is prescribed by law, it should be followed exactly. The most famous oath prescribed by law in the United States is the one repeated by the President when he takes his office. The Constitution says that the Chief Executive "shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States." The Constitution also requires every Senator, Representative, state legislator, governor, and state or federal judge to swear or affirm his loyalty to the Constitution, but it specifically forbids any requirement that a federal official swear that he has any religious belief. To be effective, an oath must be administered by a public official. The law that creates and describes each public office generally specifies who is authorized to administer the oath of office. A spoken oath is usually sufficient, but a written and signed oath can be required by law." Source: Reader's Digest Family Legal Guide R 348.736 Rea, p. 696. 
1/1/2001  OCLC  OCLC = Online Computer Library Center Started out as the Ohio College Library Center, a network of academic libraries in Ohio. 
1/1/2001  OK - origin  Q. What does OK stand for? A. This word for everything being all right goes back to two meanings. In 1839, some people jokingly were writing "oll korrect" or "orl korrect," a silly way to write "all correct" according to how those words sounded. Shortening that more led to the initials "OK." OK became more popular when it was used in print in 1840 in a much diffferent way. It was used in the presidential election as an abbreviation for the nickname "Old Kinderhook" of President Martin Van Buren. Supporters began using "OK" as a slogan or phrase of support for him. Source: undocumented newspaper clipping. 
1/1/2001  Old House Restoration remodeling architechture dwelling building  See as a subject heading in online catalog: Architecture - Conservation and restoration Buildings - Repair and reconstruction Dwellings - remodelling 
1/1/2001  Older Americans Month  Older Americans Month See Chase's Calendar of Events May 1-31, by Presidential Proclamation 
1/1/2001  Old Timey things and ways - Americana - Nostalgia  "Old Timey" things and ways - Americana - nostalgia - SEE: America A to Z: people, places, customs and culture, pub. by Readers Digest 973.03 Ame Back to basics: how to learn and enjoy traditional American skills, pub. by Reader's Digest 640.973.Bac Down home ways, by Jerry Johnson 640 Joh Cloudburst: handbook of rural skills, ed. by Vic Marks 631 Mar Yankee Magazine Book of forgotten arts, by Richard Bacon R 630 Bac Vanishing Americana, by Everett Wilson 973.8 W747 Country woodcraft, by Drew Langsner 684.082 Lan Country architecture, by Lawrence Grow 728.9 Gro Foxfire books (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox Foxfire book of toys and games 793 Fox 
1/1/2001  Olympics - Olympic Rings  Q. What do the Olympic rings stand for? A. The five interlocking rings on a white background stand for the five parts of the world that had countries competing in the 1920 Olympics: Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania (Australia and the islands around it), and North America (countries from South America did not compete then.) The flag was designed in 1914 for use in the 1916 Olympics, but the games were called off because of World War I. Nowadays , the ring for North America symbolizes both North and South America. The symbols are used around the world to stand for the international games. According to a spokesman for the Los Angeles Olympic Games: "The five rings symbolize the union of the five continents and themeeting of athletes from all over the world at the Olympic Games in a spirit of fair and frank competiton and good friendship. The colors of the rings are blue, yellow, blac, green and red on a white background. At least one of those colors is found in the flag of every nation of the world. . . ." Source: various undocumented clippings. See Problem Box under Olympic rings. 
1/1/2001  Onions and crying  Q. Why do my eyes water when I chop an onion? A. Cutting into an onion releases a gas that wafts upward and makes contact with fluids that are normally in your eyes to keep them moise. A chemical reaction occurs, producing dilute sulfuric acid, and tears well up to get rid of the irritant. To block your eyes from the offensive compound, try wearing safety, ski or swim goggles. Another idea: Put on a pair of glasses (regular or sun) and tie a scarf around your face so that it covers the bottom of the rims. Also keep your hands away from your eyes. Source: American Health, 9/93. 
1/1/2001  OPEC - Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries  OPEC - Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: Algeria Libya Gabon Nigeria Indonesia Qatar Iran Saudi Arabia Iraq United Arab Emirates Kuwait Venezuela Headquarters: Vienna, Austria 
1/1/2001  Organ donor donation Kidney Foundation  Organ donor program See Problem Box under Organ for print out from National Kidney Foundation 30 East 33rd Street New York, NY 10016 1-800-622-9010 (includes information on donating other organs than kidneys as well) 
1/1/2001  Oprah's Book Club - Winfrey  See book display near New Books section on 2nd floor of LeRoy Leon County Public Library for books covered in Oprah Winfrey's book club. Also handout brochure of books covered in the club. 
1/1/2001  "Other Wise Man" by Henry Van Dyke - Christmas story  "Other wise man" by Henry Van Dyke - Christmas story, IN: Stories of Christ and Christmas, ed. by Edward Wagenknecht 394.268 W131, p. 112 Fireside book of Christmas stories, ed. By Edward Wagenknecht SC W131, p. 30 The Blue Flower, by Henry Van Duke F Van, p. 149 
1/1/2001  Oxymoron  Oxymoron: a pairing of contradictory or incongruous words. Examples: acute dullness home office player coach almost perfect idiot savant pretty ugly bad health instant classic qualified success bittersweet intense apathy randomly organized blameless culprit jumbo shrimp real potential cardinal sin justifiably paranoid rock opera clearly confused larger half rolling stop conservative liberal least favorite same difference definite maybe liquid gas silent scream deliberately thoughtless mild interest sweet sorrow even odds modern history terribly enjoyable exact estimate nonalcoholic beer tragic comedy fish farm normal deviation unbiased opinion freezer burn old news unsung hero friendly takeover only choice vaguely aware genuine imitation open secret war games good grief original copies working vacation holy war passively aggressive See Problem Box under Oxymoron for additional examples 
1/1/2001  "Five Negro Presidents" - Black  See Expanding File P for photocopy of pamphlet "Five Negro Presidents, according to what white people said they were," by J. A. Rogers, c1965. Discusses Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Hannibal Hamlin (Lincoln's Vice-President, 2nd term), and Warren G. Harding. Also Alexander Hamilton 
1/1/2001  Butia Palm Fruit Jelly  Butia Palm Fruit Jelly 2 cups prepared palm fruit juice 3 1/4 cups sugar 1/2 cups liquid fruit pectin Remove pits from fruit. Barely cover with water and boil for 5 minutes. Crush fruit, strain through jelly bag, and measure into saucepan. Add sugar to juice, mix well, bring to boil over high heat stirring constantly. Stir in pectin all at once. Bring to a full boil and boil hard for one minute while stirring constantly. Remove from heat, skim off foam, and pour quickly into hot clear jars. Process for 5 minutes in boiling water. Yield is four 8-oz. jars. 
1/1/2001  Paparazzi  Paparazzi: Intrusive photographers Paparazzi are photographers who chase celebrities, operating mostly with telephoto lenses from long distance. Where the name comes from: "Paparazzo" is the name of an Italian photographer in Fellini's movie "La Dolce Vita" (1960). Italy's paparazzi were notorious street photographers who expose secret affairs of movie stars in Rome. Source: Article in Tallahassee Democrat, 9/3/97. See Problem Box under Paparazzi for full article giving information on telephoto lenses and cameras. 
1/1/2001  Paper making papermaking  See online catalog searching Papermaking as a subject See also: Family creative workshop, published by Plenary Publications, v. 11, p. 1387 745.5 Ple, v.11 
1/1/2001  Papier-mache - paper mache  Search online catalog under Papier-mache as a subject See also Expanding File P In: Recipes for art and craft materials, by Helen Sattler, p. 61 ff. R 745.5028 Sat 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee Park Avenue Parks  Tallahassee's seven Park Avenue parks: traveling from east to west, these are the names: Genevieve Randolph Park Lewis Park William D. Bloxham Park Ponce de Leon Park William M. McCarty Park E. Peck Greene Park (directly behind the LeRoy Collins Leon County Public Library) Cherokee Park Source: Tallahassee Democrat, 5/21/91, Mary Ann Lindley's column 
1/1/2001  Party places - Tallahassee - rental halls - receptions weddings  See Problem Box under Party Places for articles and advertisements from the Tallahassee Democrat about where to hold parties, receptions, weddings, etc. 
1/1/2001  Passports  U.S. Passports are issued at the Main Post Office, 2800 South Adams Street, and at the Centerville Post Office, 2355 Centerville Road. Required: Birth Certificate or certified photocopy thereof, and two 2" x 2" passports, taken by a passport photographer Cost: $65.00. Passport will be valid for ten years. 
1/1/2001  Paste recipe  Paste recipe, various kinds of homemade paste See: Recipes for art and craft materials, by Helen Sattler R 745.5028 Sat, p. 15 ff. 
1/1/2001  Patents  Most useful book on patents is: Patent it yourself, by David Pressman 8th ed., 2000. (R+Circ) 608.7 Pre In section 6-31 of 8th ed., 2000 there is an up-to-date of Patent Depository Libraries. In Florida these are: Broward County Public Library, Ft. Laudeerdale Miami-Dade Public Library, Miami University of Central Florida Library, Orlando University of South Florida Library, Tampa Florida State University's Strozier Library, Documents Section, has a listing of patents by number from 1941 in the Official Gazette of the US Patent Office. (also available at the State Library of Florida in their Documents Section) See other books on patents by searching the online catalog using Patents as a subject or keyword 
1/1/2001  Payne's Prairie  Payne's Prairie, a prairie south of Gainesville in Alachua County See: Vertical File - Florida - Alachua County for articles from Gainesville Sun and Tallahassee Democrat Parks Directory of the United States, ed. by Darren L. Smith R 917.304 Par, p. 128: Payne's Prairie State Preserve, Route 2, Box 41, Micanopy, FL 32667, (352) 46-3397 On US 441 south of Gainesville. Florida: American Guide Series (Old WPA Guide), R+Circ 917.59 Flo, p. 524. 
1/1/2001  Peace Corps  Peace Corps 1111 Twentieth Street, NW Washington, DC 20526 (202) 692-2000 See: US Government Manual R 353 Uni (latest Ready Reference) All you need is love: the Peace Corps and the spirit of the 1960s, by Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman 361.6 Cob (c1998) Appendix contains Peace Corps data and statistics. Problem Box under Peace Corps for list of directors up thru 1995. Volunteers must be U.S. citizen, at least 18 years of age, and in good health. Volunteers serve 27 months: 3 in training, 24 on duty. Most positions require eith a B.A., B.S., or comparable on-the-job experience. Average compensation of volunteers depends on country and local (urban or rural) and is set at subsistence level. In addition, volunteers receive $200 per month (up to a total of $5,400, subject to federal tax) posted to a U.S. bank for use upon return home as a readjustment allowance. Vacation time: 48 days over two years. Volunteers may request a geographical region but are not guaranteed any country or continent, since placements depend upon country requests and volunteer applications. Average application period: 9 to 12 months. Source: "All you need is love" book listed above. 
1/1/2001  Peace on Earth - phrase  "Peace on Earth" See Problem Box under Peace for list of how to write and say Peace on Earth various languages, including Chinese, Greek, Hebrew, and Russian not in western alphabet. Source: Highlights for Children, Nov. 1991 
1/1/2001  Peanut butter - homemade  Shell and parch peanuts (350 degree Fahrenheit oven for 20-30 minutes). Remov skins. Put through food chopper using fine blade. Do this twice to make very fine. To ground peanuts add oil or butter to make consistency to spread. Add salt to taste. Source: Mrs. S.R. Dull, Southern Cooking 
1/1/2001  Peach Brandy  Peach Brandy - recipe See: Settlement Cook Book 641.5 Set (1976 ed.), p. 438 Supercook R 641.5 Sup, v. 13, p. 1711 
1/1/2001  Pebble Hill Plantation  Pebble Hill Plantation Highway 319 (Thomasville Road) 5 five miles south of Thomasville on the left, heading towards Thomasville Tues-Sat 10 am - 5 pm, Sun 1 - 5 pm Grounds: $3 adults, $1.50 kids under 12 House tour: $7.00 adults, $3.50 kids 6-12 (912) 226-7664 Call for reservation and tour information. 
1/1/2001  Paradigm  Paradigm..The basic meaning is "pattern." See dictionary definitions. See: The seven habits of highly effect people, by Stephen R. Covey, 158 Cov, pp. 24-29, for explanation of paradigm as it applies to individual perception, and the "paradigm shift." 
1/1/2001  Pelican - poem  "Pelican" by Dixon Lanier Merritt A wonderful bird is the pelican. His bill holds more than his belly can. He can carry enough in his beak to last him a week, I don't know how the hell he can. From: Laughable limericks, by Sara Westbrook Brewton. Crowell, 1965, p. 4 J 821 Bre 
1/1/2001  PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction  PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction See Problem Box for list of winners. Award started in 1981 
1/1/2001  People - Great, Important  See both Problem Box and Expanding File P for references to and articles about Important and Great People of history 
1/1/2001  Place settings, table settings  See any edition of Emily Post or other etiquette books (R+Circ 395) for explanation of place or table settings. For historical or period table settings, see: Table setting, entertaining, and etiquette, a history and guide, by Patricia Easterbrook Roberts 642.7 R646 
1/1/2001  Consumer Price Index  Consumer Price Index See Statistical Abstract of the U.S. R 317.3 Uni latest kept at Ready Reference. Latest is published mid-month in the Wall Street Journal To figure percentage of increase, divide the latest by the previous figure 
1/1/2001  Periodic table of the elements - Chemistry  Periodic Table of the Elements - Chemistry See Problem Box under periodic for photocopy of the table. Also See most basic chemistry reference and textbooks (540) 
1/1/2001  Dr. Benjamin L. Perry, Jr. - Branch Library, Leon County Public Library  Dr. Benjamin L. Perry, Jr. - former President of Florida A & M University. Branch of Leon County Public Library named for him, opened July 21, 2001 
1/1/2001  Pilaf, pilau, perlou, pilau, pilaw, pillo, purloo, perloo  These are all variations for the same cooking term. Source: Jane Nickerson's Florida Cookbook Fla (Ref) 641.5759 Nic, p. 22 
1/1/2001  Perwitsky  Perwitsky A kind of pole cat found in eastern Europe and northern Asia Source: Webster's 2ND New International Dictionary, p./ 1831 
1/1/2001  Peter Cottontail  See Problem Box under Peter for photocopy of sheet music, words and music, of the song "Peter Cottontail" by Steven Nelson and Jack Rollins 
1/1/2001  Hurricanes - saying poem  June too soon July stand by August look out you must September remember October all over (West Indian hurricane doggerel) from Theodore Pratt's Tropical Disturbance (quote at beginning of book) 
1/1/2001  Pet housing - dog houses  See Expanding File D for article on building a dog house 
1/1/2001  Daylillies  See Expanding File D for pamphlet on daylilies 
1/1/2001  Dough craft doughcraft  Szee Expanding File D for article on dough craft 
1/1/2001  Donner Party  In addition to books on the Donner Party, searchable in the online catalog under Donner Party as a subject, see Expanding File D for articles. 
1/1/2001  Colonial dust cap  See Expanding File D for article on making a colonial dust cap, usually worn around the house, or by maids. 
1/1/2001  Pets - Bereavement - Grief  Pets - bereavement See article in Tallahassee Democrat, May 27, 1994, p. 1B 
1/1/2001  Pets - Names  Search online catalog under Pets - Names as a subject 
1/1/2001  Pharmacology symbols and abbreviations - medicine, medical  See New York Public Library Desk Reference Book R 031 New, p. 33 for a list of symbols and abbreviations used in pharmacology and medicine 
1/1/2001  Philippines - early ambassadors  Philippines - early ambassadors The Philippines became independent July 4, 1946. There were no ambassadors before then. Ambassadors during the Eisenhower administration: 1. Raymond A. Spruance, 1952-1955 2. Homer Ferguson, 1955 3. Albert F. Nufer, 1956 4. Charles E. Bohlen, 1957-1959 5. John D. Hickerson, 1960 
1/1/2001  Phillips screws and screwdriver  How did the Phillips Screw Driver gets its name? Named for Henry Phillips who founded Phillips Screw Co. in 1933 and first patented the Phillips screw in 1934. According to a Phillips Screw Company spokesman, he developed it to help a friend install running boards on new Cadillacs without scratching the finish. He had the first screws produced, plated with gold and silver, and made into a necklace for his wife and others into cuff links. A grandson now has them. Source: Phillips Screw Co. 508 Edgewater Dr. Wakefield, MA 01880 (listed in Brands and their companies, 22nd, ed. 200l) 
1/1/2001  Phipps Foundation  Phipps Florida Foundation Mr. Benjamin K. Phipps P.O. Box 1351 Tallahassee, Fl 32302 (850) 222-2717 
1/1/2001  Phobias  See Problem Box under Phobias for photocopy of list of phobias printed off from: See also: Bernstein's Reverse Dictionary, 2nd ed. R 423.1 Ber, p. 181 
1/1/2001  Picnic Tables  Picnic Tables - How to build, See: 101 do-it-yourself projects (pub. by Readers Digest) 684 One, p. 247 Building free-form furniture, by Charles Durney 684.1 Dur Practical handyman's encyclopedia, 690 Pra 1965, v. 1 A-Ba (under article on Barbecue) 
1/1/2001  Pie crust recipe  Pie Crust Recipe - Water whip pie crust 3/4 cup crisco 1/4 cup boiling water 1 Tablespooon milk 2 cups sifted regular flour 1 teasonpoon salt Put crisco, boiling water, and milk in mixing bowl and whip with fork until like whipped cream. Sift flour and salt into mixture. Stir quickly until smooth dough is formed. Shape into round ball, roll out as desired. 
1/1/2001  Pine sap removal  Pine sap removal What is the safest way to get pine sap off a new truck without taking off the paint? If the pine sap has hardened, you have trouble getting it off without taking off some paint, too. But you can rub the area lightly with any type of cleaner or gasoline. Or try a combination of mineral spirits and kerosene. This may leave the area slightly discolored. Source: Unidentified newspaper clipping. 
1/1/2001  Pineapple as a decoration  See Expanding File P for article on the pineapple in decoration 
1/1/2001  Pinhole photography  Pinehole Photography. See: Encyclopedia of photography, by Michael Busselle 770.3 Bus, p. 866 Science for camp and counselor, by William Harty 507.2 H337, p. 87 700 science experiments, pub by UNESCO J 507.2 Une, p. 191 
1/1/2001  Place names - geographical  Places (How places got their names) See Names, Geographical as a subject in the online catalog. Also: Why do they call it Topeka? By John W. Pursell R+Circ 910.014 Pur By any other name, by Michael D. Shook R+Circ 422 Sho 
1/1/2001  Plantations - local area  Plantations - local area, See: Leon County hunting plantations,by William R. Brueckheimer R+Circ 975.988 Bru A comprehensive study of a portion of the Red Hills Region of Georgia R 975.8 Com Vertical File - LC/T - Historic Houses 
1/1/2001  Plants by the Parking Lot Booth - Leon County Public Library  Plant by the Parking Lot Booth: Indian hawthorn (Raphiolepsis indica) has black fruit - don't eat! See Problem Box under Plants for photocopy of description of this plant 
1/1/2001  Plaster of Paris  Plaster of Paris, See: Recipes for art and craft materials by Helen Roney Sattler J 745.5028 Sat (also J R) 
1/1/2001  Play Doh - Play Dough  Play Doh, Play Dough See: Expanding File P Homemade Play-Doh. Combine the following ingredients in a saucepan: 1 cup flour, 1/2 cup salt, 1 cup water, 1 tablespoon vegetable oil, 2 teaspoons cream of tartar, food coloring. Mix and cook over medium heat, stirring constantly, until a ball is formed. Pour onto a floured board or wax paper and knead until smooth. Tightly covered, it will keep for several weeks. Source: Debt-proof your holidays, by Mary Hunt 332.024 Hun 
1/1/2001  Poison ivy, oak, sumac  Poison, ivy, oak, sumac See scanned in pictures this database, or Problem Box under Poison for pictures of the leaves of this plant. View Image 
1/1/2001  Poet Laureate  Poet Laureate See Expanding File P also, World Almanac 
1/1/2001  Police Station - smallest in Florida  The smallest police department in Florida is in Carrabelle. They use a telephone booth for an office. (not updated, 2001) 
1/1/2001  Political cartoons  In online catalog search as a subject under: Political cartoons American wit and humor, pictorial United States - Politics - Caricatures and cartoons World politics - Carictures and cartoons 
1/1/2001  Potpourri Pomander  See Expanding File for information on Potpourri See also online catalog under Potpourris as a subject 
1/1/2001  Ponds  Search online catalog as a subject under: Ponds Fish ponds Garden ponds Water gardens 
1/1/2001  Pony cart  Pony cart See: Backyard Building Book II, by James Churchill 690.8 Chu, p. 124 
1/1/2001  Vatican City - Pope  Address of the Pope: His Holiness [Pope John Paul II] 00120 Citta del Vaticano (Vatican City) Europe See article on Vatican City in Europa Yearbook Vatican Embassy 3339 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, DC 20008 (202) 333-7121 
1/1/2001  Population - Tallahassee & Leon County  Population Tallahassee Leon County 1900 2,981 19,997 1910 5,018 19,427 1920 5,638 18,059 1930 10,700 23,476 1940 16,240 31,646 1950 27,237 51,590 1960 48,174 74,225 1970 71,897 103,047 1980 80,820 146,152 1990 134,470 192,100 2000 150,624 239,452 
1/1/2001  Port Authorities  Port Authorities See Expanding File P for list of port authorities 
1/1/2001  Port Leon  Port Leon Founded in 1838, incorporated in 1841, terminus of the Tallahassee Railroad Company, prosperous port and county seat of Wakulla County. Destroyed by hurricane in 1843. Never rebuilt. 3 miles south of St. Marks on Apalachee Bay. (from Tallahassee Democrat, 5/18/62) See: Ante-bellum Tallahassee, by Bertram H. Groene 975.9881 Gro. Follow references from index in back of book, but especially pp. 84-85. 
1/1/2001  Post card collectors - Detiologists  Post card collectors are known as Detiologists 
1/1/2001  Post Office - oldest in Florida  Oldest Post Office in Florida: St. Augustine - July 20, 1821, Jonathan S. Beers, Postmaster Pensacola - 1821 (exact date unknown), Carey Nicholas, Postmaster 
1/1/2001  United States Postal Service - weight  Postal weight: six sheets of letter size paper weigh approximately one ounce See U.S. Postal Service's web site: 
1/1/2001  Postman's Motto - Postal - Quote  Postman's Motto "Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds." Appears on main New York City Post Office. Adapted from Herodotus (485-425 BCE) Source: Bartlett's Quotations, various editions, as a footnote in section on quotes from Herodotus. 
1/1/2001  Potpourri  Potpourri - See Online catalog under Potpourri as a subject Also: Expanding File P and Problem Box 
1/1/2001  Poverty levels and thresholds  Poverty, See: Statistical Abstract of the U.S. 
1/1/2001  Powder Post Beetle  Q. I have an antique desk. About five years ago, I noticed what looked like sawdust on the bare floor where the back part of the desk stands. How can I tell if there are microscopic insects present, and if so, how can I treat such a problem? A. N doubt your desk is infested with what's known as the power-post beetle, which burrows in the wood, leaving a fine dropping of sawdust. Such a problem can be recognized by small holes left by the insects. Such furniture should be promptly removed from other furniture or wood items so that they won't be infested as well. To safely treat the furniture and destroy the infestation, John Conrad, who does restoration work at the Henry Ford Museum in Detroit, says to first oil the piece inside and out with Conrad's Wood Youth oil. Then, after at least 24 hours, wipe the furniture off with a dampened cloth containing alcohol and a little of Conrad's oil. Insects, termites, and worms and their eggs will not survive this treatment. The oil softens the eggs so they cannot hatch and the wood becomes inedible. Conrad' Wood Youth Food Oil is available in two 16-ounce bottles for $30 postpaid shipped UPS from John Conrad, 21494 Avon Lane, Southfield, MI 48075. (From Anita Gold's column, Tallahassee Democrat, 3/9/97) 
1/1/2001  Prefixes Suffixes  See: Essentials of English grammar, by L. Sue Baugh 428.2 Bau p. 85 (Prefixes) and p. 90 (Suffixes), and also Problem Box under Prefixes and Suffixes for photocopy from above. 
1/1/2001  Pregnancy testing  Pregnancy testing, See: Community Resource Directory [2001-2002 Ed.] R 361.8 Com, kept at Ready Reference 
1/1/2001  Prenuptial Antenuptial Agreements  See Antenuptial Contracts as a subject in online catalog 
1/1/2001  Prescription symbols - medical, pharmacology  For symbols used is medical prescriptions and pharmacology, see: New York Public Library Desk Reference R 031 New, p. 33 
1/1/2001  Presidential greetings  To receive Presidential greetings, write: Greetings Office 39 Old Executive Office Building Washington, DC 20500 Qualifiers: Birthdays - 80+ Anniversaries - 50+ New baby - name of child, date of birth, names of parents 
1/1/2001  Presidential succession - U.S.  Presidential succession - U.S. 1. Vice President 2. Speaker of the House 3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate 4. Secretary of State 5. Secretary of the Treasury 6. Secretary of Defense 7. Attorney General 8. Secretary of the Interior 9. Secretary of Agriculture 10. Secretary of Commerce 11. Secretary of Labor 12. Secretary of Health and Human Services 13. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 14. Secretary of Transportation 15. Secretary of Energy 16. Secretary of Education Source: Old Farmer's Almanac, 1996 
1/1/2001  Elvis Presley - Trivia  Elvis Presley Trivia First hit record: "Hound Dog" 7 million sold First film: "Love me tender" Nov, 1956 Total Films: 32 
1/1/2001  Pressure of Water  Pressure of water - of interest to divers Salt water .445 psi per foot + 14.65 Fresh water .432 psi per foot + 14.65 (14.65 is atmospheric pressure at sea level) (psi=per square inch) from Barry's Dive Shop 8/10/84 
1/1/2001  Pressure points of the human body - blood  Pressure points of the human body, for stopping bleeding See most first aid books, 616.02. 
1/1/2001  Odd Prices  J.C. Penney, founder of the stores bearing his name, instituted the odd-figure prices like $1.98, not to lure customers into his stores to save a few pennies, but to force his salespeople to ring up the sale on the cash register and return small change to the customer, hoping to end the practice of dishonest clerks simply pocketing the dollars. (Source: Sydney J. Harris's column, Tallahassee Democrat, 10/18/86) 
1/1/2001  Privies Privy  See Expanding File P for info on building a privy also: Cloudburst, ed. By Vic Marks 631 Mar Country architecture, by Lawrence Grow 728.9 Gro 
1/1/2001  Proclamation - whereas…  See Expanding File P for samples of Proclamations "Whereas . . ." 
1/1/2001  Mary Proctor  Local artist Business address: American Folk Art Museum and Gallery 3919 Woodville Hwy Tallahassee, FL 32311 (850) 656-2879 Mailing address: Mary Proctor P.O. Box 7597 Tallahassee, Fl 32314 See also Vertical File, LC/T - Artists Painted folk art on door panel opposite elevator on 3rd floor of LeRoy Collins Leon County Public Library 
1/1/2001  Product Life Cycle (PLC)  Product Life Cycle Concept. The product life cycle (PLC) is a generalized model depicting the unit sales trend of some narrowly defined product from the time of market entry decision until withdrawal. The PLC can be approximated by a bell-shaped curve, which is divided into several segments or stages. For the sake of simplicity, we adopt a five-stage PLC: (1) design (or precommercialization); (2) introduction; (3) growth; (4) maturity; and (5) decline. See Problem Box under Product for photocopy of bell-curve. Source: Strategic Planning and Management Handbook (no longer in library's collection) 
1/1/2001  Playhouse Play House  See Expanding File P for photocopies of plans for building playhouses 
1/1/2001  Poetry - Poetic genres  See Expanding File P for list of poetic genres and other articles on poetry 
1/1/2001  Pocket door  See Expandig File P for photocopy of article on building a "pocket door." 
1/1/2001  Pool table - Billiards  See Expanding File P for photocopy of article on building a pool table 
1/1/2001  Edgar Allan Poe  See Expanding File P for information on the writer Edgar Allan Poe 
1/1/2001  Presidents - United States  Books about the U.S. Presidents will usually be under (R+Circ) 973.0992 See also Expanding File P 
1/1/2001  Proxy Voting  See Riddick's Rules of Procedure, R 328.1 Rid, p. 155 for explanation of proxy voting in a parliamentary procedure context. Also Problem Box for photocopy of above. 
1/1/2001  Pseudonyms  See: Dictionary of pseudonyms, by Adrian Room R 929.403 Roo Contemporary Authors sets R 928 Con 
1/1/2001  Psychics in Florida  See Florida Business Directory R 338.09759 Flo (shelved in business aisle) under heading "Psychic Mediums" 
1/1/2001  Public Opinion Research and Polls  See Directory of Corporate Affiliations, Volume 2, under S.I.C. Code 8732 Commercial Economic, Sociological & Education Research which includes Opinion Research, for list of companies in this field 
1/1/2001  Publisher's Clearinghouse  Publisher's Clearinghouse 382 Channel Dr. Port Washington, NY 110050 (516)-883-5432 (800)-645-9242 
1/1/2001  Consumer Information Center, Pueblo, Colorado  Consumer Information Center P.O. Box 100 Pueblo, CO 81002 Source of free government publications 
1/1/2001  Pulitzer Prizes  Pulitzer Prizes, See: any World Almanac online catalog under Pulitzer Prizes as a subject 
1/1/2001  Electric Pump Repair  Electric Pump Repair See: Country women: a handbook for the new farmer, by Sherry Thomas 630.2 Tho, p. 58+ 
1/1/2001  Trunks Purses Handbags  See Expanding File T for Trunks for information on trunks as collectibles and for repairing handbags and purses. 
1/1/2001  When I am an old woman I shall wear purple - quote - poem  "When I am an old woman I shall wear purple" is the first line of a poem called "Warning" by Jenny Joseph: When I am an old woman I shall wear purple With a red hat which doesn't go, and doesn't suit me, And I shall spend my pension on brandy and summer gloves And satin sandals, and say we've no money for butter. I shall sit down on the pavement when I'm tired And gobble up samples in shops and press alarm bells And run my stick along the public railings And make up for the sobriety of my youth. I shall go out in my slippers in the rain And pick the flowers in other people's gardens And learn to spit. You can wear terrible shirts and grow more fat And eat three pounds of sausages at a go Or only bread and pickle for a week And hoard pens and pencils and beermats and things in boxes. But now we must have clothes that keep us dry And pay our rent and not swear in the street And set a good example for the children. We will have friends to dinner and read the papers. But maybe I ought to practise a little now? So people who know me are not too shocked and surprised When suddenly I am old and start to wear purple. See: "When I am an old woman I shall wear purple," ed. by Sandra Martz which also contains poems by and about women and the aged. 810.8 Whe (also 810.80352 Whe) 
1/1/2001  Legal forms - Quitclaim deed  See books of sample legal forms at Ready Reference, such as: Everyday legal forms and agreements made E-Z R 347.73055 Eve 
1/1/2001  Quality Cup  The Quality Cup is a management award given jointly by the College of Business, Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) and USA Today See web site: 
1/1/2001  Recommended Dietary Allowances RDA  See Problem Box R for photocopy of chart of Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for vitamins, minerals, etc. for various age groups 
1/1/2001  Santa's reindeer - Christmas  Dasher Dancer Prancer Vixen Comet Cupid Donder Blitzen (from A night before Christmas, by Clement Moore) See this database for complete text Rudolf the red-nose reindeer: a popular song from 1949, with words and music by Johnny Marks, based on a short story by Robert L. May written in 1939 for Montgomery,Ward & Co. 
1/1/2001  Resolution - Resolved  See both Expanding File R and Problem Box R for samples of Resolutions, and how to write them. Also: Secretary's handbook by Sarah Augusta Taintor R 651.74 Tai 1988 
1/1/2001  IQ Intelligence Quotient "Regression to the mean"  Q. Is it true that a child's IQ can neve be higher than his parent"s? A. It's not true. The scientific term for this tendency is "regression to the mean," but it is a statistical phenomenon, not a biological one. It simply means that, within a given population, average intelligence appears stable, and people tend more to be average than exceptional. If both parents have IQs of 125, they are more likely to produce a child with an IQ of 100 to 125 than to produce a child with an IQ over 125, But exceptions do occur routinely---easily accounting for the broad range of ability in society. Source: Parade Magazine 8/23/98 "Ask Marilyn" 
1/1/2001  Red velvet cake recipe  Red velvet cake recipe: Cream together: 1/2 cup shortening 1 1/2 cups sugar 2 eggs Sift together: 2 cups flour 1 tablespoon powdered cocoa 1/2 teaspoon salt Add dry ingredients to creamed mixture, alternating with 1 cup buttermilk Add: 1 treaspoon vanilla 2 ounces red food coloring Beat well, then fold in: 1 teaspoon baking soda dissolved in 1 tablespoon vinegar (It will fizz.) Bake in two 9-inch greased and floured pans at 350 degreee F for 30 to 35 minutes. Frosting: Cook over low heat to pudding stage (well thickened): 1 cup milk 1/4 cup flour Set aside and cool completely. Cream together: 1/2 cup shortening 1 stick margarine (1/2 cup) 1 cup granulated sugr 1 teaspoon vanilla Add to pudding mixture and beat until smooth. Refrigerate until cake has cooled and is ready to be frosted. --Cori Fugere Urban, Montague, Massachusetts, printed in Yankee's Home Companion 
1/1/2001  Richter scale earthquakes seismograph  Richter Scale: See Worldbook Encyclopedia articles on Richter magnitude Erthquakes Seismograph Seismolgoy 
1/1/2001  Recipes  See Expanding File R for recipes of popular fast foods and products such as Twinkies, Big Macs, KFC, etc. 
1/1/2001  Retirement Homes - Florida  Contact: Florida Associatin of Homes for the Aging 1812 Riggins Road Tallahassee, Fl 32308 (850) 671-3700 
2/4/1998  am in search of the following statistic, as current as possible: broward county, florida age 25 and over marital status: single (divorced, separated, never married, widowed) income: over 35K or at least age and income breakdown of singles. would like to be able to compare this information to national and/or state and/or other counties in south florida. can you lead me to a source?  You will need to look at the U.S. Census Bureaus 1990 Census for Florida. The Broward County Main Library is a federal document depository. I am not certain the census will have this data in all the combinations you need, but they do have the basic data. Also, the following are two census sites on the web: You might also contact the University of Florida, Bureau of Economic and Business Research. They publish the Florida Statistical Abstract and can be reached at 352-392-0171. 
2/4/1998  I am doing a report for school. After recently visiting the cities of Orlando and Fort Pierce my teacher asked me to include the exact location of these cities. I have to determine the exact latitude and longitude, using degrees, minutes, and seconds. I have not been able to find this information. Could you be of any help.  The Omni Gazetteer of the United States lists the following co-ordinates: Orlando 28 32 17N 081 22 46W Ft. Pierce 27 26 47N 080 19 33W Good luck with your report! 
2/4/1998  What is proper procedure for disposing of state flag? Where is this info located?  I found the information from a book entitled Practical Protocol for Floridians by Allen Morris, former Clerk of the FL House of Representatives. p. 112, section (k) under Respect for the Flag states "The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning." Thank you, 
2/4/1998  i need to get info on my fathers do i get into the data base for the appraisers office in a county?  Visit the following site for a list of property appraisers by county: 
2/4/1998  My father is over 65 (77) and visits me for several months per year. He is also a disabled vet. Does he need a fishing license to fish in and around Tampa Bay -- salt water  Visit the FL Game and Freshwater Fish Commission site at: An excerpt from the site : Sportsmen from anywhere in the United States and Canada now can purchase Florida hunting and fishing licenses with a credit card by calling a toll-free telephone number. To purchase hunting, freshwater and saltwater fishing licenses and permits call 1-888-HUNT-FLORIDA (486-8356) or 1-888-FISH-FLORIDA (347-4356). All sport licenses and permits except lifetime licenses are available through this service. Agents are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and the service costs $3.95 per transaction, plus the state's fee for licenses and permits. 
4/1/2000  Florida's top 10 cities.  1998 estimate - Florida Statistical Abstract 1999 1) Jacksonville -- 710,595 2) Miami -- 364,765 3) Tampa -- 293,390 4) St. Petersburg -- 241,625 5) Hialeah -- 209,415 6) Orlando -- 180,462 7) Ft. Lauderdale -- 149,798 8) Tallahassee -- 143,237 9) Hollywood -- 126,917 10) Pembroke Pines -- 112,692 
2/25/1998  I am trying to determine whether or not the Governor's Council for Sustainable Florida stated in the Stuart News on Saturday, 2/14/98 is the same group as the Governor's Commission for a Sustainable South Florida. The article says "The Governor's Council is a not-for-profit group created by the Florida Legislature in 1990 to promote environmental education.  The Governor's Commission for a Sustainable South Florida has a report on the Internet at the following Web address: There is no other Governor's Commission for a Sustainable Florida. 
2/25/1998  Is there a FL state government office that regulates management companies? Specifically, management companies that are contracted by homeowners' associations to act on their behalf. Where would one check on the previous history of a management company and with whom would one register a complaint if they believed a management company had not met its obligations (by contract and/or state/federal law)?  The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Consumer Services has a toll free number (1-800-435-7352) for business complaints; Visit the Department's website for additional information. The Department of State's Division of Corporations regulates businesses in Florida and has a Public Inquiry Line at (904)488-9000 for Florida Corporations. Select menu item #1. or search the Corporations Online database at 
2/25/1998  I AM DOING RESEARCH FOR WORK AND WOULD LIKE TO KNOW THE AVERAGE WAGES FOR COUNTIES IN SOUTH FLORIDA. THIS WOULD BE HILLSBORO COUNTY SOUTH. IF YOU HAVE THE INFORMATION FOR A FEW DIFFERENT OCCUPATIONS THAT WOULD BE GREAT TOO!  I am faxing you p. 332 of the 1990 Census of Population, Social and Economic Characteristics, Florida, section 1 of 3. Table 148. This has the data for Hillsborough County and a few others. If you need the data for other counties, you can either find this document at a local library, or resend the request to this service w/ the title of the book and table number. If you would like information on specific occupations, the Bureau of Labor Statistics puts out a document called the Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida, Metropolitan Area, July 1996. You can see if this is available at your local federal depository library or request it on interlibrary loan through your local library. 
2/25/1998  I need a copy of the Florida State Contract on Travel. Specifically on airline travel for cities in Florida. CHAPTER 112 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES: GENERAL PROVISIONS check-out this statute. Also, you may want to check the Florida Admininstrative Code for this statute. A hardcopy of the FAC is available on campus 
2/25/1998  I need to obtain a copy or WEB location of Chapter 119 Florida Statutes. The Florida Statutes are available from the Legislature's web site, Online Sunshine. They are searchable by keyword and chapter number. The text can be saved like any other document. Choose the "save as" selection under "File" and change the file type to "plain text" on the Save AS screen, check the drive you are saving it to, it may need to be changed. Also, name your file with the extention ".txt" These directions will save the document as it is displayed and remove all the hidden codes of electronic publishing.  
2/25/1998  Pay Increases for state employees are on all ESS staffers' minds. How can one get the results of the voting on such topics over the internet? Where do you find what's comming up for a vote?  The Legislature's 
8/1/2000  Doctors discipline and malpractice. Physicians. Licensing. License.  The Florida Department of Health licenses doctors. Their website offers an online searchable database of license and background information for doctors. The web address is: From the scroll down menu click on Licensure, Medical Health Professionals Lookup. Then scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on Continue to the search site. The Florida Department of Health Care Administration used to have a Physician Discipline and Malpractice Report online. Recently they changed their website and took that particular publication off the site. Now consumers need to access the Department of Insurance website for discipline and malpractice information. The web address is: From here click on malpractice complaints. The American Medical Association also has a website which provides information for doctors, such as: graduation school and date, internship, specialty, etc... The site will also provide information on doctors who are not members. The web address is: From here click on Doctor Finder. Then click on Search by name or medical specialty. Then scroll down and click on ACCEPT. 
2/25/1998  Where can I access the Florida Statutes online?  The Florida Legislature's Online Sunshine site includes searchable copy of the Florida Statutes and the State Constitution. 
2/25/1998  Can I get copies of the Florida Administrative Weekly on the Web?  Yes. The Department of State, Division of Elections provides the Administrative Weekly. Several back issues are available for downloading. 
2/25/1998  How can I get a copy of a Florida birth certificate?  The Office of Vital Statistics now provides order forms online. You may also write the Office of Vital Statistics at P.O. Box 210, Jacksonville, FL 32231 which charges $9.00 per record for copies ordered by mail. To order by phone, the cost is $23.50 per record, payable by credit card at time of calling. The phone number is (904)359-6911 or 6922. 
2/25/1998  Who regulates licensing of various professions and are their databases available to search?  Most professions are regulated by the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, whose site is at They have recently put up a searchable database. The Construction Industry Licensing Board is responsible for contractor's licenses and can be reached at 7960 Arlington Expressway, Suite 300, Jacksonville, FL 32211. The telephone number is (904)727-6530. The Department of State, Division of Licensing is responsible for Licensing Private Investigators. The Agency for Health Care Administration licenses medical professionals. The Florida Board of Nursing is at 111 Coastline Drive, Room 501, Jacksonville, FL 32202 & telephone is (904)858-6940. 
2/25/1998  How can I get information on corporations in Florida. Is there an online source?  The Department of State's Division of Corporations database is available at: 
2/25/1998  Where can one file a complaint about a business in Florida?  The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Consumer Services has a toll free number (1-800-435-7352) for business complaints; for Lemon Law complaints the number is (1-800-321-5366); and for education and information the number is (1-800-327-3382). Visit the Department's website for additional information. To complain about a physician contact the Agency for Health Care Administration's Consumer Services Hotline at (904)414-7209 for a complaint form. The Department of State's Division of Corporations also has a Public Inquiry Line at (904)488-9000 for Florida Corporations. Select menu item #1. Contact the Department of Banking and Finance's consumer hotline for financial and investment services and a fraud alert. Information about nursing or related facilities can be obtained at or by calling(800)342-0828. The Office of the Attorney General and Department of Juvenile Justice have a consumer fraud website at and a crime protection site at 
2/25/1998  What are the e-mail addresses for Florida legislators, the Governor and Cabinet members?  Not all our legislators and have e-mail, but those that do are available through Online Sunshine . The e-mail addresses for the Governor and Cabinet are listed on the home pages of their individual departments, all accessible via the Cabinet Page. Conventions for e-mail addresses for state employees in the various departments can be found as a part of the State Telephone Directory. 
2/25/1998  I would like information on estimating the benefits that will be paid by the State of Florida to state employees through the state retirement system.  There is information on estimating retirement benefits for state employees at the Florida Division of Retirement Web site:  
3/20/1998  How do you get on the state bid list? Once on the list, is that sufficient for exposure to all agencies and departments? What are the key sites on the web for state purchasing requirements? Is there any source of info on gow to do business with the state efficiently?  There are several Web sites which contain the information you need. Doing Business With the State of Florida Purchasing Direct (Department of Management Services) Florida Administrative Weekly publishes lists of goods & services up for bid I hope that this information will be helpful. 
3/24/1998  How can I apply to be entered on the "no sales solicitation calls list"   You may contact the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, NO-Solicitation List at (850) 921-8497. It is not possible to make this request online.  
3/30/1998  Where can I find information, eye-witness accounts, history on hurricanes?  There are several Internet sites with historical information about hurricanes. Click on History to see a timelines Click on date to get information on hurricanes of that year Washington Post Hurricane Information WBBH-TV Hurricane Historical Information-links to other sites For additional sites, search hurricanes and history on a search engine such as Altavista ( or Inference Find ( There are also a number of books on hurricanes which contain historical information. Contact your local public library to see if they have some of these books in their collection.  
2/1/1998  I need black & white artwork of the Great Seal of the State of Florida. Can you help me out? Is there some web site I can download this from?  The General Counsel's Office in the Department of State has camera-ready copies of the seal, so I'd recommend calling that office at (850) 414-5536. The General Counsel's Office also requires an application for use of the state seal, so if that hasn't already been done, you'll need to contact that office at the above number to request an application form. 
3/1/1998  How can I obtain information on the sale of government seized property? Is this info available on the internet?  he Florida Department of Management Services sells surplus state property, mostly motor vehicles and water craft, through an auctioneer, J. Durham, who does the advertising and sends out flyers. You can contact J. Durham at (800) 342-2666. The Florida Department of Law Enforcement sends vehicles to DMS for these auctions. When they have accumulated a number of pieces of jewelry or whatever, they will advertise a sale in the local newspaper - the Tallahassee Democrat- and let potential bidders view the items. I was also told that you should check with the local sheriff's office in your area, since they often have local sales of confiscated property. 
3/1/1998  Where can I find information, eye-witness accounts, history on hurricanes?  There are several Internet sites with historical information about hurricanes. Click on History to see a timelines Click on date to get information on hurricanes of that year Washington Post Hurricane Information WBBH-TV Hurricane Historical Information-links to other sites For additional sites, search hurricanes and history on a search engine such as Altavista ( or Inference Find ( There are also a number of books on hurricanes which contain historical information. Contact your local public library to see if they have some of these books in their collection. 
3/1/1998  Where can I find > maps of flood zones for different areas of florida? If it is available on the internet, that would be great.  Try calling the U.S. Geological Survey Map Sales and Distribution toll free > number at 1-800-872-6277. The Geological Survey District Headquarters in > Tallahassee is at (850) 942-9500. For information from the Florida Geological > Survey, you may wish to call the survey librarian, Deborah Mekeel, at (850) > 488-9380. > > Here are some web sites that may be useful to you: > > > which is Flood Insurance Q&A Mapping Issues. This site has links to related > sites which may be of interest to you. > > > which is Using GIS in Local Government: Supporting the > National Flood Insurance Program > > > which is Map Objects Internet Map Server > > > which is information about FEMA flood maps (FEMA is Federal Emergency > Management Agency) > > > which is Map Service Center, out of FEMA > > The following information is from this web site: > > Product Ordering Information > > Paper Flood Insurance Rate Maps may be ordered by phone or fax, Monday > through Friday from 8:00 > a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (eastern time). > > Map Service Center > P.O. Box 1038 > Jessup, MD 20794-1038 > Tel: (800) 358-9616 > Fax: (800) 358-9620 > 
3/1/1998  Where can I find information about the incorporation of municipalities  There is a Florida Local Government web site at: At that site, there are separate links to Miami and Miami Beach. When one clicks on those links, entirely different homepages come up for each, with different information one from the other. The Florida League of Cities 1997-98 Membership Directory has separate entries for Miami and for Miami Beach. The year of incorporation for Miami is 1896. The year of incorporation for Miami Beach is 1915. Establishment of municipalities is covered generally in the Florida Constitution Article 8, Section 2. The Florida Constitution is online at: The formation of municipalities is covered in the Florida Statutes in Chapter 165.011. Incorporation is dealt with in Chapter 165.041 and 165.061. Links to the Florida Statutes are online at the following web site: To look at the 1997 Florida Statutes, click on the link to Florida Statutes (full volume). You may also search the Florida Statutes by clicking on the link Search 1997 Florida Statutes (full volume). The incorporation of individual municipalities is accomplished by special acts of the legislature. The record of the incorporation of Miami in 1896 is found in the 1897 Laws of Florida, Special Acts, Chapter 4642 - [No. 128]. The record of the incorporation of Miami Beach in 1916 is found in the 1917 Laws of Florida, Special Acts, Chapter 7672 - [No. 414].  
3/1/1998  Where can I find information about homeowners associations in Florida?  he Florida Statutes contain laws pertaining to Homeowners Associations. You can search the statutes online through the Florida Legislature's Online Sunshine page at: Choose Statutes and Constitution; Choose Search 1997 Florida Statutes (Full Volume); Type a search term in the window Click Execute Query. According to Chapter 617, Section 302 of the Statutes, Homeowners Associations are not regulated by the state. They must, however, register with the Department of State. To speak with someone in state government about homeowners associations, call the Department of State's Division of Licensing at (850) 488-9000 or the Condominiums Enforcement unit of the Department of Business and Professional Licensing at 850 488-0720. If you have further questions, please address them to the Department of State Division of Corporations, Homeowners' Associations Registration at (850) 487-6052. 
3/1/1998  Is there an internet site with the official Florida state mileage?  The state mileage rate ($.29 per mile) is on the Internet. It is in the Voucher Processing Handbook at the Web site for the Bureau of Auditing in the Department of Banking and Finance at the following location: It is in Section K. PER DIEM AND SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCES, Section VII. Transportation-Privately Owned Vehicles. 
3/1/1998  I want to see if a person has a private investigator license in the state of Florida.  Staff at the Public Inquiry Office at the Florida Dept of State Division of Licensing say that the information you request is not available on the internet. You may call, fax, or write to their office and they can look up information for you. The more information you have about the person you are asking about, the better. They like more than the name; they like to have the social security number, date of birth, and of course the license number. Call 850-488-5381 Fax 850-487-7950 Write: Public Inquiry Office Florida Dept of State Division of Licensing PO Box 6687 Tallahassee FL 32314 
2/1/1998  How do I form a Florida s-corporation?  You might want to look at the Department of State, Division of Corporations Web site which has information on setting up corporations: The book "How to Form a Simple Corporation in Florida" by Mark Warda and published by Sphinx Publishing contains a lot of information on forming an S Corporation. It also has samples of Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, along with other forms. Another book "Incorporation and Business Guide for Florida" by Robert C. Waters and published by Self-Counsel Press may also be useful to you. Check your local public library or bookstore to find copies of these books. The phone number for the Clearwater Public Library Headquarters is (813) 462-6800. Laws about corporations are found in the Florida Statutes. You can search the statutes online through the Florida Legislature's Online Sunshine page at: Choose Statutes and Constitution; Choose Search 1997 Florida Statutes (Full Volume); Type a search term in the window Click Execute Query. 
2/1/1998  I heard there was a new requirement for Florida employers to let the state know within fourteen days of a new hire (an attempt to track dead beat dads & workers' compensation fraud, I think). Could you direct me to more information on this topic?  The Florida Statutes are online and searchable at the web site maintained by the Florida Legislature called Online Sunshine. Try the web site address: I used the search term workers' compensation and got 10 hits. Also, go to the Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security at: The Division of Workers Comp is at:  
2/1/1998  Where can I find Florida labor laws?  On the Florida Department of Labor website, (, you will find the following: The primary federal law is called the "Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 as Amended" (FLSA). Florida law governing labor matters are found in multiple locations throughout the statutes. In general, federal law is stricter than Florida law, except in areas regulating employment of minors. Florida Labor Law Questions 850-488-9180 800-438-4128 (out of state) 800-342-3450 (Florida only) Federal Labor Law Questions (See local directory - USDOL Wage & Hour Division for wage and hour questions) 800-347-1997 
2/1/1998  What is the Florida Healthy Kids program (insurance) How can I get more information about the program?  Contact the Healthy Kids program at: Healthy Kids Corporation 223 S Gadsden St. Tallahassee, FL 32301 850-224-5437 
12/1/1997  I am trying to determine the times of the year that "love bugs" are present in the state, and also the heaviest areas of concentration.  According to a book called Florida Critters by Bill Zak, "Two flights of lovebugs occur each year. The spring flight occurs during late April and May; a second flight occurs during late August and September. Flights extend over periods of 4 to 5 weeks....Lovebugs are a formidable nuisance to motorists because they congregate in unbelievable numbers along highways and splatter windshields and grills of passinmg autos. They can clog radiator fins causing cars to overheat....Insecticidal control of the lovebug is impractical because infestations occur over such a vast area for so short a time." The scientific names are: Order: Diptera; Family: Bibionidae 
12/1/1997  How can I find background check information in Florida?  Contact the Florida Department of Law Enforcement for background checks FDLE Attn: USB Public Records P.O. Box 1489 Tallahassee, FL 32302 the fee is $15.00 the following information must be included: Full name Date of birth (or approximate age) Recommended information includes: Sex Race Social security number 
11/1/1997  Is the Florida tobacco settlement on the internet?  The tobacco settlement is at this address: I linked to it from this page of the executive office of the governor: 
4/6/1998  I would like to know if you have web page addresses for other states' web sites.  There are several sites which provide access to other state's Web sites. State Search (lists of state departments and officials listed by subject) National Association of Secretaries of State (links to all states' Departments of State) WWW Virtual Library: State Governments (sponsored by Indiana University School of Law Library) 
4/6/1998  Are correctional and court records available to the public? If they are accessible, how are they obtained?  Records of opinions in appelate and district courts, as well as the Supreme Court, are published in _Southern Reporter_. This publication is available in law libraries or court libraries. Opinions in circuit courts are not published in any central publication, but may be available through the individual courts. I'd suggest contacting the Clerk of Court in the district in which you're interested. There is a link to Web sites for the circuit courts at the following address: For cases in a county court, contact the Clerk of Court's office in that county. There is a list of County Clerks of Court with addresses and phone numbers at the following address: The Department of Corrections has information on inmates currently incarcerated and inmates released since October 1997 on its Web site at the following address: Some correction records are public information and others are not available to the public. If there is something specific in which you're interested, contact the Department of Corrections at (850) 488-2533. 
10/27/1999  Please search for average annual salaries of program directors, consultants, finance officers, staff assistants, staff development directors, executive secretaries for 1998 and 1999. Florida salaries only.  The State of Florida Classification & Pay Plan is online at: For additional information, contact the Classification and Pay section, Department of Management Services at 850-921-4706. For salary information for specific jobs or personnel, contact Classification & Pay for that agency. Find telephone numbers in the state online telephone directory at: Choose Subject and type Classification in the box. 
10/27/1999  We are a Canadian company manufacturing window, door and glass, and are looking at re-location our plant to Florida and surrounding area. We would appreciate if you can forward us information on the following: * What is required for Immigration for our company and some of the staff that we would move their. * What requirements does the Florida state require * Areas/ locations that you recommend for manufacturers * What programs or assistant our available from the State for companies like ours. * What does the state have in commercial properties that are for sale or foreclosed   For information about doing business with the state of Florida, go to the following Web site: A business site maintained by the state of Florida called Enterprise Florida is at: Florida's Chambers of Commerce can be found at: Other links to Florida business sites can be found at: Links to starting a business in Florida can be found at: The Florida Chamber of Commerce Web site is at: Their contact information is: Florida Chamber of Commerce, 136 S. Bronough, Tallahassee, FL 32301 telephone: (850)425-1200 
3/1/2000  Need information for a school report on the state of Florida.  Most of the information that you are requesting is available on Florida's website at: ***For maps, tourism information, and a free travel guide: Click on Tourism. Visit Florida, Inc provides all kinds of tourist information and the free travel guide. ***For census information: Use the web address above and click on Government. Then click on State and National Census information, located at the bottom left side of the page. ***For Florida history, symbols, and facts: Use the web address above and click on Hist/Culture. ***For government information: Use the web address above and click on Government. Under the heading State Government Bodies, there are links to the Governor's website, Legislature, Courts, etc... 
3/1/2000  What are the residency requirements for Florida?  The general requirements for declaration of domicile are set forth in the Florida Statutes, Chapter 222.17. You can access the Florida Statutes online at: From here click on 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XV. Then click on Chapter 222. Specific requirements for certain instances, such as college admission, divorce, probate, etc. may vary, but all would be found in the Florida Statutes. Chapter 240.1201 of the Florida Statutes-Determination of Resident Status for Tuition Purposes-deals with the requirements for establishing residency in order to qualify for the in-state tuition rate at Florida's colleges. In order to register to vote, you need only give a street address at the time of registration. There is no time factor. It can be as soon as you have an address. For a driver's license, you must have resided in Florida for 30 days and provide proof of residency such as an envelope with your Florida address. Each county offers a "proof of domicile" form that you may pick up at the circuit court office in the Florida county in which you live once you have moved here. See also Florida Statutes 196.015 on determination of permanent residency to establish a homestead exemption on property taxes. 
3/1/2000  Laws for homeowners associations.  Laws relating to homeowners associations can be found in the Florida Statutes 617.301-617.312. These are online at: From here click on 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XXXVI. Then click on Chapter 617. If you are unable to access these online, you can contact the Department of State's Division of Elections. They can send copies of chapters. Their contact information is: 850-488-7690 email Division of Elections, Room 1801 Department of State The Capitol Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250 Complaints against homeowners associations can be made online to the Division of Consumer Affairs or by calling (800) 435-7352. 
3/1/2000  How to obtain a death certificate.  Copies of death certificates may be obtained from the Office of Vital Statistics in Jacksonville. For dates that are unknown, they will do a search for a fee. Their website will have information on how and where to submit a request. The web address is: 
3/1/2000  Chief Inspector General - Governor's Office Chief Inspector General - Board of Regents  Contact information for the Chief Inspector General - Governor's Office is: Marcia Cook Office of the Governor The Capitol Tallahassee, FL 32399 Contact information for the chief Inspector General - Board of Regents is: David P. Coury Room 1401 Florida Education Center Tallahassee, FL 32399-1950 
3/28/2000  Is there a website that gives the township & range numbers for the state ?  Northwest Florida: County Maps Showing Townships, Ranges, Sections and Cemeteries -- available now are county maps of: Bay, Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, Okaloosa, Wakulla, Walton, Washington counties. Coming soon Escambia and Santa Rosa counties. I have not found other maps online. There is an Atlas of Florida, maps issued by the Associated Map Co. in 1926, published by Living Pictures, Inc. of Melbourne, FL that has print maps of each county in Florida showing township and range numbers. Perhaps your library has this atlas. The Department of Environmental Protection, Division of State Lands, Bureau of Survey and Mapping has a Web site at: 
3/28/2000  I looking for statistical data regarding foreign Direct Investments in Florida.  There are several places you can go to get statistics of foreign direct investments in Florida. You will probably want to first look at the Florida Trade Data Center web site at You'll notice that there is an option to view the pages in Spanish, if desired. There is a link on the left side of the page to view Market Information and Statistics that may be useful. To contact the Florida Trade Data Center (FTDC) call 800-900-2510 or 305-876-9747, or e-mail Their mailing address is: Florida Trade Data Center (FTDC) P.O. Box 590759 Miami, FL 33159-0750 The Bureau of Economic Analysis in the U.S. Dept. of Commerce produces a document called "Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies." Florida International University in Miami has this document and you should be able to visit them to look at it. The document contains tables with various data by state. For example, in the May 1999 document (data is from 1996), Table A-9 provides data on the number of affiliates with property, plant and equipment or employment by state in the U.S. There was also a recent article in the monthly "Survey of Current Business" (U.S. Dept. of Commerce) that updated these statistics with data from 1997. The article is available on the Internet at the following URL: In this web document, table 10 contains data by state. There are some footnotes at the bottom of the page which link to articles in other issues of the "Survey of Current Business" that you may be interested in. However, the links appear not to work. A list of articles (with working links) can be found at: Florida International University in Miami also has the "Survey of Current Business" in their collection if you prefer to look at it in paper. You may also be interested in some of the material at the following web page for the International Investment Division at the U.S. Dept. of Commerce: Many of these documents can be viewed online, even though "how to order" is prominently displayed toward the top of the page. The Statistical Abstract of the United States also has some statistics by state. It is available on the WWW at the following URL: The chapters are .pdf files, so you will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view them. Florida International University also has this document in their collection. 
3/28/2000  My ancestor homesteaded federal land in Florida in 1847 or 1848. How can I see a record of that transaction?  You can search the Federal Land Patents through the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Records, General Land Office Records at: I spoke to the Department of Environmental Protection, Division of State Lands, and was told that perhaps the land had first been conveyed to the state and thence to individuals. Telephone the library at (850) 488-8123 and ask to speak to Irene Wilson or Kathy Miklus. They have the original records of the Office of the Surveyor General (U. S. Surveyor General in Florida 1800's to 1910) which they can search for you. 
3/28/2000  Can you provide me with Martin County's 1950 population?  Martin County's TOTAL POPULATION in 1950: 7,807 If you need more than this, there's an excellent web site with historical census information on it: Select the year you want from the list at the left, such as 1950. Scroll down to population characteristics and select what you want. You can select more than one item if you hold the CTRL key down at the same time as you left click on the option. For example, you can pick total population and total households. Click on Browse 1950 data. Ignore the boxes at the top of the next screen. Scroll down and click in the box next to Florida. Scroll down some more and click on the "View counties" button. Again, ignore the boxes at the top of the next page. Scroll down to view the data you've requested for each of Florida's counties that existed in that year. 
3/28/2000  I don't know where to get my questions answered so I'm asking you. How does obtaining detailed information from every sixth household help provide services for ALL households? Of what significance is source of income? Of what significance is utility cost? Of what significance is number of rooms? Why do the forms have a variety of form numbers and not just two, one for the long form and one for the short form?  Questions about the Census form can be directed to 1-800-471-9424. This is a special 1-800 number set up specifically to answer questions about the census questionnaire, it is not a general 1-800 number into the Census Bureau. Also, you can contact the Census Questionnaire Assistance Center (fondly called QACs) near you. You didn't indicate where you live, but you can find a list of QACs at the following URL: To quote from this web site, the QACs provide: Language guides that translate the census questionnaire in 49 languages Assistance on how to answer the questions on your form Information on the census itself, and why we ask the questions we do Scroll down the page and click on the link for "Atlanta Region." This link lists by city in Alabama, Florida and Georgia, where you can receive assistance with the questionnaire. The file is a .pdf file, so you need the Adobe Acrobat Reader which is available free on the Internet. This web site at the Census Bureau provides a link to download the Adobe Acrobat Reader--usually it's a very easy installation. 
3/17/2000  I am looking for some information on high school graduation, college entrance, and college graduation by state and county. Any sites out there I my be able to find or get this information?  The U.S. Dept. of Education has education statistics available on their web site. Please go to Select Fast facts. On the next page, select "Elementary and Secondary Education." On the next page select "High school and college completion in the states." Select "State Comparisons of Education Statistics: 1969-70 to 1996-97." On the next screen, select "Browse the tables in this report." Look for: Table 19. Public high school graduates, by state: 1970-71 to 1996-97 Table 47. Total fall enrollment in institutions of higher education, by control, level of enrollment, and state: 1996 Table 63. Degrees awarded by institutions of higher education, by control, level of degree, and state: 1994-95 If you select the XLS version of these reports (button to the left of the table name), an excel spreadsheet will open in your browswer window. You can also download these, according to the DOE's instructions on this page. 
3/17/2000  I am a Brevard Community College student in the process of preparing a business plan. I intend to open up a small greeting card/gift store in the Palm Bay area. I have prepared the majority of the business plan, but am having a hard time locating information needed to prepare that financial projections portion of the plan. I am aware that this section is composed of "fictional numbers." I spoke to Tony Brown, a business teacher, at the Melbourne campus. He advised that I should obtain the fictional numbers from annual reports of similar business in the area. He also advised that I contact the Economic Developement Comission. I have searched libraries, databases, and the internet. I have not been able to find the actual reports on any such businesses. However, I was able to locate the annual report form for several. I am in need of the actual business reports containing their actual numbers. I am also trying to find out the number of households and income ranges of the surrounding area. (roughly a 30 mile radius) We plan on locating on the West side of Palm Bay Road, between Babcock street and Minton. In addition, I am also in need of data or statistics on the greeting/gift shop industry in this area, trends, and any other information that is useful in preparing a business plan.  All companies in Florida file what are referred to as Annual Reports with the Dept. of State's Division of Corporations, and many of these are available to view on the division's search tool located at the following web page: However, these documents appear to simply provide an update to the points of contact information for the company and don't provide the kind of information you are looking for. I spoke with an individual in the Division of Corporations who was not aware of a requirement for companies to file annual reports with the state which would provide the kind of detail you are looking for. If you want to look at what's available from the site above, it's a bit confusing, but not difficult. Click on the button that reads "Online searches and Document Images." Select "corporations, trademarks, and limited partnerships." Click in the button next to corporation/trademark name, then type a name in the box below and click on the search button. For example, I entered flowers. Click on the number of the record you want to look at. At the bottom of the screen, select, "Document Image." Click in the button next to Request and click on Submit. The next screen indicates that the document will be available momentarily. Go ahead and click where it says to "Click here to resubmit." Now click in the button next to the document you want to view labeled download and submit. On the next screen, click on "click here to download." A window will appear to either open a file or save it to disk. Select "Open it" and select OK. A new browser window will appear containing the document image. As you will see, there is not much information you will be able to use in these documents. AFter all that, the only thing I can suggest to get copies of the annual reports you need is to contact the company to see if they will provide you with a copy. Regarding the number of households and income levels in your projected area, you can obtain census statitics to the census tract level from the following web site: Census tracts are fixed "locations" that are generally bounded by streets. I'm not familiar with the Palm Bay Area. I looked on the Census Tract map for Palm Bay and found Minton Road and Babcock Street, but did not see Palm Bay Road. The area I assume you are referring to is bounded by S.Hwy 516, Babcock St., a drainage canal, and Minton Rd. I-95 cuts diagonally through this area and splits it into two census tracts. The two possible Census tracts are: 713.21 (closest to Minton Road) and 651.21 (closest to Babcock St.). I did not measure what census tracts would fall within a 30 mile radius. Nearby tracts include 651.22, 651.01, 650.21, 713.01, 713.31, 713.22, 652.02, 652.01 (on the Indian River), and 651.23 (on the Indian River). If this geography doesn't sound right, there are several options for you to look at the area. You can check your local public library or communtiy college library to see if they have a copy of these paper maps in their collection (probably the main library building rather than one of the branches) so you can find the right area. If you have a fax number, I can photocopy and fax you the section of the map I'm looking at. You can also view the tracts on the lookup web site provided above. The maps come with a corresponding book containing the population and housing statistics by census tract and block numbering area. The volume for Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA is numbered 1990 CPH-3-226 at the top right. You can also get the data from the lookup web site provided above. When you get to, select STF3A under choose a database to browse. Click in the button next to Go to level State--County (*Tracts and Block Groups), select Florida from the list of states and submit. On the next screen, again click in the button next to Go to level State--County--Census Tract (*Block Groups), select Brevard county and submit. On the next screen, leave the default at the top of the radio buttons, and select the tracts you want. Select more than one by holding down the CTRL key on the keyboard as you click on the tract number. Submit. Choose tables. P5 is households and and P80 is HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1989. Scroll to the top and submit. Submit again to read as HTML file. If you want to view a map of the area, stop at the point where you are selecting the tract numbers. You can only view one map at a time, so select one. At the top, click in the radio button next to View map of the area. Submit. The next screen has two maps. The top is of the U.S., the botto is a blow up of the tract area. You can click on the yellow marker to blow this up even more. If you still want to zoom in some more, select that option on the right and click on the map. You can also redraw the map to display census characteristics found at the bottom right of the page. There is a legend underneath the map to the left. These maps don't look very good printed directly from this page. However, they look better if you right click, save the image to a file, open the file in your browser, then print. I have no information on the trends in the greeting/gift shop industry in this area. Many public libraries have business information, or a business CD-ROM, such as the American Business Disk, that you can search by type of business. Some CD-ROMs will provide information such as total sales by the company. Please see your local public or community college library to see what business reference materials they have. Finally, you may find useful the following web page containing information related to starting/running a business in Florida: 
3/13/2000  I was hoping you may be able to give me the percentages of Bilingual people in the world/USA/and Florida, so that i can compare the data. If not, could you please direct me to a source where i may find these percentages of Bilingual people.  One possible source of data you could use is the category "Language spoken at home and ability to speak English" in the 1990 Census. This would cover only the U.S. and Florida. The library at UF has these in paper and probably also on CD-ROM if you want to look at the data that way. You can also access the info on the Internet at Select STF3A (to view data for Florida) and STF3C-part 1 (to view data for the U.S.). In the STF3A, choose Florida and click on Submit. Several tables relate to this subject: P28, P29, P30, P31, P145, and P146. Select the one(s) you want to view and click on Submit. I've looked at the International Statistics available through the Census Bureau's web site, and I haven't run across anything that summarizes "world" in terms of bilingualism. We (State Library of Florida) are not an international documents depository, so we don't have many reference materials that cover international statistics. However, the University of Florida is an international depository, and will have general statistical reference materials from the UN, such as the Demographic Yearbook. I suggest contacting them for this information. 
3/2/2000  I am trying to obtain population density maps on the County level, specifically Orange, Brevard, Volusia and Flagler Counties.  You can download maps depicting population density from the following part of the Census Bureau website: Once here, click the county you want on the map. The next screen provides options to select data. Click on "Browse Tiger map of area." On the next screen, you can request certain features be displayed on the map. To have the map shaded for population density, scroll down toward the bottom. On the right side of the screen (to the right of the legend), is a heading called "Map Census Statistics." In the first box (Level), select Census tracts. In the second box (Theme), select Pop Density. Underneath these two boxes, select Quintiles. Click "Redraw Map" at the bottom of the page. There are options to select various color pallettes, but the default seems to display the best. The result will be in shades of green. The legend for the shaded areas on the redrawn map is just underneath it. I tried printing on a black and white printer, and it is very dark, but it may work better on a color printer. You can also save the map image and legend to another file by right clicking over the map, and selecting "Save image as..." Save it to a disk or other drive, then open it. I have tried this and opened the saved image in my browser window. When it's printed this way, the shades of gray display very well. 
3/28/2000  I am looking for a contact name and number for who to obtain General Land Office plats for the state of Florida, referred to as GLOs. GLOs are plats of the Federal System of Rectangular Surveys. Each plat contains a Township, which consists of 36 sections. The plat also includes the dimensions of each section including bearings and lengths of section lines, quarter section lines and government lots. Accurate plots of sectionalized lands can be accomplished by using GLO plats. Any information would be greatly appreciated.  The Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States office, has a Web site at: The page explains how to get the plat maps. 
3/28/2000  I am investigating the financial impact of rusting in the US. I was wondering if you have information about the annual cost of rusting in Florida.  I have found no source of statistics on rust. I suggest that you contact: NACE International: The Corrosion Society P.O. Box 218340 Houston, TX 77218-8340 (281) 228-6223 E-mail: Web site: According to the Web site the organization is beginning a Cost of Corrosion Study. See: 
1/18/2000  I am interested in buying the old census records for Pike Co. Ky. and also has the 1930 census been released yet. Can you let me know what is for sell.  I believe you can purchase the census records from the National Archives and Records Administration. Please refer to the following web site for available catalogs of their microfilm publications, including census records: On this page, either click on "Census Catalogs" or scroll down the page until you see the catalogs listed. Also, on this page, if you click on "Ordering Information" on the gray bar on the left, you will find information about payments, delivery schedule, etc. The 1930 census records have not been released yet. It is my understanding that the Census Bureau must wait 72 years before releasing the names data. Therefore, the 1930 records should be available around 2002 or 2003. We at the State Library of Florida don't have anything for sale. However, please refer to the other links on the National Archives web site for other publications catalogs. Also, please refer to the following web site at the Census Bureau for publications that they offer: Also, please refer to the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives web site at This part of their web site explains their archival research policy. The following web site details their census holdings In case you have more specific questions about Kentucky, one of Kentucky's representatives in the Census Bureau's State Data Center program is Ms. Brenda Fuller, State Library Division, Department for Libraries & Archives, 300 Coffeetree Road, P.O. Box 537, Frankfort, KY 40601 (502) 564-8300, ext. 334, 
3/29/2000  I am looking for a quick claim deed (quitclaim deed) form. Is there somewhere I can find this on-line?  A title company (look in the local yellow pages under the heading Title Companies) has quitclaim deed forms or I'm told that you can buy one at an office supply store that carries RAMCO forms. 
3/30/2000  Where can I find an organizational chart of Florida government online?  There is a Florida government organizational chart online at: click on STATE PERSONNEL SYSTEM REPORTING ENTITIES 
4/5/2000  How can I get my civil rights restored after being convicted of a felony?  The law on executive clemency and pardons can be found in Chapter 940, Florida Statutes. You can access the statutes online through the Legislature's Online sunshine page at: Click on Statutes and Constitution; click on 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume); click on TITLE XLVII -- CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CORRECTIONS; scroll down to find Chapter 940 Executive Clemency. For further inquiries, you can contact: Office of Executive Clemency 2601 Blairstone Road Building C, Room 229 Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2450 (850) 488-2952 
4/6/2000  How can I get my criminal record expunged?  You need to contact the Florida Dept. of Law Enforcement's Expunge Section at 850-410-7870 for an application. The mailing address is: Expunge Section, Florida Dept. of Law Enforcement, P. O. Box 1489, Tallahassee, FL 32302 
4/1/2000  Locating a missing person.  Most of the online "people finders" have an option to narrow it down by state and city. A few examples are: The Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles provides information on their website about accessing their public records. The web address is: There also is the Social Security Death Index at: There also is a book called, "Find Anyone Fast", by Richard S. Johnson & Debra Johnson Knox. It specifically has a section on using the internet to find persons. 
4/1/2000  Labor law questions.  For information on labor laws, you can contact the Florida Department of Labor & Employment Security. They will be able to help you. Their number is: 800-438-4128 (out of state) 800-342-3450 (Florida only) 
3/22/2000  How many boats/marine vessels were licensed in Cape Coral In 1998 and 1999?  I spoke with someone in the vessel registration office of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles about your question. Figures for boat registrations are available by county, but not by city. In Lee County in 1997-1998 there were 36,255 boats registered. In 1998-1999 the number was 37,328. 
4/10/2000  I need to know the names of any or all research ships departed from Florida on April 1, 2000  You can search an online database of research ship information and schedules at: Select the top option (Search Ship Schedules (forms based). In the next series of boxes, select USA from the box labeled Country and 2000 from the box labeled Year. The default sort is by departure date. 
4/10/2000  Does the State of Florida require that tour guides (or other people who guide) have licenses? If so, where and how do they apply for them?  The Florida Statutes refers to tour guides as "sellers of travel." "Seller of travel" means any resident or nonresident person, firm, corporation, or business entity who offers for sale, directly or indirectly, at wholesale or retail, prearranged travel, tourist-related services, or tour-guide services for individuals or groups, including, but not limited to, vacation or tour packages, or vacation certificates in exchange for a fee, commission, or other valuable consideration." Please refer to Title XXXIII (REGULATION OF TRADE, COMMERCE, INVESTMENTS, AND SOLICITATIONS), Chapter 559 (Regulation of Trade, Commerce, and Investments, Generally), PART XI (SELLERS OF TRAVEL) for the requirements for sellers of travel. The statutes are available online at Select 1999 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Select Chapter 559, then Part XI. 
4/1/2000  Florida High School - online high school  I searched the legislative website and found 2 bills pertaining to Florida's on-line high school. The bills are: Senate Bill 2260 House Bill 2063 You can access the text of these bills online at: You also might be interested in Florida High School's website. It has lots of good information (history, articles, structure, etc...). The web address is: 
4/1/2000  Bingo laws  The laws on bingo can be found in the Florida Statutes Chapter 849.0931, which are available online at: From here click on 1999 Florida Statutes. Then click on the Title Number that contains chapter 849 Then click on chapter 849.0931. Bingo licenses are no longer issued by the state. The laws are enforced by local law enforcement agencies. If you have any additional questions, contact the Division of Pari-Mutuel Wagering at: 850-488-9161 
4/1/2000  State User Fee Program Ex: Miami Corporation Land owned privately - leased to the state - state charges a user fee for persons to hunt, fish, etc...  Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission Miami Corporation and the User Fee Program Contact person - Donald Poindexter, 850-488-3831 
4/1/2000  Florida lawyer regulation  Information on lawyer regulation can be found on the Florida Bar Association website at: From here click on Law Practice Regulation. You can contact the Florida Bar at: 650 Apalachee Pkwy Tallahassee, FL 32301 850-561-5600 
4/11/2000  I WOULD LIKE TO RECEIVE SOME INFORMATION ON FLORIDA ACT/SAT SCORES.  Information on Florida ACT/SAT scores is available in the Florida School Indicators Report online at the following web address: There are three boxes to define your data (school year, school type, and level). If you select the 1998/1999 school year, define high as school type and select state level, one report will come up that summarizes all the available reports for the state. If you select school or county level in step three, you can then choose to look at only the ACT and SAT scores by district or by individual schools. 
4/1/2000  Clergy or minister licensing in Florida.  Clergy are not registered or licensed through the state of Florida. They are ordained or certified through their faith or college. However, churches are considered not-for-profit organizations and are required to file with the Florida Department of State's Division of Corporations. Their contact information is: Mailing Address: Division of Corporations Corporate Filings P.O. Box 6327 Tallahassee, FL 32314 Street Address: Division of Corporations Clifton Building 2661 Executive Center Circle Tallahassee, FL 32301 (850) 245-6939 E-mail: Web site: The Florida Statutes Chapter 617 covers Corporations Not For Profit. These are online at: . From here click on TITLE XXXVI. Then click on Chapter 617 
4/14/2000  I would like economic statistics for Miami. I'm looking for things like retail sales by type of business, payroll, etc.  The Economic Census contains the information you are looking for. It can be found on the Internet at the following web address: Click on 1992 Economic Census, then click on Florida on the map. On the next screen, select Miami from the list of Florida Places with population > 2500 and click on "Submit Query." On the next page, you can select from 7 different reports. The first report, "Retail trade--general statistics," contains number of establishments, sales, number of employees, annual payroll, and 1st quarter payroll. These are listed by category of business in retail trade, such as General merchandise stores, Furniture and homefurnishings, etc. You may also want to check out the Regional Economic Information System while you are at the above web site. You can get four different reports: total personal income by type of income and earnings by industry, full-time and part-time employees by industry, regional economic profiles, and transfer payments by type of payment. You can get these reports at the state, county, metropolitan area, and BEA economic area levels. 
4/17/2000  What is the law about revocation and reinstatement of drivers licenses in cases involving failure to pay child support?  Florida Statutes 322.058 and 322.059 address the issues of revocation and reinstatement of drivers license due to failure to pay child support. You can read these statutes online at this address: 
4/1/2000  State employees doing volunteer work. (Governor's Mentoring Iniative)  The Governor has a page on his website which provides rules and their interpretation regarding state employees doing volunteer work. The web address is: This page provides the source (Florida Administrative Code Chapter 60K-5). You can also click on - Interpretation of Rule - for an explanation. 
4/1/2000  How Florida got it's name.  On Easter Sunday, 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon and those with him in three ships saw a small, unknown island. They sailed northwest for three days and then west-northwest for two days more. Again they saw land, but the coast was so long that they knew this was not an island like the one glimpsed five days before. The lawyers who served the King of Spain thought possession could by cinched by naming places discovered by the explorers; thus, Ponce de Leon was faced with the problem of what to call this land on which he yet had not set foot. Writing a hundred years later, court historian Antonio de Herrara told how Ponce de Leon solved the problem: "Believing that land to be an island, they named it Florida, because it appeared very delightful, having many pleasant groves, and it was all level; and also because they discovered it at Easter, which as has been said, the Spaniards called Pasqua de Flores, or Florida." The Spanish pronounced it Flor-EE-da. The English, coming later, kept the name but changed the pronounciation to suit their tongues, so Flor-EE-da became FLOR-i-da. 
4/1/2000  Solemnizing a marriage in Florida.  If you would like to read these online, you can do so at: From here click on 1999 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XLIII. Then click on Chapter 741. Then click on Chapter 741.07. 741.07 Persons authorized to solemnize matrimony.-- (1) All regularly ordained ministers of the gospel or elders in communion with some church, or other ordained clergy, and all judicial officers, including retired judicial officers, clerks of the circuit courts, and notaries public of this state may solemnize the rights of matrimonial contract, under the regulations prescribed by law. Nothing in this section shall make invalid a marriage which was solemnized by any member of the clergy, or as otherwise provided by law prior to July 1, 1978. (2) Any marriage which may be had and solemnized among the people called "Quakers," or "Friends," in the manner and form used or practiced in their societies, according to their rites and ceremonies, shall be good and valid in law; and wherever the words "minister" and "elder" are used in this chapter, they shall be held to include all of the persons connected with the Society of Friends, or Quakers, who perform or have charge of the marriage ceremony according to their rites and ceremonies. 
4/24/2000  I need all the information on how FL. got the nickname the Sunshine State. and how it got its state name.  The nickname "Sunshine State" was adopted by the 1970 Legislature. Below are a few paragraphs taken from the book, "Florida Place Names" by Allen Morris. ________ On Easter Sunday, 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon and those with him in three ships saw a small, unknown island. They sailed northwest for three days and then west-northwest for two days more. Again they saw land, but the coast was so long that they knew this was not an island like the one glimpsed five days before. The lawyers who served the King of Spain thought possession could by cinched by naming places discovered by the explorers; thus, Ponce de Leon was faced with the problem of what to call this land on which he yet had not set foot. Writing a hundred years later, court historian Antonio de Herrera told how Ponce de Leon solved the problem: "Believing that land to be an island, they named it Florida, because it appeared very delightful, having many pleasant groves, and it was all level; and also because they discovered it at Easter, which as has been said, the Spaniards called Pasqua de Flores, or Florida." The Spanish pronounced it Flor-EE-da. The English, coming later, kept the name but changed the pronunciation to suit their tongues, so Flor-EE-da became FLOR-i-da. ________________ 
1/8/2001  How do I reach Backruptcy Court?  Bankruptcy Court is in several locations through out the state of Florida. They do not have a website. Fort Lauderdale 1-954-356-7224 Fort Myers 1-941-243-5045 Jacksonville 1-904-232-2852 Miami 1-305-536-5216 Orlando 1-407-648-6364 Pensacola 1-850-435-8475 220 W. Garden St., Suite 700 Pensacola, FL 32501 Tallahassee (also handles Panama City & Gainesville) 1-850-942-8933 Tampa 1-813-301-5134 801 N. Florida Ave., Suite 727 Tampa, FL 33602 West Palm Beach 1-561-655-6774 
4/25/2000  What public property has been named after a living legislator?  State Buildings, Parks, Roadways, etc named after legislators while they were still alive (taken from Final Citators 1989-1999 under the subject "Designations"). Prior to 1989 there is not a specific subject listing for public property named after people. 1989 Claude Denson Pepper Building (Claude died in 1989, while serving this term) H1856 (89-396) Sam Mitchell Aquaculture Demonstration Facility H447 (89-392) William V. Chappell, Jr. Memorial Highway S1237 (89-385) William V. Cahppell, Jr. Memorial Bridge H87 (89-387) 1990 Doyle E. Conner Agricultural Complex S2676 (90-370) Sidney Martin Biotechnology Center, University of Florida H2933 (90-378) 1991 Robert E. Blackburn, Jr. Florida Department of Law Enforcement complex S1266 (91-312) Wayne Hollingsworth Farmer's Market H655 (91-314) Jefferson Reaves, Sr. Boulevard H1023 (91-315) 1992 Frederick H. Schultz Hall, University of North Florida H1089 (92-219) Elaine Gordan Highway S932 (92-210) Gwen Cherry Highway S932 (92-210) Willard Ayres Bridge H2439 (92-152) 1993 James Harold Thompson, Village Green, Florida State University, College of Law H1047 (93-300) 1994 None 1995 Betty Easley Conference Center, Capital Circle Office Center, Public Service Commission H435 (95-439) T.K. Wetherell Building, Florida State University, University Center H2123 (95-441) U.S. Congressman Tom F. Lewis & State Representative Marian V. Lewis Highway H27 (95-435) 1996 Malcolm E. Beard Transportation Complex S1126 (96-436) Sid Martin Memorial Highway H59 (96-433) 1997 Donald E. Reed Hall; committee meeting room House of Representatives H9063 (Adopted) Doyle E. Carlton, Jr. Cracker Country; Florida State Fairgrounds H907 (97-220) 1998 Senator George Kirkpatrick Dam H3065 (98-398) James T. Hargrett, Jr. Building S1540 (98-78) Pat Thomas Parkway S1014 (98-423) 1999 William G. "Doc" Myers M.D. Building, Health Department Laboratory Facility, University of South Florida H2125 (99-397) Carrie P. Meek Boulevard S82 (99-403) 
4/26/2000  Where do I get information on Enterprise Zones in Florida?  Telephone or e-mail Burt von Hoff of the Community Development section of the Governor's office at: (850) 487-0467 
4/1/2000  Contests void in Florida. Internet sweepstakes.  We receive questions on this particular topic quite often. The St. Pete Times (Feb. 24, 1998 edition) had a good article which explains why some sweepstakes and contests are void in Florida. I'll copy and paste this for you below. ____________ February 24, 1998 Series: ACTION Florida has strict sweepstakes rules By NANCY PARADIS Section: FLORIDIAN Edition: 0 SOUTH PINELLAS Page: 2D Estimated Printed Pages: 3 Index Terms: COLUMN Article Text: I was surfing the Internet recently and looked at some sweepstakes offered there. I noticed that a large percentage of the sweepstakes and contests are void to Florida residents. Is this because we have the lottery? If not, why are Florida residents prevented from playing these sweepstakes? Rich Whittle Response: After speaking with the Florida Department of State Division of Licensing, which handles sweepstakes registration, and also several sweepstakes sponsors, here's your answer, and it has nothing to do with the lottery. It is a violation of Florida statute 849.094 (e) to require an entry fee, payment or proof of purchase as a condition of entering a sweepstakes. Since accessing the Internet is considered a cost, any sweepstakes you found there that does not offer an alternate means of entry, such as sending a card or calling a toll-free number, is illegal in Florida. That takes care of some of the sweepstakes you found on the Net. Florida law also requires that sweepstakes' sponsors fill out a form and pay a $100 fee to register with the state seven days before the start of the contest. The sponsors also must post a surety bond or establish a trust account for the value of the prizes being offered. Not all sponsors can or want to comply with these requirements. As you surfed the sweepstakes' offerings on the Net, you may have noticed that many that are void in Florida are also void in New York and Rhode Island. These two states also have more stringent requirements for sweepstakes sponsors. ___________ If you would like to read the Florida Statutes on this, you can find them online at: From here click on 1999 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XLVI. Then click on Chapter 849 - Gambling. Then click on Chapter 849.094. 
5/9/2000  Where can I get information on Cabinet meetings scheduled for other locations in the state?  The Cabinet schedule is available at this Web site: For additional information on cabinet meetings, contact the Cabinet Office in the Governor's Office at (850) 488-5152. 
5/9/2000  What is the law regarding rest breaks during an 8-hour work day?  Florida law and federal law do not require rest breaks for employees over the age of 18. Breaks, however, may be negotiated by labor organizations or may be part of a contract. Should you have further questions, the Department of Labor and Employment Security has a toll-free hotline for questions on Florida labor law. You can reach that hotline at 800-342-3450. For questions on federal labor law call 800-347-1997. 
5/9/2000  I am a recent widow. What must I do to sell my car? Both names are on registration and title.  If the title is in both of your names, you can take the title certificate and a certified copy of your husband's death certificate to a local motor vehicle office, and they will issue a new title certificate showing you as the owner of the car. Your registration will automatically be changed. You can locate the address and telephone number for your local motor vehicle office that handles tags and titles at this Internet address: 
5/9/2000  What material does the building code for mobile homes allow to be used as skirting?  Contact the Bureau of Mobile Homes about your question at this toll-free number (800) 700-2013. The Construction Office of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles regulates construction standards for mobile homes, and they may be able to provide the information you need. Their phone number is (850) 488- 8600. The Bureau of Mobile Homes Web site has links to the laws and rules related to mobile homes. That site is available at this Internet address: 
5/1/2000  First-time homebuyers. First time.  The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has a good website with information for first-time homebuyers, including mortgage programs. The web address is: The Florida Housing Finance Corporation also has a website with information for first-time homebuyers. The web address is: Another source for programs can be mortgage lenders. They usually are up-to-date with programs specifically for a community or county. You can also check with your local newspaper. For instance - The Tallahassee Democrat has a Home section which often will notify first-time home buyers of programs available. 
5/1/2000  Internet fraud complaints. The Internet Fraud Complaint Center (IFCC) is a partnership between the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C). 
5/1/2000  Marriage laws in Florida.  Chapter 741 of the Florida Statutes covers marriages in Florida. These are online at: From here click on 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XLIII. Then click on Chapter 741. The Leon County Clerk of Courts Office has a good Frequently Asked Questions section on their website which provides information on getting married in Florida. Because Florida marriage laws apply from county to county, the information that you find on Leon County's website will be the same for any other county that you actually obtain your marriage license in and/or get married in. The web address is: From here click on FAQ. Then click on Marriage Licenses. 
5/1/2000  Drawings of chance. Raffles.  You can find "drawings by chance" in the Florida Statutes Chapter 849. These are online at: From here click on 1999 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE XLVI. Then click on Chapter 849. 
5/16/2000  I would like to know how I can get a copy of Florida's Ordinance of Secession from 1861  Here is the wording of the Ordinance of Secession. "We, the People of the State of Florida, in convention assembled, do solemnly ordain, publish and declare, That the State of Florida hereby withdraws herself from the Confederacy of States existing under the name of the United States of America, and from the existing government of said States; and that all political connection between her and the government of said States ought to be and the same is hereby totally annulled and said Union of States dissolved and the State of Florida is hereby declared a sovereign and independent Nation; and that all ordinances heretofore adopted, in so far as they create or recognize said Union, are rescinded, and all laws or parts of laws in force in this State, in so far as they recognize or assent to said Union, be and they are hereby repealed." 
5/1/2000  To obtain copy of federal inmate centeral file records.  Must obtain a notarized authorization from the inmate. If a notary is not present at the prison, a case manager may be used. Send original authorization along with - date of birth, social security number, federal register number (or inmate number), and explicit instructions to: Federal Bureau of Prisons 320 First St. NW, Room 738 Washington, DC 20534 202-574-6655 
6/1/2000  state attorney Where can I find names and addresses of state attorneys in Florida?  From Click Get Information; click Governor's office; click Governor's Initiatives and Special Interests; click Victims' Rights; click Criminal Justice Directory. Web address: 
6/1/2000  Copy of the Florida Building Code.  The Building Code is available through the Florida Department of Community Affairs. I contacted their office, and they informed me that there still is not a "new" building code. However, you can obtain a 3rd draft online at: Or, you can call and request a free copy at: 850-487-1824 (They have a few left.) 
6/1/2000  Laws for a name change.  Florida Statutes covers name changes in Chapter 68.07 . You can access the statutes online at: From here click on - 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on - Title VI - CIVIL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE. Then click on - Chapter 68 - Miscellaneous Proceedings; Then scroll down to find 68.07 - Change of name. For forms, go to the Web address: From here click on the - Self Help Center; Then click on - Family Law Forms. Then scroll down to find 12.982 Name Change. 
6/1/2000  Grants and loans for businesses.  I am not aware of any grants that the state has for small businesses. To see the state grants that are available, I'd recommend checking the directory _Florida State Grant Programs_ published by Florida Funding publications, Inc., a John L. Adams company. Your local library may have a copy of this publication. You might also check with the Small Business Development Center and the Small Business Administration to see if there are any federal grants or loans for which you may be e ligible. Their Web sites are located at the following addresses: 
5/31/2000  What is the Gordon Rule?  Florida Administrative Code Rule 6A-10.030 is popularly known as the Gordon Rule. Senator Jack Gordon of Miami Beach was the author of the rule. The original rule states that it becomes effective August 15, 1982. An undated newspaper article in our vertical file states "the rule will first affect freshmen entering a higher education institution in January 1983." A description of the Gordon Rule requirements is available at the University of Florida Web site 
6/1/2000  Website of Florida flag. A very good one. Thanks to Nan.  Good color image of the Florida flag: 
6/1/2000  Naming highways.  It takes an act of the Florida Legislature to name a highway (or portion of a highway) or a bridge. Although some have been named for living persons the general rule is that they be named for someone deceased. To have a highway named, contact your Florida Senator and convince him/her that this would be a deserved honor. She/he will have to get the cooperation of the Representative to the Florida House, so that the naming will pass in both chambers of the Legislature. For a list of highways and bridges named for persons, telephone Leslie Mamey of the Florida Department of Transportation at (850) 414-4848. 
7/1/2000  Tidal charts. Past, present, and future. NOAA.  The Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has a website with tidal charts (past and present). The web address is: From here click on Site Map. Then under Charting and Navigation, click on Tide and Tidal Current Tables. Then click on Tides Online. 
7/1/2000  Leasing facilities. State buildings. Management Services.  Department of Management Services - Facilities Management. Can contact: Rose Cook - 850-488-6680 or, Carolyn Willisms - 850-488-6422 
7/1/2000  Landlord/tenant rights.  Chapter 83 of the Florida Statutes governs landlord/tenant concerns. You can access the Florida Statutes online through: Click on TITLE VI. Scroll down to Chapter 83. The Florida Bar Association provides information for landlords and tenants on their website at: Additional information can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section of the Leon County Clerk of Court site. You can also check your local public library for: 1.Landlord/Tenant Rights in Florida: What You Need to Know by William D. Clark 2.Landlords' rights and duties in Florida: with forms by Mark Warda There are recent editions of these books which should be available through InterLibrary Loan if your local library does not have them. 
7/1/2000  Political contributions.  Contributions made to candidates running for statewide office can be found through Elections Online. See the information page at: Local campaign contributions are filed with the county supervisor of elections. There is a list of the supervisors at: 
7/1/2000  Renewing passports. Passport renewal.  The US Department of State's website provides information on renewing your passport. A couple of specific urls pertaining to renewals and other information are: 
7/1/2000  Per Diem for state employees. Travel expenses.  The Florida Statutes Chapter 112.061 Per diem and travel expenses of public officers, employees, and authorized persons.-- will answer questions concerning per diem and travel expenses. These are online at: From here click on 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Then click on TITLE X. Then click on Chapter 112 Part I. Then click on Chapter 112.061. 
8/1/2000  How can I get a copy of a traffic accident report?  This information on ordering accident reports comes from the Florida Highway Patrol Web site ( There is a link from that Web site to local district offices in the state. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Crash reports may be obtained from the local Florida Highway Patrol Station that is closest to where the crash occurred. Crash reports are kept in the local districts for 2 years from the date of crash. Homicide reports are kept in the local districts for 5 years from the date of crash. To order a crash report ($2.00) older than 2 years, call (850) 488-5017. To order a traffic homicide report ($25.00) older than 5 years, call (850) 488-1009. To order traffic homicide photographs, call (850) 488-5984. Photographs are $1.00 for 5"x7" or $1.50 for 8"x10". NOTE: When requesting photographs, have at least two of the following pieces of information available when you place your request: Date of Crash County of Crash Name of Fatality Victim Traffic Homicide Case Number 
8/1/2000  What are the land and water boundaries of Florida?  Article II, Section 1 a of the Florida Constitution deals with State Boundaries. You can access the Constitution on the Web at this address: 
8/2/2000  Where did De Soto cross the Suwanee River?  De Soto left the village of Napituca (near present Live Oak) and marched to the area near present-day Dowling Park. From there he and his men crossed the Suwanee River. 
8/2/2000  How do I find old federal laws, statutes at large, senate and house journals for the U. S. Congress?  Use the Library of Congress's American Memory site. The address for law materials is: 
8/1/2000  Traffic school certification.  From what I can gather, the schools are not regulated by the state anymore. However, The courses are regulated and certified by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. I did find in the Florida Statutes the law for traffic schools. Below is the chapter number and title: 318.1451 Driver improvement schools.- 
8/1/2000  Election candidates. Financial disclosure.  I contacted the Division of Elections, and you can obtain personal financial disclosures from their office. They are not available online. The Division's telephone number is: 850-413-9724 
8/1/2000  Florida governmental chart. Banking and Finance. Comprehensive Annual Financial Report.  url is: 
8/7/2000  What is the Jimmy Ryce act having to do with the release of sexual offenders from prison?  General Law 99-222 was known as the Jimmy Ryce Act. The text (PDF file) is available on the Internet at this address: Chapter 394 V of the Florida Statutes incorporates much of this legislation. You can read the statute online at this Internet address: Click on 1999 Florida Statutes Click on the title containing Chapter 394 Click on Chapter 394 Under Florida's Jimmy Ryce law, authorities can keep a prisoner behind bars longer if they believe he is still a danger to society. 
8/7/2000  How can you get a flag that's been flown over the state Capitol?  Contact Wilma Shause at the Capitol to order a flag that's been flown over the Capitol. Her number is 488-1802. State flags (with grommets) 3'x5' -- $42.50 4'x6' --$41.00 U.S. flags (with grommets) 3'x5' -- 29.50 4'x6' --28.00 Allow about 2 weeks if the flag is to be shipped. Prices include shipping and handling. 
8/8/2000  Is there some way I can find out what federal census records you have on microfilm--states and years?  The Florida State Archives has census records on microfilm for the state of Florida from 1830 to 1945. The series contains federal censuses (1830-1920), soundex indexes for federal censuses (1880-1920), and state census records (1875, 1885, 1935 and 1945). The Florida Room in the State Library of Florida also has the Florida census records for 1900-1920 on microfilm. The Florida State Archives also has federal census records for other states, including Georgia, Wisconsin, Virginia, Vermont, and Texas. The best way to view a list of what years and other states are available is to search our online catalog on the Internet at: Select the "Search by Keyword" button and enter census records in the box. The call numbers will tell you where the film is located (Archives, Florida Room, etc.) State Library staff have limited ability to search the film for patrons who can't come to the library. However, we have a list of local researchers we can provide if you are interested. These individuals are not affiliated with the library, but have agreed to let us keep their names on a list. If you would like to contact the Archives, their web site is: The Archives policy for staff research is contained on this web site under the heading "Information for Researchers." 
8/9/2000  I'm looking for information from the 1990 census broken down to census blocks.  Please go to the following web site: Select STF3A Click in the button next to "Go to level State--County (*Tracts and Block Groups)," select Florida from the list of states, and click on submit. Click in the button next to "Go to level State--County--Census Tract (*Block Groups)," select Polk county and click on submit. Click in the button next to "Go to level State--County--County Subdivision--Place/Remainder--Census Tract--Block Group," select the tract number and click submit. Select the block group number you need and click submit. Please note that one of your options at any time during this is to click in the button next to "View map of the area" so you can see what area is covered. Choose tables to view and click submit at the top of the page. 
8/11/2000  Recently, the Florida Legislature passed a legislative mandate that changes the controlled substance classification of hydrocodone from class 3 to class 2. I was wondering where I could get a copy of that bill?  Florida Law 2000-320 deleted certain mixtures containing hydrocodone from the substances listed under Schedule III. This law is available on the internet at the following web site: Scroll down and click on 2000-320. You do need Adobe Acrobat to view this file. If you are unable to access this information, call the Florida Dept. of State's Division of Elections at 850 488 8427. Ask for pamphlet law #2000-320 and the staff will mail a copy to you. 
8/16/2000  I am looking for information on privatization efforts by Florida state agencies pursuant to legislation/governor directives or agency initiatives.  A good way to find out about privatization efforts by state government is to look through the Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (OPPAGA) reports. Their web address is: I would start with the link on this page to Florida Government Accountability Report (FGAR). After you've selected FGAR, on the left is what appears to be a maze of options. Select the keyword option. Privatization appears as a subject heading under most of the major categories on this page. Use the Find feature under Edit on the menu list of your browser. The links will take you to reports prepared by OPPAGA. For current privatization efforts, contact Please contact the following unit in the Governor's office: General Government Policy Unit 850 / 487-1884 The following is quoted from the Governor's web site: The General Government Policy Unit provides planning, policy and budgetary analysis and recommendations to the Governor for the departments of Banking and Finance, Business and Professional Regulation, Executive Office of the Governor, Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, Insurance, Labor and Employment Security, Lottery, Management Services, Military Affairs, Public Service Commission, Revenue, State, and Transportation. The unit also coordinates and develops recommendations on information technology and state agency productivity. 
8/16/2000  I am searching for pay phone numbers in florida and the addresses that correspond! Please e-mail me any thing that you have that might have.  The Florida Public Service Commission keeps a database with this information. Please contact Barbara Bailey at (480) 413-6504 at the PSC to find out about having the database copied to a disk for you. When I spoke with her this morning, she indicated that her database is current as of about March 2000. The companies are submitting their new reports right now, and by next week, she should have the database current as of June 2000. 
8/1/2000  Complaints against sheriffs.  I contacted the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Unfortunately, the department does not discipline sheriffs. They did offer a couple of suggestions. Typically when people call their office with the same type of question, they refer them to the Executive Investigations Office. They may offer options to you. Their number is: 850-410-8240 I also called the Florida Sheriff's Association. There is a contact person in their office for complaints: Tom Berlinger Mailing Address: P. O. Box 12519 Tallahassee, Florida 32317-2519 Ph. (850) 877-2165 Fax (850) 878-8665 Other options are to contact your local county commissioners and representatives. 
8/1/2000  Sexual Offenders and Predators Database. Department of Law Enforcement.  The sexual predators database is located on the Department of Law Enforcement's website at: From here lcick on Sexual Offenders/Predators System. When the next screen comes up, enter your zip code in the Zip Code box, and click the Submit button. 
8/17/2000  I just need detailed information on the Medicaid buy in program that enables people with disabilities to work and still have medicaid coverage.  The Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA)develops and carries out policies related to the Medicaid program. The Department of Children and Families (DCF), Office of Economic Self Sufficiency, determines Medicaid recipient eligibility. Please refer to the AHCA web site for detailed information, as well as a link to the DCF web site: 
8/21/2000  Where can I get a copy of a will for someone who lived in Florida?  When a person dies a copy of the will must be filed within 10 days of the death at the courthouse of the county of residence. You need to contact the county courthouse where the person lived. They will be able to provide you with a copy of the will. There is a list of addresses for county clerks of court in Florida at this Internet address: 
8/21/2000  Where can I get pollen counts for South Florida?  The National Allergy Bureau of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology has pollen counts for local areas, including south Florida. Information is available at its Web site or by calling its toll-free number 1-800-9-POLLEN. 
8/1/2000  Absentee Ballots. Absentee Ballot.  Below I copied and pasted a paragraph from the Florida Department of State's Division of Elections. Absentee Ballots Call your Supervisor of Elections office to ask about an absentee ballot as soon as you know that you will be unable to go to the polls on Election Day. When requesting an absentee ballot, whether by phone or by letter, you must provide the last four digits of your Social Security Number, your name, residence address, date of birth, and voter identification number. Your request for an absentee ballot may be denied if you do not provide the required information. Specify the election(s) for which you wish to receive an absentee ballot and provide a mailing address. Check with your elections office if you need more information. Contact information for the Supervisor of Elections office nearest you can be found at the following website: 
8/21/2000  If an employee of the State is required to use his/her personal vehicle on state business, what is the reimbursement rate, per mile, which the employee may claim?  The 1999 Florida Statute that covers this is 112.061(7)(d)1. "The use of privately owned vehicles for official travel in lieu of publicly owned vehicles or common carriers may be authorized by the agency head or his or her designee. Whenever travel is by privately owned vehicle, the traveler shall be entitled to a mileage allowance at a fixed rate of 25 cents per mile for state fiscal year 1994-1995 and 29 cents per mile thereafter or the common carrier fare for such travel, as determined by the agency head. Reimbursement for expenditures related to the operation, maintenance, and ownership of a vehicle shall not be allowed when privately owned vehicles are used on public business and reimbursement is made pursuant to this paragraph, except as provided in subsection (8)." The 1999 Florida Statutes are online at StatuteBrowser99/index.cfm?mode=Display_Index Select Title X, then part 1. Scroll down to FS 112.061. 
8/22/2000  Is there a list of homeowners associations in Pasco County - including president and phone number?  According to Chapter 617, Section 302 of the Florida Statutes, homeowners associations are not regulated by the state. However, they must register with the Department of State. I just spoke with someone at the Department of State, Division of Corporations, Homeowners' Associations Registration at (850)487-6052, who said that their database is strictly an alphabetical listing. If you know the name of the association, you can find out about it in that database. This is a statewide database. There wouldn't be a way to break out the list by county, she said. 
8/1/2000  Media specialist scholarship. FAME. FIRN Includes application, contacts, and processing informaiton. 
8/21/2000  I recently heard a report in Public Radio about a new monitoring system for beach water quality. The results of the periodic testing are posted somewhere in the "" web site.  Go to At the drop-down menu, select "beach water quality". Florida Healthy Beaches program will come up. Scroll down and click on Monroe County for information. There will be a table below the map. Should you have further questions, call the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Water Programs at (850)245-4240. Ask for Robert Nobles. 
8/1/2000  Labor Law Posters. US, federal, and state.  State and US labor law posters may be obtained by calling: 800-848-5645 I previously called this number to inquire if they are online, and they said that they weren't 
8/23/2000  Where can I get information on time studies and determining wages for piece work for disabled persons?  Goodwill Industries has this information. Contact Leslie Battiste at the following address or telephone number: Goodwill Industries - Big Bend, Inc. 300 Mabry St. Tallahassee, FL 32304-3899 (850) 576-7145 
8/23/2000  Who owns the Internet backbone in Tallahassee?  Sprint owns the lines that make up the Internet backbone in Tallahassee. For a map of the local Internet system, contact Joe O'Brien in DMS at 922-7574. 
8/23/2000  Looking for an over view of the State of Florida government structure. If you could help in my understanding of the federal structure - that would be appreciated.  We have a great site at the State Library that will help you with your question. Please go to: Just under the heading "Government Links," take a look at the link to "Introduction to Florida Government." This will give a broad overview of Florida governmental structure. If you scroll down the page with the heading "Government Links," there are more links to city and county government, Florida and United States Representatives and Senators. You'll want to be sure to look at the link on this page to the Florida Constitution. After you select the Florida Constitution, click on the link to "View Subject Index" and look at the entries under counties and municipalities, as well as state government. You'll also want to be sure to look at the Citizen's Guide to the Florida Legislature found on the following web site: The Guide to Florida Government is a .pdf file located at the following web site: Regarding the federal government, the following web site is a very good overview of the U.S. government: Don't be discouraged by the fact that this web site is for kids-it's great for everyone! Select an age level listed under the picture of Ben Franklin. The age groups 6-8 and 9-12 have much of the same material. The web site provides links to: 1. an overview of the U.S. 2. historical documents that are available on the web, including the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Emancipation Proclamation 3. a description of the branches of government with a link to an organizational chart from the "Government Manual" (it's a .pdf file. You'll have to increase the size to read it) 4. a description of national versus state government 5. and much more. 
8/24/2000  What is the legal definition of a rural county?  There is a definition of rural in the Florida statutes, 425.03. This definition is in the chapter on Rural Electric Cooperatives. It is different than the definition the Census Bureau uses, but it is the definition many state agencies are looking for. 
8/25/2000  I am interested in obtaining information on the cost of living in each of Florida's 67 counties. An affluence listing would be perfect for my studies. Any info on property tax rates, housing, sales tax, gasoline tax, and median income would also be of tremendous use.  You can get this information from Enterprise Florida's web site. They are a public-private partnership and were created when the Florida Dept. of Commerce was dissolved several years ago. The following URL is just to the Information Center Resources section of the web site. To view their entire web site, just enter the URL up to in the location box of your browser: On this page, there are six boxes containing links to available reports. In the fourth box, select County Profiles and Maps. Select the county from the box at the top of the next page and click on the button reading County Profile. The report cotains cost of living information, tax rates, per capita income and quite a bit more information. If you prefer, select the option "Select Counties by Selected Criteria." Select an option at the top of the page, such as population 1999, select ascending or descending order, and click on Go. The table will list all counties in either ascending or descending order, by number of people. 
5/24/1999  I'm writing a report for school on Cuban immigrants, problems they faced and contributions they've made to the state's development. Any information you could provide would be appreciated.  I don't have material I can send you, but the following is quoted from the 1979-1980 Florida Handbook, compiled by Allen Morris, Tallahassee, Florida: The Pensinsular Publishing Company, p.308: "Cubans have been the most numerous of any foreign gorup seeking have in Florida. They began coming before Cuba won independence from Spain in 1898, establishing at Key West in the 1880s what was said to be at taht time the largest cigar manufacturing industry in the world. Strikes and fire ran the cigar makers to Tampa, where cigar manufacturer Vincente Martinez Ybor established Ybor City. Cuban independence failed to stpo the stream of refugees. New ones fled across the Florida Straits with the coming to power of virutally every new presidente. The refugee stream picked up during the Machado regime between 1925 and 1933, and continued with ups and downs until 1959, when, after Castro took over, an air armada was needed to bring the great numbers. Since 1959, more than 650,000 Cubans have fled their beautiful isle to find refuge inFlorida, concentrating in Dade County where 450,000 of them live. Little Havana, on the edge of downtown Miami, is indeed a Latin community,where English is seldom heard. But Spanish is about as common as English in downtown Miami, where numbers of Central and South Americans come to do their shopping." Bear in mind that the numbers of Cubans living in Miami given above are old. I can also make suggestions for books you can try to get on Interlibrary Loan. You didn't mention your grade level, so it was a little hard to select some titles for you to try to get, but I stuck with some books that sounded very general and that quite a few libraries had in their collection (so you'd stand a better chance of being able to get them through Interlibary Loan). You need to contact your local public library to make an Interlibrary Loan request. The following titles are listed by author first (if that was available), followed by title, publishing info, and year of publication. Greater Miami : spirit of Cuban enterprise. Fort Lauderdale, Fla. : Copperfield Publications, 1996 Masud-Piloto, Felix Roberto. From welcomed exiles to illegal immigrants : Cuban migration to the U.S., 1959-1995. Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield, 1996 Soruco, Gonzalo R. Cubans and the mass media in South Florida. Gainesville : University Press of Florida, 1996 José Martí in the United States : the Florida experience. Tempe : ASU Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University, 1995 García, María Cristina. Havana USA : Cuban exiles and Cuban Americans in South Florida, 1959-1994. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1996 Pérez, Louis A. Essays on Cuban history : historiography and research. Gainesville : University Press of Florida, 1995 Bretos, Miguel A. Cuba & Florida : exploration of an historic connection, 1539-1991. Miami, Fla. : Historical Association of Southern Florida, 1991 Cuban exiles in Florida : their presence and contributions. Coral Gables, Fla. : Published by University of Miami, North-South Center Publications for the Research Institute for Cuban Studies, 1991 Ronning, C. Neale. José Martí and the emigré colony in Key West : leadership and state formation. Praeger, 1990 You could also try the following web sites. From here, click on "historical clubs" at the bottom of the page. From here, you can click on each of the names at the top of the page (Centro Espanol, Centro Asturiano, etc). Each of these pages talks about the early life of Ybor City and the immigrant communities. This site, Journeys for the Junior Historian, is sponsored by the Florida Historical Society. There are a series of articles about Cuban life in Ybor City, and U.S. involvement in the Spanish American War. The first article is historically accurate and written in the form of a story. This site is for a cigar manufacturer, but this part of it gives a brief history of Cubans in Florida and their involvement in the cigar industry in Florida. Again, you can use some of the general themes in these web pages as starting points for research in your library, including in encyclopedias. 
8/1/2000  Florida lottery statistics. Frequent numbers. Frequency. 
8/28/2000  What are the requirements for the number of parking spaces needed for a retail store?  The state has requirements for parking spaces for people with disabilities in Chapter 316.1955 of the Florida Statutes. The Statutes are available online at this address: Click on 1999 Florida Statutes Click on the Title containing chapter 316 Click on chapter 316 Click on the section number to view the text The Americans With Disabilities Act Guidelines includes requirement for parking spaces as specified by this law. Information about these requirements is available at this Internet location: You might also check to see if there are any local requirements for parking spaces. 
8/29/2000  There was an article recently in the Tampa Tribune about school childern submitting designs for the Florida State quarter. It seemed as though there was a template for them to design it on. Is there? How can I get one for my class?  For information about the state quarters program in Florida, write or call the Governor's Office in Tallahassee. The coordinator of the program is Peggy Kassess; reach her by calling 850-488-4441 or write to Office of the Governor Attn: Peggy Kassess The Capitol Tallahassee FL 32399 
8/29/2000  where can i order a complete set of south forida (monroe county) residental building codes  I called the Florida Department of Community Affairs at 850-487-1824 about your query and was told that Monroe County is under the Standard Building Code 1997. You can obtain a copy by calling the Southern Building Code Congress International at 205-591-1853. 
8/29/2000  Where can I get information on the land lease program?  Land lease for shell fishing falls under the authority of the Division of Aquaculture. Contact Wanda Prentis at (850)410-0870. If you're interested in different land lease programs, including docks, contact Kim Dupree at the Division of Public Lands Administration at (850) 488-2297. 
8/28/2000  Where can I get information on limited liability partnerships, including the required fees and forms?  Partnership laws are contained in Chapter 620 of the Florida Statutes. Limited Liability Partnerships are specifically addressed in Chapter 620.187 and are mentioned in other sections of that chapter. The Statutes are available at this Web site: Click on 1999 Florida Statutes Click on the title containing Chapter 620 Click on Chapter 620 Forms for registering limited liability partnerships with the Department of State are available for downloading or by mail at this Internet address: Fees for partnerships are also listed at the Division of Corporations Web site: You can contact the office in the Division of Corporations that handles filings of limited liability partnerships at (850) 487-6051. The general telephone number for requesting information and forms from the Division is (850) 488-9000. 
8/29/2000  What 529 college savings plans does the state have?  Florida has a Prepaid College Tuition Program. Information about the program is available at the following Web site: A new college savings program was authorized by the 1999 Legislature and is being developed with a target date of Fall 2000. Information about it can be found at this Internet location: 
8/29/2000  I want to get a list of all of the HMOs and health care provider networks in the state.  The Department of Insurance has a publication available at its Web site that lists HMOs, addresses and phone numbers, and questions and answers to help consumers. ( As far as provider networks, each HMO will need to be contacted since the networks change frequently. If you need additional information you can e-mail or call Sandy Berger at the Agency for Health Care Administration at (850)414-8979. 
8/29/2000  Where do I find information on Save Our Rivers and Florida Forever?  Florida Forever can be found in the laws of Florida. It is 2000-170. The Laws of Florida can be found online at: There is also information on the Governor's website about Florida Forever. It is located at: Save Our Rivers is a part of Florida Forever Trust Fund and is located in the Florida Statutes in Chapter 259. The power for the water management districts to buy the land comes in chapter 373. The statutes are available online at: 
8/30/2000  Does Gov. Bush send 50th anniversary greetings? If so, where do I send my request? How much "lead time" is needed?  Yes, the Governor sends 50th anniversary greetings. The Citizens Services section in the governor's office handles these requests. They may be contacted at: Citizens Services The Capitol Tallahassee, FL 32399-0001 850-488-7146 850-487-0801 (fax) they like as much lead time as possible, but have handled requests needed within a few days. 
8/30/2000  I am trying to determine which agency of the state government regulates gambling casinos, so that I can develop a list of those establishments.  Casino gambling is illegal in Florida, except on Indian reservations. There are gambling casinos run by the Seminole Indian Tribe and the Miccosukee Tribe at several reservations in the state. They are not regulated by the state. There is a list of the Seminole casinos at this Web site: The Micosukee Tribe has gaming facilities at its Krome Ave. reservations. For more information about these, you can contact the Tribe by telephone at (305) 223-8380, by Fax at (305) 223-1011 or by snail mail at P.O. Box 440021, Miami, FL 33144. There is an e-mail form at this Internet address: 
8/31/2000  Does the State of Florida have its own prompt payment law that differ from the federal government. If they do, where can I find specifications on this law?  This information is contained in Florida Statutes, chapter 715.12 "Construction Contract Prompt Payment Law." You can access the statutes online at Select 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume), then select Title XL which contains Chapter 715. Select Chapter 715, then either look at the section referenced above or select "view entire chapter" located toward the top of the page. 
4/16/1998  a list of labor unions in Florida that had to do with utilities.  The U.S. Department of Labor publishes a document called "Register of Reporting Labor Organizations" that is loaded on the web now (apparently no more had copy). The URL is 
5/4/1999  Where can I get information about lobbyists in Florida?  the following web site for the Center for Responsive Politics has several databases online, including one on lobbyists. 
10/26/1998  Does anyone know the address and/or procedures to find out how a couple celebrating their 50th wedding aniversary would receive a congratulatory letter from the White House?  The White House will send 5oth wedding anniversary greetings and messages for other occasions. Request by letter six weeks in advance by writing: Greetings Office The White House Room 39 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. Washington D.C. 20500 
1/14/1999  Can you help shed light on the phrase "I'm not Gullah, I'm Geechee."  The best was a web site: According to this web site, "The Gullah Culture appears to have had its beginnings in the coastal southeastern United States-generally, from Jacksonville, North Carolina to Jacksonville, Florida-with the arrival of slaves from Africa." The slaves settled in the coastal islands between these two places. Geechee is another word used to describe this culture, and may actually more accurately describe a very small segment of it. The aricle on the main web page cited above indicates that no one is really positive where the word Geechee originated, but they offer the suggestion that is the slang derivative of the name Ogeechee River. "...many of the African slaves resided and their descendents still live...near Savannah, Georgia's Ogeechee River." 
9/1/2000  Need info on how a resident of Florida goes about getting a Legal Separation and if this puts a hold on all assets till Dissolution of Marriage takes place. Thank you.  According to a book called How to File for Divorce in Florida, 6th edition, by Edward A. Haman (Naperville, IL: Sphinx Publishing, 1999), Florida does not permit a legal separation, which is a procedure available in some states to divide the property and provide for child custody and support in cases where the husband and wife live separately, but remain married. This is usually used to break the financial rights and obligations of a couple whose religion does not permit divorce. Some states refer to this procedure as divorce from bed and board. It is an old procedure that is gradually fading. Section 61.031 of the Florida Statutes specifically states: "No dissolution of marriage is from bed and board, but is from bonds of matrimony." Florida law (sections 61.09 and 61.10, Florida Statutes) does provide the ability to obtain child support or alimony, and determine custody and visitation rights, without getting a divorce; but it does not allow for the division of property. Because it does not divide property, it is technically not a legal separation, although it is sometimes mistakenly called a legal separation. These statues refer to these as proceedings "unconnected with dissolution," and they are beyond the scope of this book. The Florida Statutes can be found at index.html 
9/5/2000  Which agency licenses property managers?  The Institute for Real Estate Management certifies property managers. The toll-free number for that office is 800-837-0706. Licensing information is available at this Web address: The Department of Business and Professional Regulation certifies Community Association Managers. Licensing information is available at this Web address: 
9/5/2000  I want to find out the complete servicing record for my 1995 chevy cavalier including any recalls that may be in effect.  I'm not sure what you mean by servicing record, but the "Consumer Guide" publishes periodic reviews of automobiles and rates them in terms of maintenance, performance, service, etc. If this is what you are referring to, most public libraries have copies of the magazine. Please check your local public library. You will need to look in the index to see which issue covers the Chevy Cavalier. Also, you may want to look at the information about automobile recalls provided on the following web site: One of the sections of this page provides a link to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)'s recall database. It will provide information about any recalls. The NHTSA provides the following information on this page to obtain information about recalls: "Call the Auto Safety Hotline toll free at (888) 327-4236 to report safety defects or to obtain information on cars, trucks, child seats, highway or traffic safety. " 
8/28/2000  I NEED AN APPLICATION TO TAKE THE LICENSURE EXAMINATION IN NURSING IN FLORIDA  The web site for the Board of Nursing has information about the nursing license exam, schedule and deadlines, as well as the forms to apply. Please refer to: The forms are .pdf files, so you will need the Adobe Acrobat reader to view and print these forms. If you don't already have it installed on your computer, there is a link just above the forms on this page to the Adobe web site. It is a free from the company. 
8/23/2000  I need to send my renewal into the jacksonville,Fl nusring department but I can't find where to get the address from.  The following address is on the web page for the Board of Nursing: All applications and correspondence with fees enclosed must be sent to: Department of Health Division of Medical Quality Assurance Board of Nursing P.O. Box 6330 Tallahassee, FL 32314 You can find this web site at: In the box next to the words "Floridashealth," click on the little arrow and scroll down until you can select "Licensure, Medical Health Professionals." When this page comes up, select the link to "Medical Quality Assurance." Scroll down, and select the link in the table to "Information on Regulated Professions." Select Nursing from the list of professions. 
8/30/2000  just want to know how to find nclex results  From the Board of Nursing's ( ) Frequently Asked Questions: Q: How can I find out if I passed NCLEX? A: According to 455.229 FS, results may not be given to the applicant, or anyone, by telephone for any reason. Results are mailed to the address on the application within 10 - 15 days of testing. Q: Is there any other way to find out if I passed NCLEX? A: You can determine if you have been issued a license number on the Internet 5-10 days after testing by visiting the Health Provider Lookup Screen. 
9/6/2000  Are medical examiners reports considered public record? How can I get a report?  Medical examiners reports are considered public record. To request a copy of a report, contact the Medical Examiners Office in the county where the death occurred. If you need an address or telephone number, the Medical Examiners Commission in the Florida Department of Law Enforcement can provide this for you. You can reach that office at (850) 410-8303. 
9/6/2000  How many shark attacks have there been in Florida since 1999?  George Burgess at the Museum of Natural History in Gainesville keeps records of shark attacks. Statistics from 1990-1999 are available at this Web site: Click on sharks Click on International Shark Attack File Annual statistics are posted on the Web site in the spring of the following year. Contact Mr. Burgess directly to get figures for 2000 shark attacks. You can reach him at (352) 392-1721 or by e-mail at: 
9/6/2000  Where can I get the standards for the magnetic strips on the backs of Florida Drivers licenses?  Fax a request for the information on your company letterhead to Richard Weaver at the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, and he will fax the information about the magnetic strips to you. Include an explanation about why you need the information or how you're going to use it in your request. The fax number is 850-488-4091. If you need to speak with Mr. Weaver, you can reach him at (850) 414-1993. 
9/11/2000  Where can I get forms for opening up an assisted living facility?  Forms for establishing an Assisted Living Facility are available from the Agency for Health Care Administration Web site: You'll need to have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded on your computer in order to view and print the forms. It is available free of charge from If you prefer, you may send a check or money order for $5.00 to the State of Florida, ALF Unit, 2727 Mahan Dr., Tallahassee, FL 32308 with a note requesting the ALF packet. 
9/12/2000  What are the curriculum and course requirements for setting up new college-level programs in medical sciences?  For curriculum requirements for state universities, contact Gita Pitter at the Board of Regents office at (850) 201-7210. If the programs are to be in a private school, contact Wayne Freeberg from the State Board of Independent Colleges and Universities at (850) 488-8695. You might also want to contact the professional associations for these professions to see if they have curriculum standards. 
9/12/2000  Where can I get an application for a charter school?  You can request an application for a charter school by writing to the Office of Public School Choice and Charter Schools at the following address or telephone number: Office of Public School Choice and Charter Schools Florida Department of Education 325 W. Gaines St., 522 Turlington Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400 Phone: 850-488-2601 The application is not online, but there is other information about charter schools available at this Web address: 
9/13/2000  How do I go about registering a company in the State of Florida? New business incorporate relocate relocation  There are many variables depending on the type of business you want to start. With more specifics on your type of business I may be able to offer more help; in the mean time, some of the following sites may benefit you. In addition to any state requirements, you will have to register with the tax collector's office. The Florida Small business section of Florida Trends, located at: has a link (on the right side of your screen) titled: Special Section: dba Florida The official word on registering your Florida business and more. You can get straight to this page by clicking on: The page has several links including registering a fictitious name and others. The Florida small business association site may be helpful. They can be found at: The U.S. small business association also offers many tips that may help you. They can be found at: To see online forms for fictitious names, etc, visit: You may also find useful information at the following: Starting a Business in Florida at 
9/1/2000  Citizen initiated referendum. Contact for requirements and procedures.  Division of Elections Department of State Brenda at 850-413-9725 
9/12/2000  I am trying to find a more recent update of the 1992 Florida Health Care Atlas. I need the most recent update. The specific information that I need is a listing of the number of licensed medical doctors by speciality by county. In the 1992 Atlas this information is on pages 40--42. The source of the information is the HRS Office of Comprehensive Health Planning, 1992. I have tried search the AHCA website and can't find it. Thank you.  The latest edition the State Library has of this publication is 1993. I called the Agency for Healthcare Administration and was told that it was no longer published after 1993. The information you seek can be obtained by calling the Department of Health, Office of Listing and Labels, at 850-245-4444. Ask to speak with Erica McCall. 
9/1/2000  Veterans high school diploma.  To apply, the veteran must have started high school between 1937 and 1946 and been scheduled to graduate between 1941 and 1950. The veteran had to have been on active duty sometime between Sept. 16, 1940, and Dec. 31, 1946. Applicants are being asked to provide verification of military service and high school attendance. If verification is unavailable, however, they need only have their signature notarized on a statement that the information provided on the form is accurate to the best of their knowledge. The diploma will be a general diploma issued by the Florida Department of Education. She said the department will also send a letter to the school superintendent of each county where a veteran has been awarded a diploma. The superintendents will be encouraged to contact the veteran and invite them to school for a ceremony. The applications are available at all county veteran services offices, which are listed in the blue pages of the phone book under county government. They can also be obtained through the Internet at or by calling the Florida Department of Veterans Affairs at: 800-827-1000, ext. 7432 727-319-7432 Forms are also available through the Florida Department of Education, 850-488-7591. 
9/13/2000  I'm was adopted in Florida and I want to locate my birthmother. Does Florida have an adoption registry?  The State of Florida maintains the Florida Adoption Reunion Registry (FARR). The contact person, address, and phone number: Josette Marquess Florida Adoption Reunion Registry (FARR) Florida Department of Children and Families 1317 Winewood Blvd. Tallahassee, FL 32399-0700 (850) 922-6741 Information about FARR can be found on the internet at this web site: 
9/15/2000  Can you ssend me a state map of Florida?  Clicking on the following will allow you to "put together" a map of Florida in different ways to suit your needs. Some of the other sites I've listed may also interest you. A visit to: will let you explore and find out many interesting facts (and some folklore) about Florida. To find some maps onlines click on Florida Maritime Heritage Trail which will bring you to: from there, on the left of your screen you'll see "map search". clicking on that will bring you to: A visit to: shows a state map indicating the counties. Clicking on any of the counties will give you a detailed map of that county. 
8/15/2000  I am trying to do a search to find what Corporations my boss is the Registered Agent for.  Gold & Resnick, P.A.: You can go dirctly to the "Officer Registered Agent Name List" at the following Web address: A visit to the following site will allow searches to be made using various parameters. The Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation "License Search Menu", located at: allows for searching using the following parameters: Licensee Name within an Occupation Business Name within an Occupation Doing Business As Name within an Occupation License Number Counties within an Occupation Licensee within a License Group 
9/18/2000  What is the law regarding fences around swimming pools and when does it take effect?  Chapter 515 of the Florida Statutes, the Residential Swimming Pool Safety Act, contains the state laws regarding residential swimming pools. You can read the Statutes online at this address: Click on 2000 Florida Statutes Click on the title containing chapter 515 Click on Chapter 515 This law was passed by the 2000 Legislature and takes effect October 1, 2000. You can read the law (2000-143),as it was passed, at this Web address: 
9/18/2000  Board of Nursing Information  A visit to the Board of Nursing homepage at: lists their physical address and complete contact information. 
9/18/2000  How do I remove a lien on my boat title, I have a notarized satisfaction signed by the creditor.  I just spoke to someone with the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, Title/Lien information office, at 850-488-3881. She says you should take your notarized satisfied lien to the County tax collector (Miami-Dade County), turn in the satisfied lien, and apply for a duplicate title. HSMV will issue you a duplicate title without the lien. 
9/12/2000  Where can I get a copy of the updated Florida Fair Employment poster?  Telephone the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission toll-free at 800-669-4000 or look in your local telephone directory in the Government Listings and look for the local EEOC or Department of Labor number. I think they can supply the posters free. The Employers Association of Florida has posters for sale at: The National Grocers Association sells them cheaper at: 
9/18/2000  Is there a regulatory office at the state level for hypnotherapy, and what, if any, licenses are required?  According to the Florida Statutes, only qualified practitioners of the healing arts may practice hypnosis. You can search the Florida Statutes online at Scroll down to Statutes and click on Search 2000 Florida Statutes (Full Volume). Click in the search box and type hypnosis. You will get 8 hits that apply. 
9/25/2000  Is the construction industry certificate of exemption for workers compensation available on the Internet?  The certificate of exemption form is available at this Web location: Select Forms from the Favorite Links drop down menu Scroll down to find form BCM250 
9/27/2000  Certificate of non-marriage How can I get a certificate that says I have never been married in the state of Florida?  The Bureau of Vital Statistics needs a written request from you with a payment by check or money order telling them what years you want searched. The search fees are $5.00 for the 1st year and $2.00 for each additional year. They can then issue a statement of "no records found." Presumably you would have to include all years that you would have been of marriageable age. The address is: Bureau of Vital Statistics P.O. Box 210 Jacksonville, FL 32231 (904) 359-6900 
9/27/2000  It is my understanding that Florida cities and counties file copies of charter amendments with your office, or at least at one time did. Specifically, I need to know, if possible, whether Avon Park approved at referendum an amendment to section 10 of their charter. The amendment was submitted to the voters by Ord. No. 9-97, adopted by the council September 8, 1997.  City and county charter amendments approved at referendum are kept on file at the Division of Elections: (850) 488-7690. They have no web presence as of this date. Information must be researched manually. Call the office for information. 
9/28/2000  Where can I get a copy of SCORP, the State Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan? The grant application refers me to this.  The State Library has copies of this document. Its title is Outdoor Recreation in Florida, F353.78s O945. Our latest edition is 1994. The Florida Division of Recreation and Parks is in the process of revising it. You may borrow a copy from the State Library or request a copy from the Division. Call David Trimble at the Division (850)488 2200 and he will send a copy to you or electronically mail a copy of the chapter you need. Mr. Trimble's e-mail address is 
9/29/2000  I want to know how I can bid in different districts when state contracts are available. (2) How do I get on the state bid list? (3) How do I bid on state contracts? (4) What paperwork need to be prepared before bidding can begin? Bids bidding state bids state contracts  Most of your questions can be answered by visiting Doing Business with the State of Florida at the following URL: * For information concerning subscribing to the Florida Administrative Weekly you may contact the Department of State, Bureau of Administrative Code at 850/488-8427. They publish information as to when state contracts are available, etc. They also have a Web page which is located at: You may also request a Vendor Registration application form from the Department of Management Services, Division of Purchasing by visiting: 
10/2/2000  Is there a new law reducing gain time to 65%?  The law regarding gain time was not changed in the 2000 Legislative session. The time has not been reduced to 65%. You may wish to contact the following offices for more information regarding last year's legislation, or bills pre-filed for next year. House Crime and Punishment: (850) 488-9685 Senate Criminal Justice: (850) 487-5192 Legislative Information (bill information): (850) 488-4371 
10/2/2000  How can I apply to become a notary?  See the information on notaries public including the application at: 
10/3/2000  I'm looking for information on funding sources (private and government) and for instructions on writing grant proposals .  There are a number of resources that list government and foundation grants, as well as books on writing grant proposals. Check with your local public library to see what it has on these topics. State programs that provide assistance to non-state entities are listed in the Catalog of State Financial Assistance available at this Web address: There is a Directory of Florida State Grant Programs published by Florida Funding Resources, a John L. Adams Co., that lists state government grants. The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance lists federal programs that provide assistance and has a section on grant writing. There are some federal grants listed at these Web sites: Notice of Funding Availability U.S. Department of Education Grants Foundation Center Links to Government Grants Non-Profit Gateway The Foundation Directory lists private foundations that make grants in different areas. Some private grants are listed in the Foundation Center Web site: 
10/4/2000  unemployment compensation  Visit the Florida Government Information Locator at the following URL--set your browser or cut and paste to go to: Once there, click on 'working' then click on 'Unemployment Compensation' From there, you will be able to get a variety of forms 
10/9/2000  What help is available for ex-offenders in Florida?  Project Re-Connect provides post-release job placement services to ex-offenders. See information on the Web at: For more information telephone Rida Ring toll-free at: (888) 265-6762 
10/11/2000  Can I access the governor's e-town hall meetings cyber meeting electronic town hall electronic meeting  Visit 'my Florida' homepage at: Scroll down and click on 'Locate Media Center' Click on the third item down, called the 'Audio/Video Gallery' Once there you will be able to choose from a selection. You will need Free RealPlayer, which can be downloaded from that site free. 
10/11/2000  I'd like to see a picture of the rats in Florida that are the size of dogs.  The rats you describe are nutria. There is a picture of a nutria at these Web sites: The following is an AP account that describes the nutria. It was archived at this Internet address: Tuesday, November 18, 1997 Giant rats roam Florida TAMPA, Fla. (AP) -- Like something escaped from a mad scientist's laboratory, the monstrous rodents creep through the underbrush. Don't worry, these critters just want some salad. These rats -- as big as the family dog and weighing more than a Thanksgiving turkey -- are nutria, roaming eastern Hillsborough County as the result of commercialism gone to seed. "I saw this humongous rat on the road," said JoAnn Hoffmann, who encountered a nutria while driving to work. "My jaw just dropped." The nutria are the remnants of a get-rich-quick scheme some 40 years ago, said Bill Kern, urban wildlife specialist with the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Entrepreneurs imported nutria -- an extremely large South American aquatic rat -- to start a fur trade in Florida. But people didn't want to walk around in coats or mittens made of the hide or fur of 3-foot-long rats with naked, scaly tails. "The prices dropped so low, nobody bothered to trap them," Kern said in Monday's editions of the Tampa Tribune. The nutria found homes along lakes, drainage ditches and ponds at dairy farms. Exclusively vegetarian, they dine on aquatic plants. The nutria are not considered game animals, so it's always open season on them. Just don't expect to get rich as a trapper: A nutria pelt might fetch $4, Kern said. 
10/12/2000  A Certificate of Free Sale (as well as a Certificate of Origin)is required for drug product registrations in some Caribbean countries. What is the process required to obtain a Certificate of Free Sale for a drug product manufactured in Florida?  You can obtain a Certificate of Free Sale from the Florida Dept. of Health, Bureau of Pharmacy Services. The following web site has information about the certificate: If you have further questions about this certificate, call the Bureau of Pharmacy Services at 850 487 1257. Information about Certificate of Origin is available on the internet at these web site: 
10/13/2000  I understand that Florida has a Newborn Lifeline program to help protect the lives of abandoned infants and their desperate mothers. As the adoption coordinator for Catholic Community Services in Sierra Vista, Arizona, I am gathering information in hopes of starting a pilot program here. I would appreciate any information you have on the Newborn Lifeline. Thank you.  You will find information about the Newborn Lifeline at I called the Florida Department of Children and Families, Communications Office at 850-488-4855 and spoke with Paige Jolley there. She used to be the person in charge of information on the Florida program, but it is now headed up by Ginnene Elster. Ginnene was not in the office today. Should you wish further information or an information sheet faxed to you, call Ginnene at 850-488-4855 and she will be able to help you out. Meanwhile, Paige told me the following information about the Florida program off the top of her head: 1. The baby can be taken to a fire station II (one that has paramedics) or to a hospital. The hospital has to be one with an emergency trauma unit. 2. The mother will remain anonymous. 3. The mother can change her mind within 30 days. 4. Mothers will not be charged with abandonment. 5. There will be no criminal charges brought against the mother. 6. No questions asked. 7. The baby must be no older than 3 days old. 8. There must be no signs of abuse or neglect on the baby. 9. The baby will be put up for adoption after the 30 day waiting period through an adoption agency. 10. Parental rights will be terminated. 11. The new parents will not search for the biological mother. 
10/6/2000  I heard that Florida has a commissioner of barbecues. Is that true? Where Can I get more information?  The News-Journal Online has a story about the Secretary of Barbeque that I have copied and pasted for you. Wednesday, March 15, 2000 Secretary of BBQ turns Florida politics to pork News-Journal Editorial What do you do if you're a legislator who's being term-limited out of office this year? You could scramble for another position, maybe a judgeship or a state agency. Or you could reset your term-limit clock by switching legislative chambers. With enough audacity, you could even create a special job for yourself -like Secretary of Barbecue. That's the burning aspiration of Rep. George Albright, an Ocala Republican who knows a thing or two about pork, political and otherwise. Albright is sponsoring a bill, with some collusion by Sen. Jim King, to create a commissioner of barbecue in the governor's office. Before the squealing over this bill even begins, it's important to remember this is not the worst idea Albright has ever had. That might have been his proposal to charge local officials with felonies if they sue gun manufacturers. And it probably won't be the worst idea he'll ever have. This registers a "medium" on the Albright idea scale. Albright insists he's serious about a Secretary of Barbecue. No one should doubt him. Albright, after all, is friends with a Sonny's Bar-B-Q franchiser and has a stake in a couple of franchises himself. This probably is a conflict of pork, but then many House members don't lose sleep over such minor ethical issues. As Albright envisions it, the Secretary of Barbecue (SOB) is like a combination platter - an ambassador of sauce and promoter for tourism. The SOB would travel around the state supporting state-sanctioned cook-offs and promoting the virtues of barbecues as social events, drawing people of all classes and cultures together in smoky harmony. It's a kind of "One Barbecue" idea that ought to appeal to Gov. Jeb Bush. For Albright, clearly a guy who can think outside the pit, this may be just the beginning. Florida could have a secretary for Texas-style barbecue, North Carolina style and Florida Cracker style. There's no reason to stop with barbecue. Boiled peanuts certainly deserve a secretary. So do buffalo wings. If buffalo wings have one, environmentalists naturally would demand a secretary for manatees -after all, they're endangered. Buffalo wings aren't. Once this idea takes off, Florida obviously would need a Czar of Secretaries, which may be what Albright really has his eye on. Or maybe Albright simply has spent too much time standing downwindfrom a barbecue pit. Stick a fork in him. 
10/6/2000  Is it legal to use a metal detector on the beach of a coastal state park in a zone between the water lane and toe of the dunes?  I called the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Beaches and Coastal Systems at 850-488-3181 about your query and spoke with Rosalyn. She called George Apthorp with Parks and Recreation who said that the policy on metal detector use on beaches in state parks is administered by the Bureau of Natural and Cultural Resources . The policy is that metal detectors may be used to search for lost personal items or modern money. Anything other than those types of items cannot be removed. Anyone who intends to use a metal detector must notify the park manager. The intent of the policy is to preserve treasures. 
10/9/2000  Where does Flordia rank in education in the nation?  According to a book called State Rankings 2000: A Statistical View of the 50 United States, Florida is ranked on quite a number of different measures. I'll pick some from the many tables included. Pupil-teacher ratio: 10th at 18 pupils per teacher Average salary of teachers in 1999: 29th at $35,916 Public high school graduation rate in 1999: 47th at 55.1% Percent of population graduated from high school as of 1998: 34th at 81.9% ACT average composite scores in 1999: 35th at 20.6 SAT scores in 1999: 42nd at 997 Per capita state and local government expenditures for education in 1999: 49th at $1,250 Expenditures for education as a percent of all state and local government expenditures in 1996: 44th at 29.7% Per capita state and local government expenditures for elementary and secondary education in 1996: 34th at $ 946 Expenditures per pupil in elementary and secondary schools in 1999: 34th at $5,585 Per capita state and local government expenditures for higher education in 1996: 49th at $ 257 Percent of population graduated from college as of 1998: 25th at 22.5% 
10/16/2000  I am trying to find statistics on prostate cancer morbidity and mortality rates by age, race in florida.  This site - National Cancer Institute-Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)- collects data and publishes cancer incidence and survival data. The Publications page includes Prostate Cancer Trends, 1973-1995, Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1995, Racial/Ethnic Patterns of Cancer in the United States, and Cancer Rates and Risks (4th Edition). From the National Cancer Institute's site, search the CancerLit database. The Centers for Disease Control online mortality and morbidity weekly report is at There is also a morbidity and mortality weekly report on CD-ROM. A library near you may own it. 
10/18/2000  If I know a license plate number, can I find the name of the owner of the vehicle online?  The Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles Web site is located at the following address, but I'm not aware of any listing of Florida license plate information on the Web. Call the Customer Service office at (850) 488-3881 for assistance with locating the information you need. 
10/1/2000  Teacher certification records.  I contacted the Bureau of Educator Certification. I was told that although teacher certification records are public, there is some personal information included in the records that are private. Upon request, they will provide copies of applications and certifications for specific educators. They require that you send a written request to include the person's name and some identifying factor, such as a date of birth or social security number. They also require your signature. Please send the request to: Bureau of Educator Certification 325 W. Gaines St. Tallahassee, FL 32399 Atten: Kathy Hebda After receiving your request, they will determine the number of pages that will need to be copied, and bill you 15 cents/page. If you need to contact their office, the number is: 850-488-6159. 
10/17/2000  I am doing a report for my gifted class on women in the 1940's. I would like to know where I might find a list of prominent FL women of the 1940's. Specifically, in government, medicine, business, etc. Thank you.  I am listing some prominent Florida women of the forties below. You may be able to obtain additional information on some of them in the Florida collection at the State Library or at the State Archives. Your local library may have some information. Some of these women were prominent for many decades, including the 1940s. Dorothy Dodd was the state's first Archivist in 1941. The Dorothy Dodd room at the State Library is named for her. Rebecca Bowles Marks was the first woman assistant attorney general (Tallahassee Democrat, October 5, 1948) Dr. Elsie Marie Gilbert was the first woman physician in Florida. She started practice in 1909 and continued for 50 years. Mary Marguerite Baldree became Florida's first elected woman sheriff (Sumter County) in 1945. Miss Mae Campbell became the first woman state motor vehicle commissioner in 1947. Ellen K. Whiteside was appointed by the governor in 1941 the Welfare Board and in 1947 to the Children's Commission. Jessie Ball DuPont was appointed by the governor in 1949 to the Board of Control. Mary Roberts was appointed by the governor in 1949 to the Welfare Board. Zora Neale Hurston, author, folklorist and anthropologist. Mary McLeod Bethune, educator and founder of Bethune-Cookman College. Marjory Stoneman Douglas, author and environmentalist. Elizabeth Virrick, slum fighter, civic activist. Edna Pearce Lockett, educator, rancher, legislator. Helen Muir, journalist and author. Thelma Peterson Peters, historian. Dena Snodgrass, educator, historian, executive. Janet Wood Reno, journalist, mother of attorney general Janet Reno. Jacqueline Cochran, aviatrix, commanded Women's Army Corps in World War II. Kathryn Abbey Hanna, author, historian, educator. Barbara Frye, bureau chief in Tallahassee for UPI; covered 11 Florida governors' administrations over 35 years. Marjorie Carr, environmentalist Mary Lou Baker, legislator Eartha Mary Magdalene White, humanitarian and philanthropist Frances Langford, actress and singer Here are titles of several books located in the Florida Collection that you may want to consult to locate other prominent 1940s women. If your local library does not carry them, you may be able to obtain them on interlibrary loan. Gainesville Women of Vision by Gussie Rudderman (Gainesville, 1980) Florida Women's Hall of Fame Awards (call no. Fla 920.72 F636) Julia's Daughters: Women in Dade's History by Marie Anderson (Miami: Herstory of Florida, 1980) Who's Who and Why of Successful Florida Women (Winter Park: Currier Davis, 1985) 12 Black Floridians by Leedell W. Neyland FAMU Foundation, 1970) Fifty-Five Famous Floridians by Rodney F. Allen (Marceline, Missouri: Walsworth Publishing, 1985) The Women of Florida Volume I & II by Lucy Worthington Blackman (Southern Historical Publishing, 1940) Florida Biographical Dictionary (New York: Somerset Publishers, 1995) Floridians All by George S. Fichter (Gretna: Pelican Publishing, 1991) Florida Women of Distinction V. 1, V. 5 by Eloise N. Cozens (Coranado Publishing, 1956) The Story of "Florida's Wonderful First Ladies" and the dolls representing them (a project of the Tampa Doll Club) by Lucile Clay (Call no. Fla 920 C619) The Junior League of Tallahassee did an oral history project which includes several prominent women. The information and tapes are in the State Archives. The call number is M77-164. I'm sending you a print-out by regular mail of the complete record showing names of people interviewed. 
10/1/2000  Physicians discipline. Additional information. Copies of claims.  I contacted the Department of Insurance regarding closed claims on physicians. You may obtain additional information (which includes a copy of the claim, exluding the name and address of the patient) by submitting a request via fax or mail. The charge for copies is 50 cents/page. Send to: Cheryl Smiley Documents Processing fax - 850-488-3429 Documents Processing Department of Insurance 200 E. Gaines St. Tallahassee, FL 32399-0311 
10/1/2000  Judgment Lien. Liens.  For information and forms concerning judgment liens, call Karema Tyms, Director of Protocol, Department of International Affairs at 850-414-1727. 
10/20/2000  Indigent burial Who takes care of the burial of indigents in Florida?  Florida Statutes 245 charges the county with responsibility for final disposition of unclaimed bodies and the disposition of indigents. In Leon County the Division of Housing and Human Services takes care of the Indigent Burial Program - 488-7790 In Seminole County it is the office of Community Assistance (407) 655-3270 
10/1/2000  What orange juice has the most vitamin C?  According to the Department of Citrus Research Office frozen orange juice concentrate has higher vitamin C content than orange juice in cardboard containers. Some orange juice in cardboard containers is made from concentrate, and that has more Vitamin C than those juices that are not made from concentrate. The relative amounts of Vitamin C in a juice product should be specified on the labels. Some are fortified with additional Vitamin C. You can check to see if the product provides 100%, 130%, or some other amount. The Vitamin C content of fresh juice varies according to when the fruit was picked and the variety of orange. Those oranges picked earlier in the season have more Vitamin C than those picked later in the season. For more complete technical information, see "Seasonal Changes in Florida Oranges" published in 1940 (U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin No. 753. Should you want to speak with someone at the Department of Citrus about additional questions, the number for that office is 863 295-5950. 
10/25/2000  What is the required period of undisturbed rest that should be afforded to employees between working periods and what is the statute(s)? (In other words; are employees supposed to be afforded 8 hours of undisturbed rest before returning to work?)  For Federal labor law questions, call 800-347-1997. For Florida labor law questions, call 850-488-9180 or 800-342-3450. The 2000 Florida Statutes are online and searchable at 
10/1/2000  No junk mail list. National Mail Preference Service. Mailing list.  The state of Florida (Departmetn of Agriculture and Consumer Services) only provides a service to have consumers placed on a "no sales solicitation calls list". However, I called their office and there is a national free consumer service (Mail Preference Service) which helps in decreasing junk mail. For information on how to apply, go to their website at: Their mailing address is: National Mail Preference Service P.O. Box 9008 Farmingdale, NY 11735-9008 
10/31/2000  I'm going to relocate to Florida and need to decide where to move. Please send me information on Florida and its cities, relocation information, and job information.  There is some helpful information on relocating to Florida at the Department of Elder Affairs Web site. Even if you're not of retirement age, some of the information that's been collected there may be useful! Links to Web sites for Florida cities can be found at this address: Links to Web sites for Florida counties can be found at this address: Many Chambers of Commerce have Web sites that have information on the communities in which they're located. There are links to some of these at this address: Links to Florida newspapers, many of which post classified ads on their Web sites, can be found at this address: Other job links are available at You might also want to check with your local public library to see if it has the _Places Rated Almanac_ or some of the other sources that give comparative information on cities. Yahoo! also has a feature that allows you to compare cities and to get basic information on them. Many real estate agents have relocation information. Use a search engine (such as HotBot, Alltheweb or Yahoo) to help you locate Web sites for realty companies in the area where you'll be moving. 
11/7/2000  What is the legal drinking age for alcohol in Florida?  Florida Statutes Chapter 562.111 prohibits the possession of alcohol by anyone under the age of 21. 
11/20/2000  What are the types of city and county government in Florida?  Descriptions from the Florida League of Cities are located in the Reference vertical file under "City & County Government." 
11/1/2000  Florida judgements recognized by other jurisdictions. General Counsel. Secretary of State. Florida Statute 55.605.  The General Counsel's office within the Secretary of State's office will have that information. A list is compiled as the incidents happen. I called their office this afternoon (11-20) and none had been listed as yet. For an update, you can contact their office at: 850-222-5198 - Ask for Mark 
11/27/2000  election elections vote count  Comments, questions or suggestions concerning the election may be directed to: Secretary of State - Governor - Supreme Court - 
11/29/2000  Information on state sales tax laws  Visit the Florida Government Information Locator at the following URL--set your browser or cut and paste to go to: Once there, click on 'GOVERNMENT LINKS', scroll down the page and click on 'Tax Collectors' which will be near the bottom right of your screen. Clicking on that will enable you to find the information you need. There is a box at the top of that screen that will let you choose from the following: Child Support Taxes Forms Property Law Businesses Governments A listing of Florida Tax Collectors is also provided on that page. 
11/29/2000  maximum interest rate credit cards usury  Visit the Florida Government Information Locator at the following URL--set your browser or cut and paste to go to: Once there, click on 'GOVERNMENT LINKS', then click on 'Florida Statutes'. Near the top of that screen, you will see 'Search the Florida Statutes'. Click on that to search the statutes by keyword. I used the keywords 'maximun interest' (then hit enter) and got several 'hits'. You will see abstracts--view them, you'll then be able to 'view statute' when you find what you're looking for. I think the statute you're looking for is 516.031, but only you can determine that. 
12/1/2000  Inmate death records. Prisoners.  The Florida Department of Corrections Inmate Records Office provides copies of death records for inmates. They take faxed requests and charge 15 cents/copy. For information, call their office at: 850-488-2533 (option #8). 
12/11/2000  election query  There is no single list of all the individuals serving on FLorida county canvassing boards. For this information, you may want to contact the Division of Elections. Below are some e-mail addresses that I have cut and pasted from their web site: General Questions/Comments: Please call our office at 850-488-7690, email us at or write to the Department of State, Division of Elections, Room 1801, The Capitol, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250. Election Records Information: Send email to Administrative Code/Weekly: Send email to Voting Information: Send email to Voting Systems: Send email to Technical Questions: Send email to If all else fails, you may want to contact the election supervisors of the individual counties. Each county's web site can be accessed at: 
4/9/1999  state seal  Information on the state seal can be found at the following Web address: Although there is a persistent rumor that the Indian is a likeness of Milly Francis (a heroine who saved a white militiaman during the First Seminole War), the female Indian does not represent a particular person, but can be read as a tribute to earlier residents of the area. As you will see in the history of the seal, the Indian in earlier versions of the seal was dressed in the costume of Indians of the Great Plains, and although in a dress wore a feather headdress worn only by males. I have spoken to Dr. Patricia Wickman, historian of the Seminole Tribe of Florida, about the statue. She says that there is no such thing as a Seminole priestess. There are shamans or medicine men or women, but she knows of no statue of one. She mentioned that in the 1950s and 60s there was a Museum of the American Indian at Marathon in the Florida Keys. Portions of the collection were sent to other museums when the museum closed. You might want to contact the library in Marathon to see if they have any information on the museum's collection. George Dolzeal Branch Monroe County Public Library System 3251 Overseas Highway Marathon, FL 33050 305-743-5156 The new museum of the Seminole Tribe is called Ah-Tha-Ti-Ki. 
12/1/2000  Arrest warrants for Florida.  Call the Florida Department of Law Enforcement at: 800-292-3242 
12/15/2000  Could you please tell us in what year, and under what legislation, did African-Americans get the right to vote in the state of Florida?  African-American voting rights were granted by the Fifteenth Amendment, which was passed immediately after the Civil War. The basic prohibition against discrimination in voting is contained in the Fifteenth Amendment and in the Voting Rights Act. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voters Rights Act in 1965. Since this is a federal law, blacks in Florida got the right to vote at the same time as other blacks in the U.S. The Voters Rights Act keeps in place a set of "extraordinary remedies" designed to enforce the Fifteenth Amendment at state and local levels. 
12/18/2000  Where can I search the Workers Compensation compliance database to look up a company's exclusion?  The Workers Compensation Compliance Database is available on the Web at this address: 
12/20/2000  I am looking for statistics on the population of Jews in Alachua County. Specifically, I would like to know the latest numbers and percentage of the population, the numbers and percentage for 1900, and the numbers and percentage for 1850. Can you help??  The Jewish Museum of Florida has put a page of Florida Jewish history up at There are some population figures there. There is a law against asking people their religious affiliation for census information. There are some other sources of the information you require at 
12/27/2000  Information on Social Security for Notch Babies  The Notch Baby Report is available at the Social Security Web site: 
12/27/2000  What are the procedures for the WRIS program in Florida?  The WRIS program in Florida is still new and procedures are continuing to be worked out. Much of the information about individuals is confidential. Some statistical information is available to the public. For more specific information, contact Duane Whitfield at or at (850) 487-0900 or Mike Switzer at or at (850) 922-9049. The WRIS Web site is available at this Internet location: 
1/3/2001  Are standard forms available to carry out responsibilities of the Board of Directors of a Homeowner's Association under Title XL, Chapter 720. Examples: Limited Proxy Form Property Lien Form Notice of non-compliance with Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions Notice of non-payment of assessment or dues  Forms for homeowners' associations can be found in Chapter 8 in the book called The Law of Florida Homeowners' Associations: Single Family Subdivisions Townhouse & Cluster Developments Master Community Associations, 3rd edition by Peter M Dunbar and Charles F. Dudley (Tallahassee, FL: Suncoast Professional Publishing Corporation, 1997) To order a copy, send your check in the amount of $19.57 (price includes tax and shipping) to Suncoast Profesional Publishing Corporation, P.O. Box 10094, Tallahassee, Florida, 32302, or call 850-668-9528. 
1/3/2000  Is the FDOE Red Book of object and accounting codes available online electronically?  The FDOE Red Book was published by the Office of Funding and Financial Reporting. You can reach their homepage at: Scroll down and click on: 'Financial Accounting and Reporting Manual'. 
1/4/2001  Does the Governor send greetings to people celebrating milestones and special occasions such as 50th wedding anniversaries, military retirements, or significant birthdays?  The Governor's Office does send out greetings for special occasions such as 50th wedding anniversaries. To request this greeting, fax a written request to Sarah in the Governor's Citizen Support office at (850) 487-0801. Include the first and last names of the persons celebrating the anniversary, the date of the anniversary, the number of the anniversary, and the name, address and telephone number of the person making the request. The greeting is usually sent to the person making the reqest so that he or she can present it. If you would prefer that it be sent directly to the couple, indicate that in your request. If you need to contact Sarah in the Governor's Office, the telephone number is (850) 922-0957. 
1/5/2000  company information complaints bbb better business bureau  Visit the Florida Government Information Locator at the following URL--set your browser or cut and paste to go to: From there, click on 'business', go to and click on 'Corporations Online' 'Corporate Name List', open the text box and click on 'corporations, trademarks and limited partnerships' then click on 'name list' and enter the company name. Several corporations were found by that name in Miami. You can also visit the BBB by clicking on (or setting your browser): 
1/8/2001  I need to get statistical information about the number of unemployed in Brevard for the years of 1928-1940(the great depression)  Try the United States Historical Census Data Browser at 
1/9/2001  What programs are available for disabled persons who live at home and need help with everyday tasks?  The Department of Elder Affiars has a community care program for the elderly in which workers go to people's homes to help with non-medical tasks. Each county has a designated agency to administer the program. Telephone numbers for the county agencies are listed at The Department of Children and Families has a similar community care program for the disabled that assists disabled people under the age of 60. Telephone numbers for the district offices are available at Another resource for information about programs for the disabled is the disabled hotline sponsored by the Able Trust. That toll-free telephone number is (888) 838-2253. 
1/11/2001  Party affiliation Supreme Court Justices.  Democrat, except Harding - independent. For an update, call: Supreme Court Public Information Craig Waters 414-7641 
1/17/2001  Florida commemorative quarter design.  I called the Governor's Office concerning your request. The Florida quarter isn't due out until 2004, but htey are taking nominations. There really isn't a designated area within the Governor's Office for quarter nominations. However, you can send an email to: Upon receiving your email, they will send out an application for you to fill out. 
1/22/2001  Does Florida recognize a common law marriage?  Chapter 741 of the Florida Statutes contains laws on marriage. The Statutes are available online at this address: tes/index.cfm In particular, Section .211 addresses common law marriage. 741.211 Common-law marriages void.--No common-law marriage entered into after January 1, 1968, shall be valid, except that nothing contained in this section shall affect any marriage which, though otherwise defective, was entered into by the party asserting such marriage in good faith and in substantial compliance with this chapter. History.--s. 1, ch. 67-571. 
1/22/2001  What states will honor Florida's concealed weapons licenses?  The list of states that will honor Florida's Concealed Weapons licenses is available at the Division of Licensing's Web site: 
1/29/2001  Where can I find a list of government homes for sale?  Government homes and property for sale are listed at the FinanceNet Web site: This Web site also has a link to state Web sites listing unclaimed or surplus government property. 
2/12/2001  Where can I find salaries for the Governor and other elected officials in Florida?  Salary information for elected officials is public information, but it's not published on the Web. If you call the state Payroll Office, they can provide the current salary information. That number is (850) 410-9416. 
1/1/2001  Reginstered numbers - RN - clothing  Registered numbers found on the labels of clothing. These are unique numbers assigned to manufacturers of textile products. Both the State Library of Florida and FSU's Science Library have copies of the "RN & WPL Encyclopedia" (OCLC #10881654) an annual that lists these numbers. 
1/1/2001  Diego Rivera - Frida Kahlo  Diego Rivera (1886-1957), Mexican artist was married to Frida Kahlo (1907-1954). See Dictionary of Art R 703 Dic v. 17, p. 721 (Kahlo) v. 26, p. 426 (Rivera) 
1/1/2001  Rock and Roll Hall of Fame  Rock and Roll Hall of Fame See: Expanding File R 
1/1/2001  Sculpture - Anne Griffin Rollins - W. Stanley Proctor "Once upon a summertime" Library  The bronze sculpture "Once upon a summertime" showing a young girl reading to a young boy, on the main floor in the Circulation area of the LeRoy Collins Leon County Public Library, was sculpted by Tallahassee artist W. Stanley "Sandy" Proctor, and presented to the library in honor of Anne Griffin Rollins (1941-1992). See Problem Box under Rollins for printout from Tallahassee Democrat article, 1/16/94, by Dorothy Clifford. 
1/1/2001  Romanticism  See: Encyclopedia of Romanticism: culture in Britain, 1780s-1830s R 941.073 Enc also: online catalog as a subject under Romanticism 
1/1/2001  Ronald McDonald House  Ronald McDonald House 712 E. 7th Avenue Tallahassee, FL 32303 (850) 222-1706 (850) 222-0056 (Office) 
1/1/2001  Roof - Roofing  See Problem Box under Roof for copy of small pamphlet Swanson's Little Blue Book for roof and stairway layout: tables - formulas - diagrams See also Roofing as a subject in the online catalog 
1/1/2001  Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Washington, DC  See travel guidebooks to Washington, DC (917.53) for information on the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial. See Problem Box under Roosevelt for photocopy of information from Frommer's Washington DC, 1997. 
1/1/2001  Rope beds  Rope beds See: Foxfire #1 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox, p. 139 
1/1/2001  Rorschach Inblot test  See Expanding File R Also: Encyclopedia of Psychology, 2d. Ed. 1994 R 150.3 Enc, v.3, p. 328 Encyclopedia of Human Behavior R 150.3 Enc. See Index volume and follow references 
1/1/2001  Rounds  See Expanding File R for information on singing rounds Example: Three blind mice. 
1/1/2001  Rose Hips  Rose Hip tea, soup, etc. See: Foxfire #3 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox` 
1/1/2001  Rose - Meaning symbol  Red roses symbolize love, respect, courage, and passion Dark red reveals unconscious beauty Pink roses carry the message of happiness, gracefulness, and gentleness Light pink conveys admiration, gentleness, grace, gladness, joy and sweetness. Orange roses indicate enthusiasm, desire, and fascination Bridal white symbolizes a happy love White roses express purity/heavenly, secrecy, silence, innocence and charm Yellow roses indicate joy, gladness, friendship and "I care" Coral roses conveys desire Lavender roses symbolize love at first sight and enhancement A single red rose means I love you A single rose in any color expresses simplicity and gratitude. Red and white roses together signify unity A bouquet of roses in full bloom means gratitude and is a symbol of great beauty and perfection Source: label on a can 
1/1/2001  Take time to sell the roses - Quote  Quotation: "Take time to smell the roses" See: New York Public Library Book of 20th Century American Quotations, p. 297, R 808.88 New 
1/1/2001  Rosie the Riveter  Rosie the Riveter, See: This fabulous century, 1940-50, (Volume 5) p. 180-81 (R+Circ) 917.3 Tim v.5 Reproduces Norman Rockwell's famous Saturday Evening Post cover of May 29, 1943 Rosie the Riveter revised, by Sherna B. Gluck 331.4 Glu, pp. 11-12+ The home front U.S.A., by Ronald Bailey (R+Circ) 940.54 Tim, pp. 85-86 
1/1/2001  UFO Museum, Roswell, New Mexico - Unidentified Flying Object  International UFO Museum and Research Center 114 N. Main, Roswell, New Mexico 882-2-2221 Phone: (505) 625-9495 Fax: (505) 625-1907 
1/1/2001  Route 66  Route 66 starting and ending points are Chicago and Los Angeles Source: Route 66: the mother road, by Michael Wallis 917.804 Wal 
1/1/2001  Runaway Hotlines  Runaway Hotline 800-231-6946 National Runaway Switchboard 800-621-4000 National Youth Crisis Hotline 800-HIT-HOME (448-4663) Covenant House Hotline 800-999-9999 Source: Ann Landers Column, 5/29/91 
1/1/2001  Ryan Foundation, Inc. Battered women  Ryan Foundation, Inc. 1511 W. Broadway Ovieda, Florida 32765 (no phone given) This is the foundation, also called the Sheila Ryan Foundation, founded by a winner of the lottery who used the winnings to establish a foundation for battered women. Information given to the library by a patron who obtained it from the Lottery. (2/5/91) 
1/1/2001  Radar detectors  Radar detectors See Expanding File R 
1/1/2001  Reading lists  See Expanding File R for recommended reading lists 
1/1/2001  Prayer of St. Francis of Assisi  Prayer of St. Francis of Assisi: Lord, make me an instrument of your peace. Where there is hatred, let me sow love, Where there is doubt, faith; Where there is despair, hope; Where there is darkness, light; Where there is sadness, joy. O divine Master, Grant that I may not so much seek To be consoled, as to console, To be understood, as to understand, To be loved, as to love, For it is in giving that we receive: It is in pardoning that we are pardoned; It is in dying that we are both to eternal life. St. Francis of Assisi, 1181-1226 
1/1/2001  Safari  See Expanding File S for photocopy of arrticle from "Guns" magazine 4/91 "How to book an African Safari 
1/1/2001  Salaries - Florida State University Presidents  See Problem Box under University Presidents - Salaries for photocopy of article from Tallahassee Democrat 7/30/95 giving salaries of all state university presidents. 
1/1/2001  Peter Salem  Peter Salem, African-American Revolutionay War soldier, See: Days of Slavery, by Stuart A. Kallen J 326 Kal 
1/1/2001  Sales Tax - Florida - Leon County  See Problem Box under Sales Tax for photocopy of sales tax tables (7%), dated 2/95 
1/1/2001  Salt garden  Salt Garden, See Problem Box under Salt for photocopy from 200 illustrated science experiments for children, by Bob Brown, J 507.8 Bro, pp. 22-23 
1/1/2001  Salt making on Apalachee Bay  "Salt making on Apalachee Bay" See Tallahassee Historical Society, v. 2, 1935, p. 17 (R+Circ) 975.988 T147 v.2 
1/1/2001  Salt water freezing point  Salt water freezing point - seawater "The freezing point temperature and the temperature of maximum density of seawater vary with salinity." See article under "sea ice" in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology R 503 McgG 
1/1/2001  Sampson's snakeroot  Sampson's Snakeroot (botanical name: psoralea psoralioides) also known as Congo Root. See: Macmillan wild flower book, by Clarence Hylander, R581.973 Hyl, p. 184 How to recognize flowering wild plants, by William Carey Grimm 582.13 Gri, p. 153 
1/1/2001  Legend of the Sand Dollar  The Legend of the Sand Dollar (I) The Legend of the Sand Dollar (III) The sand dollar, The sand dollar has been called the Holy Ghost Shell no instrinsic value has he because of the religious symbolism of its markings. Only reminders of our Lord, It is said to tell the story of the birth, crucifixion and up from the sea resurrection of Christ. Four little holes for the nails The outline etched into the top resembles an Easter Lily. which held him to die At the center is the five-pointed star of Bethlehem. Another one too, The five oval holes represent the wounds Christ suffered where the spear pierced his side on the cross (the four small holes are nails in the hands A star for the manger, and feet, and the larger hole the wound from the spear). a bell to ring On the bottom of the sand dollar is the outline of the And inside five doves, Christmas flower, the Poinsettia. If broken open, five of the his praises to sing. sand dollar's teeth are seen arranged in a star shape. V.L. Little Individually, these little pieces resemble white doves in flight which some say are the five angels that sang to the The Legend of the Sand Dollar (II) shepherds on Christmas morning. The Legend of the San dollar that I would like to tell of the bird and death of Jesus found in this lovely shell. If you will examine closely, you'll see that you find here four nail holes and a fifth one made by a Roman's spear. On one side the Easter Lily, It's center is the star that appeared unto the shepherds and led them from afar. The Christmas Poinsettia etched on the other side reminds us of his birthday, our happy Christmas tide. Now break the center open and here you will release the five white doves awaiting to spread good will and peace. This simple little symbol, Christ left for you and me. Author unknwon. 
1/1/2001  Letters to Santa Claus  Address letters to Santa Claus to North Pole North Pole, Alaska 99705-9998 
1/1/2001  Santa Claus is comin' to town - song  See Expanding File S for photocopy of words and music to "Santa Claus is comin' to town" 
1/1/2001  Sauce for the goose - Quote  Quote: "Sauce for the goose . . . " See Home book of proverbs, maxims, and familiar phrases, ed. by Burton Stevenson R 808.88 Ste, p. 2035 
1/1/2001  Sari  Sari - Indian or Hindu clothing See: Encyclopedia of world costume, by Doreen Yarwood, R 391.003 Yar, in article on Indian dress, p. 240 ff. 
1/1/2001  John Sauls - Blackstone Chronicles  The Blackstone Chronicles - John Saul Part 1 An eye for an eye: the doll Part 2 Twist of fate: the locket Part 3 Ashes to flames: the dragon's flame Part 4 In the shadow of evil: the handkerchief Part 5 Day of reckoning: the stereoscope Part 6 Asylum 
1/1/2001  Sauna  Sauna - temperature usually 170 - 180 degrees F 
1/1/2001  Savings bonds - Portraits on  See World Almanac for list of portraits on various denominations of savings bonds 
1/1/2001  School bus, picture of  Picture of school bus, See: Florida: a place in the sun 917.59 Flo, p. 84 
1/1/2001  Scotland Yard  Scotland Yard: New Scotland Yard Broadway London SW1H-OBG England Telephone: 011 441 230 1212 
1/1/2001  Sharpening scissors (and other tools)  See: Popular Mechanics Do-it-yourself Encyclopedia, Book 8 643.7 P831 1968 v.8, p. 1377 ff. 
1/1/2001  Sea water temperature  Sea water temperature Given in the Florida Times-Union, daily weather section for St. Augustine Beach 
1/1/2001  Chicago - skyscrapers - Sears Tower John Hancock Building  Skyscrapers in Chicago: Sears Tower - 1,454 Ft. 110 stories John Hancock Building - 1,127 Ft. 100 stories 
1/1/2001  Seed catalogs  See: Catalog of Catalogs R 381.14 Pal Directory of Mail Order Catalogs R 381.1 Dir 
1/1/2001  Sellars Lake, FL  Sellars Lake, FL, in Lake County was a town. Post office established 3/10/1886. Town dissolved 7/311922 In 1918, population of 30 (Florida Gazeteer) Currently a lake 25 miles north of Tavares, 20 miles north of Eustis, just southwest of Astor Park Source: Florida Collection at State Library of Florida (1990) Named for the Sellers family who established it around 1848-1849. Source: Places in the sun, the history and the romance of Florida place-names by Bertha E. Bloodworth and Alton C. Morris R 975.9 Blo (Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  Seminole Language  Seminole Language See Vertical File - Florida - Indians, Seminole - Pre-1970 especially pamphlet The story of Florida's Seminole Indians, by Wilfred. T. Neill (Great Outdoors Pub Co., 1956), p. 109+ Vocabulary section from "Seminoles of Florida" by Minnie Moore-Willson Not in LCPL's collection, but photocopies of vocabulary section are in VF - FL - Indians, Seminole, Pre-1970, and in Expanding File S Book: Notices of East Florida, by William H. Simmons 917.59 Sim, p. 97+ War hoop: Yo-Ho-Ee-Hee (from Moore-Willson, cited above) 
1/1/2001  Serapis battleship Revolutionary War Bonhomme Richard - John Paul Jones - Quote  Serapis was a British battleship during the U.S. Revolutionary War, which fought the U.S. ship Bonhomme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones. This was the battle in which Jones said, "I have not yet begun to fight." Source: Encyclopoedia of American History, by Richard B. Morris. Enlarged and Updated Edition R 973.03 Mor, p. 102 See also biographies of John Paul Jones 
1/1/2001  Brock and Bodie Thoene - series novels  The Shiloh Legacy In my father's house A thousand shall fall Say to this mountain The Zion Covenant Vienna Prelude Prague Counterpoint Munich Signature Jerusalem Interlude Danzig Passage Warsaw Requiem The Zion Chronicles The gates of Zion A daughter of Zion The return to Zion A light in Zion The key to Zion Saga of the Sierras The man from shadow ridge Riders of the silver rim Gold Rush prodigal Sequoia scout Cannons of the Comstock The year of the grizzly Shooting star 
1/1/2001  C. S. Forester - Hornblower series - novels  1. Mr. Midshipman Hornblower 2. Lieutenant Hornblower 3. Hornblower and the Hotspur 4. Hornblower and the Atropos 5. Beat to quarters 6. Ship of the line 7. Flying colors 8. Commodore Hornblower 9. Lord Hornblower 10. Admiral Hornblower in the West Indies 11. Hornblower during the crisis 
1/1/2001  Lee Davis Willoughby - Making of America series - novels  Making of America series - Lee Davis Willoughby Wilderness seekers Mountain breed Conestoga people Forty-niners Hearts divided Builders Land rushes Wild and wayward Texans Alaskans Golden staters River people Landgrabbers Ranchers Homesteaders Frontier healers Buffalo people 
1/1/2001  Lee Davis Willoughby - Women who won the west - series - novels  Women who won the West - Lee Davis Willoughby 1. Tempest of Tombstone 2. Dodge City darling 3. Duchess of Denver 4. Lost lady of Laramie 5. Flame ofVirginia City 6. Angel of Hangtown 7. Belle of Fort Smith 8. Princess of Power River 
1/1/2001  Sex determination  Search online catalog as a subject under: Sex preselection Sex of children, Parental preferences for 
1/1/2001  Shark cooking  See: How to cook your catch, by Rube Allyn 641.69 All, p. 64 
1/1/2001  Origin of counting sheep when unable to sleep - poem  From Poem "To sleep" by William Wordsworth. IN: Complete poetical works of William Wordsworth 821.71 W926 The home book of verse, ed. By Burton E. Stevenson R 821.08 Ste, v.2, p. 3221 
1/1/2001  Sheep shearing  See: Homesteader's handbook to raising small livestock, by Jerome Belanger 636.08 Bel Country women: a handbook for the new farmer, by Sherry Thomas 630.2 Tho Foxfire #2 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox, p. 172+ Yankee Magazine book of forgotten arts, by Richard M. Bacon R 630 Bac, p. 113 Family creative workshop, pub. by Plenary Publications 745.5 Ple, v. 4, pl. 496 
1/1/2001  She who must be obeyed  She who must be obeyed Ayesha, the long-lived white queen of the lost city of Kor, a character in the novel "She" by H. Rider Haggard Source: Imaginary people: a who's who of modern fictional characters, by David Pringle. J R 809.927 Pri Also a quote from Rumpole of the Bailey, by John Mortimer, p. 7 Refers to the character Horace Rumpole's wife, Mrs. Hilda Rumpole "known to me only as She who must be obeyed." 
1/1/2001  Homeless Shelter  The Shelter 480 W. Tennessee St. P.O. Box 4062 Tallahassee, FL 32315 (850) 224-9055 See entry in Community Resource Director R 361.8 Com (Ready Reference) 
1/1/2001  National Odd Shoe Exchange  National Odd Shoe Exchange for amputeers and people with mismatched feet 3200 N. Delaware St. Chandler, AZ 85225-1100 (480) 892-3484 Source: Encyclopedia of Associations, 2001 
1/1/2001  Shrimp etouffee recipe  Shrimp etouffee - recipe Etouffee is a popular method of preparing crawfish or ship in Louisiana. The shellfish are covered with a variety of chopped vegetables and cooked in a tightly closed pot. Vegetables may vary depending on what is available at the time. 3 pounds raw rock shrimp or other 1/4 cup chopped green pepper shrimp, fresh or frozen 2 tablespoons chopped parsley 1/4 cup margarine or butter 1 clove garlic, minced 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour 1/2 cup water 1 cup chopped onion 1 tablespoon lemon juice 1/2 cup chopped celery 1/4 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons chopped green onion 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper 3 cups cooked rice Thaw shrimp if frozen. Peel, clean, and rinse shrimp. In 10-inch fry pan melt margarine; blend in flour. Add onion, celery, green onion, green pepper, parsley, and garlic. Cover and cook 5 minutes or until tender. Gradually add water. Stir in lemon juice, salt, and pepper. Push vegetables to one side of pan. Add shrimp to pan; spoon vegetables over shrimp. Cover and simmer for approximately 5 minutes or until shrimp are pink and tender. Makes 4 servings. Source: Seafood Heritage Cookbook, by Adam Starchild (no longer in collection) 
1/1/2001  Shriner's Burn Institute  The Shriners have four hospitals that specialize in burns in Boston, Cinnati, Galveston, and Sacramento. Nearest: Shrimer's Hospitals for Children Burn Institute - Galveston Unit 815 Market Galveston, TX 77550 (409) 770-6600 
1/1/2001  Silver patterns - sterling - flatware  See pamphlet in Expanding File S, and brochure attached to card in Problem Box under Silver Patterns. Walter Drake Silver Exchange Drake Building Colorado Springs, CO 80940 800-525-9291 
1/1/2001  Sims murder Tallahassee  See Problem Box under Sims for printout of summary of the Sims Murder case by Susan Osteryoung, taken from Tallahassee Democrat, Oct. 23, 1966. 
1/1/2001  Sinkholes - Florida  See Vertical File - Florida -Sinkholes 
1/1/2001  Take time to smell the roses - Quote  Take time to smell the roses - Quotation See: New York Public Library Book of 20th Century American Quotations R 808.88 New, p. 297 
1/1/2001  Slave from South Carolina who became a Congressman - Robert Smalls  Robert Smalls (1839-1915) born a slave, later became a Congressman from South Carolina. See Dictionary of American Biography, v. 17, p. 224 
1/1/2001  Snakes - "Snake-A-Way" - Florida - Coral  Snakes. See Expanding File S for articles with identifying pictures and text: "Florida's venomous snakes" and "Florida's nonvenomous snakes." Coral snake rhyme: Red touch yellow Kill a fellow Red touch black Good for Jack (From Florida Almanac, 1994, p. 130) "Snake-A-Way" See Problem Box under Snake for newspaper clipping dated 6/14/93 about a smelly concoction that snakes avoid. 
1/1/2001  Snow in Tallahassee  Most recent: 12/23/89 Feb. 13, 1958 - 3 inches - a record for the city. Source: Florida Weather, by Morton D. Winsberg R 551.69759 Win, p. 43 
1/1/2001  Soap Making  Soap Making, See: Foxfire Book (#1) R+Circ 917.58 Fox, p. 151 Henley's Formulas R 640.2 Hen (see index in back of book for various kinds of soaps) The Yankee Magazine Book of Forgotten Arts R 630 Bac, p. 181 
1/1/2001  Soccer Mom  See Problem Box under Soccer Mom for article from New York Times, 10/26/96, giving demographics and politics, and general use of the term "soccer mom." 
1/1/2001  Social Security Numbers  Q: Do the digits in a Social Security number mean anything, or are they just randomly assigned? A: Both. To ordinary people, the nine numbers of a person's Social Security card don't mean anything. But the first three digits tell government officials where the cardholder lived when the card was requested. The two middle numbers are a code officials can use to spot phony numbers (valid numbers follow a pattern only they know). The last four numbers are randomly assigned so that no two people have the same number. 
1/1/2001  Sod Houses  Sod Houses, See: American Heritage Magazine, August 1973, p. 33 
1/1/2001  Solar Water Heater  Solar Water Heater, See: Other homes and garbage 620.8 Oth, p. 139 
1/1/2001  Solumnar Tables (Fishing and Game)  Solumnar tables are printed in every other issue of Field and Stream (January, March, etc.) 
1/1/2001  Sixpence  "Something old, something new, Something borrowed, something blue, And a lucky sixpence for her shoe." See Problem Box under "Something old . . . For printout giving history of sixpence coin and the customs that go with it, from 
1/1/2001  Speed of Sound  The speed of sound is 741.8 mph (1,088 feet per second), calibrated at sea level and at 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Source: Popular Mechanics Magazine, Sept. 1995, p. 68 See also: Macmillan Dictionary of Measurement, by Michael Darton R 389.103 Dar, p. 441 
1/1/2001  The Sound of Music  The Broadway musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein, and the movie of "The Sound of Music" are both based upon The Story of theTrapp Family Singers, by Maria Augusta Trapp 920 T774 
1/1/2001  Smoke House Construction  See: Butchering, processing and preservation of meat, by F.G. Ashbrook R 641.49 Ash Yankee Magazine book of forgotten arts, by Richard Bacon R 630 Bac Country architecture, by Lawrence Grow 728.9 Gro FoxFire #3 R+Circ 917.58 Fox 
1/1/2001  Songs of each state - State Songs  See songbook "Fifty songs - Fifty states" kept near Expanding file. 
1/1/2001  Florida Seafood Festival - Apalachicola  Apalachicola Seafood Festival is always first weekend in November 
1/1/2001  Superstitions  See Expanding File S for pamphlets and articles on superstitions Also Problem Box under Superstitions for photocopy of poem from American children's folklore, ed. by Simon J. Bronner R 398 Ame (circulating copy 398.0973 Ame) 
1/1/2001  Space funerals  See Problem Box under Space for article from Tallahassee Democrat April 22, 1997, p. 7A for list of "the 24 space enthusiasts whose ashes went into orbit. . ." 
1/1/2001  Spanish moss  Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) is an epiphytic plant with which we are all familiar. It is not a true moss (mosses are primitive forms of plant life) but is a flowering plant related to the pineapple. Spanish moss obtains its water through dew and rainfall, and nutrients as they ash off the bark. Similar to lichens, Spanish moss will not harm the plant, although it may cause some branches to droop more than normal when present in large quantities. The only way to eliminate Spanish moss is manually, although it will be a constant chore. Given its wide distribution and that fact that we have the ideal climate for its growth, getting rid of it will probably prove labor-intensive and also quite costly if your hire someone to do it. (From article in Tallahassee Democrat, 7/92 "Learn to live with 'problem plants' " by Jeffrey G. Norcini. 
1/1/2001  Spas  Spas - See online catalog under Health Resorts as a subject. Also Spas. 
1/1/2001  Speed of light  Speed of light: Light travels 186,284 miles per second. Thus light travels 16,094,937,600 miles per day. 
1/1/2001  Spinning wheels  Spinning wheels: Popular Mechanics do-it-yourself encyclopedia, v. 13, p. 2435 643.7 P831 1958 v.13 Practical handyman's encyclopedia, v.4, p. 710 690 Pra 1968 Furniture treasury, by Wallace Nutting R 749 Nut, p. 3223 Complete guide to furniture styles, by Louise Boger R 749.2 Bog, p. 247 Shorter dictionionary of English furniture, by Ralph Edwards R 749.242 Edw, p. 482 
1/1/2001  Spook Hill, Florida  Spook Hill, Florida near Lake Wales, off U.S. 17 at North Avenue and 5th Street. (from Frommer's Florida, 1990) 
1/1/2001  Lawn sprinkler systems  Lawn sprinkler systems, See: Reader's Digest complete do-it-yourself manual. R+Circ 690 Rea 1973, p. 233 
1/1/2001  Sprouts  Sprouts, See: Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening R 631.503 Org 1978 Circulating copies: 631.5 Enc Beatrice Trum Hunter's favorite natural foods 641.5 Hun 
1/1/2001  Stain removal  Stain removal - See Problem Box under Stain for small pamphlet: "Professor Barndt's on-the-spot stain removal guide" also online catalog under Spotting (Cleaning) as a subject. Books generally under 648 See also Expanding File S 
1/1/2001  Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation  Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation 52 Vanderbilt Ave. Dept. W New York, NY 10017-3898 Phone: (212) 883-1986 Fax: (212) 883-1069 Promotes history and restoration of these monuments. Source: Encyclopedia of Associations, 2001 
1/1/2001  Spiral Staircase  Spiral staircase, See Architectural Graphic Standards, by Charles Ramsey R 692.2 Ram 1988, p. 249 
1/1/2001  The language of stamps  The Language of Stamps, by Maeve See Problem Box under Stamps for photocopy of article and chart giving the symbolism of placing postage stamps on envelopes in various places and positions. 
1/1/2001  Stonehenge standing stone circles  See online catalog under Megalithic Monuments as a subject 
1/1/2001  Star registry - naming  International Star Registry 1-800-282-3333 For having a star named after you. 
1/1/2001  State animals birds flowers symbols  See Facts about the States, by Joseph Nathan Kane et al R 353.9 Kan, kept at Ready Reference 
1/1/2001  State names, meaning of  See Problem Box under State Name for printout giving the meaning of each state's name, from 
1/1/2001  Star Wars Trilogy  Star Wars Trilogy 1. Star wars 2. The empire strikes back 3. Return of the Jedi 
1/1/2001  Poem - Lady of Freedom Among us, by Rita Dove about the Statue of Freedom on the dome of the U.S. Capitol  Lady of Freedom among us This poem was written and ready by Rita Dove to commemorate don't lower your eyes Oct. 23 [1993] return of the Statue of Freedom to the dome of the or stare straight ahead to where U.S. Capitol. The statue had been taken down for restoration you think you ought to be going (Tallahassee Democrat 11/28/93) don't mutter oh no not another one get a job fly a kite go bury a bone with her oldfashioned sandals with her leaden skirts with her stained cheeks and whispers and heaped up trinkets she has risen among us in blunt reproach she has fitted her hair under a hand-me-down cap and spruced it up with feathers and stars slung over one shoulder she bears the rainbowed layers of charity and murmurs all of you and even the least of you don't cross to the other side of the square don't think another item to fit on a tourist's agenda consider her drenched gaze her shining brow she who has brought mercy back into the streets and will not retire politely to the potter's field having assumed the thick skin of this town its gritted exhaust its sunscorch and blear she rests her weathered plumage bigboned resolute don't think you can ever forget her don't even try she's not going to budge no choice but to grant her space crown her with sky for she is one of the many and she is each of us. 
1/1/2001  Statues - Florida - U.S. Capitol  Statues given by the State of Florida to the U.S. Capitol are of E. Kirby-Smith, and John Gorrie 
1/1/2001  Stereograms  Stereograms See Expanding File S 
1/1/2001  C. K. Steele - Civil Rights - Tallahassee - Bus Boycott  C. K. Steele: Tallahassee black clergyman active in civil rights movement. Died Aug 19, 1980. The following is an excerpt from Forum, the Magazine of the Florida Humanities Council, Winter 1994/95, a copy of which is in the Expanding File under C for Civil Rights: "Early on in the civil rights movement inTallahassee, the Reverend Charles Kenzie Steele led a campaign for human rights that permanently altered that city's race relations. The bus boycoitt there and its sequel serve as a model for successful nonviolent protest. C.K. Steele also made a significant contribution to the national civil rights effort as executive vice president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. As a leader, Steele was resolute, brave, eloquently and strategically shrewd. But perhaps operating in the broad shadow of Martin Luther King, Jr., he has received relatively little recognition for his significant role in one of this century's crucial social movements. Steele's commitment to the ministry and to the cause of civil rights developed early. He was born in 1914 in Bluefield, West Virginia, an area noted for its political independence. . . . Steele did not encounter traditional southern racism until he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1934. There he was both surprised and appalled by the hostilities Negroes faced daily. In Atlanta, the strict enforcement of segregation had a profound effect on Steele. He concluded that the struggle for social justice must be part of any African-American minister's mission. It was a significant turning point for a man who had begun preaching at age 15. Now, he had identified the central focus of his ministry. Like King, Steele was a part of the long tradition in the African-American community in which the struggle against racial discrimination was led by ministers. . . ." See also Vertical File - LC&T - Biography Vertical File - LC&T - Race Relations 
1/1/2001  Mary Stewart - Merlin series  Mary Stewart's "Merlin" series: The Crystal Cave (1970) The Hollow Hills (1973) The Last Enchantment (1979) + The Wicked Day (1983) about Mordred, continues the Arthurian setting 
1/1/2001  Stills - Moonshine  Stills - Moonshine, See: Foxfile Book #1 (R+Circ) 917.58 Fox, p. 301 
1/1/2001  Submarine Sandwich  Submarine Sandwich - recipe + origin: Better Homes & Gardens Heritage Cook Book R 641.5973 Bet, p. 371 
1/1/2001  Success - poem - Robert Louis Stevenson - Bessie A. Stanley  Success - Poem Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894): That man is a success Who has lived well, laughed often and loved much; Who has gained the respect of intelligent men and children; Who has filled his niche and accomplished his task; Who leaves the world better than he found it, Whether by improved poppy, a perfect poem, or a rescued soul; Who never lacked appreciation of earth's beauty or failed to express it. Who looked for the best in others and gave the best he had. (Source: - see printout in Problem Box under success Bessie A. Stanley: What is success? He has achieved success, who has lived well, laughed often, and loved much; who has gained the respect of intelligent men and the love of little children; who has filled his niche and accomplished his task, whether by an improved poppy, a perfect poem, or a resued soul; who has never lacked appreciation of earth's beauty, or failed to exopress it; who has always looked for the best in others and given the best he had; who life was an inspiration and whose memory a benediction. (Source: RQ, Summer 1994, taken from a photocoy of Heart Throbs (2:1-2)) 
1/1/2001  Sunland Hospital  Sunland Hospital, Tallahassee 1952 - Built as a tuberculosis hospital 1967 - Converted to an institutional home for those with mental and physical disabilities 1983 - Closed Building - 149,000 square feet See: Vertical File - Leon County - Hospitals - Sunland 
1/1/2001  Sun  The Sun - Fast Facts Diameter: 865,000 miles (1,392,000 km) Age: About 4,600,000,000 years Composition: 75% hydrogen and 25% helium gas Surface temperature: 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit (5500 degrees Centigrade) Core temperature: 27 million degrees Fahrenheit (15,000,000 degrees C) Distance from the Earth: 93 million miles (150 million km) Time for sunlight to reach Earth: 8 minutes and 20 seconds Brightness: 38 million billion billion watts 
1/1/2001  Sundial  Sundial - How to make and orient: Mother Earth News, No. 69, [May-June 1981] pp. 32-33 Mechanix Illustrated how-to-do it encyclopedia, v. 18, p. 60 R 643.7 Mec v.18 (vertical sundial) 
1/1/2001  Substitutes - substitutions - Food - Sugar  What to use instead: a handbook of practical substitutes, by Carol Ann Rinzler R+Circ 640 Rin Food substitutes: Joy of cooking, by Irma Rombauer R+Circ 641.5 Rom 1975, p. 593-598 (1975 ed. Only) See Problem Box under Substitutions - Food Preparation for photocopy of chart from Fannie Farmer Boston Cooking School Cookbook (1941) (not in LCPL's collection) Sugar substitutes: Good Housekeeping cookbook for calorie watchers…, by Hazel Schoenberg 641.5635 Sch, p. 260 
1/1/2001  Trunks - Suitcase - Luggage - Baggage - Repair  See Expanding file T for Trunks, for trunk and suitcase repair 
1/1/2001  Sunshine Law - Florida  Sunshine Law - Florida "Government in the sunshine" Florida Statutes Chapter 286.011 Enforced by the Florida Attorney General (2001) 
1/1/2001  Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious - Song  Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious - song from the film "Mary Poppins" (1963). Songs by Robert and Richard Sherman Source: All the years of American popular music, by David Ewen 780.42 Ewe, p. 764 
1/1/2001  Superstition Mountain  Superstition Mountain, near Phoenix, Arizona See travel guides on Arizona or southwest, usually 917.6 
1/1/2001  Supervision  Supervision, span of: The principle that a manager can effectively supervise a limited number of subordinates is virtually as old as mankind. However it is not possible to state a definite figure as to how many subordinates a manager should have. It is only correct to say that there is some upper limit to this number. In many industrial concerns, the top executive will have from three to eight subordinate managers. But the span of supervision usually increases the farther down a person is within the managerial hierachy. It is not unusual to find a span of supervsion of from 15 to 25 employees at the first level of supervision. Source: Supervision: concepts and practices of management, by Raymond Hilgert. 5th ed. 1991 658.302 Hil See also Expanding File S 
1/1/2001  Samurai Sword  See Encyclopedia of Associations for Japanese Sword Societyof the United States 
1/1/2001  Tuskeegee Institute - Syphilis study  See Problem Box under Tuskeegee Institute for information on the syphilis study 
1/1/2001  Take your daughter to work day  Take your daughter to work day - Always the 4th Thursday in April 
1/1/2001  Tallahassee Mall  Tallahassee Mall 1970 - 700,000 sq. ft. 1992 - 100,000 sq. ft. added in 1992 The Tallahassee Mall plus its parking lot = 1,000,000 sq. ft. (1995) 
1/1/2001  Taps - military  Taps - military See Problem Box under Taps for copy of "Dear Abby" column 1/4/98 which gives history of "Taps," the military tatoo or bugle call, and for the words in English and French, and a fuller version. Day is done Gone the sun From the lake From the hills From the sky All is well Safely rest God is nigh` 
1/1/2001  Tree houses  See Expanding File T for articles and pamphlets on tree houses, including "Tree house book" by David Stiles, Avon Books, 1979 - spiral bound paperback pamphlet 
1/1/2001  Tartans  See Expanding File T for "Official Tartan Map" 
1/1/2001  Mark Twain  See Expanding File T for photocopies of articles on Mark Twain, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens 
1/1/2001  Trucking Schools  Trucking schools - See Expanding File T for publication of Federal Trade Commission about trucking schools, not a directory. 
1/1/2001  National Register of Big Trees  See Expanding File T for a copy of National Register of Big Trees, 1992 ed. 
1/1/2001  Teddy Bear  See Expanding File T for article from Tallahassee Democrat, 12/24/78, about Teddy Bears 
1/1/2001  Trash bins - garbage  See Expanding File T for plans for building a trash bin for storing garbage cans 
1/1/2001  Drop leaf table  See Expanding File T for plans for building a drop-leaf table 
1/1/2001  Shakespeare - Elizabethan theater  See Expanding File T for articles about the Elizabethan and Shakespeare's theater 
2/25/2003  Sister Mary Thomasine  Nun at St. Joseph of St. Augustine, 1916; was arrested for teaching black children. May be misspelled as Thomasina. See See Problem Box, "Thomasine," for complete article.  
5/3/2002  test1  This is a test 
5/3/2002  test2  This is Test2 It will test the placement of text... 1 2 3 
5/4/2002  Circle 6 Ranch  The "Circle 6 Ranch" was a popular Tallahassee television show broadcast in the 1950s by WCTV. Host Jack Ridner, "Foreman Jack", dressed as a cowboy and performed western skits. Local children were interviewed. Joining the "Buckaroo" club entitled one to a membership card printed with the Buckaroo pledge. The show also featured cartoons, such as "Popeye" and "Felix the Cat". Ridner later became a used car salesman.  
5/15/2002  Hurston, Zora Neale  The short story by Zora Neale Hurston, "How it feels to be colored me", may be found in the expanding file at the Reference Desk.